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ADJECTIVES (M-Z)

maieutic: adj. - relating to or resembling the Socratic method of bringing forth new ideas or latent thoughts from another through questioning and logical reasoning
malapropos: adj. (see also adv.) - not appropriate to the situation in which something is done or said: inappropriate, out of place, unseasonable, unsuitable
manqué: adj. - having failed, missed, or fallen short of a goal; frustrated in the fulfillment of one's aspirations or talents: unfulfilled, unsuccessful
marmoreal: adj. - relating to or suggestive of marble or a marble statue, especially in coldness or aloofness
matrilineal: adj. - describes families traced through the female line (as when families are known by the mother's family name) [antonym: patrilineal]
matutinal: adj. - relating to or occurring in the morning: early
maudlin: adj. - 1. easily moved to tears; weak and silly; tearfully or self-pityingly sentimental, especially when due to being drunk on alcohol: bathetic, emo, mawkish, mushy, romantic, schmaltzy, sentimental, soppy, tearful 2. given to drunkenness: drunk, fuddled, intoxicated, wasted
mawkish: adj. - 1. sickeningly sentimental, especially in a contrived way: bathetic, emo, maudlin, mushy, romantic, schmaltzy, sentimental, soppy, tearful 2. bland or unappetizing in taste or smell; having a mildly sickening flavor; slightly nauseating: insipid
mellifluous: adj. - 1. having a smooth, rich flow; flowing sweetly or smoothly (such as a mellifluous voice) 2. filled with something (such as honey) that sweetens
mendacious: adj. - inclined towards deception or falsehood; intentionally untrue: deceitful, dishonest, false, lying, untruthful
mendicant: adj. (see also n.) - depending on alms for a living; practicing begging
mephitic: adj. - offensive to the smell, especially from atmospheric pollution or a poisonous gas: foul-smelling, miasmic, noisome, noxious, stinky, toxic
mercurial: adj. - 1. characterized by rapid and unpredictable change of mood 2. of, relating to, or containing mercury
meretricious: adj. - 1. attractive in a superficial or vulgar manner; gaudily and deceitfully ornamental: tawdry 2. seemingly plausible or significant, but actually insincere or false: gilded, specious 3. relating to or like a prostitute; resembling the arts of a harlot: lusty
miasmic: adj. (see also n.) - 1. describes a nasty, possibly poisonous stench from pollution in the air: foul-smelling, mephitic, noisome, noxious, stinky, toxic 2. filled with vapor: cloudy, foggy, hazy, misty, steamy, vaporous
millefleur: adj. - having an all-over pattern of small flowers and plants
miminy-piminy: adj. - ridiculously delicate: finicky, overrefined
minatory: adj. - having a menacing quality; foreshadowing evil or tragic developments: menacing, ominous, sinister, threatening
mingy: adj. - 1. characterized by a lack of generosity; mean and stingy 2. very small or tiny in quantity or degree
miscible: adj. - capable of being mixed; especially, capable of mixing in any ratio without separation of two phases: mixable
miscreant: adj. (see also n.) - 1. behaving badly or unlawfully; lacking a conscience: depraved, unscrupulous 2. describes someone or something which is heretical or disbelieving
mordacious: adj. - 1. biting or given to biting 2. biting or sharp in manner or style: caustic, mordant
mordant: adj. (see also n.) - 1. describes an attitude or sense of humor that is sharply sarcastic, stinging, or sinister: acerbic, biting, caustic, cutting, harsh, mordacious, scathing 2. describes a substance that can eat away at the surface of something (such as a metal) by chemical action: acidic, burning, caustic, corrosive
moribund: adj. - 1. in a dying state; at the point of death: dying 2. becoming obsolete or inactive
multifarious: adj. - having great diversity or variety; of various kinds: diversified
mundivagant: adj. - wandering all over the world
munificent: adj. - very liberal in giving or bestowing: generous, lavish
mutuatitial: adj. - describes something which belongs to one person but is temporarily being used by another: borrowed
mycorrhizal: adj. - the symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of seed plants (eg. conifers, beeches, orchids, etc.)
namby-pamby: adj. - weakly sentimental; without vigor; lacking in character or substance: indecisive, insipid, weak, wishy-washy
nascent: adj. - coming into existence: emerging
natatory: adj. - characterized by, related to, or adapted for swimming or floating (eg. natatory organs, such as fins or gills)
nebulochaotic: adj. - describes the state of being confused in a hazy way: chaotic, nebulous
nefarious: adj. - wicked in the extreme: iniquitous
neoteric: adj. - recent in origin: modern, new, newfangled
nepheligenous: adj. - producing clouds of tobacco smoke
noctilucous: adj. - shining during the night: phosphorescent
noetic: adj. - 1. based on purely intellectual or rational understanding; understood only through the reasoning process: mental 2. relating to, involving, or coming from the mind
noir: adj. - 1. a genre of films and crime literature featuring tough, cynical characters and bleak settings 2. suggestive of danger or violence
noisome: adj. - 1. offensive to the smell or other senses: disgusting, foul, foul-smelling, loathsome, mephitic, nauseating, offensive, sickening, vile 2. injurious to health: dangerous, destructive, harmful, hurtful, insalubrious, mischievous, noxious, unwholesome
nudiustertian: adj. - pertaining to the day before yesterday
nugatory: adj. - 1. having no importance whatsoever: inconsequential, insignificant, trifling, trivial, worthless 2. having no force, especially legal force: ineffectual, inoperative, invalid, null, useless, void
numinous: adj. - 1. having a strong religious, spiritual or supernatural quality; filled with a sense of the presence of divinity; describing a person or place having a mysterious power that suggests the presence of a spirit or god; that which is "wholly other" in a spiritual sense: divine, holy, mysterious, sacred, transcendent [see also: numen (n.)] 2. relating to numina, the spirits or gods believed in some cultures to inhabit places or things 3. appealing to the higher emotions or to the aesthetic sense; inspiring awe and reverence; spiritually elevated: sublime 4. arousing one's elevated feelings of duty, honor, loyalty, etc. 5. surpassing comprehension or understanding: mysterious
obsequious: adj. - showing a great willingness to serve or obey: compliant, fawning, servile
obstreperous: adj. - 1. refusing to behave in an obedient or reasonable way--especially involving loud, public protests: defiant, recalcitrant, stubborn, uncooperative, unruly 2. purposefully, aggressively noisy: boisterous, clamorous, tumultuous, vociferous
odd-pinnate: adj. - having leaflets on each side of the petiole and having a single leaflet at the tip of the petiole
officious: adj. - marked by excessive eagerness in offering services or advice where they are neither requested nor needed: meddlesome
oleaginous: adj. - 1. resembling or having the properties of oil: oily, slick, unctuous 2. containing or producing oil 3. describes someone whose attempts to be charming or flattering come off as forced, fake, excessive, or obviously and distastefully self-serving: fawning, fulsome, ingratiating, smarmy, sycophantic, unctuous
omnipotent: adj. - having total power; infinitely powerful: all-powerful
omnipresent: adj. - being present everywhere at once: all-present
omniscient: adj. - having total knowledge; knowing everything; infinitely wise: all-knowing
omphalic: adj. - related to or concerning the navel or belly button: umbilical
oneiric: adj. - related to, concerned with, or suggestive of dreams: dream-like, dreamy
oppidan: adj. (see also n.) - of or pertaining to a town (often the town in which a university is sited as distinct from the university itself): metropolitan, urban
ordinal: adj. (see also n.) - 1. (Mathematics) showing the relative position in a sequence of numbers; relating to order in a series (for example, the "ordinal numbers" include "first," "3rd," "fifteenth," "129th," etc.) 2. (Biology) relating to a biological order in the classification of plants and animals: taxonomic
orgulous: adj. - disdainfully proud: arrogant, bombastic, boastful, haughty, lofty, orotund, overbearing, pompous, supercilious, swaggering, swelling
orotund: adj. - 1. (describing a voice) characterized by a sound that is full, clear, strong, and smooth: booming, imposing, impressive, musical, resonant, ringing, sonorous 2. (describing the style of written or spoken words) characterized by very formal, complicated language and an overly serious tone--especially when intended to make the impression that the speaker is better, smarter, or more important than other people: bombastic, grandiose, inflated, lofty, overblown, pompous, pretentious, self-important
orthodox: adj. - 1. adhering to what is commonly accepted, customary, traditional or established, especially in religion: conventional, normal [antonym: heterodox] 2. relating to or part of a conservative religious or political group 3. (Capitalized) relating to any of the churches or rites of the Eastern Orthodox Church 4. (Capitalized) relating to Orthodox Judaism
orthographic: adj. - 1. spelled correctly 2. relating to the study of spelling 3. having perpendicular lines
ostensible: adj. - 1. seeming to be true or genuine, but open to doubt: apparent, illusory, pretended, seeming 2. intended for display; open to view: avowed, declared, exhibited, professed, shown, visible
ostentatious: adj. - intended to attract notice or to grab attention, especially using vulgar displays of wealth and success designed to impress people: conspicuous, extravagant, flashy, flamboyant, flaunting, garish, gaudy, grandiose, orotund, pompous, pretentious, showy, swaggering, tawdry, vainglorious, vulgar [antonyms: modest, tasteful, understated, unpretentious]
otiose: adj. - 1. serving no useful purpose; having no reason for existing: pointless, redundant, superfluous, useless 2. producing no result or effect: futile, ineffective, vain 3. having little or no value: profitless, worthless 4. disinclined to work or be active: idle, indolent, lazy, shiftless, slothful, work-shy
outré: adj. - highly unconventional or unusual: bizarre, eccentric, extravagant, freakish, outlandish
pachydermatous: adj. - 1. having the thick skin or some other physical characteristic typical of a pachyderm (a large mammal with a thick skin, such as the elephant, rhinoceros, and hippopotamus) 2. insensitive to other people and unworried by criticism or attack; emotionally thick-skinned: callous, hardened, indifferent, indurate
palatable: adj. - 1. having a good enough taste to be eaten or drunk: comestible, delicious, digestible, flavorful, mouthwatering, pleasant-tasting, savory, scrumptious, succulent, tasty, toothsome, yummy 2. acceptable or agreeable to the mind or feelings: satisfactory
palmary: adj. - having or deserving the palm of victory or success: best, excellent, first-rate, outstanding, praiseworthy, principal
palpable: adj. - 1. capable of being touched and felt; perceptible by the touch 2. easily perceptible; readily perceived and detected: distinct, gross, obvious, plain
palpate: adj. (see also v. & n.) - describes an invertebrate organism that is equipped with one or more palps (antennae), such as lobsters and many insects
pandemic: adj. - describes a disease or condition that has spread over a large region, such as a whole country, continent or the world. For example, AIDS is currently considered to be pandemic
Panglossian: adj. - marked by the view that all is for the best and this is the best of all possible worlds: excessively optimistic
paraplegic: adj. (see also n.) - suffering complete paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually resulting from damage to the spinal cord
parlous: adj. (see also adv.) - dangerously uncertain; very unsafe or difficult [c.1380, late Middle English contraction of perilous, today usually used for comic effect]: dangerous, perilous, precarious, touch-and-go
parol: adj. (see also n.) - expressed or evidenced by word of mouth; not written
parsimonious: adj. - sparing in expenditure of money; exceptionally frugal: covetous, miserly, niggardly, penurious, stingy
patrilineal: adj. - describes families traced through the male line (as when families are known by the father's family name) [antonym: matrilineal]
patrician: adj. (see also n.) - describes somebody or something which seems to be from the upper class: aristrocratic, blue-blooded, cultivated, cultured, elegant, elite, fine, genteel, glamorous, high-class, noble, polished, polite, posh, privileged, refined, ritzy, snobbish, stylish, urbane
peccant: adj. - violating a rule or an accepted practice: corrupt, criminal, defective, erring, faulty, guilty, sinful, wrong
pecuniary: adj. - 1. relating to or consisting of money: monetary 2. requiring payment of money
pejorative: adj. (see also n.) - 1. having negative connotations 2. tending to make or become worse 3. tending to disparage or belittle: depreciatory
peregrine: adj. - having a tendency to wander
perennial: adj. - 1. lasting for many years or for an indefinite amount of time: durable, enduring, eternal, long-lasting, persistent 2. continuing without interruption: constant, perpetual 3. regularly repeated or renewed; appearing again and again: recurring, repeating 4. (Botany) describes a plant that lasts for more than two growing seasons, particularly one which produces flowers year after year
peripatetic: adj. (see also n.) - 1. walking about from place to place; traveling on foot: itinerant 2. of or pertaining to the philosophy taught by Aristotle (who gave his instructions while walking in the Lyceum at Athens), or to his followers
persnickety: adj. - 1. fussy about small details: fastidious, picky 2. having the characteristics of a snob 3. requiring great precision
perspicacious: adj. - showing sharp mental vision or discernment: astute, keen, shrewd
phlegmatic: adj. - [see also: phlegm (n.)] 1. not easily excited; not readily showing emotion; difficult to arouse to action or to displays of emotion: calm, even-tempered, passive, stoic, stolid, unemotional 2. unemotional in a cold or impersonal manner: aloof, apathetic, dull, emotionless, impassive, indifferent, sluggish 3. showing cool determination, strength, and endurance: composed, nonchalant, self-assured, self-possessed, unexcitable, unruffled
phrenic: adj. - 1. belonging to or associated with the diaphragm 2. belonging to or associated with the mind or mental activity
photovoltaic: adj. - capable of producing a electrical current or a voltage when exposed to visible light or other electromagnetic radiation (which is what solar power systems do, through the use of specially designed silicon cells)
picaresque: adj. - 1. belonging to or characteristic of a type of prose fiction (developed in Spain) in which an engaging, rascally hero of the lower classes has a series of humorous or satirical adventures setting his wits against a corrupt society. Such tales typically depict the everyday life of the common people with realistic detail 2. involving clever adventurers or roguish heros who, though not very moral or honest, are very likable and often live by their wits: prankish, rascally, roguish
Pictish: adj. - 1. of the Picts or their language or culture [Picti (Latin) means "painted people." A Pict was a member of an ancient people of Great Britain that harried the Britons and Romans from the region now known as Scotland and then disappeared in the tenth century] 2. the language of the Picts [no clear relationship to any other language has been established]
piebald: adj. - 1. of different colors; spotted or blotched with black and white or other colors: mottled 2. composed of incongruous parts: mixed
pinnate: adj. - resembling a feather, especially in having similar parts arranged on opposite sides of an axis like the barbs on the rachis of a feather
piquant: adj. - 1. having a pleasurable flavor, taste, or smell, especially one that is spicy or salty with a slightly tart or bitter edge to it: appetizing, flavorful, palatable, pungent, savory, spicy, tasty, zesty 2. refreshingly interesting or sharply stimulating: attractive, charming, delightful, engaging, exciting, pleasant, provocative 3. sharply critical and biting; excessively severe or hurtful in tone or content
piscivorous: adj. - fish-eating
pissant: adj. (see also n.) - not important: insignificant
pissburnt: adj. - stained with urine
plenary: adj. - 1. full or total in all respects; without exception or limitation: absolute, complete, comprehensive, entire 2. involving or fully attended by all members of a given conference, assembly, congress, or committee--especially if they would normally meet in smaller groups
pneumatic: adj. - 1. having a well-proportioned feminine figure, especially having a full bust 2. of or relating to air or gases; adapted for containing compressed air; inflated with air; having air-filled cavities 3. of or relating to the pneuma: spiritual
poltroon: adj. - (see also n.) - characterized by complete cowardice: craven, chicken, fearful, timid, yellow
polyglot: adj. (see also n.) - 1. containing or made up of several languages 2. writing, speaking, or versed in many languages: multilingual
populist: adj. (see also n.) - describes someone or something helpful to ordinary people
porcine: adj. - of or like pigs or hogs
postern: adj. (see also n.) - situated in the back or at the side
postprandial: adj. - happening or done after a meal
potable: adj. (see also n.) - fit to drink; suitable for drinking: drinkable
preantepenultimate: adj. - fourth from last
precedent: adj. (see also n.) - existing or happening before a certain event or time, particularly before the present time; preceding in time or order: anterior, earlier, preceding, preliminary, previous, prior
precocious: adj. - manifesting or characterized by unusually early development or maturity, especially in mental skill
predial: adj. - of or relating to land or its products
prehensile: adj. - 1. adapted for seizing, grasping, or holding, especially by wrapping around an object (such as a monkey's prehensile tail) 2. having keen intellect; quick or skilled at grasping ideas and concepts: insightful 3. excessively or aggressively eager for gain or profit: avaricious, covetous, grabby, grasping, greedy
prelapsarian: adj. - pertaining to or characteristic of the time or state before the Fall
prescient: adj. - knowing or anticipating the outcome of events before they happen
prevaricating: adj. - evading the truth: lying
prevenient: adj. - 1. coming or occurring in advance of another thing: antecedent, preceding 2. producing a sense of anticipation: anticipatory, expectant
priapic: adj. - 1. of, relating to, or resembling a penis: phallic 2. overly concerned with masculinity and male sexuality
primordial: adj. - 1. of earliest origin; existing from the very beginning, especially since the beginning of time: ancient, elementary, original, primal, primitive 2. fundamental or basic to something: essential, primary 3. (Biology) characteristic of the most undeveloped or earliest state, specifically cells, tissues, or organs formed in the early stages of embryonic development
procrustean: adj. - describes someone who or something that gets strict conformity out of others through violent or arbitrary means, disregarding individual differences or special circumstances. The origin of the word is Procrustes, a son of Poseidon, who stretched or cut off the legs of visiting travelers who stayed with him in order to make them fit his iron bed (in later versions, two beds -- one short and the other long): ruthless, tyrannical [see also: procrustean bed (n.)]
prodigious: adj. - 1. impressively great in size, force, extent, quantity or degree: bulky, colossal, enormous, huge, immense, monstrous, stupendous, tremendous, vast 2. of the nature of a prodigy: amazing, astonishing, awe-inspiring, exceptional, extraordinary, marvelous, portentous, wondrous
profane: adj. - 1. serving to debase or defile what is holy: irreverent 2. not holy because unconsecrated, impure, or defiled: unsanctified 3. not concerned with religion or religious purposes: secular
proleptic: adj. (see also n.) - 1. occurring prior to the usual time 2. used to describe a periodic disease whose paroxysms return at successively shorter intervals
prolix: adj. - 1. going on much longer than necessary, especially to the point of becoming frustratingly boring: drawn out, extended, tedious, tiresome, wearisome 2. tending to speak or write at excessively: diffuse, long-winded, loquacious, verbose, wordy
propitiatory: adj. - intended to gain or regain the favor or goodwill of: appeasing, conciliatory, expiatory, mollifying, pacifying, placating, soothing
propitious: adj. - 1. favorably disposed: benevolent, gracious 2. being of good omen: auspicious 3. tending to favor: advantageous
proprietary: adj. (see also n.) - 1. relating to an owner, ownership, or something owned 2. manufactured and sold only by the owner of the patent, formula, brand name, or trademark associated with the product (such as proprietary medicine) 3. describes a business that is privately owned and run 4. describes a kind of school organized as a profit-making venture primarily to teach vocational skills or self-improvement techniques (i.e. proprietary school)
prosaic: adj. - 1. characteristic of prose, as distinguished from poetry 2. not having any features that are interesting or imaginative: colorless, drab, dull, factual, lackluster, lifeless, unimaginative 3. lacking complications or subtleties: commonplace, everyday, matter-of-fact, mundane, straightforward, ordinary, unromantic
protean: adj. - 1. displaying considerable variety or diversity 2. readily assuming different shapes or forms
prurient: adj. - concerning or fascinated with sex in an intense, lustful way (rather than in an artistic or educational manner) -- especially when regarded as distasteful or offensive: horny, lascivious, lechereous, libertine, loose, salacious, wanton
puckish: adj. - full of mischief: impish, whimsical
puerile: adj. - displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity: childish, juvenile, silly, trivial
puissant: adj. - of great force or vigor: forcible, mighty, potent, powerful, strong
pukka: adj. - 1. high quality of its kind: excellent, first-class, superior 2. absolutely genuine: authentic, real, reliable 3. socially acceptable: proper
punctilious: adj. - strictly attentive to minute details of conduct; very exact in the forms of etiquette: careful, fastidious, meticulous, painstaking, precise, scrupulous
pungent: adj. - 1. having a sharp incisive quality: caustic 2. causing a sharp or irritating sensation: acrid
purblind: adj. - 1. an offensive term to describe someone who has greatly reduced or impaired vision: dim-sighted, near-blind, partially sighted 2. lacking in discernment, understanding, or imagination: dull, obtuse, slow 3. [Obs.] totally blind
pusillanimous: adj. - shamefully lacking in courage; weak or small of spirit; contemptibly fearful: cowardly, faint-hearted, spineless, timid
putative: adj. - 1. commonly thought or deemed; commonly put forth or accepted as true on inconclusive grounds: accepted, assumed, reputed, supposed 2. assumed to exist or to have existed
putrid: adj. - 1. decomposed and foul-smelling: fetid, foul, funky, fusty, malodorous, musty, noisome, rank, rotten, smelling, spoiled, stinking 2. morally objectionable: corrupt, vile
pyrrhic: adj. (see also n.) - 1. of or relating to a war dance of ancient Greece 2. of, relating to, or resembling Pyrrhus or his exploits, especially his sustaining staggering losses in order to defeat the Romans (i.e. "a Pyrrhic victory")
quadrennial: adj. - 1. consisting of or lasting for four years 2. occurring or being done every four years
quaquaversal: adj. - 1. (Geology) sloping downward from the center in all directions of the compass, as beds of lava round a crater 2. turning or dipping in any or every direction: dome-like
quiescent: adj. - 1. marked by inactivity or repose; tranquilly at rest: dormant, inactive, latent, potential, still 2. causing no trouble or symptoms
quixotic: adj. - [from the deluded idealist Don Quixote, the title character of a novel by Miguel de Cervantes] 1. caught up in the romance of noble deeds and the pursuit of unreachable goals; idealistic without regard to realism or practicality; chivalric in an absurd or deluded manner: altruistic, fanciful, idealistic, impractical, romantic, unrealistic, visionary 2. tending to act on impulses; rashly unpredictable: capricious, impulsive
quondam: adj. - having been formerly: erstwhile, former, preterit, sometime
quotidian: adj. (see also n.) - 1. of an everyday character: commonplace, customary, ordinary, usual 2. done or experienced on a daily basis; occurring or returning daily, especially when describing a fever that recurs or flares up every day
raddled: adj. - 1. being in a state of confusion; lacking composure 2. showing signs of age or fatigue; having a worn-out appearance that suggests long life or a life of indulgence: broken-down, careworn, drawn, haggard, worn
raffish: adj. - 1. marked by or suggestive of flashy vulgarity or crudeness 2. marked by a careless unconventionality: rakish
rantipole: adj. (see also n.) - characterized by a wild, unruly manner: rakish, roving
rebarbative: adj. - tending to irritate or repel; causing aversion: annoying, irritating, repellent, repulsive
recalcitrant: adj. - 1. stubbornly resistant to change, guidance, or authority: adamant, hidebound, inflexible, obstinate, pigheaded, rigid, stiff-necked, stubborn 2. difficult to manage or control; refusing to obey orders or follow expectations: defiant, disobedient, headstrong, insubordinate, intractable, rebellious, refractory, unrestrained, unruly, wayward
recondite: adj. - understood only by experts; requiring special detailed knowledge in order to be understood: abstruse, ambiguous, cryptic, deep, difficult, enigmatic, erudite, esoteric, incomprehensible, profound, scholarly 2. hidden from view or knowledge: concealed, secret
rectilinear: adj. - 1. moving in or forming a straight line 2. characterized by straight lines
redivivus: adj. - living again; brought back to life: reborn, renewed, restored, resurrected, revived
redolent: adj. - 1. (usually followed by 'of') serving to bring to mind; suggestive of something: evocative (of), reminiscent (of) 2. having a strong distinctive fragrance; having particular smell or odor, especially a pleasant one: aromatic, fragrant, sweet-smelling
refractory: adj. - 1. badly behaved and strongly resistant to authority or control: disobedient, headstrong, obstinate, rebellious, recalcitrant, stubborn, unmanageable, unruly, untractable, wayward 2. (Medicine) describes an illness or condition that is difficult to treat or unresponsive to treatment: untreatable 3. describes any kind of material that keeps its shape and strength at very high temperatures. Because they are heat-resistant, such materials are difficult to melt, bond, or shape. They are often used to line the insides of furnaces and kilns 4. not able to react to a stimulus: unresponsive
refulgent: adj. - shining brightly: brilliant, radiant, resplendent
renascent: adj. - springing or rising again into being; showing renewed vigor
requisite: adj. - necessary or appropriate for a specific purpose (often used for describing requirements or regulations imposed by an institution to reach a particular position): essential, indispensable, required
restive: adj. - 1. impatient under restriction, delay, coercion, criticism, or opposition; resisting control 2. unwilling to move forward: obstinate, stubborn 3. being in a tense state; easily upset: edgy, high-strung, jittery, jumpy, nervous, nervy, over-strung, uptight
reticulate: adj. - resembling a net
ribald: adj. - characterized by, or given to, vulgar humor: coarse
riparian: adj. - of or pertaining to the bank of a river or stream
risible: adj. - laughably silly or bad; deserving of or causing laughter: absurd, amusing, comical, funny, ludicrous
robustious: adj. - 1. vigorous in a rough or unrefined way; out of control: boisterous, energetic, rambunctious, rowdy, unruly 2. described as being rough or crude: blunt, coarse, vulgar 3. strong and healthy in constitution: hardy
rodomontade: adj. (see also n. & v.) - boastful in a pretentious, self-important, or self-indulgent way: blustering, bragging
roseate: adj. - 1. overly optimistic; bright or cheerful 2. resembling a rose, especially in color
Rube Goldberg: adj. - accomplishing by complex means what seemingly could be done simply; characterized by complex means
rubicund:adj. - inclining to redness: red, roseate, ruddy, sanguine
ruly: adj. - calm, obedient, and orderly: controlable, disciplined, governable, law-abiding, organized, peaceful, submissive, tractable
rupestral: adj. - composed of or inscribed on rock
sacerdotal: adj. - 1. of or relating to priests or a priesthood: priestly 2. of, relating to, or suggesting religious belief emphasizing the powers of priests as essential mediators between God and mankind
sacroiliac: adj. (see also n.) - of, relating to, or being the region of juncture between the spinal column and the pelvis
sacrosanct: adj. - 1. most sacred or holy: inviolable 2. treated as if holy; immune from criticism or violation
saltatory: adj. - 1. related to or characterized by leaping or dancing: terpsichorean 2. moving in abrupt jumps or sudden changes, rather than in smooth or gradual transitions: discontinuous, jerky, impulsive 3. (Biology) adapted for, specialized in, or characterized by jumping or leaping (for example, describing a kangaroo or grasshopper, or how messages are transferred across nerve cells -- which is known as saltatory conduction)
salubrious: adj. - favorable to health; promoting health: healthful
salutary: adj. - 1. promoting health: healthful, wholesome 2. effecting or designed to effect an improvement: advantageous, beneficial, remedial
salutatory: adj. - expressing or containing a welcome or greeting
salvific: adj. - having the intention or power to bring about salvation or redemption
sanctimonious: adj. - pretending to be holy or pious; affecting righteousness
sanguinary: adj. - 1. involving or causing great bloodshed or carnage: gory 2. flowing with blood: bloodstained 3. eager for bloodshed or grave violence: bloodthirsty, bloody-minded, murderous
sanguine: adj. - 1. confidently optimistic and cheerful, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation: buoyant, enthusiastic, positive 2. showing (in one's face) a healthy reddish color often associated with an active outdoor life, cheerfulness, or passion: florid, rubicund, ruddy 3. having a blood-red color: carmine, crimson, scarlet 4. (Archaic) according to the medieval theory of the four humors (blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm), to be sanguine meant to be dominated by the humor of blood, which was evident if the person was hopeful, courageous, passionate, and eager for love
sapient: adj. - having great wisdom and discernment: insightful, perspicacious, sagacious, sage, shrewd, wise
saponaceous: adj. - 1. resembling soap; having the qualities of soap: soapy 2. liable to slip away (like soap does): evasive, slippery, slithery
Sapphic: adj. - 1. of or pertaining to Sappho, the Greek poetess who lived on the island of Lesbos, known for writing provacative love poetry to women 2. of female homosexuality: lesbian 3. pertaining to a style of verse reputed to have been invented by Sappho consisting of five feet (the first, fourth, and fifth are trochees (/U), the second is a spondee (//), and the third a dactyl (/UU))
saprostomous: adj. - having foul-smelling breath
sardonic: adj. - 1. bitterly humorous or scornfully mocking, especially when accompanied with sarcastic verbal or facial expression: biting, cynical, derisive, ironic, ridiculing, sarcastic, satirical, sneering, wry 2. [archaic] referring to a plant known to the ancient Greeks (most famously, Homer mentioned it in the Odyssey) as the sardonion, since it was native to the island of Sardinia. The deadly poison of the sardonion, when eaten, caused convulsions in the face that were thought similar to laughter before they caused death. A recent theory is that the sardonion refers to the hemlock water-dropwort, a highly toxic plant native to Sardinia which, when used as a poison, stretches the face of the victim into a deathly contorted smile. In the pre-Roman era, this plant was used in the ritual killing of elderly people who couldn't support themselves. After being intoxicated with the herb, they were dropped from a high rock or beaten to death
sartorial: adj. - 1. concerning or relating to clothes -- especially tailored clothes 2. concerning or relating to tailors
saturnine: adj. - 1. showing a brooding ill humor: bitter, dark, dour, gloomy, glowering, glum, melancholy, moody, morose, sardonic, scornful, serious, sour, sullen, surly, unfriendly 2. (Astrology) having the temperament of one influenced astrologically by the planet Saturn, which is said to be brooding and ill-tempered 3. cold and steady in mood; slow to act or change: sluggish, taciturn 4. caused by the absorption of lead or suffering from lead poisoning
scacchic: adj. - pertaining to the game of chess, or to chess pieces
scatological: adj. - dealing with excrement and excretory functions in a bawdy, obscene or vulgar fashion(usually for humor)
sciapodous: adj. - having huge feet
scolecophagous: adj. - worm-eating
scopious: adj. - having a large extent or extending through a broad range: broad, expansive, extensive, scopic, wide
scurvy: adj. (see also n.) - behaving in a way considered mean or contemptible: despicable, vile, worthless
sebaceous: adj. - 1. of, relating to, or resembling fat; containing an unusual amount of grease or oil: fatty 2. secreting fat
sedulous: adj. - 1. working with great zeal and persistence: industrious, laborious, persevering, unremitting, untiring, unwearied 2. carried out with great care, concentration, and commitment: assiduous, diligent, painstaking
sempiternal: adj. - enduring forever; having no end: boundless, dateless, endless, eternal, everlasting, illimitable, infinite
sentient: adj. - 1. capable of perceiving by the senses: conscious 2. experiencing sensation or feeling
septentrional: adj. - of or pertaining to the north: northern
serendipitous: adj. - describes an event or discovery that is both coincidental and lucky; being in the right place at the right time completely by chance. For example, Swiss engineer Georges de Mestral experienced a very serendipitous hunting trip in 1941. He found the many burrs which clung to his pant legs and his dog's hairs annoying, yet impressive. After discovering their surface of looped hooks under a microscope, he spent several years developing a similar clingy product he could mass produce. The result was Velcro -- an invention which might never have happened, if not for Mestral's act of walking serendipitously through burrs on a hunting trip: fortuitous, fortunate, lucky [see also: serendipity (n.)]
serpiginous: adj. - (Medicine) spreading by creeping (said of lesions which heal over one portion while continuing to advance at another, typically the legion has a wavy or serpent-like border)
sesquipedalian: adj. - 1. given to or characterized by the use of long words 2. long and ponderous; having many syllables
shoal: adj. (see also n. & v.) - describes water having little depth: shallow
sibilant: adj. (see also n.) - of, characterized by, or producing a hissing sound like that of (s) or (sh)
skint: adj. - (British slang) completely without money; lacking funds: broke, impecunious, penniless, poor [variant of 'skinned': stripped of money or belongings]
smarmy: adj. - describes someone whose attempts to be charming or flattering come off as forced, fake, excessive, or obviously and distastefully self-serving: fawning, fulsome, ingratiating, oleaginous, sycophantic, unctuous
snafu: adj. (see also acr., n. & v.) - in a state of confusion and disorder; out of control: chaotic
solicitous: adj. - 1. paying careful or close attention to details, especially out of care or concern: attentive, hovering, meticulous 2. full of concern or fear: apprehensive, anxious, restless, uneasy, worried 3. full of the desire or eagerness to do something
somniferous: adj. - bringing or causing sleep: hypnagogic, sleep-inducing, somnolent, soporific
somnolent: adj. - 1. inclined to sleep: drowsy, sleepy 2. tending to cause sleepiness or drowsiness: hypnagogic, sleep-inducing, somniferous, soporific
soporific: adj. (see also n.) - 1. causing sleep; tending to cause sleep: hypnagogic, sleep-inducing, somniferous, somnolent 2. relating to or characterized by sleepiness or sluggishness: drowsy, lethargic
sotto voce: adj. (see also adv.) - 1. spoken under the breath or in a low tone, so as not to be heard 2. very softly -- used as a direction in music
spavined: adj. (see also n.) - 1. suffering from spavin, a disease involving the swelling of hock-joints in a horse (backwards-pointing joints on the hind legs which correspond to the human ankle): lame 2. in extremely poor condition or badly deteriorated: broken-down, damaged, decrepit, old, over-the-hill, ruined, worn out
specious: adj. - 1. having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually false: spurious 2. deceptively attractive: gilded, meretricious, showy
spoony: adj. - 1. excessively sentimental: foolish, silly 2. foolishly or sentimentally in love
stanchion: adj. (see also v.) - 1. an upright beam, pole, or column -- especially one used to support a ceiling, open window, barrier rope, cattle stall, or ship's sail: post, rod {image} 2. a framework of two or more vertical bars used as a barrier to secure cattle in a stall or feed trough {image}
steatopygic: adj. - having an extremely fat butt
stentorian: adj. - very loud, powerful, overblown, or lofty in tone of voice: booming, declamatory, earsplitting, strident
stertorous: adj. - characterized by a heavy snoring or gasping sound: hoarse
striated: adj. - marked with parallel grooves, ridges, stripes, scratches, or narrow bands: grooved, striped
struthious: adj. - of or relating to the ostriches and related birds
subaltern: adj. (see also n.) - 1. in a subordinate or inferior position; of lower rank or status: secondary 2. (Logic) describes a proposition which is implied by a universal proposition (for example, "some polar bears are white" is subaltern to "all polar bears are white")
subfusc: adj. (see also n.) - 1. dark or dull in color: drab, dusky 2. devoid of brightness or appeal
sublunary: adj. - situated beneath the moon; of or pertaining to this world: cislunar, earthly, terrestrial
sub rosa: adj. (see also adv.) - (Latin) designed and carried out secretly or confidentially: behind-the-scenes, private, secretive, under-the-table (from the ancient practice of using a rose as a symbol of secrecy); literally, "under the rose"
supercilious: adj. - marked with contempt for others; coolly and patronizingly haughty: arrogant, proud, self-important
supererogatory: adj. - going beyond what is required or expected: excess, extra, superfluous, surplus, unnecessary
supposititious: adj. - 1. substituted for the real thing; not being what is purports to be; not genuine: counterfeit, fraudulent, inauthentic, pretended, spurious 2. based primarily on surmise rather than adequate evidence: conjectural, hypothetical, putative, reputed, supposed
surreptitious: adj. - 1. marked by quiet, caution and secrecy; taking pains to avoid being observed: concealed , covert, furtive, lurking, skulking, sneaky, stealthy, underhand 2. conducted with hidden aims or methods: clandestine, hush-hush, secret, undercover, underground
svelte: adj. - 1. showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience: polished, refined, sophisticated, suave, urbane 2. slender or graceful in figure or outline: slim 3. moving and bending with ease: graceful, lissome, lithe, slender, sleek, supple, sylphlike
sycophantic: adj. (see also n.) - attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery: bootlicking, cowering, cringing, fawning, groveling, kowtowing, obsequious, parasitic, toadying, toadyish, truckling
sylphlike: adj. - gracefully slender; moving and bending with ease: airy, lissome, lithe, supple, svelte
sylvan: adj. - 1. of or pertaining to woods or forest regions 2. living or located in a wood or forest 3. abounding in forests or trees: wooded
symbiotic: adj. - 1. describes a relationship that benefits everyone involved 2. (Biology) describes two living beings of different species that live closely together, especially if they have a mutually beneficial relationship. For example: The Egyptian Plover bird eats parasites that are harmful to crocodiles. So, the crocodile lets the bird hunt for parasites on its body, even allowing the bird to enter its mouth safely. In return, the bird not only finds food, but is safe from any other predators while near the crocodile
syncretic: adj. - uniting and blending together different systems, as of philosophy, morals, or religion
taboo: adj. (see also n.) - 1. forbidden to be used in secular contexts because of what are held to be dangerous supernatural powers 2. banned on grounds of morality or taste
tacit: adj. - not expressed or declared openly, but implied or understood
talionic: adj. - pertaining to revenge in kind; like for like: retaliatory, retributive, vengeful
tardigrade: adj. (see also n.) - slow in action: slow-moving, sluggish
tatterdemalion: adj. (see also n.) - 1. wearing torn or ragged clothing: shredded, tattered, torn 2. being in a decayed state or condition: broken-down, dilapidated, ramshackle, tumble-down, unsound 3. ragged or disreputable in appearance: bedraggled, beggarly, unkempt
tectonic: adj. - 1. of or having to do with building: architectural, constructional 2. designating, or pertaining to, changes in the structure of the earth's crust, the forces responsible for such deformation, or the external forms produced
temerarious: adj. - recklessly or presumptuously daring: rash
tenacious: adj. - 1. not easily pulled apart: cohesive 2. tending to adhere or cling, especially to another substance 3. persistent in maintaining or adhering to something valued or habitual: retentive
tendentious: adj. - tending to strongly promote a certain opinion, especially a controversial one: argumentative, biased, partisan
tenebrous: adj. - 1 shut off from the light: dark, gloomy, murky 2. hard to understand: obscure 3. causing gloom
termagant: adj. (see also n.) - the quality of being quarrelsome or shrewish, usually said of a woman: furious, overbearing, scolding, tumultuous, turbulent
tetchy: adj. - easily irritated or annoyed: cranky, fractious, irritable, nettlesome, peckish, pettish, petulant, testy
thalian: adj. - relating to comedy (a reference to Thalia, the muse of comedy in ancient Greece): comic, funny, hilarious [antonym: antithalian]
thelemic: adj. - allowing people to do as they please, thereby depending on the good nature of the individual to inspire them morally (although originally a term from Koine Greek meaning "will, wish, purpose," the meaning of "do that which you want" or "do what thou wilt" for this term was created by François Rabelais as the philosophy of a fictional Abbey in his book Gargantua and Pantagruel)
theriomorphic: adj. - in the form of an animal, or thought of as being in animal form, particularly a god depicted in animal form [antonym: anthropomorphic]
tibialoconcupiscent: adj. - having a carnal or lusty interest in watching a woman put on stockings
torpid: adj. - 1. describes a part of the body that has lost the ability to move or feel: benumbed, numb 2. in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation, usually used to describe an animal during seasons of sleep: dormant, hibernating, estivating 3. sluggish in functioning or acting; lacking physical or mental energy: apathetic, dull, idle, inactive, inert, lethargic, listless, passive, slow, supine
tortuous: adj. - 1. marked by repeated twists or turns: anfractuous, flexuous, involute, meandering, meandrous, serpentine, sinuous, vermiculate, winding 2. marked by devious or indirect tactics: circuitous, convoluted, crooked, involved, snaky, tricky
translucent: adj. - 1. not transparent but clear enough to allow light to pass through 2. free from disguise or falseness
tremulous: adj. - 1. marked by trembling or tremors, as from weakness, fear, or nervousness: quavering, quivering, shaking, vibrating 2. showing fear or nervousness about something: fearful, frightened, scared, timid, timorous 3. (of writing) done with a trembling hand
trenchant: adj. - 1. vigorously effective and articulate: energetic, forceful, hard-hitting 2. directly and deliberately hurtful: caustic, cutting, harsh 3. sharply perceptive: incisive, intelligent, keen, obserant, penetrating, searching, thoughtful 4. clearly or sharply defined to the mind: distinct, clear-cut
tumescent: adj. - abnormally swollen or becoming swollen, especially by fluids or gas: bloated, distended, puffy, tumid
tumid: adj. - 1. pompous in style: bombastic, declamatory, inflated, large, lofty, orotund, overblown, turgid 2. appearing as if swollen from pressure within, especially by fluids or gas: bloated, distended, puffed, puffy, swollen, tumescent, turgid 3. describes a body part or organ, especially a sexual organ, that is swollen, stiff and rigid: bulging, erect, inflated, protuberant
turbid: adj. - 1. describes a liquid that you can't see through, especially water that is thick with mud or pollution; not clear: cloudy, dark, dirty, muddy, mucky, murky, opaque, polluted, swampy, thick 2. describes thoughts or feelings that are confused or in turmoil: dazed, messy, mixed up, muddled, perturbed, roiling, stirred up, troubled, unsettled 3. describes writing that is unclear or disorganized: disordered, disjointed, jumbled, obscure, sloppy, vague
ubiquitous: adj. - existing or being everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered: omnipresent, widespread
ulotrichous: adj. - having woolly or crispy hair [antonym: leiotrichous]
ultracrepidarian: adj. (see also n.) - beyond one's knowledge or province; pertaining to opinions given on matters beyond one's knowledge
ultroneous: adj. - 1. made or offered of one's own accord: spontaneous, voluntary 2. (Law) describes a witness who testifies voluntarily and without citation
umber: adj. (see also v. & n.) - describes any of the natural brown earth pigments found in soil that contains oxides of iron and manganese (which is known as umber): chocolate, coffee, deep brown
umpteen: adj. - very many; indefinitely numerous
unabashed: adj. - feeling great confidence or pride, especially in a highly vocal or visible way; not at all ashamed, embarrassed or uneasy: proud, unapologetic [antonym: abashed]
uncanny: adj. - [see also: canny] 1. too strange to seem natural and often causing feelings of dread, such as if something seems to be of supernatural origin: eerie, mysterious, odd, unearthly, unsettling, weird 2. (Freud) describes something that is both familiar and strange, causing the simultaneous feelings of attraction toward and repulsion away from the object, situation, or person
unctuous: adj. - 1. of the nature or quality of an unguent or ointment: fatty, greasy, oily 2. insincerely smooth in speech and manner: fawning, fulsome, ingratiating, oleaginous, smarmy, sycophantic 3. having a smooth, greasy feel, as certain minerals
uxorial: adj. - relating to or characteristic of a wife
uxorious: adj. - describes a man who is excessively devoted to or submissive to his wife
valedictory: adj. - of or relating to an act of bidding farewell; expressing or containing a farewell
valetudinarian: adj. (see also n.) - 1. chronically ailing: infirm, sickly, weak 2. constantly and morbidly concerned with one's health
vapid: adj. - 1. lacking liveliness, animation, or interest: dull, insipid, spiritless 2. lacking taste, zest, or flavor: bland, flat, flavorless, insipid, savorless
variegated: adj. - 1. distinguished or characterized by variety: diversified, varied 2. having streaks, marks, or patches of different colors: dappled, motley, multicolored, multihued, parti-colored, polychromatic, polychrome, varicolored, versicolored
vatic: adj. - resembling or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future: oracular, prophetic
venal: adj. - 1. able to be obtained for a price; held for sale: buyable, purchasable, sellable 2. capable of betraying honor, duty, or scruples for a price: corruptible, dishonest 3. marked by or associated with bribery and corrupt dealings 4. of or pertaining to veins
venial: adj. - capable of being forgiven; not a heinous crime or cardinal sin: excusable, forgivable, minor, pardonable
ventripotent: adj. - 1. having a large belly: big-bellied, fat 2. taking a greedy or overindulgent delight in eating; having great capacity or appetite for food: gluttonous
verboten: adj. - excluded from use or mention; not allowed: forbidden, prohibited, taboo
verklempt: adj. - (Yiddish) overcome with emotion; unable to express one's emotions: all worked up, choked up, speechless
verdant: adj. - 1. covered with growing plants or grass; green with vegetation: flourishing 2. of the color green 3. lacking knowledge, judgment, or experience: green, naive, raw, unsophisticated
vermicular: adj. - 1. resembling a worm in form or motion 2. relating to or caused by worms
vermiform: adj. - resembling a worm in shape
vernacular: adj. (see also n.) - 1. (Language) describes native speech, as opposed to scholarly or literary speech 2. describes the common, nonscientific name of an animal, plant, fungi or so forth 3. (Architecture) characterized by the most common building techniques of a local area, especially by using local materials and traditional methods of construction and decoration (especially contrasted with historical, academic or grand architectural designs)
verticillate: adj. - arranged in or forming whorls, as leaves in a whorl around a stem or hairs twisted in a whorl
vestal: adj. - 1. of or relating to the goddess Vesta of Roman mythology 2. relating to or characteristic of the vestal virgins: chaste, pure
vestigial: adj. - describes an organ or behavior which, due to evolution, has lost all or most of its original function. Whales, for example, have vestigial bones of hips and hind limbs. In humans, tonsils, wisdom teeth, ear muscles, plica semilunaris (a shrunken third eyelid or nictitating membrane), erector pili (which make our hairs stand erect when we're frightened or nervous), the appendix, and the coccyx (tailbone) are examples of vestigial organs. Vestigial structures and behaviors provide a clue to a species's evolutionary history because they were important to the lives of ancestral species
viable: adj. - 1. (Biology) capable of surviving or living successfully, especially describing offspring which have developed enough to survive outside its mother's womb 2. capable of success or continuing effectiveness: doable, feasible, possible, practicable, workable
vicarious: adj. - 1. taking the place of another thing or person 2. shared in experience by imagined participation in another's experience; experienced at secondhand
vinegary: adj. - having the taste, smell, or nature of vinegar: irascible, sour, unamiable, unpleasant
viridescent: adj. - developing or having a green or greenish color
viscous: adj. - 1. having a relatively high resistance to flow: syrupy 2. having the properties of glue: clammy, gluey, glutinous, gummy, mucilaginous, pasty, sticky, tenacious, viscid
vitreous: adj. - (see also n.) 1. resembling glass in appearance (eg. glossy or transparent) or in physical properties (eg. hard or easily shattered): glass-like, glassy 2. made from or containing glass
vituperative: adj. - containing or characterized by verbal abuse or harsh criticism: abusive, accusatory, bitter, scathing, scolding, vitriolic
vivacious: adj. - full of spirit and liveliness: animated, high-spirited, lively, vibrant
vivid: n. - 1. very bright or intense in color 2. producing strong, distinct or very true-to-life mental images: graphic
viviparous: adj. - 1. giving birth to live young that develop within the mother's body rather than laying eggs, as with most mammals 2. (Botany) producing seeds that begin to sprout before becoming detached from the parent plant 3. (Botany) producing bulbs or new plants rather than seed, as in the tiger lily
vociferous: adj. - making a loud outcry: clamorous, noisy
volatile: adj. - 1. (Chemistry) describes a substance that is easily converted to the gas state at a relatively low temperature 2. tending to erupt into violent action: explosive 3. marked by erratic changeableness in mood, temper, desire, or affections: fickle, flighty, inconstant, mercurial, unpredictable 4. describes a situation that changes rapidly or suffers from extreme fluctuations (in business, often referring to stock prices) 5. (Computers) of or pertaining to storage that does not retain data when electrical power is turned off or fails 6. continuing for only a short time: ephemeral, evanescent, fleeting, short-lived, temporary 7. flying or capable of flying: volant
voluble: adj. - 1. characterized by a ready or rapid flow of speech; talking easily and at length: babblative, fluent, garrulous, glib, incessant, loquacious, talkative 2. easily rolling or turning on an axis: rotating 3. given to change: changeable, fickle, unstable 4. (Botany) having the power or habit of turning, twisting or twining
vorpal: adj. - 1. capable of beheading: deadly, keen, sharp; coined by Lewis Carroll in the poem "Jabberwocky": "He took his vorpal sword in hand." 2. in Dungeons & Dragons, a vorpal weapon is one which has a high tendency to inflict critical hits or to behead foes
votive: adj. - given, done, or offered for a specific purpose, especially in fulfillment of a promise or to symbolize a wish, desire, or prayer
vulnerary: adj. (see also n.) - used in the healing or treating of wounds
woebegone: adj. - 1. overwhelmed with or immersed in sadness or grief: sorrowful, woeful 2. being in a sorry condition; dismal-looking: dilapidated, run-down
xenial: adj. - relating to, concerning, or characteristic of relations between host and guest, especially among the ancient Greeks between persons of different cities: hospitable
xerarch: adj. - growing in a dry habitat, such as a rocky shore, cliff, or desert
xeric: adj. - 1. having or needing only a very small amount of moisture. For example, deserts are xeric environments: anhydrous, arid, dehydrated, desiccated, waterless 2. (Ecology) adapted to an extremely dry habitat. For example, cacti and aloes are xeric plants: drought-tolerant
xylotomous: adj. - capable of boring or cutting wood, usually said of insects
zeroth: adj. - being numbered zero in a series; of, relating to, or being a zero