November 18 , 2003.

Martin Heidegger and Nietzsche

Research Project Information
Conference May 26-29, 2004
Meßkirch, Germany.


Background notes: Dr. Alfred Denker

"He corrupted me" "Er hat mich kaputt gemacht" Heidegger versus Nietzsche

There are four reasons why it is important to re-examine Heidegger's relation to Nietzsche.

1. Over the last years a wealth of new material has been published. Heidegger's lecture courses on Nietzsche and Hölderlin have been published as well as the important manuscript Beiträge zur Philosophie (GA 65). Heidegger's seminars in the early 1930's are also of special interest.

2. This new material enables Heidegger research to bring to light his development after Sein und Zeit in
a much more complete way than has been possible before. The major influence of Nietzsche on Heidegger's path of thinking can now be understood in detail.

3. The 1930's mark not only a new beginning in Heidegger's philosophy but also his involvement with politics. It is now possible to understand Heidegger's politics in relation to his reading of Nietzsche and Hölderlin.

4. This project should also make it possible to understand a famous quote of Pöggeler and Gadamer on the relation between Heidegger and Nietzsche. They claim Heidegger said about Nietzsche: "Er hat mich kaputt gemacht." He corrupted me

The result of this project should be a complete overview of the relation between Heidegger and Nietzsche, divided into 3 sections:

I The biographical and chronological background of Heidegger's interpretation of Nietzsche (e.g. essays on Heidegger and the Nietzsche archive in Weimar and on the edition of his lectures in the Gesamtausgabe).

II Nietzsche's influence on Heidegger

III Heidegger's interpretation of Nietzsche

The project should focus on still unresolved questions concerning Heidegger's relation to Nietzsche. What kind of anti-Platonic philosophy does Heidegger develop and in how far has it been influenced by Nietzsche's philosophy? The relation between Heidegger's reading of Hölderlin and his interpretation of Nietzsche should be brought to light. How did Heidegger's reading of Nietzsche effect his involvement with and later turn away from National Socialism? What is the place of Nietzsche in Heidegger's manuscripts Beiträge zur Philosophie and Besinnung? What is the relation between Heidegger's reading of Nietzsche and the interpretations of philosophers like A. Baeumler, K. Jaspers, and K. Löwith? We would also like to enclose a paper on Heidegger's earliest reading of Nietzsche. It will be interesting to get input from Nietzsche scholars who will interpret Heidegger's philosophy in the light of Nietzsche. In this way the project could develop into a real confrontation between Heidegger and Nietzsche. Important questions are as follows. How should we interpret their relation to metaphysics? Where do they agree and where do they differ? Is Heidegger's philosophy in the 1930's nihilistic from a Nietzschean point of view?

Finally, this project should enable us to answer the question what is alive and what is dead in Heidegger and Nietzsche today.

 

Additional Information and Bibliographies by Daniel Fidel Ferrer.

 

Martin Heidegger Nietzsche Courses:

Wintersemester 1936/37
Nietzsche: Der Wille zur Macht [Vorlesung]
(zweistündig)

Sommertrimester 1937
Nietzsche metaphysische Grundstellung im abendländischen Denken [Vorlesung]
(zweistündig)
Oberstufe: Arbeitskreis zur Erläuterung der Vorlesung (Nietzsches metaphysische Grundstellung) [Seminar]

"Ubungen SS 1937. Nietzsches metaphysische Grundstellung (Sein und Schein)."
According to GA 65 this is the title of the work, most likley to published as GA 87.
Student lecture notes called this "Zur Nietzsche über Sein und Schein".

Wintertrimester 1938/39
Nietzsches II. Unzeitgemäße Betrachtung [Vorlesung]

Einführung in die philosophische Begriffsbildung
(Mittelstufe, Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie für das Leben) [Seminar]
This may also have to do with Nietzsche. There appears to be connection with
the Vorlesung given at the same time.

Sommertrimester 1939
Nietzsches Lehre vom Willen zur Macht als Erkenntnis [Vorlesung]
(einstündig)

Trimester 1940
Nietzsche: Der europäische Nihilismus [Vorlesung]

Nietzsches Metaphysik (planned for Wintersemester 1941/42, but not given). GA 50.

 

Martin Heidegger Publications (some of the ones on Nietzsche):

1936/37
Der Wille zur Macht als Kunst. In: GA 6.1 (Nietzsche I)

1937
Die ewige Wiederkehr des Gleichen. In: GA 6.1 (Nietzsche I).

1939
Nietzsches Lehre vom Willen zur Macht als Erkenntnis. In: GA 6.1 (Nietzsche I).
Die ewige Wiederkunft des Gleichen und der Wille zur Macht. In: GA 6.2 (Nietzsche II).

1940
Der europäische Nihilismus. In: GA 6.2 (Nietzsche II).
Nietzsches Metaphysik. In: GA 6.2 (Nietzsche II).

1943
Nietzsches Wort "Gott ist tot" [Vortrag]. In: GA 5.

1944-46
Die seinsgeschichtliche Bestimmung des Nihilismus. In: GA 6.2 (Nietzsche II).

1953
Wer ist Nietzsches Zarathustra? [Vortrag Bremen]. In: VA. GA 7.

1961
Nietzsche. Band I-II. Pfullingen. GA 6.1-6.2.

See also: Zur Seinsfrage (1955) / Über "die Linie" (From GA 9, Letter to Ernst Jünger)

See also: Was heisst Denken? (1951-1952), GA 8. First part is about Nietzsche.

Martin Heidegger's Gesamtausgabe (GA) publications (some on Nietzsche):

GA 5 Holzwege (1935-1946). One long essay in this is:
Nietzsches Wort 'Gott ist tot' (1943).

8 Was heisst Denken? (1951-1952)
Ed. Paola-Ludovika Coriando.
Expected publication, perhaps, 2002-2003. About 260 pages. With Heidegger's
marginalia notes. ISBN 3-465-03199-7. Some new material.

Older version:
Was heisst Denken?
Tübingen, M. Niemeyer,
Year: 1954
Description: 174 p. 23 cm.

GA 6.1 Nietzsche I (1936-1939), ed. B. Schillbach, 1996, XIV, 596p.
Der Wille zur Macht als Kunst (1936-37)
Die ewige Wiederkehr des Gleichen (1937)
Der Wille zur Macht als Erkenntnis (1939)
Online table of contents.

GA 6.2 Nietzsche II (1939-1946), ed. B. Schillbach, 1997, VIII, 454p.
Der europäische Nihilismus (1940)
Nietzsches Metaphysik (1940)
Die seinsgeschichtliche Bestimmung des Nihilismus (1944-1946)
Entwürfe zur Geschichte des Seins als Metaphysik (1941)
Die Erinnerung an die Metaphysik (1941)
Online table of contents.

GA 7 Vorträge und Aufsätze (1936-1953). One essay in this is:
Wer ist Nietzsches Zarathustra (1953)

GA 9 Wegmarken (1919-1961) One letter to Ernst Jünger about Nihilismus.
Zur Seinsfrage (1955) / Über die Linie

GA 43 Nietzsche: Der Wille zur Macht als Kunst, ed. B. Heimbüchel, 1985, XII, 298p.
(See pages GA 43, p30-31, 190-193, 273-274 for changes from the Nietzsche I and II
volumes).

GA 44 Nietzsches metaphysische Grundstellung im abendländischen Denken:
Die ewige Wiederkehr des Gleichen, ed. M. Heinz, 1986, VIII, 254p.

GA 46 Nietzsches II. Unzeitgemässe Betrachtung, ed. H.-J. Friedrich.
Nietzsches II. Unzeitgemäße Betrachtung [Vorlesung] Wintertrimester 1938/39
[note: not yet published, as of 2002]

GA 47 Nietzsches Lehre vom Willen zur Macht als Erkenntnis, ed. E. Hanser, 1989, XVI, 330 p.

GA 48 Nietzsche: Der europäische Nihilismus, ed. P. Jaeger, 1986, XVI, 340p.

GA 50
1) Nietzsches Metaphysik
(planned for Wintersemester 1941/42, but not given).
pages: 1-87. (Very close to "Nietzsches Metaphysik (1940)" in GA 6.2, or maybe the same).
2) Einleitung in die Philosophie - Denken und Dichten.
ed. Petra Jaeger, 1990, VIII, 162p.

GA 67 Metaphysik und Nihilismus.
1. Die Überwindung der Metaphysik (1938/39) (pages 3-174)
2. Das Wesen des Nihilismus (1946-1948) (pages 175-256),
Ed. H.-J. Friedrich, 1999, XII, 273p.

GA 87 Seminare: Nietzsche
ed. Peter von Ruckteschell.
According GA 65. The title of this is: Ubungen SS 1937. Nietzsches
metaphysische Grundstellung (Sein und Schein) (Sommersemester 1937).
[note: not yet published, as of 2002]

See also:
Marion Heinz and Theodore Kisiel, "Heideggers Beziehungen zum Nietzsche-Archiv im Dritten Reich";
in: Helmut Schäfer (Ed.), Annäherungen an Martin Heidegger (Festschrift für
Hugo Ott zum 65. Geburtstag). Frankfurt/Main; New York: Campus Verlag, 1996, pp. 103-136.
ISBN 3-593-35604-X

 

Nietzsche Editions. Citation information:

Martin Heidegger usually used this edition of Nietzsche works:
Grossoktavausgabe Nietzsches Werke. (GOA). Leipzig: Kröner, 1901-1913.
16 v. in 8. p., ports., 19 cm. Vols. 9-14 have imprint: Leipzig, C. G. Naumann, 1901-1904.

The most recent edition of Nietzsche works are called
Kritische Gesamtausgabe or the complete title is:
Werke: Kritische Gesamtausgabe, ed. Giorgio Colli and Mazzino
Montinari, vols., Berlin, DeGruyter, 1967-. (KGW). Vol. 30+

Martin Heidegger on Nietzsche. English Translations:

Nietzsche I: The Will to Power as Art. Edited and Translated by David F. Krell, New York, Harper & Row, 1979.
Contains:
"The Will to Power as Art" (GA43).

Nietzsche II: The Eternal Recurrence of the Same. Edited and Translated by David F. Krell, New York, Harper & Row, 1984.
Contains:
"The Eternal Recurrence of the Same" (GA44).
"Who Is Nietzsche's Zarathustra?" (GA7).

There is also a one volume set of these two volumes:
Nietzsche: Volume I: The Will to Power As Art: Volume
II: The Eternal Recurrence of the Same
/ 2 Volumes in 1
by Martin Heidegger, David Farrell Krell. 609 pages. ISBN 0060638419

Nietzsche III: The Will to Power as Knowledge and Metaphysics. Edited by David F. Krell, translated by Joan Stambaugh, New York, Harper & Row, 1987
Contains:
"The Will to Power as Knowledge" (GA47);
"The Eternal Recurrence of the Same and the Will to Power" (GA6);
"Nietzsche's Metaphysics" (GA6).

Nietzsche IV: Nihilism. Edited by David F. Krell, translated by Frank A. Capuzzi, New York, Harper & Row, 1982.
Contains:
"European Nihilism" (GA6);
"Nihilism as Determined by the History of Being" (GA6).

There is also a one volume set of these two volumes:
Nietzsche: Volume III: The Will to Power As Knowledge
and As Metaphysics: Volume IV: Nihilism
/ 2 Volumes in 1
by Martin Heidegger, David F. Krell. ISBN: 0060637943

The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays.
Translated by William Lovitt, NewYork, Harper & Row, 1977.
Contains:
"The Word of Nietzsche: 'God Is Dead'".

New translation:
Off the beaten track
Edited and translated by Julian Young and Kenneth Haynes.
Imprint Cambridge, U.K. ;
New York : Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Complete translation of GA5 Holzwege (1935-1946). Seventh Edition.
Includes new translation of:
Nietzsche's Word "God Is Dead" (1943).
pp. 157-199.

See also: Pathmarks (GA9). Edited by William McNeill,
Cambridge University Press, 1998.
"On the Question of Being (1955)" This is a letter to Ernst Jünger.
One of the topics here is Nihilism. Early title: "Across "the Line".

In: Heidegger's polemos: from being to politics / by Fried Gregory.
Yale University: 2000, pages 257-261 there is a translation and
discussion of three examples of changes in Heidegger's Nietzsche I and II
volumes compared to lectures in GA 43, p30-31, 190-193, 273-274.

What Is Called Thinking?
Translated by J. Glenn Gray, New York, Harper & Row, 1968.

Bibliographies by Daniel Fidel Ferrer.

Martin Heidegger's Interpretation of Nietzsche
Recent Books in German

Martin Heidegger's Interpretation of Nietzsche
Recent Books in English

Martin Heidegger on Nietzsche in English and German (Books)

Martin Heidegger and his World of Nietzsche

Martin Heidegger and Nietzsche. English Materials.

 

Martin Heidegger Selection of remarks about Nietzsche

Nietzsche in Martin Heidegger's Being and Time:

"In anticipation, Da-sein guards itself against falling back behind itself, or
behind the potentiality-for-being that it has understood.
It guards against "becoming too old for
its victories" (Nietzsche). Free for its ownmost possibilities, that are
determined by the end, and so understood as finite, Da-sein prevents
the danger that it may, by its own finite understanding of existence, fail
to recognize that it is getting overtaken by the existence-possibilities of
others, or that it may misinterpret these possibilities, thus divesting
itself of its ownmost factical existence." (et page 244, German 264).

"The threefold character of historiography is prefigured in
the historicity of Da-sein. At the same time historicity enables us to under-
stand why authentic historiography must be the factical and concrete
unity of these three possibilities. Nietzsche's division is not accidental.
The beginning of his Untimely Meditations makes us suspect that he
understood more than he made known." (et page 362, German 396).

Nietzsche is mentioned in a footnote:

This is footnote number 8 on page 251 of the English translation,
German, 272. The end of section 55,

The footnote is on English translation, page 409-410. In reads:

8. Besides Kant's, Hegel's, Schopenhauer's, and Nietzsche's interpretations of
conscience, we should note M. Kähler, Das Gewissen, erster geschichtlicher Teil,
1878, and the article by the same author in the Realenzyklopädie f. prot. Theologie
und Kirche.
Furthermore, A. Rischl, Über das Gewissen, 1876, reprinted in
Gesammelte Aufsätze, Neue Folge, 1896, pp. 177ff. ...[page 910, long note].

Nietzsche in Martin Heidegger's Introduction to Metaphysics:

"We can compare it to a tiny grain of sand; more than a kilometer of
emptiness extends between it and the next grain of its size; on the
surface of this tiny grain of sand lives a stupefied swarm of sup-
posedly clever animals, crawling all over each other, who for a brief
moment have invented knowledge [cf Nietzsche, "On Truth and
Lie in the Extramoral Sense," 1873, published posthumously]." (et page 4).

"We ask beyond the
usual, beyond the ordinary that is ordered in the everyday. Nietzsche
once said (VII, 269): "A philosopher: that is a human being
who constantly experiences, sees, hears, suspects, hopes, dreams
extraordinary things . . ." Beyond Good and Evil, §292. (et page 13).

"The same Nietzsche says: "Philosophy . . . means living voluntarily
amid ice and mountain ranges"
(XV, 2). Philosophizing, we can now say, is extra-ordinary ques-
tioning about the extra-ordinary. (et page 14).

"But Being remains undiscoverable, almost like Nothing, or in
the end entirely so. The word "Being" is then finally just an empty
word. It means nothing actual, tangible, real. Its meaning is an
unreal vapor. So in the end Nietzsche is entirely right when he calls
the "highest concepts" such as Being "the final wisp of evaporating
reality'' (Twilight of the Idols VIII, 78).26 Who would want to chase
after such a vapor, the term for which is just the name for a huge
error! "In fact, nothing up to now has been more naively persuasive
than the error of Being . . ." (VIII, 80).

"Being" - a vapor and an error? What Nietzsche says here about
Being is no casual remark, jotted down during the frenzy of labor in
preparation for his authentic and never completed work. Instead, it
is his guiding conception of Being since the earliest days of his
philosophical labor." (et page 38).

"In speaking of Nietzsche here, we want nothing
to do with all this”nor with a blind hero worship. The task is
much too decisive and, at the same time, too sober for such wor-
ship. It consists first and foremost in fully unfolding that which was
realized through Nietzsche by means of a truly engaged attack on
him. "Being" - a vapor, an error! If this is so, then the only possible
conclusion is that we should also give up the question, "Why are
there beings as such and as a whole instead of nothing?" For what is
the point of the question anymore, if what it puts into question is
just a vapor and an error?" (et page 39).

"Each of the two friends Hegel and
Holderlin stands under the great and fruitful spell of Heraclitus in
his own way, with the difference that Hegel looks backward and
closes off, while Holderlin gazes forward and opens up. Nietzsche
has yet another Heraclitus. To be sure, Nietzsche fell prey to the
commonplace and untrue opposition of Parmenides to Heraclitus.
This is one of the essential reasons why his metaphysics never found
its way to the decisive question, although Nietzsche did reconceive
the great age of the inception of Greek Dasein in its entirety in a
way that is surpassed only by Holderlin." (et page 133).

"Yet we can see how stubbornly the thought of values entrenched
itself in the nineteenth century when we see that even Nietzsche,
and precisely he, thinks completely within the perspective of the
representation of values. The subtitle to his projected main work,
The Will to Power, is Attempt at a Revaluation of All Values. Its third
book is headed: Attempt at a New Positing of Values. Because Nietzsche
was entangled in the confusion of the representation of values,
because he did not understand its questionable provenance, he
never reached the genuine center of philosophy. But even if some
future thinker should reach the center again—we today can only
labor to pave the way—he will not avoid entanglement either; it
will just be a different entanglement. No one can leap over his own
shadow." (et page 213-14).

Nietzsche links:
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
http://www.geocities.com/thenietzschechannel/ (English and German)
http://www.gutenberg2000.de/autoren/nietzsch.htm (German)

Nietzsche's Also sprach Zarathustra

Nietzsche's Der Antichrist:
Fluch auf das Christenthum.

Nietzsche's Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen
Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben

Nietzsche's Götzen-Dämmerung
oder Wie man mit dem Hammer philosophirt.

Nietzsche's Last Letters Wahnbriefe Januar 1889

Ernst Jünger (1895-1998) (Heidegger's friend)
http://www.juenger.org/contents.php

Karl Jaspers (1883-1969) (Heidegger's friend)
http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/j/Jaspers.shtml
http://www.tameri.com/csw/exist/jaspers.html

Karl Löwith (1897-1973) (one of Heidegger's students)
http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/l/loewith_k.shtml
Nietzsche's Philosophy of the Eternal Recurrence of the
Same.
Translated from the German by J. Harvey Lomax.
http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/5185.html

 

Burghard Heidegger in Germany
http://www.heidegger.org/

Ereignis (Pete's) in USA
http://webcom.com/paf/ereignis.html

Martin Heidegger and Nietzsche Conference
May 26-29, 2004
Meßkirch, Germany
Martin Heidegger's Home Town
Call for papers and additional details at the following web page:
HeideggerNietzscheConf.html