UFOlogy and Aliens

Strange earth and mysterius phenomenos


Ufology


Hello , our names are Constantine, Angelo Dimitris and Steve . All of us are Greek with the only diference that Im born in New York and Angelo Dimitrishttp://link.freewebs.com/Members/Feedback/loadRatingBoxJS.jsp?ownerID=21690137&listID=1562173&showRatings=true&showComments=true&duration=40&startHidden=false&limit=5
& Steve in Patras of Greece .For many years we have been searching for UFO evidence so we could show to everybody that we are not alone . Yhis hole storie started in 2001-2 when Constantine (me) saw for the first time a UFO from that time I saw for another five times UFOs. So what is a UFO ? You can contact us at this e-mail adress :
kostas-91@hotmail.com Thank you for visiting this web site . If you think this is not enough you can use this google searcher .

Google 

This is an amazing picture of a UFO in an unknown area .

You can whatch this videohttp://www.freewebs.com/konstantinosomegas/sts48b.mpeg too.

Unidentified flying object

"UFO" redirects here. For other uses, see UFO (disambiguation). A UFO or Unidentified Flying Object is any real or apparent flying object which cannot be identified by the observer and which remains unidentified after investigation. Sightings of unusual aerial phenomena date back to ancient times, but reports of UFO sightings started becoming more common after the first widely publicized U.S. sighting in 1947. Many tens of thousands of such claimed observations have since been reported worldwide, and it is very likely many more go unreported due to fear of public ridicule because of the Social stigma created around the UFO topic. In popular culture throughout the world, UFO is commonly used to refer to any hypothetical alien spacecraft but the term flying saucer is also regularly used. Once a UFO is identified as a known object (for example an aircraft or weather balloon), it ceases to be a UFO and becomes an identified object. In such cases it is inaccurate to continue to use the acronym UFO to describe the object. A purported 1952 photo of a UFO over Passaic, New Jersey, from an FBI document. Enlarge A purported 1952 photo of a UFO over Passaic, New Jersey, from an FBI document. Contents History Main article: List of major UFO sightings ] Past accounts Unusual aerial phenomena have been reported throughout history. Some of these strange apparitions may have been astronomical phenomena such as comets or bright meteors, or atmospheric optical phenomena such as parhelia. Examples of these reports include: * During the reign of the Pharaoh Thutmose III around 1450 BC, there is a description of multiple “circles of fire” brighter than the sun and about 5 meters in size that appeared over multiple days.[1] They finally disappeared after ascending higher in the sky. 1566 woodcut by Hans Glaser of 1561 Nuremberg event Enlarge 1566 woodcut by Hans Glaser of 1561 Nuremberg event * The Roman author Julius Obsequens writes that in 99 BC, “in Tarquinia towards sunset, a round object, like a globe, a round or circular shield, took its path in the sky from west to east.” * On September 24, 1235, General Yoritsume and his army observed unidentified globes of light flying in erratic patterns in the night sky near Kyoto, Japan. The general’s advisers told him not to worry -- it was merely the wind causing the stars to sway.[2][3] * On April 14, 1561 the skies over Nuremberg, Germany were reportedly filled with a multitude of objects seemingly engaged in an aerial battle. Small spheres and discs were said to emerge from large cylinders.[4][5] (image right) These sightings were usually treated as supernatural portents, angels, and other religious omens. Some contemporary investigators believe them to be the ancient equivalent of modern UFO reports. First modern reports Before the terms “flying saucer” and “UFO” were coined, there were a number of reports of strange, unidentified aerial phenomena. These reports date from the mid-nineteenth to early twentieth century. They include: Purported photo of a UFO over New Hampshire in 1870 Enlarge Purported photo of a UFO over New Hampshire in 1870 * On July, 1868, The investigators of this phenomenon define as the first documented sighting modern the happened in Copiapo city, Chile.[6] * On January 25, 1878, The Denison Daily News wrote that local farmer John Martin had reported seeing a large, dark, circular flying object resembling a balloon flying “at wonderful speed.” * On November 17, 1882, astronomer E. W. Maunder of the Greenwich Royal Observatory described in the Observatory Reports “a strange celestial visitor” that was “disc-shaped,” “torpedo-shaped,” or “spindle-shaped.” It was said to be very different in characteristics from a meteor fireball. Years later, Maunder wrote it looked exactly like the new Zeppelin dirigibles. The strange object was also seen by several other European astronomers.[7] * On February 28, 1904, there was a sighting by three crew members on the USS Supply 300 miles west of San Francisco, reported by Lt. Frank Schofield, later to become Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet. Schofield wrote of three bright red egg-shaped and circular objects flying in echelon formation that approached beneath the cloud layer, then changed course and “soared” above the clouds, departing directly away from the earth after 2 to 3 minutes. The largest had an apparent size of about six suns.[8][9] * The so-called Fátima incident or “The Miracle of the Sun,” witnessed by tens of thousands in Fátima, Portugal on October 13, 1917, is believed by some researchers to actually be a UFO event. * In both the European and Japanese aerial theatres during World War II, “Foo-fighters” (balls of light and other shapes that followed aircraft) were reported by both Allied and Axis pilots. [citation needed] * On February 25, 1942, an unidentified craft was detected over the California region. The craft stayed aloft despite taking at least 20 minutes worth of flak from ground batteries. The incident later became known as the Battle of Los Angeles, or the West coast air raid. [citation needed] * In 1946, there were over 2000 reports of unidentified aircraft in the Scandinavian nations, along with isolated reports from France, Portugal, Italy and Greece, then referred to as “Russian hail,” and later as “ghost rockets,” because it was thought that these mysterious objects were Russian tests of captured German V1 or V2 rockets. This was subsequently shown not to be the case, and the phenomenon remains unexplained. Over 200 were tracked on radar and deemed to be “real physical objects” by the Swedish military. A significant fraction of the remainder were thought to be misperceptions of natural phenomena, such as meteors. [citation needed] Modern UFO era The post World War II UFO phase in the United States began with a reported sighting by American businessman Kenneth Arnold on June 24, 1947 while flying his private plane near Mount Rainier, Washington. He reported seeing nine brilliantly bright objects flying across the face of Rainier towards nearby Mount Adams at “an incredible speed”, which he calculated at at least 1200 miles per hour by timing their travel between Rainier and Adams. His sighting subsequently received significant media and public attention. Arnold would later say they “flew like a saucer would if you skipped it across the water” and also said they were “flat like a pie pan”, “shaped like saucers,” and “half-moon shaped, oval in front and convex in the rear. ...they looked like a big flat disk.” (One, however, he would describe later as being almost crescent-shaped.) Arnold’s reported descriptions caught the media’s and the public’s fancy and gave rise to the terms flying saucer and flying disk. Arnold’s sighting was followed in the next few weeks by several thousand other reported sightings, mostly in the U.S., but in other countries as well. Perhaps the most significant of these was a United Airlines crew sighting of nine more disc-like objects over Idaho on the evening of July 4. This sighting was even more widely reported than Arnold’s and lent considerable credence to Arnold’s report. For the next few days most American newspapers were filled with front-page stories of the new “flying saucers” or “flying discs.” Starting with official debunkery that began the night of July 8 with the Roswell UFO incident, reports rapidly tapered off, ending the first big U.S. UFO wave. Starting July 9, Army Air Force intelligence, in cooperation with the FBI, secretly began a formal investigation into the best sightings, which included Arnold’s and the United crew’s. The FBI was told that intelligence was using “all of its scientists” to determine whether or not “such a phenomenon could, in fact, occur.” Furthermore, the research was “being conducted with the thought that the flying objects might be a celestial phenomenon,” or that “they might be a foreign body mechanically devised and controlled.” (Maccabee, 5) Three weeks later they concluded that, “This ‘flying saucer’ situation is not all imaginary or seeing too much in some natural phenomenon. Something is really flying around.” [10] A further review by the intelligence and technical divisions of the Air Materiel Command at Wright Field reached the same conclusion, that “the phenomenon is something real and not visionary or fictitious,” that there were objects in the shape of a disc, metallic in appearance, and as big as man-made aircraft. They were characterized by “extreme rates of climb [and] maneuverability,” general lack of noise, absence of trail, occasional formation flying, and “evasive” behavior “when sighted or contacted by friendly aircraft and radar,” suggesting either manual, automatic, or remote control. It was thus recommended in late September 1947 that an official Air Force investigation be set up to investigate the phenomenon. [11] This led to the creation of the Air Force’s Project Sign at the end of 1947, which became Project Grudge at the end of 1948, and then Project Blue Book in 1952. Blue Book closed down in 1970, ending the official Air Force UFO investigations. A claimed UFO from Brazil. The circular aura suggests it is a light in the foreground. A claimed UFO from Brazil. The circular aura suggests it is a light in the foreground. Use of “UFO” instead of “flying saucer” was first suggested in 1952 by Capt. Edward J. Ruppelt, the first director of Project Blue Book, who felt that “flying saucer” did not reflect the diversity of the sightings. Ruppelt suggested that “UFO” should be pronounced as a word — “you-foe”. However it is generally pronounced by forming each letter: “U.F.O.” His term was quickly adopted by the Air Force, which also briefly used “UFOB” circa 1954. (See next paragraph.) Ruppelt recounted his experiences with Project Blue Book in his memoir, The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects (1956), also the first book to use the term.[12] Air Force Regulation 200-2, issued in 1954, defined an Unidentified Flying Object (UFOB) as “any airborne object which by performance, aerodynamic characteristics, or unusual features, does not conform to any presently known aircraft or missile type, or which cannot be positively identified as a familiar object.” The regulation also said UFOBs were to be investigated as a “possible threat to the security of the United States” and “to determine technical aspects involved.” Furthermore, Air Force personnel were directed not to discuss unexplained cases with the press.[13] UFOs in popular culture Beginning in the 1950s, UFO-related spiritual sects, sometimes referred to as contactee cults, began to appear. Most often the members of these sects rallied around a central individual, who claimed to either have made personal contact with space-beings, or claimed to be in telepathic contact with them. Prominent among such individuals was George Adamski, who claimed to have met a tall, blond-haired Venusian named “Orthon,” who came to warn us about the dangers of nuclear proliferation. Adamski was widely dismissed, but an Adamski Foundation still exists, publishing and selling Adamski’s writings. At least two of these sects developed a substantial number of adherents, most notably The Aetherius Society, founded by British mystic George King in 1956, and the Unarius Foundation, established by “Ernest L.” and Ruth Norman in 1954. A standard theme of the alleged messages from outer-space beings to these cults was a warning about the dangers of nuclear proliferation. More recent groups organized around an extraterrestrial theme include Ummo, Heaven’s Gate, Raël, and the Ashtar Galactic Command. Many of the early UFO sects, as well as later ones, share a tendency to incorporate ideas from both Christianity and various eastern religions, “hybridizing” these with ideas pertaining to extraterrestrials and their benevolent concern with the people of Earth. The notion of contactee cults gained a new twist during the 1980s, primarily in the USA, with the publication of books by Whitley Strieber (beginning with Communion) and Jacques Vallee (Passport to Magonia). Strieber, a horror writer, felt that aliens were harassing him and were responsible for “missing time” during which he was subjected to strange experiments by “grey aliens”. This newer, darker model can be seen in the subsequent wave of “alien abduction” literature, and in the background mythos of The X Files and many other TV series. However, even in the alien abduction literature, motives of the aliens run the gamut from hostile to benevolent. For example, researcher David Jacobs believes we are undergoing a form of stealth invasion through genetic assimilation. The theme of genetic manipulation (though not necessarily an invasion) is also strongly reflected in the writings of Budd Hopkins. The late Harvard psychiatrist John Mack (1929-2004) believed that the aliens’ ethical bearing was to take a role as “tough love” gurus trying to impart wisdom. James Harder says abductees predominantly report positive interactions with aliens, most of whom have benevolent intentions and express concern about human survival. An interesting 1970s-era development was a renewal and broadening of ideas associating UFOs with supernatural or preternatural subjects such as occultism, cryptozoology, and parapsychology. Some 1950s contactee cultists had incorporated various religious and occult ideas into their beliefs about UFOs, but in the 1970s this was repeated on a considerably larger scale. Many participants in the New Age movement came to believe in alien contact, both through mediumistic channeling and through literal, physical contact. A prominent spokesperson for this trend was actress Shirley MacLaine, especially in her book and miniseries, Out On a Limb. The 1970s saw the publication of many New Age books in which ideas about UFOs and extraterrestrials figured prominently. Another key development in 1970s UFO folklore came with the publication of Erich von Däniken’s book Chariots of the Gods. The book argued that aliens have been visiting Earth for thousands of years, which he used to explain UFO-like images from various archaeological sources as well as unsolved mysteries. Such ideas were not exactly new. For example, earlier in his career, astronomer Carl Sagan in Intelligent Life in the Universe (1966) had similarly argued that aliens could have been visiting the Earth sporadically for millions of years. “Ancient astronauts” proposals inspired numerous imitators, sequels, and fictional adaptations, including one book (Barry Downing's The Bible and Flying Saucers) which interprets miraculous aerial phenomena in the Bible as records of alien contact. Many of these interpretations posit that aliens have been guiding human evolution, an idea taken up earlier by the novel and film 2001: A Space Odyssey. UFOs constitute a widespread international cultural phenomenon of the last half-century. Folklorist Thomas E. Bullard writes, “UFOs have invaded modern consciousness in overwhelming force, and endless streams of books, magazine articles, tabloid covers, movies, TV shows, cartoons, advertisements, greeting cards, toys, T-shirts, even alien-head salt and pepper shakers, attest to the popularity of this phenomenon.” Gallup polls rank UFOs near the top of lists for subjects of widespread recognition. In 1973, a survey found that 95 percent of the public reported having heard of UFOs, whereas only 92 percent had heard of US President Gerald Ford in a 1977 poll taken just nine months after he left the White House. (Bullard, 141) A 1996 Gallup poll reported that 71 percent of the United States population believed that the government was covering up information regarding UFOs. A 2002 Roper poll for the Sci Fi channel found similar results, but with more people believing UFOs were extraterrestrial craft. In that latest poll, 56 percent thought UFOs were real craft and 48 percent that aliens had visited the Earth. Again, about 70 percent felt the government was not sharing everything it knew about UFOs or extraterrestrial life.[14] In the movie Repo Man, it is suggested that UFOs are not alien craft, but, rather, time machines (given to humans by aliens). These time machines are used to explain the otherwise unexplainable (or believed to be unexplainable) phenomina of human development, people disappearing with no trace or reason, and the disappearances of aircraft in the Bermuda Triangle. At the end of the movie, the hero and the charactor who had this theory figured out fly off in a Chevy Malibu with an alien's corpse in the trunk (the car glows and levitates [presumably powered by the radiation from the decomposing alien, which would vaporize anyone who opened the trunk]).

The Grey Alien

Typical Grey Alien dude!

The main ALIEN type reported by abductee's, witnesses & government whistleblowers are the 'GREY' type alien profiled belowFor those of you who want real detail on the Grey Aliens then I would suggest you read the book 'Day after Roswell' (chapter 7) by Colonel Philip J Corso.

Colonel Philip Corso (Day after Roswell)encountered a dead Grey alien early in his military career - one of the Roswell crash pilots. Later in his career he was tasked with the dissemination of alien technology into the public domain through commercial technology companies working on government projects.

accounts are some of the best and his military record is impeccable. Philip Corso had access to documentation detailing the autopsies of the Roswell Grey alien and he details how the physiological makeup of the grey alien makes them idea for space/time travel. Corso's research reaches the conclusion that the grey alien in an integral part of the navigation of the ufo. When sat in their seats the grey becomes part of the integrated circuitry and uses their enhance brain to pilot the ship probably by their minds - hence the lack of reported control mechanisms in crashed ufo's.

Grey alien picture
Grey alien picture
Grey alien picture
Grey alien picture
The head is large by
human standard.

Eye's are generally
slanted, large and black.

Nose is usually vague.
2 small nares are visible.

Mouth is indicated by a small slit without lips, this appears to be non functional.

No teeth in the mouth cavity.

The body and head are completely hairless.

Torso is described as small and thin, often covered in a metallic garment.

Arms are long and thin,
and reach to the knees.

Reports of the fingers vary from 3 to 4, long webbed, and possibly with a claw or finger nail.

The legs are short and thin, most reports of the feet say that they are covered.

The Brain is larger than ours and has more than 2 lobes, possibly 3. the third lobe is thought to be used for telepathic communication.

grey alien brain

Skin description ranges from light tan to the pasty grey color. texture is described as scaly or reptilian in nature. No muscle or skeletal structure is visible.

No external reproductive genital, possible reproduction by a cloning method.


No discernible digestive tract found, but a 2 piece organ that seems to be a combined heart and lungs organ. Digestive functioning is believed to be through the skin in a form of osmosis

grey alien organs
grey alien eyes
grey alien black eyes

The Eye's are one of the most striking elements of Abductions and various descriptions of the eye's have been reported.The black look of the eye may be a possible lens covering.

Alien pics, pictures and images

The search for REAL alien images on the net currently is fruitless. The nearest you will get currently to actual images of grey aliens are the alleged Roswell alien autopsy photos and video.

We have provided what has been sent to us over the internet and included a few of our own 3D renderings. until someone finds a way to outwit the abductors, or until a government source hands over some real alien imagery & video footage these will have to do.

Of course if YOU have access to better images and video YOU could email them to me and I will post them for the world to see.

(click to see the images larger)

page 2 - daz's aliens  
Full size grey alien dude
portriat of a grey alien
americcan gov render of an alien
fkae grey alien pic
alleged ufo crash victim
the grey alien hostage at area 51
grey alien
fake Russia grey alien image
Roswell autopsied grey alien
Roswell autopsied grey alien
Roswell autopsied grey alien
Roswell autopsied grey alien
Grey mutilator render by Mac McIntyre
Long necked grey alien
alien caough on camera phone - video

http://link.freewebs.com/Members/Feedback/loadRatingBoxJS.jsp?ownerID=21690137&listID=1562173&showRatings=false&showComments=true&duration=40&startHidden=false&limit=10strange Alien/creature grabs boy - caught on camers phone!

On 20th of March, 2005 to the 2:00 A.M. three young people were playing with a ball in a Park outside, in the city of Mérida, Yucatan. David Sword and a friend who wishes to remain anonymous played with the ball while Jose Alonso Herrera amused itself recording them with his cellular SONY K500i which has an integrated videocamera.

The boys were joking as they kicked the ball around. The ball was kicked out of view and one of the boys went to get the ball when the creature appears and tries to grab hime!

The creature grabbing David - click for larger image

Jose Herrera - who took the video

The boys were well illuminated by several lights. In a while determined David Sword it lost the ball which went closest rolling towards a post. David walked towards the post to gather the ball and Jose Herrera who continued videograbando at any moment applied to a zoom lens 2X to the camera following David. When David arrived at the post to gather the ball suddenly a strange creature appeared behind the post extending one long extremity or arm took hold to David byhis right arm trying to haul it. The creature was bald and of skin yellowish white color, of foreign appearance type. The contact with David was very fleeting since David reacted immediately jumping and shouting visibly made an impression to the time that the being dissuaded his arm and disappeared. "Espérate... Something touched to me there! Something touched me!

<a href=""></a>

 

 

 

 

This video does not work in firefox -
so play in IE or download.



Click here to download this video as a .avi (936kb)

The video recorded by Jose Herrera is clear within the limitations of being a cellular telephone. The images present/display an entity type or unknown being which appears suddenly behind a post and extending what it seems to be a long arm or extremity taking hold to David of the arm. David reacts freeing itself and then the being dissuades his arm and disappears of the scene. All this in a matter of seconds. The audio one of the video is good and describes the dramatic moment of the contact. There is one second appearance of the unknown being when Jose Herrera focuses the camera towards the post and applies to a zoom lens 4X. He clicks in the image to zoom and the being again shows its head for three seconds beofre it disappears.

The full article can be found here:

 

Frame form the AREA51 alien interview

Click here or the image above to see the alien interview/interogation

For futher alien stuff take a look at Hilary's alien autopsy are or the alien images and daz's alien paintings.

Protection from abductions

As most of you know, I'm a hypnotherapist in Santa Barbara. I have a support group here with 15 people in it. I am very disturbed by a new pattern that I see occurring. When I check with other researchers, they are seeing the same pattern. I want to tell you what I see is going on and ask that each of you tell me honestly how you feel about it and what your own experience is (if any) with this occurrence.

We are noticing that abductees who have a history of being taken against their will, being physically examined and violated, and being studied in many ways, had been saying that abduction is wrong. That being taken out of one's bed or car against their will, sometimes experiencing awful, painful procedures, being lied to and given screen memories, being paralyzed and manipulated and controlled was offensive to them and frightening --- they are NOW suddenly changing their tune. What we are all hearing is that the abductors are showing them how everything happening to the abductees is for their own good and that the abductors are very advanced spiritual beings.

What this information does to an abductee (whether told to him in words or shown to him in pictures) is to make him give up seeking to end his abduction experiences and instead start to welcome them. Instead of the abductee coming into a sense of his/her own power as a spiritual being and one who does not need to give up his/her free will to anyone, what we are now seeing is a group of submissive, controlled abductees who are passively letting the abductors do as they want with them, all in the name of spiritual progress.

This is very frightening.

First let me make something very clear. I DO NOT BELIEVE FOR ONE MOMENT that technological advancement equals spiritual advancement (it may, but it is NOT a given). Also, anything that makes a person give up his own personal power and integrity is definitely not spiritual. In my mind, anything that keeps a person in ignorance, from progressing spiritually, from learning the truth, and from taking responsibility for his own growth and awakening to his true nature as a spiritual being in his own right, is wrong and bad. Anything that allows the person his free will, responsibility for his own spiritual progress, and aids in the process of discovering his true unbounded spiritual nature is good. I have noticed that just when a number of abductees are fed up with being toyed with and are ready to learn to fight back, it is as if a switch goes off in their heads and they suddenly start saying how spiritual their abductors are, and they give up wanting to be personally powerful and instead just let the abductors tell them anything and they go along with it. I certainly believe that there are wonderful spiritual beings in our midst who are guiding and aiding us in more ways than we can imagine. BUT, I also believe that we have some very devious entities in our midst who lie, use screen memories, manipulate an abductee's emotions with virtual reality scenarios, and in general are totally into control and power.

How can an abductor who has been abusive and controlling suddenly be seen to be advanced spiritually, unless the abductee's own mind has been lied to and toyed with in some way. I agree that truth is almost impossible to find in this maze of experiences that abductees are going through. But a manipulative control monger doesn't SUDDENLY become an advanced spiritual being. I'm sure there are people who have had contact with spiritual entities who impart information and simply aid in the spiritual process, I feel that I have encountered that type in my past. I have no doubt that there are dozens of very kind, helpful groups of entities here with us. BUT, there are also the other ones here, and we have to be VERY CAREFUL to analyze why we are believing what we are being told by anyone who would come and kidnap us and do whatever they want. All I guess I'm saying to anyone who feels that they are in this boat, is PLEASE don't immediately believe everything you are told/shown by these guys.

Many abductees have been shown nurseries which seemingly house containers with hybrid babies in them. Sometimes the abductee is asked to hold a hybrid infant, as if the point was to bond with it for the baby's sake. I have to seriously question the motives of these aliens. One would think that they had only caring and concern for the hybrids, but there are reports (not being given out much by researchers because of their negative impact on people) where an abductee is taken into the nursery and then asked to watch as the abductors systematically break open the containers and kill the babies. I'm not making this up. A number of researchers know this is true. What then is the motive and agenda of these beings, if they can do such things? Can the whole hybrid thing be a great cover for some other agenda that we don't even have a clue about? All I'm saying is that things are not to be taken at face value and these beings certainly should not be believed just because they say something or show someone something. If they can (and we know they can) manipulate a person's mind with screen memories and virtual reality scenes, then they can easily have that person believing that they are wonderful spiritual beings. Just be careful and don't necessarily believe what you are told outright.

We presently have no way to know the truth about what is really going on. Many abductees feel strongly that they really do know what is going on. I'm saying that we don't have any way to know that anything they show us or tell us is true. Be careful and be smart and don't be so trusting that you get led off in a direction that looks promising and one that you believe, just because it is nice and easy to believe in. I feel that we haven't even begun to get to the bottom of what is going on. The worst thing you can do for yourself is to believe something just because it fits nicely with the picture you would like to see happening to this world in the future. I know that it takes great strength and courage to put aside a glowing, positive picture and admit that you really just don't know for sure.

We would all like to believe the wonderful reports of the aliens doing DNA studies on you and raising hybrids so they can somehow save our planet or theirs, but I don't think that is going on at all. I think we aren't seeing clearly.

Anyway, I think you have a good idea of where I'm coming from. I personally watched two people in my support group (two people who had terrible experiences for years and whose lives were thrown upside down by their abductions) walk into the meeting last Wednesday and tell everyone that they had been wrong all this time. That they were now shown that it was all for their own good and that they should care deeply about these "spiritually advanced" beings. Their lives are a wreck, their marriages have ended, their children are a wreck, they are as far from happy and content as anybody can be -- and they say it is a spiritual being their are working with. I say - no way. But we are gullible human beings and we do like to buy what is easy and makes our world view easy to accept. Just think about it .... what would a truly spiritual being be like and what would he do to help a person grow? Not terrorize him, surely. Anyway, I really do want to hear back from anyone who will be kind enough to respond. And I truly apologize if I have hurt anyone's feelings here, that is certainly not my intention. I just don't want us all being sheep, brainwashed by those less-than-honest groups who want to control us. Be discerning and be careful with what you accept as your truth.

 

 

 

 

The Alien Theory

 

In the far distant past around 240 millions BC, an intelligent technological species of theropod did evolved on earth. This species developed space travel and established colonies in nearby star systems. The asteroid impact that apparently occurred 65 million years ago devastated this civilization as well as nearly destroying the entire ecosystem. With their home civilization on earth devastated, the colonies were left to evolved on their own. It would be likely that the earth would be monitored and as the ecosystem recovered these reptoids would resume operations on earth. Given the distances and effort involved to move resources back to earth, it is likely that a need to augment the local work force with a native labor force that could accomplish the more menial and laborious tasks. A simple means of acquiring this labor would be to utilize local terrestrial stock and genetically alter this stock as necessary to accomplish these goals. This idea is not without precedent, since mankind itself has done this with horses and other domesticated livestock. It is likely that this is how modern man was developed.

Given the current status of humanity, it is likely that problems arose almost immediately with this race, simply put, they could not overcome the instinctive aggressive and independent nature of the base stock. It was because of these problems that another subservient race was developed. This race however, was not derived from local stock but was engineered from scratch to fill the need and to overcome and prevent the problems encountered earlier. The result of this effort was the grays. It was discovered that for certain tasks, the independent nature of humans was a desirable trait, and also these humans proved to be a ideal host for the gestation of the gray's fetus. Therefore, although the grays replaced humans for most tasks, human were continued to be utilized within the society on a limited basis. It is from this human group that the Adamski/Meier humans might be derived.

After a time, the interest in earth declined, and only a small observation post was left in operation. Mankind was therefore left to develop on earth with only occasional interaction with its former inhabitants. In the meantime, the reptoids were continually modifying the grays, and developing specialized grays for specific tasks.
At some point, the grays evolved enough cognitive abilities to realize there status, and it is this faction of grays that is active on earth attempting to overcome their built in limitations. It is the remoteness of earth that allows this group of grays the required freedom of action.

To gain sustenance these grays must obtain certain nutrients and the simplest and most direct means is to mine them from local fauna.
To reproduce, the grays must obtain host females (called a "container"). Since utilizing the native population of humans currently carries little risk of interdiction, and no requirements for maintaining the host, this method is preferred. Specialized grays, (these grays are taller and more slender that the basic stock) developed specifically to work in genetic engineering labs, oversee these operations as well as the effort to cross-breed their race with humans in an effort to overcome the built in limitations. Females are taken, the DNA evaluated, and if acceptable, the female is tagged for future recovery. Males are also evaluated, and if suitable, tagged for future recovery, some of these males may be used to impregnate current stock of host females in order to assure the transfer of desirable traits to future hosts females.
Other activities involve evaluating the nervous and other systems and tissues in order to optimize the ongoing development their cross-breed's capacities.

The greys have several ongoing problems:

1.The need to increase their number as quickly as possible.
2.As their population increases, more support facilities are required and must be developed. This diverts needed resources from the effort of obtaining self sufficiency. Also as more excursions are required to obtain the suitable containers, the likelihood that their purpose will be discovered and coordinated native interdiction initiated increases. Also the sheer numbers required to continue the breeding operation mandates that they seek hosts in more densely populated areas.
3.As the local military capabilities become more sophisticated it becomes increasing difficult to maintain covert activities.
4.The master race may arrive and intervene at any time.
5.The governments that are aware of their presence may discover the true purpose of their activity and attempt active intervention.

   

 

 

 

 

The Alien Theory

 

In the far distant past around 240 millions BC, an intelligent technological species of theropod did evolved on earth. This species developed space travel and established colonies in nearby star systems. The asteroid impact that apparently occurred 65 million years ago devastated this civilization as well as nearly destroying the entire ecosystem. With their home civilization on earth devastated, the colonies were left to evolved on their own. It would be likely that the earth would be monitored and as the ecosystem recovered these reptoids would resume operations on earth. Given the distances and effort involved to move resources back to earth, it is likely that a need to augment the local work force with a native labor force that could accomplish the more menial and laborious tasks. A simple means of acquiring this labor would be to utilize local terrestrial stock and genetically alter this stock as necessary to accomplish these goals. This idea is not without precedent, since mankind itself has done this with horses and other domesticated livestock. It is likely that this is how modern man was developed.

Given the current status of humanity, it is likely that problems arose almost immediately with this race, simply put, they could not overcome the instinctive aggressive and independent nature of the base stock. It was because of these problems that another subservient race was developed. This race however, was not derived from local stock but was engineered from scratch to fill the need and to overcome and prevent the problems encountered earlier. The result of this effort was the grays. It was discovered that for certain tasks, the independent nature of humans was a desirable trait, and also these humans proved to be a ideal host for the gestation of the gray's fetus. Therefore, although the grays replaced humans for most tasks, human were continued to be utilized within the society on a limited basis. It is from this human group that the Adamski/Meier humans might be derived.

After a time, the interest in earth declined, and only a small observation post was left in operation. Mankind was therefore left to develop on earth with only occasional interaction with its former inhabitants. In the meantime, the reptoids were continually modifying the grays, and developing specialized grays for specific tasks.
At some point, the grays evolved enough cognitive abilities to realize there status, and it is this faction of grays that is active on earth attempting to overcome their built in limitations. It is the remoteness of earth that allows this group of grays the required freedom of action.

To gain sustenance these grays must obtain certain nutrients and the simplest and most direct means is to mine them from local fauna.
To reproduce, the grays must obtain host females (called a "container"). Since utilizing the native population of humans currently carries little risk of interdiction, and no requirements for maintaining the host, this method is preferred. Specialized grays, (these grays are taller and more slender that the basic stock) developed specifically to work in genetic engineering labs, oversee these operations as well as the effort to cross-breed their race with humans in an effort to overcome the built in limitations. Females are taken, the DNA evaluated, and if acceptable, the female is tagged for future recovery. Males are also evaluated, and if suitable, tagged for future recovery, some of these males may be used to impregnate current stock of host females in order to assure the transfer of desirable traits to future hosts females.
Other activities involve evaluating the nervous and other systems and tissues in order to optimize the ongoing development their cross-breed's capacities.

The greys have several ongoing problems:

1.The need to increase their number as quickly as possible.
2.As their population increases, more support facilities are required and must be developed. This diverts needed resources from the effort of obtaining self sufficiency. Also as more excursions are required to obtain the suitable containers, the likelihood that their purpose will be discovered and coordinated native interdiction initiated increases. Also the sheer numbers required to continue the breeding operation mandates that they seek hosts in more densely populated areas.
3.As the local military capabilities become more sophisticated it becomes increasing difficult to maintain covert activities.
4.The master race may arrive and intervene at any time.
5.The governments that are aware of their presence may discover the true purpose of their activity and attempt active intervention.

   

 

Aka: Grays, EBE, Little Green Men

Description

The most widely reported type of alien is a small grey being approximately   1.0m-1.25m in height, with large oval black eyes and skin colors ranging from gray-white to grey-brown to gray-green to grey-blue.

Erect standing biped, small thin build, large and rounded rear skull area, head larger than humans with inverted triangular shape, absence of auditory lobes and nose, absence of body hair, large oval tear-shaped eyes which are opaque black with vertical slit pupils, arms resembling praying mantis which reach to the knees, long hands with small palm, claw-like fingers (two, three or four fingers), tough gray skin which is reptilian in texture, small feet with four small claw-like toes, no genitalia visible

 

Home System

Zeta Reticuli 1 & 2, a binary star system visible from the Southern Hemisphere approximatly 38 light years away with a spectral class of G2,
identical to our Sun.

 

Powers

Because of the cloning, their genetic sequence degrades after each cloning of a clone, thus leading to the reason for the abduction of Terran humans, as a method of repairing the damage in their own DNA (or other genetic material), as well as adding new sequences to the cloning gene pool. This evidence leads to the hypothesis that the Greys use a kind of ultrasonic sound beam in conjunction with telepathy to paralyze an abductee during an abduction.

 

Attitude

The nature of the Greys, especially the Zeta Reticuli and the short Greys, is that they do not have deep emotional feelings or compassion. They are, in fact, extremely curious about all aspects of existence, highly analytical and devoid of sentimentality. They look at humans much the same way a farmer looks at his cows, as an inferior species. They understand the passions and compassion of humans to the degree it is observable by them but  do not their feelings.

The Greys are not masters of their own fate. They are, rather, subservient to a reptilian race . In their desire to retain that freedom from their reptilian masters, they would hope to play the role of being masters here on earth, or at least having enough control so as to be safe from slavery by any other species. The Zetas desire the help of humans in an expected future confrontation with the reptilian masters who are expected to follow soon, within the next 20 years. This refers to the so-called asteroid that is on its way toward earth. It is housing millions
of reptilian aliens. It has, however, temporarily diverted its path as it
moves into the constellation of Draco.

 

Witness

Secret Life, by David M. Jacobs
Communion, by Whitley Strieber
 Missing Time, by Budd Hopkins
Intruders, by Budd Hopkins
 

Origin

The Greys evolved naturally  from a cetacean-like life form on another world or were artificially modified though genetic engineering by an outside species or themselves. They have evolved beyond the sexual reproduction process so that all sexual organs and their digestive tracts have totally atrophied. They are no longer capable of eating or indulging in sexual activities. Because of these manipulations, cloning, became their only form of reproduction.

A simple explanation for the origins of the Greys would be and evolutionary process similar to that of humans, but from a cetacean ancestor as opposed to a primate ancestor. At one point, instead of returning to the oceans, or perhaps leaving the oceans, cetacean simply evolved as a land-dweller, while retaining the vestigial features of the fish.

Some time later, the Greys either had a large accident or other event that severely degenerated its genetic pool, or decided that the random genetic mixing of sexual reproduction was inadequate for their society, and embarked on cloning as a means to overcome their problem. After a period of time, the knowledge of advanced genetics, as well as the technology needed to created more advanced versions of their genetic machines were somehow lost, and the result is a society that depends on its machines for speciessurvival, but who cannot recreate the technology.

Another of the theories possible begins with a cetacean life form evolved on another planet. Unlike Terran cetaceans, they did not return to the oceans, but were discovered and later altered and cloned by another species. This species (called the Masters), needed a source of slave labor, and thus searched for an intelligent lesser species that they could genetically manipulate in order to be used effectively.

Arbitrarily assuming that this period of time was about one million years ago, the most evolved species at that time on Terra would have been dolphins and whales. This might also have been possible on another planet, where a similar species evolved instead of a primate-like organism. Under this theory, the cetacean ancestors of the Greys were taken and genetically altered into an upright, bipedal species capable of doing labor for the Masters.

After a time, however, the Greys apparently rebelled, and are now on their own, using the technology of the Masters, but since they were created to simply operate them, and not to design them, their knowledge of the technology's operation is lacking.This theory would explain the lack of knowledge of genetics that the Greys seem to suffer from, and why they can't simply make their own genetic code artificially more diverse. They are able to manipulate the technology, and use it to their advantage, but are unable to understand the actual theoretical aspects and operations behind the use of their equipment, thus resulting in a need for abduction of humans.

 

 

Biology

Various descriptions taken from dissections and abductees’ reports relate the following characteristics: a non-functioning digestive system; absence of reproduction organs; two separate brains; movement is deliberate, slow and precise; alien subsistence requires that they must have human blood and other biological substances to survive.

The two separate brains are separated by mid-cranial lateral bone without any apparent connection. Some autopsies have revealed a crystalline network which is thought to have a function in telepathic which help to maintain the group-consciousness between members of the same species.

Even without sexual organs, the Greys seem to have gender, and are not simply neuter. The genders, however, appear to be completely determined by the mind, with the bodies being identical almost identical. Abductees report that some Greys 'feel' or 'seem' feminine, while others are very masculine. This seems to point to a time of sex differentiation, which was bred out physically, leaving only the mental pattern to demonstrate the differences between males and females in the Grey social infrastructure. It should also be noted that female Greys are very rarely seen, and are reported to be sterile and incapable of giving birth to offspring. The males are the ones most commonly observed, and simple deduction will show that there is one scenario possible: the Grey females are few in number, and must be isolated for some reason, perhaps to prevent their loss or for genetic repositories. Nevertheless, because Greys cannot breed naturally, due to a lack of sexual organs, artificial methods must be incorporated into their society on a massive, if not simply large, scale to prevent their demise as a species.

The Greys consume nourishment through a process of absorption through their skin. The process, according to abductees who have witnessed it, involved spreading a biological 'liquid protein' formula that has been mixed with hydrogen peroxide [which oxygenates the slurry and eliminates bacteria] onto their skin. Food is converted to energy by chlorophyll by a photosynthetic process. To eliminate, they need to pass the substance through some part of their body, much the same way plants eliminate through their skin or outer shells. They use hydrogen peroxide for helping with that elimination as well. Waste products are then excreted back through the skin. Many abductees have noted that the Greys have a distinct series of odors.

The Zeta Reticuli Greys feed upon glandular secretions of humans and are said to abduct humans and extracting the secretions for themselves.It is also said that Greys absorb certain substances from parts of the cattle that stabilize them during the cloning process, mostly substances that comes from certain mucus membranes: the lips, nose, genitals and rectum, and also from certain organs.

Aside from feeding off of human and animal proteins and fluids, they also allegedly feed off the 'life energy', the 'vital essence' or 'soul energy' of humans as do other reptilian species in what may be considered a vampirial type of hunger for human vital fluids.

 

Aliens come in all shapes and sizes, from the little green men of Kelly, Kentucky to the 10 foot tall giants of Voronezh, Russia. There has always been discussion about the close encounters of the third kind aliens. Some of these seem to be living, breathing beings, and yet some appear to have characteristics of a robot. It is up to the reader to come to their own conclusions concerning the plausibility of the existence of the specific 'alien' groups mentioned in the paragraphs below, based on their own review of the evidence and documentation contained in the accompanying files.

The Greys

The Human Type Aliens

The Reptilians

Robots

The Hybrids

A few definitions

Speculations

alien species

HUMANOID = AN ADJECTIVE MEANING
HAVING HUMAN FORM OR CHARACTERISTICS.
 

CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD KIND OR CE3:
SEEING OR COMING IN CONTACT WITH AN ENTITY OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN,
BEING RELATED TO UFOs OR NOT.
 

TYPES OF CE3 CLASSIFICATIONS:
 

TYPE A: WHEN AN ENTITY OR HUMANOID IS SEEING INSIDE OR ON TOP OF AN OBJECT OR UNIDENTIFIED AIRCRAFT.

TYPE B: WHEN AN ENTITY OR HUMANOID IS SEEING ENTERING OR EXITING A UFO.

TYPE C: WHEN AN ENTITY OR HUMANOID IS SEEING IN THE IMMEDIATE VICINITY OF A UFO.

TYPE D: WHEN AN ENTITY OR HUMANOID IS SEEING IN THE SAME AREA WHERE UFOs OR UNKNOWN OBJECTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED.

TYPE E: WHEN AN ENTITY OR HUMANOID IS SEEING ALONE WITHOUT RELATED UFO ACTIVITY, EXAMPLE: BEDROOM VISITATION.

TYPE F: WHEN THERE IS A “PSYCHIC” CONTACT BETWEEN ENTITIES OR HUMANOIDS, BUT AN ENTITY OR HUMANOID IS NOT NECESSARILY SEEN.

TYPE G: WHEN THERE IS DIRECT CONTACT OR INTERACTION BETWEEN A WITNESS OR WITNESSES WITH THE HUMANOID OR ENTITY, EITHER AGAINST AS A RESULT OF A FORCED ABDUCTION OR A VOLUNTARY CONTACT.

TYPE H: WHEN THERE IS A REPORT OF A ALLEGED CRASH OR FORCE LANDING OF A UFO WITH RECOVERY OF ITS OCCUPANTS. OR WHEN AN ANOMALOUS ENTITY IS CAPTURED OR KILLED BY EITHER A WITNESS OR MILITARY PERSONNEL.

Dulce & Other Underground Bases and Tunnels

by William Hamilton III

(Excerpt from Cosmic Top Secret by William H. Hamilton III)

Underground Bases & Tunnels

Does a strange world exist beneath our feet? Strange legends have persisted for centuries about the mysterious cavern world and the equally strange beings who inhabit it.

More UFOlogists have considered the possibility that UFOs may be emanating from subterranean bases, that UFO aliens have constructed these bases to carry out various missions involving Earth or humans.

Belief in a subterranean world has been handed down as myth, tale, or rumor down the generations from all over the world. Some of these stories date back to ancient times and tell tales of fantastic flora and fauna that can be found in the caverns of ancient races. Socrates spoke of huge hollows within the Earth which are inhabited by man, and vast caverns which rivers flow.

A legendary large cavern supposedly exists below Kokoweef Peak in southwestern California. Earl Dorr, a miner and prospector, followed clues given to him by Indians. He entered Crystal Cave in the thirties and followed a passage down into Kokoweef Mountain until he attained a depth of about a mile. There, he entered a large cavern which he proceeded to explore for a distance of eight miles. At the bottom of the cavern, a river flowed, rising and falling with the lunar tides, and depositing black sands rich in placer gold along its banks. One day, crazed by fever, Dorr used dynamite to seal shut the entrance to his fabulous cavern, and started a legend that still lures men to seek the fabled wealth below Kokoweef.

Nowhere is the belief in a subterranean world more prevalent than with the Indians of North America. The Hopis believed they emerged from a world below the earth through a tunnel at the base of the San Francisco peaks near Flagstaff.

There are also legends about mysterious Mount Shasta in northern California. The mountain is said to have housed a race of surviving Lemurians who built a sanctuary in the depths of the earth to escape the catastrophes which befell them. These

Lumerians allied themselves with space travelers who built a saucer base inside the mountain.

Whether ancient cities exist in caverns below the earth is anyone's guess, but it's a fact that governments have built underground tunnels and facilities for a variety of reasons. The Chinese, Russians, Vietnamese all built subterranean tunnels and bases. It shouldn't come as a surprise that America has been building its own underground world.

An elusive report in the August 7, 1989 edition of U.S. News and World Report, reveals the secret plan to carry on government in case of a disaster. The plan is called "Continuity of Government" or COG. The article stated that COG is the government's ultimate insurance policy should Armageddon ever arrive, providing the program runs smoothly. In 1982, a new secret agency, the Defense Mobilization Planning Systems Agency was created and reports to the President. In the event of a nuclear attack, special teams equipped with war plans, military codes, and other essential data would accompany each designated presidential successor to secret command posts around the country. Besides the president, another 46 key officials named in the Joint Emergency Evacuation Plan (JEEP) would be evacuated. There are 50 of these underground command post bunkers located in 10 different regions of the country, and each is linked with others via satellite or ground-wave relays.

The U.S. Air Force sponsored research in deep underground construction as early as 1958. The RAND corporation carried out this research, and published proceedings from symposiums held on the subject of construction methods and equipment, utility installation, and the use of nuclear bursts to produce underground cavities.

A great concern to underground construction engineers was the problem of ventilation. They considered it advisable to take into account all types of ventilation contamination, and not just radioactive fallout. Underground works included ingresses, egresses, and accommodations. The first two are generally provided for by shafts or tunnels, while the third requires larger openings, such as halls, chambers, cells, vaults, or other open spaces. Many problems in design and construction are common to all three, but the problems associated with the larger openings in the rock, required for accommodation purposes, are generally more complex and difficult than those for the smaller openings of tunnels or shafts. Operation and maintenance of underground installations can also pose special problems.

Huge boring machines with large-diameter disc-grinders are used in constructing tunnels. Tunnels are needed to link one accommodation area to another, or one facility to another.

The English Chunnel project is the largest engineering project in Europe, and will link France and England through a three-tunnel railway. The eleven boring machines used in the project are so large and so long that they were assembled in underground areas 65 feet high. Six of the machines are digging the submarine tunnel between the Dover Strait and Pas de Calais and five are digging the land tunnels leading away from the channel to aboveground terminals. The front of the boring machine contains tungsten-tipped picks that workers guide with the use of laser projections on video screens.

These boring machines are like huge, steel-encased worms. Sealed in each machine are teams of 35 men who line the cavity of the tunnel with concrete and guide the muck down the track. The machines bore the hole, remove the earth, and pave the inside of the tunnel with precast concrete segments. The digging face of the machine is a 95-ton, 28-foot-6-inch diameter disc, divided into cutting blades. The borer is 300-feet long.

The September, 1983 Omni ran a picture story on the "Subterrene," a nuclear tunnel-boring machine developed at Los Alamos. The machine burrows through deep underground rock, heating it to a molten state (magma), which cools after the Subterrene moves on. The result is a tube with a smooth, glazed lining that can be used for the high-speed transport shuttles that link the sub-base complexes.

Interestingly enough, an inventor named Charles Kaempen has invented a composite pipe that has enormous tensile strength. Kaempen has developed an undersea transportation tube that uses his unique system of lock coupling and merely has to be laid on the sea floor, obviating the need for excavating and tunneling. He has made a proposal to Spain to link Spain and Morocco using his new tube technology.

Tunnel boring is undergoing a boom according to a recent article in the Wall Street Journal (Dec. 12, 1990). Susan Nelson, director of the American Underground Space Association is quoted in the article as saying, "There is simply a lot more interest in the world these days in tunneling and use of the underground in general." It says the underground is crowded with government-funded mega-projects and proposed projects. The Spanish want to put a tunnel through the Pryenees and bore a road to Morocco on the African coast. The Norwegians want to burrow under the fiords. The Japanese are toying with tunneling through to South Korea. The Canadians are building a tunnel from New Foundland to Prince Edwards Island. In America, there are 87 public-works projects planned in the next three years alone.

Bear in mind the fact that these are all classified as civil engineering projects. Where civil engineering goes today, military engineering has already gone yesterday. In 1959, the Rand Report carried photos of the giant Tunnel Boring Machines (TBMs). Large scale military engineering projects may have made extensive use of these machines since the fifties.

Tunneling is getting a boost because of the increasingly crowded global landscape. Planners in Northern Italy are burying stretches of a freeway in a tunnel to avoid cutting a road through historical important forest and farmlands.

Mr. Russell J. Miller of the Colorado School of Mines and director of the Center for Space Mining in Boulder, Colorado, is working on studies to determine the feasibility of putting space bases and cities underground on Mars and on the moon. Of course, someone from somewhere else may have already beaten Mr. Miller to the punch.

Informants have told us that underground facilities utilize transport tubes to shuttle workers to and from work. This is more than a subway. These tube trains use high technology. It isn't surprising, then, to learn that Frank P. Davidson of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has a plan to unclog the airways by designing electric "wingless airplanes" that hurtle across continents and oceans in sealed tubes or tunnels that are essentially frictionless vacuum chambers. Perhaps he should meet with Dr. Kaempen and consider using his composite pipe as the tube.

Underground diggers have their own society called "Moles," who find talk of tunneling and tunnels spicier than most of us surface dwellers.

It's no secret that governments have built their own secret underground railways and tunnels. China's leaders built secret rail tunnels under Bejing that would enable them to flee in a crisis. According to a Chinese civil servant, the tunnels linked leader's homes, government buildings, the central bank and an army base. That sounds like a well-thought-out-plan. Grab your prized possessions, cash from the bank, armed guards from the base, and run like hell! The network was built up over a period of 40 years as a defense against foreign invaders. We can be sure that what China has done we have done.

Japan, dense and overcrowded, is giving serious thought to living underground. They are planning to build underground sewage plants, underground railroads, and underground cities. According to a recent issue of Omni, The Taisei Corporation is planning to build a subterranean mall called "Alice City." There would be underground stores, offices, hotels, theaters, and sports arenas. Strolling spaces would meander through interior spaces populated with trees, birds, fish tanks, bridges, and waterfalls. The Shimizu Corporation has a blueprint for constructing an underground grid that would span 2,000 square miles underneath Tokyo. This grid would contain a number of commercial centers connected by subway trains that could shuttle workers to and from work.

According to science-writer Isaac Asimov, there are advantages to living underground. For one thing, no one would worry about the weather. The temperature could be held at a fairly constant level, between 55 and 60 degrees F, and a lot of energy used for heating and cooling could be saved. Without the diurnal sun cycle, no one would know day from night. People could be working around the clock or playing around the clock, depending on their penchant. All transportation, communication, and housing could go underground, freeing the surface world from human trampling. The surface of the planet would have a few nice restaurants and recreation centers where people could observe clear blue skies, the returning planet and animal life, and have room for all to roam on a weekend hike. Earthquakes would cause only one-fifth the damage to underground structures that they cause to surface structures.

In a provocatively speculative book entitled Alternative 3, author Leslie Watkins proposes that scientist have become concerned with the state of the Earth's atmosphere, a scenario that is much easier to accept these days. Secret meetings between scientist produce three alternatives for handling the imminent danger.

"Alternative 1" was a plan to blast holes through the stratosphere to release heat and pollution.

"Alternative 2" was a plan to relocate Earth's population in massive underground caverns drawing fresh, cool air from the soil (Perhaps there is a real Alternative 2 in progress).

"Alternative 3" was to escape the Earth and go to Mars. We will consider Alternative 3 later. Whether any real such alternative plans exist is not being argued here, but the concepts are useful in examining the future directions of secret projects.

The Atomic Energy Commission initiated Project Plowshare in 1957 to develop peaceful uses of nuclear explosives. It has explored the use of nuclear blasts to build harbors, dams, highway cuts, and canals, and to stimulate oil and natural gas production by following up the widely used practice of detonating ordinary chemical explosions in oil- and gas-bearing strata. The first test of this technique, known as Project Gasbuggy, took place 4,240 feet below ground in a desolate area of New Mexico know as the San Juan Basin, on December 10, 1967, where a 26-kiloton nuclear "device" was exploded in a sealed well.

While Gasbuggy was only a single experiment, the A.E.C., in partnership with Austral Oil Company of Houston, subsequently began the first of what promised to be a long series of even larger nuclear explosions, on the order of two 100-kiloton shots each year, for a period of 10 years or more. The first explosion, known as Project Rulison, was a 40-kiloton shot, some 8,400 feet below ground at a site near Rifle, Colorado, on September 10th, 1969.

A method that has been suggested to build bases on the moon may already be in operation on Earth. With the use of controlled nuclear blasts it will be possible to excavate cavities beneath the lunar surface. A missile could be used to drill a hole approximately 50 feet deep, then a second blast would produce a cavity about 45 feet in diameter. An igloo would be constructed over the hole, a plastic bag dropped down the cavity and filled with air. The work area and living quarters would then be constructed.

It may prove more efficient and practical to "house" future moon colonies in artificial or natural caves beneath the lunar surface, than to attempt construction of exposed meteorite domes. Living quarters, spacious parks, lakes, and wooded areas could be constructed underground. A transportation tube would connect various colonists to other ports and distant parts of the moon.

Back on Earth, we have reports of equally suspicious parks. An ex-security officer, who once worked underground in the Groom Lake area of Nevada, said he once saw a baseball diamond and an Olympic-sized swimming pool in one of the caverns a mile below the Nevada desert.

What's going on in the deep underground tunnels below Mercury Base at the Nevada Test Site? After hearing the story of Bob Lazar on KVEG radio, a construction worker called Billy Goodman and Bob Lazar to say, "We are the construction workers...we put things together and take them apart...of the meeting of seven people, there are two who will come forward to support you." This mysterious caller further said, "There's more than just tunnels down there. There's everything you can imagine down there. I know because we put it up. We installed. We did everything."

Informants have mentioned underground tunnels and facilities in New Mexico at Dulce, Sunspot, Datil, Corona, Taos Pueblo, and Albuquerque; in Arizona in the Santa Catalina Mountains; in Colorado at Delta, Grand Mesa, and Colorado Springs; in California at Needles, Edwards AFB, Tehachapi Mountains, Ft. Irwin, Norton AFB, and Morongo Valley; in Nevada at Blue Diamond, Nellis AFB, Groom Lake, and Papoose Lake areas, Quartzite Mountain, and Tonopah.

I became interested in a possible underground installation in the Techachapi Mountains in the summer of 1988. A young couple, Ray and Nancy, reported that they had gone to a plateau in the mountains after Ray's shift work had completed at the Northrop Plant. Ray was inspector on the B-2 project. The plateau is adjacent to the perimeter of the leased Tejon Ranch where Northrop has built a secret underground facility. It was about one o'clock in the morning when Ray and Nancy spotted a brilliant orb coming out of the ground which flashed light in their direction. They could not account for two-and-half hours of missing time. Ray thought that they had the orb under observation for about an hour, yet the next memory is of sunrise! Under hypnosis, Ray recalls being abducted and taken to an underground base populated by little grey EBEs and Air Force and security personnel. The EBEs were examining Nancy who had been restrained on a metal table. Ray's emotions swelled under hypnotic recall of the incident.

A local man claims he saw a flying saucer emerge and take-off from a silo on the property.

A disgruntled contractor reported that he worked on constructing the tunnels in the underground area and was bothered by the Air Force probes that were often seen hovering in the tunnels. He described these probes as small orbs, and said that this facility was nicknamed "The ANTHILL" because of its resemblance to underground ant colonies. The tunnels have round doorways without doors. Adjacent to the doorways are security panels with red and green lights. There are some kind of cylinders embedded in the doorway jams that protect a field of energy of some sort.

Black helicopters have been sighted around Boynton and Secret Canyon near Sedona, Arizona. A man living in Long Canyon has sighted a lot of strange things in the canyon areas, and residents suspect a secret government installation has been established in, of all places, Secret Mountain! One of my investigators hiked to Secret Canyon late one night and was stopped by a voice on a loudspeaker and a laser-targeting light on his chest. He was told he had entered a restricted area and to turn around and leave.

We have now spotted and photographed the small orbs around the "Anthill." These orbs definitely exhibit the peculiar characteristics reported in other UFO sightings.

Since that time, we have located two other secret facilities. One is at a place in the Mojave-Desert called Llano. It is an extremely secure facility, but witnesses have seen an extremely bright light burning atop a pylon inside of a movable behemoth- sized structure. This light does not illuminate the interior of the structure! Orbs have been seen in the vicinity of this facility as well.

We can only conjecture about what secret programs are being conducted away from preying eyes. The underground can and does hold all sorts of secrets. Some of the most amazing revelations about what goes on in the underground projects comes from a mysterious informant named Thomas, and who claims there is, indeed, a deep dark secret harbored underneath the imposing mountainous elevations of Northern New Mexico.

The Deep Dark Secret at Dulce

Dulce is a sleepy little town in northern New Mexico of about 900 population located above 7,000 feet on the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation. There is only one major motel and a few stores. It's not a resort town and it is not bustling with activity. But, according to a few outsiders, Dulce harbors a deep, dark secret. The secret is harbored deep below the tangled brush of Archuleta Mesa. The secret is said to be a joint government-alien biogenetic laboratory designed to carry out bizarre experiments on humans and animals.

New Mexico State Police Officer Gabe Valdez was drawn into the mysteries of Dulce when called to investigate a mutilated cow in a pasture 13 miles east of Dulce on the Manual Gomez ranch. Gomez had lost four cattle to mutilations between 1976 and June 1978 when a team of investigators which included Tom Adams arrived from Paris, Texas to examine the site of the carcasses.

Curious as to how cattle were being selected by the mysterious mutilators, an interesting experiment was conducted on July 5, 1978 by Valdez, Gomez, and retired scientist Howard Burgess. They pinned up about 120 of the Gomez beef cattle and moved them through a squeeze chute under an ultraviolet light. They found a "glittery substance on the right side of the neck, the right ear, and the right leg." Samples of the affected hides were removed as well as control samples from the same animals. Schoenfeld Clinical Laboratories in Albuquerque analyzed the samples and found significant deposits of potassium and magnesium. The potassium content was 70 times above normal.

Some investigators attribute the mutilations to aliens from UFOs. UFOs have been seen frequently around Dulce. Sightings of strange lights and other aerial phenomena have been reported in many areas where the cows have been found at the time of the reported mutilation.

On April 19, 1988, I arrived in Dulce to visit with Gabe Valdez and inquire about the sightings, the mutes, and the rumors of an underground alien base. Snow was still on the ground. I checked into the Best Western Motel and called Valdez to make an appointment to see me at 9:30 PM. I found Gabe to be a very congenial host, offering to show me around the roads of Dulce that night and point out some various locations where he had found mutilated cows or had seen strange aerial lights. He made the astounding statement that he was still seeing unidentified aircraft at the rate of one every two nights. We took a look at the Gomez Ranch, the road by the Navajo River, and the imposing Archuleta Mesa. Gabe had found landing tracks and crawler marks near the site of the mutes, and was convinced that scientist Paul Bennewitz of Thunder Scientific Labs in Albuquerque, was definitely on the right track in his attempts to locate the underground alien facility in the vicinity of Dulce. No one knew for sure where the facility was located or how humans or aliens gained secret entry to the facility.

I had first heard of Paul Bennewitz in 1980 when my friend Walter called me from Albuquerque and told me he had been working with Paul on electronic instruments. Walter informed me that Paul had not only photographed UFOs, but had established a communication link with their underground base at Dulce. Bennewitz had first come to prominence during the August, 1980, sightings over the Manzano Weapons Storage Area at Kirtland AFB. A Kirtland AFB incident report dated October 28, 1980 mentions that Bennewitz had taken film of the UFOs over Kirtland. Paul, who was president of the Thunder Scientific Labs which was adjacent to Kirtland gave a briefing in Albuquerque detailing how he had seen the aliens on a video screen. At the time, the aliens were transmitting signals to him from a base underneath Archuleta Mesa.

Researcher William Moore claims that the government agents became interested in Bennewitz's activities and were trying to defuse him by pumping as much disinformation through him as he could absorb. Whether Paul's communication with supposed aliens at the Dulce Base was part of this disinformation campaign is unclear. If we believe that Paul is the single source of reports on the Dulce Facility, then discounting Paul's story and discrediting him could be a tactical maneuver. The actual disinformation maneuver would result in making the public believe there was nothing to the Dulce story.

In a report entitled "PROJECT BETA," Paul states that he had spent two years tracking the alien craft; that he had constant reception of video from an alien ship and underground base viewscreen; that he had established constant direct communications with the aliens using a computer and a form of hexadecimal code with graphics and print-out; and claims to have used aerial and ground photography to locate the alien ship's launch ports charged beam weapons. Paul claimed that the aliens were devious, employed deception, and did not adhere to agreements. He and Walter were working on a weapon that would counter the aliens.

Have we crossed over from the land of the real world to the land of science-fiction? But then, bizarre phenomena may have its roots in a bizarre reality. As we continue our studies, the world of science-fiction will become the world of science-fact.

Paul Bennewitz had investigated the case of abductee Myrna Hansen of New Mexico, who reported having been taken to an underground facility in May 1980. Christa Tilton of Oklahoma claims she had an experience of missing time in July, 1987, when she had been abducted by two small grey aliens and transported in their craft to a hillside location where she encountered a man dressed in a red military-type jump suit. She was taken into a tunnel through computerized check-points displaying security cameras. She reports having been taken on a transit vehicle to another area where she stepped on a scale-like device facing a computer screen. After the computer issued her an identification card, she was told by her guide that they had just entered Level One of a seven-level underground facility. Christa goes on relating how she was eventually take down to Level Five, where she reports having seen alien craft and little grey alien entities in some of the areas that she passed through.

In one large room where she saw computerized gauges hooked to large tanks and large arms that extended from some tubing down into the tanks. She noticed a humming sound, smelled formaldehyde, and had the impression that a liquid was being stirred in the tanks. She was not shown the contents of these tanks. Christa has made drawings of much of what she claims to have witnessed during her abduction.

These tanks were also depicted in a set of controversial papers called the "Dulce Papers," which were allegedly stolen from the Dulce underground facility along with over 30 black and white photos and a video tape. The mysterious security officer who took the papers claims to have worked at Dulce until 1979 when he decided that the time had come to part company with his employers.

The rest of this chapter relates how this security officer met with a colleague of mine in order to tell us the truth about the aliens, the U.S. Government, and the Dulce Base. His intention was to come out of hiding and present hard evidence to back his claims.

In late 1979, Thomas C. could no longer cope with the awesome reality he had to confront. As a high level security officer at the joint alien-U.S. Government underground base near Dulce he had learned of and had seen disturbing things. After much inner conflict, he decided to desert the facility and take various items with him.

Using a small camera, he took over 30 photos of areas within the multi-level complex. He collected documents and removed a security video tape from the Control Center which showed various security camera views of the hallways, labs, aliens, and U.S. Government personnel to take with him. Then, by shutting off the alarm and camera system in one of the over 100 exits to the surface, he left the facility with the photos, video, and documents. The "originals" were hidden after five sets of copies were made.

Thomas was ready to go into hiding. But, when he went to pick up his wife and young son, he found a van and government agents waiting. His wife and child had been kidnapped. He had been betrayed by K. Lomas (a fellow worker). The agents wanted what Thomas had taken from the facility in order to get his wife and son back. When it became apparent to him they would be used in biological experiments and were not going to be returned unharmed, he decided to get lost. That was over ten years ago. How did Thomas get involved in all this covert intrigue?

Thomas, now is his 50's was in his mid-twenties, when he received top secret training in photography at an underground facility in West Virginia. For seven years he worked in high security photography in the Air Force. In 1971, he left and went to work for the Rand Corp. in Santa Monica, California. In 1977 he was transferred to the Dulce facility. He bought a home in Santa Fe, New Mexico, and worked Monday through Friday. He commuted to work via a deep underground tube-shuttle system.

At this time, a fellow researcher was working security in Santa Fe, N.M. and was privately investigating UFO sightings, animal mutilations, Masonic and Wicca groups in the area. Thomas had a mutual friend who came to Santa Fe in 1979 to visit both the researcher and Thomas. This visitor later viewed the photos, the video tape, and documents taken from the Dulce Base. Drawings were made from what was seen and later circulated in the UFO research community as the "Dulce Papers."

Thomas alleges that there were over 18,000 short "greys" at the Dulce Facility, and that he saw reptilian humanoids. A colleague had come face-to-face with a 6-foot tall Reptoid which had materialized in his house. The Reptoid showed an interest in research maps of New Mexico and Colorado which were on the wall. The maps were full of colored push-pins and markers to indicate sites of animal mutilations, caverns, locations of high UFO activity, repeated flight paths, abduction sites, ancient ruins, and suspected alien underground bases.

The multi-level facility at Dulce is reported to have a central HUB which is controlled by base security. The security level goes up as one descends to lower levels. Thomas had an ULTRA-7 clearance. He knew of seven sub-levels, but there may have been more. Most of the aliens supposedly are on levels 5, 6 and 7 with alien housing on level 5. The only sign in English was over the tube shuttle station hallway which read "to Los Alamos." Connections go from Dulce to the Page, Arizona facility, then onto an underground base below Area 51 in Nevada. Tube shuttles go to and from Dulce to facilities below Taos, N.M.; Datil, N.M.; Colorado Springs, Colorado; Creed, Colorado; Sandia' then on to Carlsbad, New Mexico.

There appears to be a vast network of tube shuttle connections under the U.S. which extends into a global system of tunnels and sub-cities.

At the Dulce Base, most signs on doors and hallways are in the alien symbol language and a universal symbol system understood by humans and aliens. Thomas stated that after the second level, everyone is weighed in the nude, then given a uniform. Visitors are given off-white uniforms; jump suits with a zipper. The weight of the person is put on a computer I.D. card each day. Any change in weight is noted; if over three pounds, a physical exam and X-ray is required.

Scales are located in front of all sensitive areas and are built into the floor near doorways and the door control panels. An individual places his computer I.D. card into the door slot, then enters a numerical code onto a keypad. The person's weight and code must match the card or the door will not open. Any discrepancy will summon security. No one is allowed to carry anything into sensitive areas. All supplies are put on a conveyor belt and X-rayed. The same method is used in leaving sensitive areas.

All elevators are controlled magnetically; there are no elevator cables. The magnetic system is inside the walls of the elevator shaft, there are no normal electrical controls. Everything is controlled by advanced magnetics, including lighting. There are no regular light bulbs and the tunnels are illuminated by phosphorous units with broad structureless emission bands. Some deep tunnels use a form of phosphorous pentoxide to temporarily illuminate areas. The aliens won't go near these areas for reasons unknown.

Level 1 contains the garage for street maintenance. Level 2 contains the garage for trains, shuttles, tunnel-boring machines and disc maintenance. The studies on Level 4 include human-aura research, as well as all aspects of telepathy, hypnosis, and dreams. Thomas says that they know how to separate the bioplasmic body from the physical body to place an "alien entity" life-force-matrix within a human body after removing the "soul" lifeforce-matrix of the human.

Level 6 is privately called "Nightmare Hall." It holds the genetic labs, where experiments are done on fish, seals, birds, and mice that are vastly altered from their original form. There are multi-armed and multi-legged humans and several cages (and vats) of humanoid bat-like creatures as tall as 7-feet. The aliens have taught the humans a lot about genetics; things both useful and dangerous.

The Grey and reptoid species are highly analytical and technologically oriented. They have had ancient conflicts with the Nordic humans from other space societies, and may be staging here for a future conflict. Intensely into computing and bio- engineering sciences, they are led to doing reckless experiments without regard for what we consider to be ethical and empathetic conduct toward other living creatures.

Principal government organizations involved in mapping human genetics, the so-called genome projects, are within the Department of Energy (which has a heavy presence on the Nevada Test Site); the National Institute of Health; the National Science Foundation; the Howard Huges Medical Institute; and, of course, the Dulce Underground Labs which are run by the DOE. Thomas had revealed that the chief of the genetic experiments for Los Alamos and Dulce is Larry Deaven.

According to Thomas, the alien androgynal breeder is capable of parthenogenesis. At Dulce, the common form or reproduction is by polyembryony. Each embryo can, and does divide into 6 to 9 individual "cunne" (pronounced cooney, i.e. siblings). The needed nutriment for the developing cunne is supplied by the "formula," which usually consist of plasma, deoxyhemoglobin, albumin, lysozyme, cation, amniotic fluid and more. The term "genome" is used to describe the totality of the chromosomes unique to a particular organism (or any cell within an organism), as distinct from the genotype, which is the information contained within those chromosomes. The human genes are mapped to specific chromosomal locations. This is an ambitious project that will take years and a lot of computer power to accomplish.

Is the alien and human BIO-TECH being used to nurture and serve us, or is it being used to control and dominate us? Why have UFO abductees been used in genetic experiments? It was when Thomas encountered humans in cages on Level 7 of the Dulce facility that things finally reached a climax for him. Row after row of thousands of humans, human-mixture remains, and embryos of humanoids were kept in cold storage. He says, "I frequently encountered humans in cages, usually dazed or drugged, but sometimes they cried and begged for help. We were told they were hopelessly insane, and involved in high-risk drug tests to cure insanity. We were told to never speak to them at all. At the beginning we believed that story. Finally in 1978 a small group of workers discovered the truth. That began the Dulce wars."

Thomas also says the aliens don't want the land, the gold, the minerals, or water that we posses, nor even the human or animal life. What they do want is magnetic power that surges on and through the Earth. The aliens harvest this magic power in a way unknown to us. Thomas says the aliens recognize this power as more valuable than any other commodity on our globe.

It may be unpalatable to digest or believe Thomas' story. In fact, it seems like part of a living nightmare. There is evidence that something strange does go on at Dulce. Does Thomas have the answer? There may be a terrible truth hidden behind the continuing phenomena of UFO sightings, abductions, and animal mutilations. Our government intelligence agencies have had an ongoing watchful eye on all UFO activities for many decades now. This extraordinary phenomenon must have an extraordinary explanation. We may be only one outpost in a vast interstellar empire.

Recently, researcher John Anderson went to Dulce, N.M., to see if there was any truth to the reported UFO activity. He says as he arrived in town he saw a caravan of cars and a McDonell-Douglas mini-lab in a van going up a rural road near the town. He followed them to a fenced-in compound where he waited to see further developments. Suddenly, six UFOs descended rapidly over the compound, hovered long enough for him to snap a picture, then shot up and out of sight. When later stopping at a store, he told the owner about the UFO photo he had taken, the store owner listened and revealed how he had been a victim rancher of cattle mutes. Their conversation was interrupted by a phone call. The store owner told John to leave at once, then after John went to his car, he saw a mysterious van drive up to the store and a man got out and went inside. John, deciding to leave Dulce, was followed by two men in a car as he left town.

Even more recently a research team has gone up to Archuleta Mesa to take soundings under the ground. Preliminary and tentative computer analysis of these soundings seem to indicate deep cavities under the mesa.

How long will the secret of Dulce, known to insiders as Section D, remain locked up inside the mute New Mexico mountains? Forever?

UFO-Related Homicide in Brazil: The Complete Story [from International UFO Magazine]

By G. Cope Schellhorn

If this case is authentically UFO-related - and at this time I have no reason to believe it is not - then all of us are going to have to reevaluate to one degree or another our tentative conclusions as to the possible specific intentions, moral perspectives and general agenda that some of our extraterrestrial visitors may have.

There have been rumors of homicidal, UFO-related, human mutilation cases for some time now but hard evidence has been lacking. Until, perhaps, now. Brazilian ufologist Encarnacion Zapata Garcia and Dr. Rubens Goes have recently presented a series of sensational photographs, obtained from police files which mimic the wounds of countless UFO-related animal mutilation cases that have been reported in Europe and North, Central and South America since the 1960s. On first glance they would seem to be ufology's worst nightmare.

What is more disturbing is that Brazilian ufologists and police have intimated that there may be at least a dozen or more cases similar to the recently uncovered Guarapiranga reservoir case. If this is true, it is somewhat doubtful that any of this potential new material will ever see the light of day, given the official attitudes now prevailing in Western power circles. But we can be grateful for fortuitous disclosures, and the Guarapiranga case and it's accompanying photographs seem to be just that. A great stroke of luck, albeit a dismaying one. Obviously if the Guarapiranga data is legitimate, then it becomes increasingly difficult to maintain the position that all visitors are demonstrating a relatively friendly attitude toward humans, regardless of what their specific agenda(s) may be. The Guarapiranga situation indicates that there is at least one group of alien visitors to the planet who have a complete disdain for human sensibilities, who, in fact, could care less about the value of human life.

When I learned of the Guarapiranga case through Brazilian ufologist A.J. Gevaerd, who first published the related photos in his magazine UFO, my interest was stimulated and I quickly made plans for a trip to Brazil. In Sao Paulo I met Encarnacion Garcia at the home of well known ufologist Claudeir Covo and talked with her later at length. Then I traveled to Campo Grande and questioned Gevaerd. He was kind enough to supply me with second generation photographs (the best available) of the Guarapiranga reservoir victim having himself become thoroughly convinced that the evidence supporting the case was authentic and that the case was UFO-related. I came to the same conclusion because all other alternatives were neither supported by facts nor good logic, whereas the similarities to numerous cattle mutilations which I had studied in the United States were startling, exactly paralleling what I have seen many times before.

The specifics of the case are as follows:

Encarnacion Garcia learned from her friend, Dr. Rubens Goes, that he was in possession of some rather "odd" photos which had been given to him by his cousin, police technician, Rubens Sergio. These were official photos of a body that had been found near Guarapiranga reservoir on the 29th of September, 1988, of an unnamed male who was, however, later identified. The name of this man has been withheld from all media investigators, including UFO investigators, at the request of his relatives.

After studying the photos, Encarnacion Garcia was impressed with how similar the wounds of the body were to those found on the carcasses of so many UFO-related mutilated animals, knowledge which the original investigating police officials and medical doctors involved with the case did not possess. Surprisingly, Dr. Cuenca, head of the primary investigation, offered his files on the case. This is the stroke of luck which I previously mentioned and for which we can all be thankful. These included the all-. important autopsy description to which I will momentarily refer.

The initial police report, however, was not extraordinary in nature except for the recognition that the body, although extremely mutilated, had not met with unusual violence; that is, there were no signs of struggle or the application of bondage of any kind.

It was the autopsy report itself which was most revealing, especially when we compare the remarks made there with what we have learned from animal mutilation cases elsewhere. It is imperative to remember, as I have stated previously, that the individuals conducting the autopsy had no knowledge of similar animal mutilation cases. This makes the official remarks of the report all the more revealing in retrospect.

Encarnacion Garcia received copies of seven photos. I have included the five most revealing ones here with a description and commentary. The work of the perpetrators of this atrocity: the kinds of cuts made, the precision of the cuts, the removal of whole internal organs through small apertures, the lack of bleeding, the failure of the body to smell or decompose rapidly - all these are hallmarks of UFO-related animal mutilations. These peculiarities would seem to rule out Satanists, revenge- seekers or casual mutilators and go beyond even the capacities of a modern Jack the Ripper.

Photo #I: Face and upper torso photo. The body was in perfect condition. Rigor mortis had not set in and it was estimated that the victim had been killed approximately 48 to 72 hours previously. There were no signs of animal predation or putrefaction which might be expected. Strangely, there was no odor to the cadaver. Bleeding from the wounds had been minimal. The black coloration found in the face area and in other places within the photo is partly due to low light exposure when this photo and others were taken. It is also partly due to coagulated blood in the wound areas.

As can clearly be seen, flesh and lips have been excised around the mandibles, as is common in cattle and other animal mutilations, the autopsy report noted that "the eyes and ears were also removed and the mouth cavity was emptied." Removal of these body parts, including the tongue as here, is common enough in animal mutilation cases.

As Encarnacion Garcia rightly recognized, if a comparison of the victim with animal mutilation cases is made, "You can see they are the same - and that is also the conclusion of experienced doctors." The doctors drew their conclusion only after they had been shown photographs of similar animal mutilation cases, cases with which they were not previously familiar.

The autopsy report states: "There has been a removal of extensive tissue along many parts of the face, head and neck of the victim... There has also been extraction of ocular tissue, eyes, auditive internal and external organs (ears) and entire parts of the head. The tongue and several muscles were also extracted."

The kinds of cuts on the cadaver are what we have come to expect in UFO-related animal mutilation cases. Of primary interest is their precision. The "surgery" (or butchery, if you will) was done with agility and care and probably with speed. The lack of profuse bleeding suggests the use of a laser-like instrument producing acute heat, thus cauterizing almost immediately the edge of the wounds. This is a speculation on my part, however, although there are numerous precedents. Many of the cases studied by Dr. John Altshuler in the United States exhibit this kind of high heat, rapid surgery. Whether it would still be possible to test fragments of the flesh from the victim's wound areas is doubtful. Suffice it to say the wounds appear to be exact replicas of cases studied by Dr. Altshuler, Tom Adams, Bob Pratt, Ted Oliphant, Linda Howe, Colman VonKeviczky and myself.

Photo #2: (Above) Face and upper torso with arms outstretched. Perhaps it is best to begin here with several quotes from the autopsy report. "The axillary regions on both sides showed soft spots where organs had been removed. Incisions were made on the face, internal thorax, abdomen, legs, arms, and chest." As Garcia observed, the doctors stated that these wounds were quite uncommon. The report also observes, "Shoulders and arms have perforations of 1 to 1.5 inches in diameter where tissue and muscles were extracted. The edges of the perforations were uniform and so was their size. The chest had shrunk due to the removal of internal organs."

In other words, internal organs were removed or sucked somehow through these small circular incisions. Why such a technique? Some doctors today are using a similar method to remove diseased tissue and organs from their human subjects - but this kind of procedure injures those organs in the process. Did the "surgeons" who worked on this victim care whether the organs were injured or not? What kind of specimens were they looking for? What kind of research is this? Wouldn't it be easier and more medically expedient to abduct a human specimen and study it live, including its anatomy and physiology, in a properly equipped laboratory? It would appear that the perpetrators of this act did not care if the man's life was lost nor did they care if the body were found. Here we have strong indication of a total disregard for the specimen and, by extension, for human life in general. The body was left as trash. What does this say about the perpetrators and their attitudes?

The photo clearly shows the symmetrical holes in the man's arms. One arm clearly shows the sunken area near the perforation clearly, demonstrating where muscle has been extracted. The shrunken chest area also indicates a similar process of internal extractions. It is significant that the police and medical examiners were convinced the holes found in the head, arms, stomach, anus and legs were not produced by bullet wounds.

Photo #3: Close up of the left side of the victim's head. Here we see that the ear is cleanly excised. As the report states, "auditive internal and external" matter was removed The photo does not show the small holes discovered in the cranium. These were detected, however, by the medical examiners. How much, if any, of the brain tissue was removed is not stated.

Photo #4: Close up of lower torso including thighs. The stretcher, pants and cord that are visible belonged to the rescue team. The autopsy report continues, "You also find the removal of the belly button leaving a 1.5 inch hole in the abdomen and a depressed abdominal cavity showing the removal of the intestines." Brazilian doctors who later viewed the evidence were left nonplused by the hole in the umbilical area where, it appeared, "a great amount of internal organs were extracted. The edge of the hole was perfect and shows a precision cut. Also, the abdominal area of the body was very shrunken because of organ removal." The original autopsy report notes that "the scrotum was also removed by a 3 x 1.5 cm. elliptical incision." Strangely, the penis itself was left intact although it appeared to have been stretched to about twice its normal length. Why excise the scrotum without taking the penis? Human logic is defied by such actions. We are aware, however, of the great similarity here with other animal mutilation cases, particularly female cattle where it is not unusual to see anus, teats, vagina and uterus extracted. But why exactly this is done is as big a mystery as who the exact perpetrators are, although there is enough strong circumstantial evidence to implicate UFO involvement.

The hole in the left leg duplicates in size the umbilical hole and the arm hole previously discussed. In the words of the autopsy report, "It was an... elliptical incision of about 3 x 1. 5 cm...The penis was stretched and had no signs of being cut. The testicles were extracted with a precision cut." Rather startling is the lack of pubic hair, as if the victim had been readied for surgery.

Early on in the investigation, Brazilian official investigators considered the possibility that the castration of the victim was an act of revenge. They soon rejected this theory, however, because it could not account for the remaining wounds and the other peculiarities related to the body. What is more, revenge seekers who castrate usually excise the penis, not just the scrotum.

Photo #5: Victim lying on his stomach. The autopsy report specifies: -"Removal of the anus and a hole between the second and third toes...The anal orifice of the victim was extracted with a large incision about 3 by 6 inches in diameter. The rectum and other internal parts of the human discharge system were also removed. It is probable that even some of the internal organs of the man could have been removed through this incision."

What is most compelling about the anal incision and the extraction of anal and digestive tract tissue is that it is a carbon copy of the surgery we have seen in so many UFO-related animal mutilation cases. Are we supposed to believe a revengeful human or a group of Satanists are capable of such precise, difficult, surgical techniques/procedures which leave even medical professionals perplexed as to how they could have been done? I think not. Has the Brazilian and/or American government staged a little demonstration at the Guarapiranga reservoir to frighten UFO investigators and the general public into fearing all extraterrestrial contact? In other words, are we faced with a gruesome, carefully orchestrated display of misinformation? Possibly, but probably not, and my reasons for believing this are several.

First, it would seem a fortuitous turn of events that ufologist Encarnacion Zapata Garcia had the right friend(s) in the right places at the right time. If our government, and presumably the Brazilian government, has kept a lid on similarly sensational material in the past - and I have no doubt there is more than ample evidence supporting such a contention - here we have an accidental bubble that has, against all odds, escaped the pot. It is our good fortune, you might say.

The photos are definitely causing a stir; causing many people, including some UFO investigators, to do some new thinking. But the powers that control lids will be carefully double-checking in the near future to make sure the pot is as secure as possible. Thus I would not get my hopes up that additional homicidal, UFO-related human mutilation cases and graphic photographs accompanying them will surface in the near future.

If we discard the possibility of the Guarapiranga case as a piece of misinformation, we are left with several intriguing alternatives. Is this the infrequent act of a rogue extraterrestrial group which from time to time enjoys indulging themselves in a pathological blood sport at the expense of humans? Perhaps. More likely, I think, we are indirect witnesses to an intentionally contemptuous act by a group or species of extraterrestrial origin who would like to give other visiting species a bad name and, as a bonus, harness mankind into a greater fear-mentality than already binds it. But these are only speculations and we will have to wait until a future time for a greater truth when more thorough revelations, and evidence that supports them, become available.

Do we have any precedents to the Guarapiranga case? Yes, we do. At least one good example and the rumors of possibly another. The case of Sgt. Jonathan P Louette, who was stationed at White Sands Missile Test Range in 1956 and whose mutilated body was found on the Range three days after an Air Force major had witnessed his abduction by a "disk shaped" object, bares a striking resemblance to the Guarapiranga situation. Louette's genitals had been removed, his rectum cored out with surgical precision and his eyes excised in a manner quite similar to the incisions made upon our Guarapiranga victim. And then there is the rumor of the Texas mutilation case which occurred - and was quickly hushed up - in the mid '60s. I have had verification ofthe legitimacy of this by two intelligence agency personnel, one active and one retired, but have not had time to investigate further.

At present, the rumors of human body parts found on at least one crashed UFO in the 1940s, body parts found in a barn in the state of Oregon several years ago or the rumor of a mutilated Vietnam War B-52 crew will have to remain just that - rumors, until the lid accidentally, albeit infrequently, comes ajar again and we have some solid evidence. But there is no denying that the Guarapiranga reservoir case has taken us far beyond rumor. The evidence is unmistakable and it is sobering. On the one hand, it points stunningly in a UFO-related direction. On the other hand, I believe it would be wise of us to draw a tentative conclusion if other less violent cases have not already led us to do so. We should not, in most cases, generalize about our extraterrestrial visitors; neither about their motives , morals nor research agendas. And one addendum also seems advisable: In an age when almost anything has come to seem possible, if not probable, either cosmically or here on earth, the wisest course might be to let our extraterrestrial visitors demonstrate their friendliness before jumping to conclusions about their philanthropy and opening the door too wide. After all, Little Red Riding Hood, nine times out of ten, is no match for the wolf at the door.

We have seen in the past, especially in Brazil, many cases where Human beings have been attacked by UFOs and their occupants. This is an undeniable reality that many researchers do not want to face. The Fenomeno Chupa-Chupa or "Suck-Suck" phenomenon which occurred in the Amazon and northeastern part of the country in the '70s and '80s produced hundreds of injured people and ultimately some fatalities. These mostly impoverished people were usually attacked by small probes (3-6 inches in diameter), probably unmanned, little UFOs which emitted strong, burning beams of light. Many of the victims suffered not only burns but a significant loss of blood (thus the "suck-suck" appellation) during their encounters. Some, such as Luiz Fernandes Barroso, suffered appreciable mental as well as physical incapacitation. Barroso's mind was reduced to that of a two-year-old long before his death.

In North America, reports of brutal manhandling by UFO occupants are much rarer. If homicidal, UFO-related human mutilations have taken place they have either gone unrecognized for what they really are or have been adeptly covered up by official intervention. Whatever the truth may be, the Guarapiranga reservoir case and the startling photos which accompany it should give us pause for thought. I, like ufologist editor A.J. Gevaerd, came to the conclusion after reviewing the evidence that UFO-related mutilators were most probably the perpetrators of the abominations revealed by the photographs of the Guarapiranga reservoir victim. And I believe Gevaerd is probably right when he says most extraterrestrial visitors seem neutral in their attitudes towards Earth and earth humans, some are friendly and some could care less. We had better learn, I think, to discern the differences. It might in the long run save our world culture and our very lives.

[end]

Special thanks to Santa Barbara hypnotherapist Donna Higbee for snailing me hardcopy of this article- the pictures in this case were worth a thousand words

MARS, The Red Planet

(Updates to this page are added at bottom: Check for new info and pictures there.)

In 1976, the Viking 1 Orbiter took the first photographs of the Cydonia region of Mars, showing what appeared to be a humanoid face one mile long and 1,500 feet high. UFOlogists immediately jumped on the photos as prove of a previous or present intelligence. NASA quickly bashed these theories as simply a trick of light and shadow. The Cydonia region also contained what appeared to be several pyramid-like objects, which some researchers claim are not formed by natural occurrence. The strange loss of the Mars Observer as it made its way to the red planet in 1993 temporarily dealt a blow to any hopes of obtaining new, closer photos of this puzzling region of the planet. Some submitted that the craft was not lost, but that what it found was too controversial for public knowledge. Of course, there is no way to prove this contention. NASA was accused of knowing much more about Mars and its extraterrestrial connection than it would admit.

The subsequent refusal of NASA to land the Sojourner near the Cydonia area only furthered the contention of many that the space administration was deliberately leading its technology away from the controversial area. NASA's explanation was that there were other areas which were much more hospitable for a landing sight. With pressure from the general public being the main catalyst, NASA finally agreed to re-shoot the Cydonia area on a follow-up effort. Released on April 6, 1998, new pictures only added fuel to the fire. These "new" photos only deepened the mystery, leaving no "clear-cut" tag to stamp on the images. It seems that only a future manned mission, or closer, more accurate photography will clear the air. We must remember that here on our own planet there are many structures which are not clearly defined as natural, or man-made.

There was some notable information that came from the Pathfinder/Sojourner mission. Some scientists believed they saw evidence that the planet once contained large bodies of "liquid" water, a necessity for the formation of life. JPL press would state on December 4, 1997: "New information from the Pathfinder leads many scientists to now believe that Mars once contained large bodies of liquid water, a condition thought to be a prerequisite for life." A December 4, 1997 JPL press release added: "Based on the first direct measurements ever obtained of Martian rocks and terrain, scientists on NASA's Mars Pathfinder mission report in this week's Science magazine that the red planet may have once been much more like Earth, with liquid water streaming through channels and nourishing a much thicker atmosphere."

The plot thickened with the discovery of the "Martian" meteorite in Antarctica. The possibility that life existed at some previous time on the planet was now almost unquestionable. Professor Richard N. Zare, Ph.D., of Stanford University, examined the rock from early Mars. "The estimated age of the rock is anywhere from 1.4–3.6 billion years old," he stated. Dr. Zare and his colleagues concluded that it is highly probable that some form of primitive, single-celled life existed on Mars at that time. The question was then asked, "if life did exist at one time, then maybe some form of life exists now," certainly something worth researching.

Two other areas of Mars that appear to have created features are the M-15 area, and the so-called Triangle. The M-15 feature seems to show fairly uniform "streaks," which suggest a kind of division of sorts. Resembling age-old walls, or remains thereof, there is a hint of intelligent construction. This area is covered with eons of dust, and it is difficult to tell if important parts of the image are covered. What an archaeologist's dream dig. The sides of the area seem to slant upward toward a peak, making it difficult to say it was formed naturally.

The triangle or heart-shaped object suggests a UFO connection. This object, sitting on the surface of the planet, was originally discovered by Efrain Palermo. The object is about 100 meters across, and does indeed resemble a triangular-shaped craft. The top of the object seems to contain support structures, systematically laid. The original photograph shows a shadow cast across the object, motionless on a smooth surface. On Tuesday, October 23, 2001, the Odyssey spacecraft will conclude a six month venture by taking orbit around the mysterious orb we call Mars. What new secrets will be revealed? What new mysteries will be uncovered?

Life from Mars?

A View of the Red Planet

Rock from Mars?

New Mars Face

Malin Space Science Systems (MSSS) MOC narrow-angle image M02-03051 of unusual face-like surface feature in valley of Libya Montes near equator on Mars, approximately 275 degrees West and 2.66 degrees North. Image released by MSSS on May 22, 2000. To find this feature, it is necessary to turn the original MOC image upside down.

News Update!

Ice Beneath The Rust ... Los Alamos - March 1, 2002

Scientists today unveiled maps that detail the location of hydrogen, that may indicate water-ice, just below Mars' surface. The maps are based on data from a neutron spectrometer built at the Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory and flown aboard NASA's Mars Odyssey now in orbit around the Red planet. The data are supported by simultaneous measurements made using the Mars Odyssey's gamma-ray spectrometer.

News Update!

New Picture of Face on Mars, April 2002

NASA has released a brand new image of the notorious Face on Mars. Also in full view for the first time in about 30 years is a landform that Mars anomaly researchers call the D&M Pyramid. As promised last January by NASA project scientist Steve Saunders, the Odyssey's Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) has photographed the famous Martian landmark, as one of the high-priority imaging targets that are of great interest to the general public. The THEMIS system was developed for NASA by Arizona State University, and the photograph for April 13, 2002 is one of a series of daily images released by the Odyssey imaging team.

April 2002 release of Mars Face

Mars Update, 8-12-02

"Inca City" is the informal name given by Mariner 9 scientists in 1972 to a set of intersecting, rectilinear ridges that are located among the layered materials of the south polar region of Mars. Their origin has never been understood; most investigators thought they might be sand dunes, either modern dunes or, more likely, dunes that were buried, hardened, then exhumed. Others considered them to be dikes formed by injection of molten rock (magma) or soft sediment into subsurface cracks that subsequently hardened and then were exposed at the surface by wind erosion.

The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) has provided new information about the "Inca City" ridges, though the camera's images still do not solve the mystery. The new information comes in the form of a MOC red wide angle context frame taken in mid-southern spring, shown above left and above right. The original Mariner 9 view of the ridges is seen at the center. The MOC image shows that the "Inca City" ridges, located at 82°S, 67°W, are part of a larger circular structure that is about 86 km (53 mi) across. It is possible that this pattern reflects an origin related to an ancient, eroded meteor impact crater that was filled-in, buried, then partially exhumed. In this case, the ridges might be the remains of filled-in fractures in the bedrock into which the crater formed, or filled-in cracks within the material that filled the crater. Or both explanations could be wrong. While the new MOC image shows that "Inca City" has a larger context as part of a circular form, it does not reveal the exact origin of these striking and unusual martian landforms.

Updates, Auugust, 2003

Mars Close Sightings

MARS - CANAL LIKE MARKINGS

On August 27th, at 09:51 universal time (UT) , Earth made its closest approach to Mars in nearly 60,000 years. Many of our readers in Australia and New Zealand had some of the best views. We urge everyone to try to observe Mars and see its white poles, perhaps canals and green vegetation. Storm writes: The question of canals on Mars may not be answered. NASA, SETI and Space.com states you cannot see canal like markings on these images from NASA. Hubble photographs of the entire planet disk show channels in the surface that look like canals and valleys. An H - like formation of channels has perpendicular and right angle straight line markings. These are definately odd formations.

This portion of the image M0304405 from the Mars Global Surveyor Orbital Camera rotated on it's side shows clear channel or canal like markings that appear to be emptying liquid water into a large body of water at the bottom portion of the same image below. Other markings on this full image under close inspection look like intelligent structures including road, pyramidal, tower, walls and castle like formations, some on the upper example and others further down the image. The full image is large and may take a few minutes to download. Full database access can be found at the following link. You will have to select the narrow image gallery and click on the map quadrants and then green link markings to access the images. Thanks to Storm, stonesnorm@gis.net

At http://www.georgefiler.com/ FF#35 views

Mars/Hubble

HUBBLE TELESCOPE SHOWS GREEN GROWTH OF VEGETATION

Hubble Telescope is picking up green and blue colors on Mars particularly now that summer as started in the southern hemisphere. The Hubble routinely photographs green patches on Mars that I feel is vegetation or green algae or mold. The white South Pole has been melting and sending water further north. Photo thanks to NASA.

Update:Wednesday, December 3, 2003 Posted: 10:55 AM EST (1555 GMT)

DARMSTADT, Germany (AP) -- European space officials on Wednesday showed off the first pictures of Mars sent back by the Mars Express spacecraft as it heads for a Christmas rendezvous with the red planet.

The pictures, taken from 5.4 million kilometers (3.4 million miles) away, aren't top quality but prove that the spacecraft's German-made HRSC high-resolution camera is in working order before it begins orbiting Mars and snapping pictures close up.

The camera test, performed on Monday, is one of a series of checks and rehearsals before a series of intricate maneuvers beginning December 19, when Mars Express will turn loose its British-built Beagle 2 lander toward the Martian surface on a mission to probe for signs of extraterrestrial life.

Mars Express will then steer away from a collision with the planet and early on December 25 will fire its main engine for about 30 minutes to put it into Martian orbit.

"We will have to carry out some very precise navigational operations," Gaele Winters, the European Space Agency's director for technical operations and support, said at the agency's mission control center in Darmstadt in western Germany. "You will understand there is a certain level of tension in the center."

The spacecraft, launched June 2 atop a Russian Soyuz-Fregat rocket from Kazakstan, has weathered solar eruptions that last month bombarded it with high-energy particles, temporarily disrupting its computers. An unexpected drop in electrical power to about 70 percent of what was expected is also not expected to derail the mission, officials said.

Flight operations director Michael McKay said controllers have been busy rehearsing in computer simulations how to deal with potential troubles, including failure of the main engine to be used to slow the craft into orbit. The controllers solved the problem by using its smaller maneuvering rockets in the simulation.

"We have flown every possible contingency, and some impossible ones," McKay said.

Of the 34 unmanned American, Soviet and Russian missions to Mars since 1960, two thirds have ended in failure.

The 65-kilogram (143-pound) Beagle 2 will use a robotic arm to gather and sample rocks for evidence of organic matter and water, while Mars Express orbits overhead. During its working life -- currently planned for one Martian year, or 687 Earth days -- it's hoped Mars Express will send back detailed overhead pictures of the surface and use a powerful radar to scan for underground water.

Scientists think Mars once had water and appropriate conditions for life but lost it billions of years ago, possible after being hit by asteroids. It is believed water might still exist as underground ice.

source: CNN.com

U.S., British Can't Locate Mars Probe
AUDREY WOODS

Associated Press

LONDON - Scientists waited in vain for a sign that Europe's tiny Mars lander, the Beagle 2, had survived a landing on the Red Planet. Both a U.S. satellite and British radio telescope failed to pick up its signal. The Beagle 2, designed to search for signs of life on Mars, was believed to have landed shortly before 10 p.m. Wednesday, its impact softened by parachutes and gas bags.

An early effort by an American satellite orbiting Mars, the Mars Odyssey, failed to pick up a signal from the Beagle. Late Thursday, scientists at the Jodrell Bank Observatory in Cheshire, England, scanned the Martian surface with a huge radio telescope between 5 p.m. EST and 7 p.m. EST, but received no transmission, the British physics and astronomy research agency said. Officials said they remained optimistic about establishing communication with the lander. The next opportunity will be via Mars Odyssey at 1:15 p.m. EST Friday, and more information was expected by midmorning Friday at a London news conference.

"It's a bit disappointing but it's not the end of the world. Please don't go away from here believing we've lost the spacecraft," said Colin Pillinger, Beagle 2 project's lead scientist. In addition to Odyssey, there soon will be a chance for the Beagle's companion ship, the Mars Express, to communicate with the lander. It is also in orbit around the planet.

The Mars Express, which carried the Beagle into space and set it loose a week ago, successfully went into orbit Thursday. That was a crucial success for the European Space Agency's project. The Mars Express is designed to beam back data gathered by Beagle on the surface, as well as to map the Martian surface and search for water with a powerful radar that can scan several miles underground.

In the coming days, controllers must change the orbit of Mars Express from a high elliptical one around the equator to a lower polar orbit that will let it scan more of the surface. There have been only three successful Mars landings - all of them American.

Two U.S. Viking spacecraft made it in 1976, while NASA's Mars Pathfinder and its rover vehicle Sojourner reached the surface in 1997. Several vehicles, most recently NASA's 1999 Mars Polar Lander, have been lost on landing. The Soviet Mars-3 lander made a soft landing in 1970 but failed after sending data for only 20 seconds.

NASA Rover Touches Down on Mars, 01-03-04.

PASADENA, Calif. (Jan. 4) - A NASA rover plunged through the atmosphere of Mars and bounced down upon its rocky surface Saturday night, beginning a mission to roam the Red Planet in search of evidence that it was once suitable for life.

A cheer went up at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory after signals showed the spacecraft had successfully reached Mars.

The rover signaled Earth after landing.

By ANDREW BRIDGES, AP

01/03/04 0010ET

Water Found on Mars
DARMSTADT, Germany (Jan. 23) -- Europe's Mars orbiter has found the most direct evidence yet of water in the form of ice on the Red Planet's surface, the European Space Agency said Friday.

While scientists have long believed that the planet's polar caps contain frozen water, the findings were based on indirect methods such as analysis of temperature data or the detection of traces of hydrogen.

European scientists said their discovery was based on analysis of vapors of water molecules detected by the infrared camera aboard the Mars Express spacecraft that is circling the Red Planet's south pole.

''You look at the picture, look at the fingerprint and say this is water ice,'' said Allen Moorehouse, the project's manager of spacecraft operations. ''This is the first time it's been detected on the ground. This is the first direct confirmation.''

If Mars once had surface water, it had the potential to support life - although Moorehouse cautioned that it was too early to draw conclusions.

In 2001, NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft had determined that there is lots of ice mixed with the soil, as little as 18 inches from the surface.

Updated: 09:56 AM EST

Europeans Find Evidence of Water on Mars

By MELISSA EDDY, AP

 On July 27, 1999, something crashed into the 40 foot deep Lake Backsjön north of Arvika in Värmland, Sweden, according to a number of eyewitness accounts. Those who saw the unknown object called it "something with small wings." Military officials would stick with the "nothing at all" explanation. Four different people claim to have seen an oblong object plunge into the waters of Backsjon.

The object was described as about 15 feet long and about 4-5 feet wide. There was a definite splash as the object smacked into the lake, throwing water into the air. One witnesses contacted the rescue station in Arvika; they turned the inquiry back to local police, who made their report. Police Chief of Staff Stellan Jansson told the media that all witnesses of the event were interviewed.

It would be the latter part of August that a full search of the lake began. Involved in the operation was the military, security police, and Arvika rescue personnel. Although witness statements were considered legitimate, the rescue teams soon discovered that a much more elaborate, and costly operation was needed. The lake was some 2 miles long, and a half mile wide.

On the thirteenth day of September, "Operation Sea Find" began. The team this time was composed of 14 men, of which 8 were expert divers. Also employed was Sweden's most high tech sonar equipment along with under water photography. A cover-up scenario was the explanation give to local residents, claiming that the entire operation was a home defense exercise.

Officials stated several different reasons for their operations; one was that robberies in governmental facilities had breached security, and missing items could have been dropped into the lake, and also that if the object was found to be foreign made, it could be some type of surveillance equipment related to the recent thefts in the area.

Rescue operations ultimately claimed that nothing of significance was found; only a plastic bag and a metal barrel, dashing the hopes of locals who thought something exotic might be found. Jansson told the community that ten full days was given to the search, and though they were confident that something would be found, they came up empty.

Jansson also stated that because of the size of the lake, to fully search the lake would have taken a year or more. But, he was satisfied that if something unusual was in the lake, his team would have found it. A final report of rescue results was sent to government headquarters in Stockholm on October 1, 1999. Two pages of the report were not classified, but transcripts of security Police interviews and a description of the methods used in the search were classified.

UFO-Sweden filed a request to de-classify the secret documents, but as of this writing, their requests have gone unfulfilled. Although there are many unanswered questions about this case, there is no evidence to support a UFO crashed into Lake Backsjön.

 On July 27, 1999, something crashed into the 40 foot deep Lake Backsjön north of Arvika in Värmland, Sweden, according to a number of eyewitness accounts. Those who saw the unknown object called it "something with small wings." Military officials would stick with the "nothing at all" explanation. Four different people claim to have seen an oblong object plunge into the waters of Backsjon.

The object was described as about 15 feet long and about 4-5 feet wide. There was a definite splash as the object smacked into the lake, throwing water into the air. One witnesses contacted the rescue station in Arvika; they turned the inquiry back to local police, who made their report. Police Chief of Staff Stellan Jansson told the media that all witnesses of the event were interviewed.

It would be the latter part of August that a full search of the lake began. Involved in the operation was the military, security police, and Arvika rescue personnel. Although witness statements were considered legitimate, the rescue teams soon discovered that a much more elaborate, and costly operation was needed. The lake was some 2 miles long, and a half mile wide.

On the thirteenth day of September, "Operation Sea Find" began. The team this time was composed of 14 men, of which 8 were expert divers. Also employed was Sweden's most high tech sonar equipment along with under water photography. A cover-up scenario was the explanation give to local residents, claiming that the entire operation was a home defense exercise.

Officials stated several different reasons for their operations; one was that robberies in governmental facilities had breached security, and missing items could have been dropped into the lake, and also that if the object was found to be foreign made, it could be some type of surveillance equipment related to the recent thefts in the area.

Rescue operations ultimately claimed that nothing of significance was found; only a plastic bag and a metal barrel, dashing the hopes of locals who thought something exotic might be found. Jansson told the community that ten full days was given to the search, and though they were confident that something would be found, they came up empty.

Jansson also stated that because of the size of the lake, to fully search the lake would have taken a year or more. But, he was satisfied that if something unusual was in the lake, his team would have found it. A final report of rescue results was sent to government headquarters in Stockholm on October 1, 1999. Two pages of the report were not classified, but transcripts of security Police interviews and a description of the methods used in the search were classified.

UFO-Sweden filed a request to de-classify the secret documents, but as of this writing, their requests have gone unfulfilled. Although there are many unanswered questions about this case, there is no evidence to support a UFO crashed into Lake Backsjön.

The Planet X and the "JESUIT FOOTAGE" Classified "SECRETUM OMEGA". First Indirect Confirmations

Posted November 9, 2006

Cristoforo Barbato speaking about the Secretum Omega. Photo used with his kind permission - www.secretum-omega.com.
After the release of the controversial 'MJ-12' files and of the 'Guardian' files, by an anonymous individual, and perhaps for the first time in history, one member of the ufological community, an Italian freelance writer and investigator, was able to check the credentials of the alleged anonymous insider, an individual that was still working for the intelligence community and had not been fired or retired. This mystery man was responsible for the release of the above classified material. He was an insider of a presumed Vatican intelligence structure and his actions were supported by his colleagues. But first of all, let me tell you something about that freelancer: Cristoforo Barbato.

Born in Naples in 1972, is an Italian independent UFO researcher; in the last 7 years he worked and written for several UFO magazines and frontier studies published in Italy: Notiziario UFO and Dossier Alieni for example. For many years Barbato was also a member of the C.U.N. (Centro Ufologico Nazionale), the main Italian ufological association. Moreover he has collaborated to the realization of two Italian encyclopedias on the UFOs subject, entitled UFO Dossier X, published by the Fabbri Edizioni and Stargate - Enigmi dal Cosmo, by Curcio Editore. Barbato has also participated as speaker at some national conventions on the UFOs, where he has had the possibility to meet different important UFOs researchers, both Italians and international: among them Col. Philip Corso, U.S. Army retired officer.

For some years Barbato was editor in charge in Rome for some Italian magazines, as Stargate, Extra Terrestrial and Stargate Magazine. During that period he wrote on the magazine "Stargate" many reports about Fatima Apparitions and the famous "Third Secret". After the publication of those reports, precisely in the year 2000, he received several e-mails from a person who qualified himself as a Vatican insider. From those e-mails rose up the story of a presumed Vatican Intelligence Agency, whose code would be S.I.V.: "Servizio Informazioni del Vaticano", which in Italian means "Vatican Information Services". In short the Vatican Secret Services. Barbato, at the beginning, was very skeptical and did not rely on him. After one year of such an epistolary contacts (in the meantime the insider revealed himself as a S.I.V. membership, belonging to the Jesuit Order and working by the Holy See), the Italian freelance demanded a meeting with him, as a necessary condition to carry on the contacts. In spite of the risks the Vatican insider accepted, and I suppose he was aware it was necessary considering his baffling revelations. Two meetings took place in a public space in Rome in 2001. After that at least his identity was clear: he was not a mythomaniac; he was really a Jesuit working by the Holy See. Of course the Italian freelance has been protecting his source, avoiding to spread his name; and very soon Barbato realized that he knew much more than what he had told him by e-mail.

Photo used with the kind permission of Cristoforo Barbato - www.secretum-omega.com.

Closeup of object to the right of Planet X. Object has been enlarged with noise added. Photo used with the kind permission of Cristoforo Barbato - www.secretum-omega.com.
Moreover in 2001 the Vatican insider sent to Cristoforo Barbato by post a videotape (shown for the first time during a meeting that took place in Pescara, in Italy, on 30 April 2005), containing a footage of 2 minutes regarding observations of a planetoid in the deep space (the presumed Tenth Planet, "the Planet X"), while it was approaching to the Solar System. The video, which shows an introduction of writings of classification on it, had been carried out by a secret space probe named "Siloe". The Vatican deep throat told Barbato the space probe was equipped with a sophisticated infrared camera and an electromagnetic impulses propulsion, and was assembled in Area 51(Nevada), and then orbited by an aircraft of the type "Aurora", a secret hypersonic aircraft; the space probe Siloe, always according the Barbato's contact, sent the images of the planetoid in October 1995 (after it came back to the border of Solar System to have more power of signal), to a secret radio telescope hidden in an unused oil-refining plant in Alaska, totally managed by some Jesuits belonging to the S.I.V. The radio telescope, he added, was built in 1990 to observe anomalous celestial bodies on approaching the Solar System.

Photo used with the kind permission of Cristoforo Barbato - www.secretum-omega.com.

Closeup of triangle object traveling over unknown planet. Photo used with the kind permission of Cristoforo Barbato - www.secretum-omega.com.
After his conference in Pescara (Italy), Barbato spread a press release which, according to the Jesuit's information, would confirm also the story of a secret meeting of First Contact happened during the strange absence of President Eisenhower in a February evening of 1954, while the President was on holiday in Palm Springs, in California, absence officially motivated with a sudden visit by a dentist for an emergency dental treatment. As a matter of fact on Saturday night of February 20, 1954, Eisenhower's Press Secretary announced that Eisenhower had lost a tooth cap while eating fried chicken and had to be rushed to a local dentist (source: Michael Salla, PhD, http://www.exopolitics.org/Study-Paper-8.htm). Here is a passage from Barbato's press release: "[…] the meeting with an Alien delegation at Muroc Air Field Base in February 1954 in the presence of president Dwight Eisenhower and James Francis McIntyre, bishop of Los Angeles. After that incredible event McIntyre flew to Rome to refer everything to Pope Pius XII who decided to found the S.I.V with the aim to gather every possible bit of information about Aliens and how they interacted with the American Government. From then bishop McIntyre and Detroit Archbishop Edward Mooney became the main information co-coordinators between the USA and the Vatican State. Incredibly, later on there should have been some direct personal meetings between S.I.V. members and a Nordic-looking race of Aliens coming from the Pleiades. These Aliens presumably warned humans against another alien race met by the Americans in the California Desert . These meetings between S.I.V and Aliens took place mainly in the USA territory but also - twice - in the Vatican State , precisely in Vatican Gardens at the Papal Academy of Sciences in presence of Pope Pius XII. My Jesuit contact also confirmed to me the reality of the George Adamsky-John XXIII meeting and talked about some very interesting details about it. He also called "Secretum Omega" the highest secrecy level in S.I.V, equivalent to the NATO Cosmic Top Secret."

I interviewed Barbato for the Italian bimonthly magazine UFO Notiziario (UFO news), nr.62, April-May 2006, in which the magazine published some frames of the video and a very interesting presumed image (provided almost for sure by the Jesuit to Barbato), regarding the phantom "Aurora" (so far denied by U.S. officials) an American large secret hypersonic aircraft capable of a Mach 6 performance. In the presumed picture, taken by a classified STS mission in 2002, you can see a full-body shape aircraft (a black triangle) coming out from the earthly atmosphere to go into the Space. Other detailed information have been revealed on Barbato's website (www.secretum-omega.com), where last September the Italian freelance published on-line the interview to his contact, the Jesuit, taken place in 2001 in Rome. The Jesuit member of the S.I.V. told Barbato that on occasion of the secret meeting at Muroc Air Field Base, in 1954, military cameramen filmed the outstanding event "with three movie cameras (16 millimeters), detached in different places, loaded with colour film and working by spring engines; this last rather unconformable resolution, because it compelled every cameraman to change reel every 3 minutes, it was necessary since in the presence of the Aliens and of their spacecrafts, the electrical engines of the biggest movie cameras did not work. They filmed 7 rollers of 30 meters, a total of 20 minutes shot." Among the Jesuit's revelations, two of them are astonishing: about the planetoid visible in the videotape, the Vatican insider told the Italian freelance that it is the Planet X (the Sumerian Nibiru); about the "Guardian Files", he confessed him are a "dramatic truth", apart from the frames of the presumed E.B.E.

The Barbato' s researches shocked me and roused me to investigate as journalist the "Secretum Omega" enigma. Since 2005 up to now, on some magazines, websites and essays, I found out several circumstantial evidences that seem to prove the existence of the S.I.V. and the "Secretum Omega", their highest clearance. Barbato, before than me, found the most important and explicit of them on an historical essay, a book written by Mark Aarons and John Loftus, entitled "Ratlines" (see chapter 1). Anyway, above all because of the mass-media silence, I decided to baptize the Barbato's video with the name of "Jesuit Footage", to draw upon it the public attention. And finally I found an indirect remarkable confirmation of Barbato's testimony: Dr. Steven M. Greer (M.D.), in his recent book "Hidden Truth - Forbidden Knowledge", revealed in the chapter nr. 16 (passages of it have been published by Nexus New Times magazine, on the survey "Twilight Zone", nr 64, October-November 2006) that, during a meeting with some rebel insiders taken place in December 1994 in Phoenix by Wrigley Mansion, one of them confessed him that determinate Jesuits control technology on UFOs information and contacts with Aliens. So I am convinced that the disturbing inquiries carried out by Barbato deserve our maxim attention, especially to understand how much truth there is about the next Planet X's arrival.

Possible basis of extraterrestrial life

 Biochemistry

All life on Earth is based on the building block element carbon with water as the solvent in which bio-chemical reactions take place.

  • Water is useful because it has a neutral pH, and due to its continued dissociation between hydroxide and hydronium ions.
2H2O → H3O+ + OH-
As a result, it can dissolve both positive metallic ions and negative non metallic ions with equal ability. Furthermore, the fact that organic molecules can be either hydrophobic (repelled by water) or hydrophilic (soluble in water) creates the ability of organic compounds to orient themselves to form water enclosing membranes. The fact that solid water (ice) is less dense than liquid water also means that ice floats, thereby preventing the Earth's oceans from slowly freezing solid. Additionally, the Van der Waals forces between water molecules gives it an ability to store energy with evaporation, which upon condensation is released. This helps moderate climate, cooling the tropics and warming the poles, helping to maintain a thermodynamic stability needed for life.
6CO2 + 6H2O + sun energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + biochemical energy
The ability to form organic acids (-COOH) and amine bases (NH2-) gives it the possibility of neutralisation dehydrating reactions to build long polymer peptides and catalytic proteins from monomer amino acids, and with phosphates to build not only DNA, the information storing molecule of inheritance, but also adenosine triphosphate (ATP) the principle energy "currency" of cellular life.

Given their relative abundance and usefulness in sustaining life it has long been assumed that life forms elsewhere in the universe will also utilize these basic components. However, other elements and solvents might be capable of providing a basis for life. Silicon is usually considered the most likely alternative to carbon, though this remains improbable. Silicon life forms are proposed to have a crystalline morphology, and are theorized to be able to exist in high temperatures, such as planets closer to the sun. Life forms based in ammonia rather than water are also considered, though this solution appears less optimal than water.[1]

Indeed, technically life is little more than any self-replicating reaction, which could arise in a great many conditions and with various ingredients, though carbon-oxygen within the liquid temperature range of water seems most conducive. Suggestions have even been made that self-replicating reactions of some sort could occur within the plasma of a star, though it would be highly unconventional, since plasma is essentially the fourth state of matter, where electrons are not bound in their orbits around atomic nuclei.

 Evolution and Morphology

Along with the biochemical basis of extraterrestrial life, there remains a broader consideration of evolution and morphology. Science fiction has long shown a bias towards humanoid or (often in the case of villains) reptilian forms. The classical alien is light green or grey skinned, with a large head, and the typical four limb and two to five digit structure—i.e., it is fundamentally humanoid with a large brain to indicate great intelligence. Other subjects from animal mythos such as felines and insects have also featured strongly in fictional representations of aliens.

A useful division has been suggested between universal and parochial (narrowly restricted) characteristics. Universals are features which have evolved independently more than once on Earth (and thus presumably are not difficult to develop) and are so intrinsically useful that species will inevitably tend towards them. These include flight, sight, photosynthesis and limbs, all of which have evolved several times here on Earth with differing materialization. There are a huge variety of eyes, for example, many of which have radically different working schematics as well as different visual foci: the visual spectrum, infrared, polarity and echolocation. Parochials, by contrast, are essentially arbitrary evolutionary forms which often serve little utility (or at least have a function which can be equally served by dissimilar morphology) and probably will not be replicated. Parochials include the five digits of mammals, the curious and often fatal conjunction of the feeding and breathing passages found within many animals.

A consideration of which features are ultimately parochial challenges many taken for granted notions about morphological necessity. Skeletons, in some form, are likely to be replicated elsewhere, yet the vertebrate spine—while a profound development on Earth—is just as likely to be unique. Similarly, it is reasonable to expect some type of egg laying amongst off-Earth creatures but the mammary glands which set apart mammals may be a singular case.

The assumption of radical diversity amongst putative extraterrestrials is by no means settled. While many exobiologists do stress that the enormously heterogeneous nature of Earth life foregrounds even greater variety in space, others point out that convergent evolution dictates substantial similarities between Earth and off-Earth life. These two schools of thought are called "divergionism" and "convergionism", respectively.[2]

 Beliefs in extraterrestrial life

 Ancient and Early Modern ideas

See also: Cosmic pluralism

Belief in extraterrestrial life may have been present in ancient Egypt, Babylon, and Sumer, although in these societies, cosmology was fundamentally supernatural and the notion of aliens is difficult to distinguish from that of gods, demons, and such. The first important Western thinkers to argue systematically for a universe full of other planets and, therefore, possible extraterrestrial life were the ancient Greek writers Thales and his student Anaximander in the 7th and 6th centuries B.C. The atomists of Greece took up the idea, arguing that an infinite universe ought to have an infinity of populated worlds. Ancient Greek cosmology worked against the idea of extraterrestrial life in one critical respect, however: the geocentric universe, championed by Aristotle and codified by Ptolemy, privileged the Earth and Earth-life (Aristotle denied there could be a plurality of worlds) and seemingly rendered extraterrestrial life impossible. Lucian in his novels described inhabitants of the Moon and other celestial bodies as humanoids, but with sufficient differences from human.

Giordano Bruno, De l'Infinito, Universo e Mondi, 1584
Enlarge
Giordano Bruno, De l'Infinito, Universo e Mondi, 1584

Authors of ancient Jewish sources also considered extraterrestrial life. The Talmud states that there are at least 18,000 other worlds, but provides little elaboration on the nature of the worlds and on whether they are physical or spiritual. Based on this, however, the medieval exposition "Sefer HaB'rit" posits that extraterrestrial creatures exist but that they have no free will (and are thus equivalent to animal life). It adds that human beings should not expect creatures from another world to resemble earthly life, any more than sea creatures resemble land animals.[3][4]

Hindu beliefs of endlessly repeated cycles of life have lead to descriptions of multiple worlds in existence and their mutual contacts ( Sanskrit word Sampark means 'contact' as in Mahasamparka = the great contact). However the relevance of such descriptions have to be evaluated in the context of understanding of geography and science at those times.

Within Islam, the statement of the Qur'an "All praise belongs to God, Lord of all the worlds" indicates multiple universal bodies and maybe even multiple universes that may indicate extraterrestrial and even extradimensional life. Surat Al-Jinn also mentioned a statement from a Jinn regarding the current status and ability of his group in the heavens.

When Christianity spread throughout the West, the Ptolemaic system became widely accepted, and although the Church never issued any formal pronouncement on the question of alien life[5] at least tacitly the idea was aberrant. In 1277 the Bishop of Paris, Étienne Tempier, did overturn Aristotle on one point: God could have created more than one world (given His omnipotence) yet we know by revelation He only made one. Taking a further step and arguing that aliens actually existed remained rare. Notably, Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa speculated about aliens on the moon and sun.

This situation changed, however, with the dramatic shift in thinking initiated by the invention of the telescope and the Copernican assault on geocentric cosmology. Once it became clear that the Earth was merely one planet amongst countless bodies in the universe the extraterrestrial idea moved towards the scientific mainstream. God's omnipotence, it could be argued, not only allowed for other worlds and other life, on some level it necessitated them. The best known early-modern proponent of such ideas was Giordano Bruno, who argued in the 16th century for an infinite universe in which every star is surrounded by its own solar system; he was eventually burned at the stake for heretical ideas. In the early 17th century the Czech astronomer Anton Maria Schyrleus of Rheita mused that "if Jupiter has…inhabitants…they must be larger and more beautiful than the inhabitants of the Earth, in proportion to the [characteristics] of the two spheres."[6] Dominican monk Tommaso Campanella wrote about a Solarian alien race in his Civitas Solis.

Such comparisons also appeared in poetry of the era. In "The Creation: a Philosophical Poem in Seven Books" (1712) Sir Richard Blackmore observed: "We may pronounce each orb sustains a race / Of living things adapted to the place". The didactic poet Henry More took up the classical theme of the Greek Democritus in "Democritus Platonissans, or an Essay Upon the Infinity of Worlds" (1647). With the new relative viewpoint that the Copernican revolution had wrought, he suggested "our world's sunne / Becomes a starre elsewhere." Fontanelle's "Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds" (translated into English in 1686) offered similar excursions on the possibility of extraterrestrial life, expanding rather than denying the creative sphere of a Maker.

The possibility of extraterrestrials remained a widespread speculation as scientific discovery accelerated. William Herschel, the discoverer of Uranus, was one of many 18th-19th century astronomers convinced that our Solar System, and perhaps others, would be well populated by alien life. Other luminaries of the period who championed "cosmic pluralism" included Immanuel Kant and Benjamin Franklin. At the height of the Enlightenment even the Sun and Moon were considered candidates for hosting aliens.

 Extraterrestrials and the Modern era

The neutrality of this article or section may be compromised by weasel words.
You can help Wikipedia by improving weasel-worded statements.
This article has been nominated to be checked for its neutrality.
Discussion of this nomination can be found on the talk page.

This enthusiasm towards the possibility of alien life continued well into the 20th century. Indeed, the roughly three centuries from the Scientific Revolution through the beginning of the modern era of solar system probes were essentially the zenith for belief in extraterrestrials in the West: many astronomers and other secular thinkers, at least some religious thinkers, and much of the general public were largely satisfied that aliens were a reality. This trend was finally tempered as actual probes visited potential alien abodes in the solar system. The moon was decisively ruled out as a possibility, while Venus and Mars, long the two main candidates for extraterrestrials, showed no obvious evidence of current life. The other large moons of our system which have been visited appear similarly lifeless, though the interesting geothermic forces observed (Io's volcanism, Europa's ocean, Titan's thick atmosphere) have underscored how broad the range of potentially habitable environments may be. Although the hypothesis of a deliberate cosmic silence of advanced extraterrestrials should also be considered,[7] the failure of the SETI program to detect anything resembling an intelligent radio signal after four decades of effort has partially dimmed the optimism that prevailed at the beginning of the space age. Emboldened critics view the search for extraterrestrials as unscientific, despite the fact the SETI program is not the result of a continuous, dedicated search but instead utilizes what resources and manpower it can, when it can.[8]

Thus, the three decades preceding the turn of the second millennium saw a crossroads reached in beliefs in alien life. The prospect of ubiquitous, intelligent, space-faring civilizations in our solar system appears increasingly dubious to many scientists. Still, in the words of SETI's Frank Drake, "All we know for sure is that the sky is not littered with powerful microwave transmitters." Drake has also noted that it is entirely possible advanced technology results in communication being carried out in some way other than conventional radio transmission. At the same time, the data returned by space probes and giant strides in detection methods have allowed science to begin delineating habitability criteria on other worlds and to confirm that, at least, other planets are plentiful though aliens remain a question mark.

At present, some enthusiasts in the topic believe that extraterrestrial beings regularly visit or have visited the Earth. Some think that unidentified flying objects observed in the skies are in fact sightings of the spacecraft of intelligent extraterrestrials, and even claim to have met such beings. Crop circle patterns have also been attributed to the actions of extraterrestrials by some believers, although many were later found to be hoaxes. While one recent scientific paper published in the peer-reviewed Journal of the British Interplanetary Society has urged a re-evaluation of the UFO phenomenon,[9] as of this time mainstream scientific opinion holds that such claims are unsupportable by the evidence currently available and unlikely to be true.

The possible existence of primitive (microbial) life outside of Earth is much less controversial to mainstream scientists although at present no direct evidence of such life has been found. Indirect evidence has been offered for the current existence of primitive life on the planet Mars; however, the conclusions that should be drawn from such evidence remain in debate.

 Scientific search for extraterrestrial life

The scientific search for extraterrestrial life is being carried out in two different ways, directly and indirectly.

 Direct search

The neutrality of this article or section may be compromised by weasel words.
You can help Wikipedia by improving weasel-worded statements.
The Arecibo message is a digital message sent to globular star cluster M13, and is a well-known symbol of human attempts to contact extraterrestrials.
Enlarge
The Arecibo message is a digital message sent to globular star cluster M13, and is a well-known symbol of human attempts to contact extraterrestrials.

Scientists are directly searching for evidence of unicellular life within the solar system, carrying out studies on the surface of Mars and examining meteors that have fallen to Earth. A mission is also proposed to Europa, one of Jupiter's moons with a liquid water layer under its surface, which might contain life.

There is some limited evidence that microbial life might possibly exist or have existed on Mars. An experiment on the Viking Mars lander reported gas emissions from heated Martian soil that some argue are consistent with the presence of microbes. However, the lack of corroborating evidence from other experiments on the Viking indicates that a non-biological reaction is a more likely hypothesis. Recently, Circadian rhythms have been allegedly discovered in Viking data. The interpretation is controversial. Independently in 1996 structures resembling bacteria were reportedly discovered in a meteorite, ALH84001, thought to be formed of rock ejected from Mars. This report is also controversial and scientific debate continues. (See Viking biological experiments.)

In February 2005, NASA scientists reported that they had found strong evidence of present life on Mars.[10] The two scientists, Carol Stoker and Larry Lemke of NASA's Ames Research Center, based their claims on methane signatures found in Mars' atmosphere that resemble the methane production of some forms of primitive life on Earth, as well as their own study of primitive life near the Rio Tinto river in Spain. NASA officials soon denied the scientists' claims, and Stoker herself backed off from her initial assertions.[11]

Though such findings are still very much in debate, support among scientists for the belief in the existence of life on Mars seems to be growing. In an informal survey conducted at the conference in which the European Space Agency presented its findings, 75 percent of the scientists in attendance reported to believe that life once existed on Mars; 25 percent reported a belief that life currently exists there.[citation needed]

 Indirect search

It is theorised that any technological society in space will be transmitting information. Projects such as SETI are conducting an astronomical search for radio activity that would confirm the presence of intelligent life. A related suggestion is that aliens might broadcast pulsed and continuous laser signals in the optical as well as infrared spectrum;[12] laser signals have the advantage of not "smearing" in the interstellar medium and may prove more conducive to communication between the stars.

Terrestrial Planet Finder - A planned Infrared interferometer for finding Earth-like extrasolar planets
Enlarge
Terrestrial Planet Finder - A planned Infrared interferometer for finding Earth-like extrasolar planets

 Extrasolar planets

Astronomers also search for extrasolar planets that would be conducive to life, especially those like OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb which have been found to have Earth-like qualities.[13] Current radiodetection methods have been inadequate for such a search, as the resolution afforded by recent technology is inadequate for detailed study of extrasolar planetary objects. Future telescopes should be able to image planets around nearby stars, which may reveal the presence of life (either directly or through spectrography which would reveal key information such as the presence of free oxygen in a planet's atmosphere). Darwin is an ESA mission designed to find Earth-like planets, and analyse their atmosphere. It has been argued that one of the best candidates for the discovery of life-supporting planets may be Alpha Centauri, the closest star system to Earth, given that two of the three stars in the system are broadly sun-like.

 Extraterrestrial life in the Solar System

Many bodies in the Solar System have been suggested as being likely to contain conventional organic life. The most commonly suggested ones are listed below; of these, three of the five are moons, and are thought to have large bodies of underground liquid, where life may have evolved in a similar fashion to deep sea vents.

  • Venus - Carbonyl sulfide was recently discovered in Venus' atmosphere which, according to an article in the New Scientist, is suggestive of life[14]
  • Mars - Liquid water is widely thought to have existed on Mars in the past and there may still be liquid water beneath the surface. Recently, methane was found in the atmosphere of Mars. Main article: Life on Mars
  • Titan - Saturn's largest moon - The only known moon with a significant atmosphere was recently visited by the Huygens probe. Latest discoveries indicate that there is no global or widespread ocean, but small and/or seasonal liquid hydrocarbon lakes are almost surely present on surface.[15][16]
  • Europa - Jupiter's fourth largest moon - Likely to have a salt ocean under a thick ice crust. If the moon is host to life, many expect to find it living in habitats similar to the hydrothermal vents of Earth. Moreover, astrobiologists are hopeful that we could find aerobic life, living on oxygen brought down into the ocean through the churning of the moon's icy surface.
  • Enceladus - Saturn's sixth largest moon - Geologically active, with liquid water and geysers known to exist beneath its south pole.[17]

Numerous other bodies have been suggested as potential hosts for microbial life. For example, atmospheric life has been hypothesised on Venus and the gas giants. Fred Hoyle has proposed that life might exist on comets, as some Earth microbes managed to survive on a lunar probe for many years. However, it is considered highly unlikely that complex multicellular organisms of the conventional chemistry of terrestrial life (animals, plants) could exist under these living conditions.

Ufology articles & documents Another Approach (to Studying UFOs) Roy Norris It seems to me that real progress could be made in determing the root cause of the UFO phenomenon through a different approach: amassing sufficient scientifically significant measurements to, once and for all, establish that many of the phenomena have characteristics that cannot be explained by conventional theory. R Another Side to Researchers and Witnesses Dennis Balthaser, 01/01/01 One of the most interesting things about doing this [UFO] research as I do it, is getting to know the other researchers or witnesses better and learning about their other interests or talents. Conceptualizing UFOs Richard H. Hall Analyzing UFO data and reasoning about it has been extremely controversial due to a number of factors, primarily disagreement about which data are mutually agreed upon as requiring explanation. In this article I attempt to provide a conceptual framework and guide for thinking about and theorizing about UFOs. Death of Ufology Wendy Connors Ufology is in a state of self denial. For most intents and purposes it appears to be a dead issue. Why is this? Because it is practiced by few and infiltrated by the many, who fail to realize the importance of the phenomena as a scientific endeavor worthy of respect and appreciation for its unique nomenclature of a mystery needing clear explanation. R Detection and Identification Of Unidentified Flying Objects (UFO) Using Existing Technology John F. Schuessler, MUFON For the past fifty years, civilian UFO organizations have been collecting, categorizing and archiving UFO reports. By using proper investigative techniques they have amassed an incredible amount of information. A major portion of this database is drawn from eyewitness testimony, supplemented by films, videotapes, and electronic signal detection. The various U.S. Government projects (Grudge, Blue Book, et al) used the same techniques. As a result, political and scientific entities have casually dismissed the evidence as inconsequential. All the while, various agencies of the United States government and the governments of other countries were using all sorts of advanced technologies for Cold War purposes. For the most part, few of these advanced technologies were used to address the UFO issue. The purpose of this paper is to urge responsible governmental organizations to reassess their position and to allow all available technologies to be used to eliminate the UFO mystery. Discrediting Witnesses and Researchers Dennis Balthaser, 01/09/03 We have a major need in the Ufology community to clean up our own act, and I think we should do that by putting an end to the name calling and accusations being thrown around. Historical Ufology Dennis Balthaser, 09/09/99 Never before in the research of Ufology, has there been a more important time for obtaining the truth than today. With the explosion of technology we’ve seen in recent years, and anticipate in the future, it is more important than ever, that all information related to this subject be verifiable. Hynek UFO Classification System Ufopsi The name comes from Dr. Joseph Allen Hynek, the astronomer who can be considered the first to have applied a scientific approach to the UFO phenomena. Searching For the Truth: Defending My Credibility Dennis Balthaser, 5/01/02 I'd be the first to recognize that any information has to be verified and there are numerous ways of doing that, which would be considered ethical, honest and respectful. Unfortunately there are other ways also, which I have recently experienced. These include; not confronting me directly, questioning my credibility, or worse, ignoring questions I've asked and being selective in responding to those questions. Stress - As in UFO Research... Dennis Balthaser, 03/01/01 This type research is full of stress at times, but everyone deals with stress differently. Truth and honesty are to me, of utmost importance in keeping my sanity and being able to pursue the research that I have come to enjoy for the occasional benefits derived from it, without being stressed out in the process. Stress Management for UFOlogists John F. Schuessler, International Director, MUFON, May 2000 Since ufologists are human beings, they cannot expect to be stress free. In fact, they experience some unique forms of stress very much like that experienced by explorers, research scientists, and entrepreneurs. How can UFO organizations help their workers deal with stress? Are there some common sense steps available to ufologists for stress relief? This paper provides answers to these questions and more. The Leadership Crisis in UFOlogy Dr. Joseph Burkes There are few leaders in the UFO/truth Movement, mostly celebrities. In the paper "Role of a Power Structure Analysis in Ufology" ... I proposed the creation of a mass movement to work for disclosure. A campaign that hopefully will represent the interests of the majority of people on this planet, rather than those of elite groups primarily focused on defending hegemony by denying what appears to be an extra-terrestrial presence. The risks of creating such movements are numerous. Perhaps the most daunting is its susceptibility to co-optation by corrupt leaders - those who would eagerly use "the power of the people" for selfish purposes. R The MUFON Field Investigator's Manual MUFON MUFON has established a program to train member volunteers as Field Investigators. The heart and soul of this program is the MUFON Field Investigator's Manual, now in a newly revized fourth edition. Contents and selected excerpts. Also, ordering information. The Role of a Power Structure Analysis in Ufology Joseph Burkes, MD It is my assessment that ufology has failed to recognize the importance of how the Extraterrestrial presence profoundly threatens all terrestrial elites. This includes the international corporate, military, political and religious leaders of our planet. Without recognizing and thoroughly analyzing this challenge to terrestrial power, those interested in understanding the phenomenon of Extraterrestrial spacecraft visiting our planet, will be hopelessly confused. R UFO History - A Crisis Looms! Barry Greenwood, UFO Historical Revue, #9 Feb. 2002 A vast majority of the record of UFOs exists on paper, with the remainder contained on audio and videotape, photographic film, electronic storage (computers), and in the memories of living witnesses and participants. The most fragile of these records of knowledge are the memories of people involved. Once people pass on, that record is lost forever. Even living, illness or age can change an individual memory record irreparably. This is unless one or more of the other media mentioned above preserves the recollections of those individuals. Ufological Obstacles Alfred Lehmberg Is Ufology impeded? It doesn't seem to go anywhere. I mean... it's been stuck in neutral for the last fifty years for all the valiant attempts to steer it into the mainstream. What keeps ufology in a giggle-factor limbo? What banishes it to the realm of tabloid magazines? R UFOlogy - Is there life after death? Jenny Randles The signs are not good. UFO sightings are less numerous than for many years. Close encounters seem to have been abducted or vanished into some parallel universe. Many longstanding groups and magazines are struggling, if they have not been abandoned already. UFO book authors are finding it next to impossible to persuade publishers that there is a viable market for what until recently was a steady stream of books (good, bad and indifferent). And there is an overall feeling of lethargy, if not apathy - perhaps a post Millennium blues caused by the psychological realisation that nothing spectacular happened, ET did not land and the world drifts on much as it ever has. R Ufology for the New Millennium Nick Pope The summer months of 1997 saw ufology in the public eye to a greater extent than any time than I can remember. But despite all this exposure, was the cause of ufology actually advanced? Indeed, are we at all clear what we mean by ufology, and what its aims should be? Understanding Witness' Memory Loss Dennis Balthaser, 11/01/00 As we grow older, several things in our physical and mental being start to change; sometimes without our knowledge, and sometimes obviously with it (as in our physical appearance). Memory loss is one of those changes that I have been studying for several months now as it relates to some of the witnesses of the Roswell Incident. Whither UFOlogy? Richard H. Hall, 2002 Primarily I suggest the organization of a National Public Fact-Finding Commission made up of prominent Americans who would hear presentations of the data over a period of time, and ultimately issue a report making recommendations. I discuss how such a Commission might be organized, how it would operate, and what it might be able to accomplish. Why the UFO Mystery Isn't Solved John F. Schuessler, International Director, MUFON During the past 50+ years, experts of every kind have tackled the UFO mystery, but to no avail. All have failed in their attempts to supply a plausible answer to the question "what are UFOs?" Every answer given to date has been hypothetical and never proven. I believe that a big part of the problems lies in the fact that UFO investigations are always backward looking. We have dealt with the problem as a history mystery, not a real-time mystery. And nothing is going to change until we become proactive rather than reactive in our approach. websites & organizations A United Nations Approach for UFOlogy John Schuessler When it comes to UFO research and investigations, the field is horribly divided. Those involved seem to want to destroy each other more than they want to solve the UFO mystery. It is difficult to understand why some people are considered to be the "good guys" while others are the "bad guys," when they are all cut from the same cloth and are all working on the same problem. MUFON Field Investigator's Manual (contents and excerpts) MUFON (Mutual UFO Network) MUFON has established a program to train member volunteers as Field Investigators. The heart and soul of this program is the MUFON Field Investigator's Manual, now in a newly revized fourth edition. This 311-page manual includes instructions for investigating a variety of UFO phenomena. Who's Who In UFOlogy NICAP

Roswell 1948
The 3rd picture is a very intresting picture of a boomerang shaped UFO , the 4th is one of the first UFO picture and the last one is scech .

these are some sceches of ufos as some artists imagined them .

Stalin’s Ancient Alien Rocket

Michael Hesemann’s recent findings about Soviet UFO research have emerged because these secrets are no longer closely guarded by a paranoid totalitarian culture (1). The collapse of the Soviet system has allowed the Generals to freely discuss their work on the UFO question, and the remarkable data the Russians collected about this enigma. There is a consensus of opinion among those Russian officers interviewed by Hesemann and his colleagues that UFOs are real, and not of this Earth. The Russians are far more candid about this than we would have expected. In fact, their stark message about UFO reality can sometimes read like a sensationalist tabloid headline. Only, they’re serious people with a serious message. Is it our Western cultural bias that causes us to struggle with the image of 3-star Russian generals openly and seriously discussing the extra-terrestrial origins of UFOs? On 19th November 2002, Pravda, that old bastion of communist propaganda, published an article about Stalin’s deep interest in flying saucers, and the many military and scientific bodies set up by the Soviets to secretly investigate the phenomenon. Incredibly, Pravda also described an alleged retrieval of an alien artefact during archeological digs in Kiev, near the Tchaikovsky Conservatory. After all, this is the word of Pravda, the voice of Russia. I first read about this in ‘The Editor’, a weekly global news summary published by The Guardian newspaper. Entitled ‘Stalin was a UFO Obsessive’, it covered the Pravda story thus: “The US government might have spent more than half a century trying to convince suspicious conspiracy theorists that no UFO ever crashed at Roswell, New Mexico, but one man never believed the story. That man, according to Pravda (Nov 19), was Joseph Stalin. The Soviet dictator apparently thought the US was covering up with its story of a weather balloon crashing, so he ordered senior scientists to investigate. "In order to assess the situation, the scientists recommended that Stalin organise special investigations of similar phenomena. As a result, a number of programmes to study UFOs were launched in the USSR…Until the end of the 90s, there were seven research institutes and about 10 secret military departments of the [former] Soviet defence ministry that studies UFO phenomena.” In fact, suggests Pravda, one UFO-related discovery – the remains of an ancient alien rocket – provided vital technical knowledge for the Soviet space programme. The paper, once home to endless accounts of Communist party congresses, did not offer any evidence to back this assertion." (2) On first inspection, the historical accuracy of this account published by the Guardian seemed dubious, in that Stalin was dead long before the Roswell incident later came under public scrutiny. The story had indeed been allegedly covered up in 1947 with the weather balloon in General Ramey’s office, but the story didn’t get properly aired until Stanton Friedman’s initial investigation in the 1970s. In between, the Roswell incident had been long forgotten. So if Stalin had heard of the Roswell incident, Soviet Intelligence must have picked up the initial story in the summer of 1947 when it was published widely in the American press (Stalin died in March 1953). And they must have given it a lot more thought than the Americans themselves did. Other quotes from Pravda about extensive investigations into UFOs by the Soviet Union have been borne out by Hesemann and others. So, was Stalin really knowledgeable about Roswell, when the rest of the world had accepted the cover story? In his 1998 book ‘The Soviet UFO Files’ Paul Stonehill, the director of the Russian Ufology Center, confirms Stalin’s intense interest in UFOs (3). Stalin had appointed several eminent Russian scientists to study the phenomenon and report back to him personally. Among them was Sergei Korolyov, who was summoned to the Kremlin by Stalin in 1947 to study a mass of foreign newspapers and books. His conclusion, mirrored by similar investigations by other prominent Soviet scientists sequestered by Stalin, was that UFOs were not foreign weapons presenting an immediate threat, but that the phenomenon was real and did need investigating. Stonehill notes that investigations by Dr Richard Haines revealed that the Soviet archives contain no documents about Stalin’s UFO files. Nevertheless, evidence suggests he had a personal interest in the phenomenon and ordered some of the best scientific minds in Russia to assess the situation on his behalf. So Stonehill’s account of Stalin’s interest in UFOs corroborates the Guardian and Pravda, and suggests that the lack of official documentary evidence in Stalin’s Soviet archives from 1947 has helped the USAF to continue their denial of a UFO crash retrieval at Roswell. Are the Russians helping the Americans to keep a lid on Roswell? The Guardian story indicates that Pravda itself has no such inclination. Martin Cosnette, of ‘Cosmic Conspiracies’ helped me to obtain a copy of the Pravda article, translated by Maria Gousseva. The Pravda article does indeed claim that Stalin was aware of Roswell, and that the Soviet leadership was not as easily duped as the American public regarding General Ramey’s weather balloon. It goes further, claiming that Stalin personally controlled a secret scientific project to back-engineer an ancient space rocket discovered by archeologists under the city of Kiev in 1948. Discoveries made by those scientists, who included Korolyov, were later made use of by the Soviet space programme in an attempt to win the Space Race. And apart from the Moon landings, they did just that. This incredible account relies heavily on the testimony of the ‘famous Soviet archeologist and artist and journalist Sukhoveyev’ who tells of the experiences of his father, Khvoika, an archeologist who was summoned to Kiev to study the retrieved object. Khvoika described to his son the discovery of a ‘small, silver device’ that appeared to be a space rocket that had originated from an ancient civilisation. The Soviets rapidly took control of the situation: “When workers demolished ruins in 1948, they came across the mentioned mysterious object. The find was dug up, cut into pieces, and loaded onto trucks. The parts were taken to a secret testing area in the Moscow region. The father of the journalist was sent there as well as an expert in ancient languages; he was to translate the inscriptions inside the space ship. It was the Sanscrit language, which is now a dead language.” (4) Research carried out on this device, and the information contained within it, eventually helped the Soviet space programme, says Pravda. But a different description of the ancient device, and its controversial contents, is offered by Paul Stonehill: “A Soviet archeological expedition was engaged in excavations in Kiev, at a site on Reitarskaya Street. They made a discovery that was to be kept secret by the Soviet Union for 40 years. Those involved in the discovery are fearful even today to reveal their names. One of them reluctantly talked to a Kiev newspaper in 1993. He said that the archeologists found a burial vault at a depth of 16 feet that contained a massive chest. Inside the chest the archeologists found 500 books, written in Arabic, Greek, Sanskrit and Slavic languages. “The books contained drawings: constructions of orbital stations, hangars for spaceships, and scenes from something like Star Wars. The books also contained the original manuscript, Slovo o polku Igoreve, about the exploits of ancient Prince Ivor, written by chronicler Pyotr Borislavovich. The MVD (secret police) arrived within hours, placed the findings in three covered trucks, and took them away. The archeologists were warned to keep silent about the whole episode. They did, until 1993 when a report appeared in Dzhentry newspaper (Issue #5) in Vladivostok.” (3) The implication of this account is that the chest belonged to a Russian who had collected many wonderful ancient manuscripts and books, who had hidden them for safe keeping in a vault below the streets of Kiev. This is in contrast with the Pravda account of the discovery of an actual device, presumed to be an ancient space rocket. In fact, neither of these accounts directly implicates UFOs as responsible for the origin of this mysterious object. The connection with UFOs is implied through association in Pravda’s article. However, the object is consistently referred to as an artefact of an ancient civilisation on this planet that was capable of space exploration. This is, of course, also absolutely incredulous, requiring one to connect this account with ancient astronaut theories, or Atlantis myths. One suspects that Pravda has succumbed to a certain amount of exaggeration, possibly reflecting an evolution of this story since it first entered the public domain in 1993, and that the device was indeed a ‘treasure chest’ of remarkable texts and manuscripts rather than an actual ancient space rocket. But nevertheless, did those secrets include ancient science sufficiently advanced to aid the Soviet space programme? Pravda seems to think so. In which case the implications for our knowledge of our own origins are profound

This is a UFO repor form Warwick RI USA it is an interesting description of three objects

3 arrow shaped objects brown in color flying in a triangular formation moving very quickly "As i was looking up at the sky, stargazing 3 arrow shaped objects flying very closely in a triangular formation flew directly over me on a right to left angle. They traveled very quickly, and if I was to guess I would say at least 2000mph and maybe around 2 to 5 miles up. They went right over providence airport and were a dull brown in color and made no noise. Also, there were no lights visible and it was a crystal clear night. The body and the (wings)were proportionally the same size. All 3 parts of each craft were the same color. Almost like if you put 3 pencils on a table and made an arrow shape. The 3rd craft on right rear flank strayed off slightly to right towards the end of the sighting. Also, A collegue of mine spotted 3 lights on the same night around an hour earlier but was driving around 15 miles north of me towards my direction. The 3 lights formed a triangular formation. We both drive for a living and we both have never seen anything like this. ((NUFORC Note: Witness elects to remain totally anonymous; provides no contact information. PD))"

Another UFO description .

Bright white light moving west to east over central Maryland "At approximately 19:05, 20 October 2006, from my backyard I observed a very bright light in the western sky. I watched it sporadically for about a minute when I realized that it was moving slowly west to east and did not display any of the normal commercial aircraft warning lights. As we live very close to Baltimore-Washington International Airport we are very familiar with the characteristics of normal commercial aircraft, both during the day and at night. At that time the light was about two times as bright as Sirus is at it's brightest. I grabbed a pair of 10X binoculars and watched it for about two minutes. It passed almost directly over my house. During that time the brightness intensified to about three or four times that of Sirus. I could see none of the normal aircraft warning lights; there were no wing-tip red/green lights and no strobe lights. The light displayed by the craft was entirely too bright to be the normal aircraft landing lights we are used to seeing at night. I ran inside, called my wife to follow me, and went out the front door. We both watched it for another minute or two before it went out of sight behind some trees. It passed less than a mile south of BWI Airport at about 19:11. The brightness of the light intensified as it approached my house and lessened as it moved away. However, the light was a constant white color, very comparable to the color of Sirus, but without the splashes of color that I often see in Sirus. The intensity of the light was the only variable I noticed. As close as I can estimate, the light approached from a bearing of about 250 degrees (true) and departed on a bearing of about 70 degrees (true). I would further estimate that the light would have passed almost directly over the intersection of routes 100 and 170 at about 19:10. I could not discern any craft or shape against the sky. The weather was clear and visiblity was excellent. The stars were easily seen; there was no moon. Although I do not kow what it might have been, it was not a star or a commercial aircraft, and it was much, much brighter than any satellite I've seen before. ((NUFORC Note: Witness elects to remain totally anonymous; provides no contact information. PD))"

Another UFO description .

Black Traingler UFO floating in mountain sky, later very odd flickering like morris code close by. "While on a hunting trip, I was hiking along a ridge, I stoped for a break, while I sat on rock, at aprox 6000 feet elevation, I looked strait acrossed a very big canyon, there was somthing very shiny setting on a cliffs edge, as I was looking at this, somthing appeard in the sky aprox. 1000 yards or so to the left of this shiny object, it at first looked like a black crow gliding in the sky going away from me, as I looked longer at this,only a minute or so, it seemed to be to large and to far away from me to be a bird, so out of curiosity I brought up my binoculars to take a closer look, at this point, I got a clear but only quick look, maybe 30 seconds, it appeared to be a triangler shape, a matt black in color, my first thought is that this is not a bird, as it tilted slightly to the left showing its belly side, there appeared to be a glass cock pit on the under side, toward the front, the glass to the cock pit looked very differnt almost undescribeable, there was no noise to be heard, no motors to be seen, but with a quick turn to the right it disapeared over the top of the far mountain, sitting there stunned and confused with what I just seen, and now looking across the entire distant mountain tops hopeing to maybe see it again, about 20 minutes had gone by, the shiny object was still on the cliffs edge, I noticed aprox. 1000 yards or so to the right of it on what appeard to be a flat area carved out of the cliffs edge some flickering almost like morris code, I had been looking at the shinny oject at this time in total about 40 minutes, and had not noticed any flickering before, it seemed to appear out of no where, the flickering looked like a very small mirror efect with the sun shinning on and off it, curious again, I brought up my binoculers for a closer look, the flickering was first only at one point, then aprox. 25 to 35 feet to the right more flickering, just shortly after that aprox. I am guessing 10 to 15 feet behind or above or both, there was more flickering which appeard! to be a bove the ground and not against the cliffs edge, kinda like the flickering was an outline of some sort, in fact I could not figure out how this could be possible, no spot flickered at the same time, and none the same, it very much reminded me of morris code of some sort with mirrors, but the suspended flickering was just unexplainable, no lights or noise of any kind, no pictures taken, anyway aprox. 1 hour has passed no other siting made, the flickering remained, and I got up and left."

Another UFO description .

3 large orange teardrop shaped lights over Santa Maria "At 7:45 PM I took my dogs outside to urinate. Noticed a large bright orange teardrop shaped UFO. It made an audible grinding noise when it moved, but there was no noise when it was still. The underside of the UFO appeared to be green. It also had an aura around it. It was coming twords my house. It the distance, I saw a round orange ball with an aura around it going in the opposite direction. (Moving south of Vandenburg.) I called for my husband to come outside. By that time, the orange ball was gone and the orange teardrop was moving away from us and getting smaller, looking like a ball. Then out of nowhere, another bright orange teardrop UFO shot up into the sky. By this time I was on the phone with the police department asking if anyone else had called in about these sightings. (They said "no") We watched as the second UFO was out of sight and the third, follow in the same path of moving twords the house, hovering a few times, then moving away from the house going south, turning into a ball with an aura around it and vanishing out of sight. It was CRAZY! Unfortunately we couldn't find our camera to take a photo. ((NUFORC Note: We wonder whether the "orange" objects might have been contrails behind high-altitude jets, and being illuminated by the setting sun. Just a guess. PD)"

Another UFO description .

Bright lights, jets, mystery. "My son was walking our dog and called me on his cell phone and said he was watching some very strange lights in the sky and I should come see this for myself. I grabbed my keys and my daughter and I got in the car and drove to the area where he said he was. This took about 1 to 2 minutes. We all saw a bright circle in the sky east of Marshfield. It was traveling slowly straight up and then down. It moved in circles and even in a z shape. Periodically it would split into 2 lights and then reform into 1. We watched this for about 13 minutes and then what appeared to be 2 jets very quickly flew from the north straight for the light. 1 jet almost appeared to collide with it and the 2nd jet flew past. That's when we noticed the second light about a 1/2 mile further south. this light then turned red and then white over and over and then went straight up into the clouds. At this point we noticed the other light was gone also. The jets flew north. We returned home. The entire time I was telling my husband about it over the cell phone. He was out of town at the time. We love stories about ufo's but have never personally seen anything. This was awsome!"

Another UFO description .

"A wedge formation of seven garden spade shaped craft. Seven small car sized objects in a wedge formation flew across the sky, under the low hanging clouds, silently. They took about 5 seconds to traverse from northern horizon to sothern horizon. Shape of a hand garden spade and illuminated underside the same color as the orange clouds. Direcly above the west side middle object broke formation and fell back and east to the rear of the center object in the wedge. Then returned to formation. This manuver took less than a second. The fomation quivered with the manuver and was solid and unwavering before and after. I feel they are ours, remote control and saying "Hi" to Kirtland AFB with the little fly over of over half the population of New Mexico. (I live a mile north of the AFB) ((NUFORC Note: We would welcome reports from anyone else, who may have been witness to this alleged sighting. PD))"

Flying Saucers - Then And Now:

As early as 1943, German engineers and scientists had proposed and built several disk shaped aircraft. For the most part, these aircraft were conventionally powered by Jumo axial flow turbine engines. It is possible that one or more of the several designs built were powered by some electro-magnetic force or cascade type engines. It seems likely that some of the aircraft were remotely guided (RPV's), were extremely fast and highly maneuverable. Other models were flown by human pilots and it is remarkable to note that, in at least one drawing, the pilot is standing up, rather than strapped into a seat! Before we jump to the conclusion that the aircraft was surrounded by an anti-mass field rendering the craft and crew massless, we might suggest that this particular model (Rudolf Schriever's "Flying Top") was simply a low-flying, slow and cumbersome jet "helicopter." It was certainly not very aerodynamic. When some disks came into close proximity to Allied bombers, the bombers would sometimes experience electrical and instrument malfunctions. Aircraft bearing radar sets might lose signals. Electronic gun aiming devices might fail. It is clear from the reports that German scientists were using technology that was 25 years or more ahead of our own. But it was human technology, not "alien" technology. That is why the Nazis were not able to destroy the advancing Allied bombers and ground troops with these saucer shaped aircraft. One of the greatest problems Germany had during the latter stages of the war was their inability to produce sufficient numbers of reliable jet engines. Had they been able to do so, and had Hitler utilized his jet aircraft as fighters rather than bombers, the outcome of the war might have been far different than it was. Before the fighting was even over, teams of American, Soviet, British and French investigators were combing the countryside searching for German hardware and engineers. The Soviets captured nearly all the disk shaped aircraft that had not been destroyed along with most of the engineers and support personnel who had been working on the project. American and British intelligence reports indicate that at least one model of saucer was destroyed with its blueprints to prevent it from falling into the hands of the advancing Allied troops. But others were probably recovered, some intact, and shipped with thousands of other German aircraft and ground weapons to America for back-engineering studies. Ground support personnel, engineers and scientists, pilots and ordnance personnel were also kidnapped and brought to America to develop weapons for the U.S. arsenals. Some of those weapons, years, decades ahead of American technology, were the flying saucers. It seems likely that at least one model of German saucer may have been back-engineered and flown by a large aircraft manufacturing company in the Pacific Northwest, somewhere around Seattle, Washington. While there is no hard proof for this suggestion, several sightings in an area within the flight range of early German jet engines is, at least, evidence from which we should begin an intelligent investigation of those reports. To bring you up to speed on circular all-wing aircraft, the first such craft photographed and recorded was in 1910, seventeen years before Charles Lindberg flew the Spirit of St. Louis solo across the Atlantic Ocean! This crude wood and fabric disk actually flew with a pilot hanging precariously beneath it; the first "alien" aircraft! That captured German technology advanced American science by 25 years is beyond doubt. We might speculate that unreported German technology may have advanced American and Soviet science as much as 50 years! The Philadelphia Experiments may have been attempts by the US Navy to test German theories on matter transportation. The rocket back-pack was developed from German ideas to transport their ground troops en masse using these personal little jet boosters! Waffen storm troopers would have rained from the skies, crossing front lines at will day or night! But how does this relate to the modern UFO phenomena? Is there a connection between German disk aircraft of the Second World War and V/STOL aircraft we see today flying from and to Nellis AFB? Are developments of German saucers flying the skies now? If so, to whom do they belong? I think there can be no doubt that saucer shaped nuts and bolts aircraft reported as UFOs are refinements of German disks of WWII. While some attempts had been made to refine these craft during the years immediately following the war, the project was probably put on hold for a number of years until modern computers and modern composite materials were available to use in the construction and guidance of these craft. If anti-mass fields have been developed for use on moving craft, these disks could travel at extreme high speeds and perform extreme maneuvers without harm to the airframes or to the crews. Without anti-mass fields, the extreme maneuvering aircraft would fall into the category of HIMATs (Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology) and might be unmanned (remotely piloted). At least a half-dozen aircraft in this category are being tested at Area 51 at any given time. Some of these craft are disk-shaped or "Flying saucers,", ovate ellipsoids and/or Spanloaders (Flying Wings). Others are fairly conventional airframes constructed of composite plastics and RAM fibers or with RAM coatings. But even very conventional USAF aircraft like the F-16, fitted with vertical canards, can now perform maneuvers so extreme that they could render the pilot unconscious for long periods of time, even to the point of death. These aircraft are fly-by-wire systems and a computer takes over if the pilot does not regain consciousness after a short period of time. As noted in several other reports, I am convinced that 80% of what we are seeing in the skies of every country in the world is nothing more than military hardware, very advanced aircraft, both manned and unmanned. I am convinced that this technology has been developed from theories expressed before, during and after WWII in Germany, in USSR, in America and in the United Kingdom. I am convinced that cascade engines exist and are being used to drive aerial cars surrounded by anti-mass fields ( a fairly new innovation for the saucers?) and that they have been developed primarily as instruments of war and population control. I am convinced that most nuts and bolts UFOs are, in reality, one or more of these vehicles and I am reasonably certain that off-world space craft are NOT visiting this planet, never have and probably won't in our lifetimes. I am also convinced that humans are being abducted for military medical experiments and that animals are being mutilated to develop new and even more deadly toxins and viruses than those already released onto the populations of the world. But if there are no off-world craft, no aliens, and no cosmic plan to invade and conquer Earth from far places such as Zeta Reticuli, who is abducting our comrades and killing our livestock? Who is implanting our friends with mini-micron transmitters? Who is stealing human children? Whose is this face, this enemy, this goblin we fear but know not? By his own admission, Bill Cooper is uncomfortable when lecturing about UFOs. His lectures were geared toward UFO buffs because, he claims, "... they were the only ones who would listen to me." But Bill Cooper is not uncomfortable when lecturing about the Shadow Government and the Illuminati. Much of what he says concerning this subject is similar to if not identical to the sobering literature of the John Birch Society. It is true, it is frightening, and if you don't know what is happening, it could kill you! There is not room here to express this ideology, however, if you are interested (all Americans should be!), I urge you to attend a lecture and listen to what Mr. Cooper has to say on this subject, particularly as it relates to the UFO phenomenon. For those of you who are too young or disinterested in true historical events, I will present a capsule synopsis of the founding of the John Birch Society. In 1942, Col. Jimmy Doolittle and his B-25 crews launched an attack on Japan ("30 Seconds Over Tokyo") from an aircraft carrier in the Pacific Ocean. They struck their targets, primarily of psychological value only, and headed for China because none of them had enough fuel to make it to any other friendly country. In China at that time was U.S. Army Captain John Birch. Birch helped find and return all the air crews who survived the crash-landings of their B-25s. At the end of the war, in 1945, Capt. Birch was captured by the Chinese Communists, imprisoned, and tortured to death. Maintaining a steadfast faith in God and country, Birch refused to tell his captors what they wanted to know. His body as hanged from a pole and mutilated by bayonets until it was unrecognizable. In 1958, Robert H. Welch, a retired candy maker (Welch's Candies), founded the John Birch Society with headquarters in Belmont, Massachusetts. It is dedicated to the preservation of the American Constitution, States Rights, Bill of Rights, abolition of unfair taxes, reduction of federal power, etc., and opposing the powerful men of Socialist politics who control or will control all world governments. The basic ideology is that ultra-liberalism is equated with Socialism and Communism or creeping Fabianism which may cause the downfall of the Republic. If you are interested in Mr. Cooper's sobering ideas about UFOs and the Shadow Government, you should make an effort to contact him or, at least, listen to one of his lectures. It appears increasingly likely that the entire UFO phenomenon, particularly the so-called conspiratorial cover-up, is orchestrated by these powerful groups as a prelude, a softening-up, to the announcement of an invasion from outer space and the formation of a One-World Government under the guise of planetary security which will transform itself into the New World Order. The New World Order was first expressed by Adolph Hitler as he began his expansionist lightning war causing the deaths of over 80 million people. There is no reason to believe that the New New World Order will be any less threatening or more tolerant than the Old New World Order, because it is all the same World Order and murder is the name of the game. Plan on one-tenth of the world population (500,000,000) to die when they stage their big UFO "event." They will probably pass this off as the "Rapture" so you won't argue too loudly about being murdered ("Carousel"). Remember: this will NOT be a nuclear war. Nuclear bombs dirty up the atmosphere and the terrestrial environment and the Illuminati have to breathe and eat just like the rest of us. This "event", which will occur in the near future, will be a biological war. They may demand that people be inoculated to protect them from an "alien" Andromeda Strain. The injection they receive will be HIV or some other even more deadly toxin or virus. Briefly, the UFO "event" which should occur within the next few years, certainly by 2000, will be declared as an invasion from space by "greys" or other creatures. A new World Government will be established to deal with the calamity, probably with promises that as soon as the aliens are all dead, each country can have its government back. That, of course, will never happen. We will all be under a single dictatorship, new money will be printed, your life savings won't be worth the paper it's printed on, all gold and silver will be recalled, border guards will be stationed on all roads and highways, firearms will be confiscated and hundreds of thousands of us in every country on Earth will be murdered by agents dressed up like little grey aliens, flying around in their advanced saucer shaped aircraft firing laser weapons from space and spraying us with biological toxins. At an appointed time, they will unzip their costumes, declare a victory and we will find ourselves slaves of a World Socialist Federation. That's the real UFO conspiracy! This information is provided as a public service, but we cannot guarantee that the information is current or accurate. Readers should verify the information before acting on it.

The GAO Roswell Report

TO: Those Interested FROM: John Kirby, Portland OR DATE: 7-30-95 The following is the complete text of the GAO Report to Congressman Steve Schiff having to do with the Roswell incident. It also includes related documents. Contents: * Press release from Congressman Schiff's office * GAO Report o Actual report o Appendices * Extra report from the GAO to Congressman Schiff regarding "Majestic 12" documents. ALL OF THE GAO REPORT (with very minor exceptions mentioned below) is included in this file. The documents were optically scanned and run through an OCR (optical character recognition) tool. I proof-read the resulting document for errors (although some may have slipped through). The only things missing are: * Formatting of the pages (this was lost in the conversion to text format). This includes loss of letterhead pictures etc. I indicated, in many places, where significant letterhead was lost. * Out of sympathy for the bureaucrats who gave their desk phone numbers to the GAO, I deleted some phone numbers for this wide posting. Main switchboard phone numbers were preserved. Numbers can of course be obtained by directory assistance. Those phone numbers are also in the publicly available report. The actual hard copy of this report can be ordered by calling the GAO publications ordering desk at (202) 512-6000. Thanks. John Kirby, Portland Oregon Randle and Schmitt Roswell Investigation Team e-mail: JKirbyPDX@aol.com NEWS RELEASE U.S. Congressman Steve Schiff, First Congressional District New Mexico Washington Office: 2404 Rayburn Building Washington, D.C. 20515 (202) 225-6316 FAX: (202) 225-4975 District Office: 625 Silver Ave., SW Suite 140 Albuquerque, NM 87102 (505) 766-2538 FAX (505) 766-1674 Immediate Release J. Barry Bitzer July 28th, 1995 Schiff Receives, Releases Roswell Report (missing documents leave unanswered questions) Washington: Congressman Steve Schiff today released the General Accounting Office (GAO) report detailing results of a records audit related to events surrounding a crash in 1947, near Roswell, New Mexico, and the military response. The 20 page report is the result of constituent information requests to Congressman Schiff and the difficulty he had getting answers from the Department of Defense in the now 48-year-old controversy. Schiff said important documents, which may have shed more light on what happened at Roswell, are missing. "The GAO report states that the outgoing messages from Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF) for this period of time were destroyed without proper authority. Schiff pointed out that these messages would have shown how military officials in Roswell were explaining to their superiors exactly what happened. "It is my understanding that these outgoing messages were permanent records, which should never have been destroyed. The GAO could not identify who destroyed the messages, or why." But Schiff pointed out that the GAO estimates that the messages were destroyed over 40 years ago, making further inquiry about their destruction impractical. Documents revealed by the report include an FBI teletype and reference in a newsletter style internal forum at RAAF that refer to a "radar tracking device" - a reference to a weather balloon. Even though the weather balloon story has since been discredited by the US Air Force, Schiff suggested that the authors of those communications may have been repeating what they were told, rather than consciously adding to what some believe is a "cover up." "At least this effort caused the Air Force to acknowledge that the crashed vehicle was no weather balloon," Schiff said. "That explanation never fit the fact of high military security used at the time." The Air Force in September, 1994 claimed that the crashed vehicle was a then-classified device to detect evidence of possible Soviet nuclear testing. Schiff also praised the efforts of the GAO, describing their work as "professional, conscientious and thorough." A two page letter discussing a related investigation into "Majestic 12" was also delivered. Schiff will be available to the media Saturday, July 29th, from 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM (Eastern) at 2404 Rayburn MOB in Washington, DC and by telephone: (202) 225-6316. A copy of the report may be obtained by calling (202) 512-6000 and referencing Document number GAO/NSIAD-95-187. United States General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. 20545 National Security and International Affairs Division B-262046 July 28,1995 The Honorable Steven H. Schiff House of Representatives Dear Mr. Schiff: On July 8, 1947, the Roswell Army Air Held (RAAF) public information office in Roswell, New Mexico, reported the crash and recovery of a "flying disc." Army Air Forces personnel from the RAAF's 509th Bomb Group were credited with the recovery. The following day, the press reported that the Commanding General of the U.S. Eighth Air Force, Fort Worth, Texas, announced that RAAF personnel had recovered a crashed radar-traciting (weather) balloon, not a flying disc." After nearly 50 years, speculation continues on what crashed at Roswell. Some observers believe that the object was of extraterrestrial origin. In the July 1994 "Report of Air Force Research Regarding the Roswell" Incident, the Air Force did not dispute that something happened near Roswell, but reported that the most likely source of the wreckage was from a balloon-launched classified government project designed to determine the state of Soviet nuclear weapons research. The debate on what crashed at Roswell continues. Concerned that the Department of Defense (DoD) may not have provided you with all available information on the crash, you asked us to determine the requirements for reporting air accidents similar to the crash near Roswell and identify any government records concerning the Roswell crash. We conducted an extensive search for government records related to the crash near Roswell. We examined a wide range of classified and unclassified documents dating from July 1947 through the 1950s. These records came from numerous organizations in New Mexico and elsewhere throughout DoD as well as The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and the National Security Council. The full scope and methodology of our work are detalled at the end of This report. RESULTS IN BRIEF In 1947, regulations required that air accident reports be maintained air accidents reported by the Army Air Forces in New Mexico during July 1947. All of The accidents involved military aircraft and occurred after July 8,1947 -- the date the RAAF public information office first reported the crash and recovery of a "flying disc" near Roswell. The Navy reported no air accidents in New Mexico during July 1947. Air Force officials told us that according to record-keeping requirements in effect during July 1947, there was no requirement to prepare a report on the crash of a weather balloon. In our search for records concerning the Roswell crash, we learned that some government records covering RAAF activities had been destroyed and others had not. For example, RAAF administrative records (from Mar. 1945 through Dec. 1949) and RAAF outgoing messages (from Oct. 1946 through Dec. 1949) were destroyed. The document disposition form does not indicate what organization or person destroyed the records and when or under what authority the records were destroyed. Our search for government records concerning the Roswell crash yielded two records originating in 1947 -- a July 1947 history report by the combined 509th Bomb Group and RAAF and an FBI teletype message dated July 8, 1947. The 5O9th-RAAF report noted the recovery of a "flying disc" that was later determined by military officials to be a radar-tracking balloon. The FBI message stated that the military had reported that an object resembling a high-altitude weather balloon with a radar reflector had been recovered near Roswell. The other government records we reviewed, including those previously withheld from the public because of security classification, and the Air Force's analysis of unidentifled flying object(1) sightings from 1946 to 1953 (Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14), did not mention the crash or the recovery of an airborne object near Roswell in July 1947. Similarly, executive branch agencies' responses to our letters of inquiry produced no other government records on the Roswell crash. Footnote (1) According to Air Force regulations, an unidentified object is an airborne object that by performance, aereodynamic characteristics, or unusual features, does not conform to known aircraft or missiles, or does not correspond to Air Force definitions of familiar or known objects or unidentified aircraft. REPORTING AIR ACCIDENTS According to press accounts from July 1947, Army Air Forces personnel from RAAF were involved in the recovery of an airborne object near Roswell. Therefore, if an air accident report was prepared, it should have been prepared in accordance with Army regulations. According to an Army records management official, in 1947 Army regulations required that air accident reports be maintained permanentiy. An Air Force official said there was no similar requirement to report a weather balloon crash. According to an Air Force official who has worked in the records management field since the inid-1940s, air accident reports prepared in July 1947 under Army regulations should have been transferred to Air Force custody in September 1947, when the Air Force was established as a separate service. The Air Force Safety Agency is responsible for maintaining reports of air accidents. We examined its microflim records to determine whether any air accidents had been reported in New Mexico during July 1947. We identified four air accidents during this time period.(2) All of the accidents involved military fighter or cargo aircraft and occurred after July 8, 1947 -- the date the RAAF public information office first reported the crash and recovery of a "flying disc" near Roswell. According to the Army Air Forces' Report of Major Accident, these four accidents occurred at or near the towns of Hobbs, Albuquerque, Carrizozo, and Alamogordo, New Mexico. Ouly one of the four accidents resulted in a fatality. The pilot died when the aircraft crashed during an attempted take-off. Footnote: (2) These records do not include information regarding mishaps of air vehicles belonging to civilian or other government agencies. These records also do not include mishaps involving unmanned air vehicles such as remotely piloted aircraft, low-speed cruise missiles, and most balloons. SEARCH FOR RECORDS In searching for government records on the Roswell crash, we were particularly interested in identifying and reviewing records of military units assigned to RAAF in 1947 -- to include the 509th Bomb Group, the 1st Air Transport Unit, the 427th Army Air Force Base Unit, and the 1395th Military Police Company (Aviation). Document disposition forms obtained from the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri, indicate that in 1953, the Walker Air Force Base (formeriy RAAF) records officer transferred to the Army's Kansas City records depository the histories of units stationed at Walker Air Force Base. These histories included the 509th Bomb Group and RAAF for February 1947 through October 1947; the 1st Air Transport Unit for July 1946 through June 1947; and the 427th Army Air Force Base Unit for January 1946 to February 1947. We could not locate any documentation indicating that records of the 1395th Military Police Company (Aviation) were ever retired to The National Personnel Records Center or its predecessor depositories. The July 1947 history for the 509th Bomb Group and RAAF stated that the RAAF public information office "was kept quite busy ... answering inquiries on the `flying disc,' which was reported to be in [the] possession of the 509th Bomb Group. The object turned out to be a radar tracking balloon." By his signature, The RAAF's commanding officer certified that the report represented a complete and accurate account of RAAF activities in July 1947. (Excerpts from the report are contained in app. I.) In addition to unit history reports, we also searched for other government records on the Roswell crash. In this regard, The Chief Archivist for the National Personnel Records Center provided us with documentation indicating that (1) RAAF records such as finance and accounting, supplies, buildings and grounds, and other general administrative matters from March 1945 through December 1949 and (2) RAAF outgoing messages from October 1946 through December 1949 were destroyed. According to this official, the document disposition form did not properly indicate the authority under which the disposal action was taken. The Center's Chief Archivist stated that from his personal experience, many of the Air Force organizational records covering this time period were destroyed without entering a citation for the governing disposition authority. Our review of records control forms showing the destruction of other records-including outgoing RAAF messages for 1950 -- supports the Chief Archivist's viewpoint. During our review of records at FBI headquarters, we found a July 8, 1947, teletype message from the FBI office in Dallas, Texas, to FBI headquarters and the FBI office in Cincinnati, Ohio. An FBI spokesperson confirmed the authenticity of the message. According to the message, an Eighth Air Force headquarters official had telephonically informed the FBI's Dallas office of the recovery near Roswell of a hexagonal-shaped disc suspended from a large balloon by cable. The message further stated that the disc and balloon were being sent to Wright Field (now Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio) for examination. According to The Eighth Air Force official, the recovered object resembled a high-altitude weather balloon with a radar reflector. The message stated that no further investigation by the FBI was being conducted. (A copy of the teletype message appears in app. II.) To follow up on the July 8th message, we reviewed microfilm abstracts of the FBI Dallas and Cincinnati office activities for July 1947. An abstract prepared by the FBI Dallas office on July 12, 1947, summarized the particulars of the July 8th message. There was no mention in the Cincinnati office abstracts of the crash or recovery of an airborne object near Rosweil. Because the FBI message reported that debris from the Roswell crash was being transported to Wright Held for examination, we attempted to deterinine whether military regulations existed for handling such debris. We were unable to locate any applicable regulation. As a final step, we reviewed Air Materiel Command (Wright Held) records from 1947 to 1950 for evidence of command personnel involvement in this matter. We found no records mentioning the Roswell crash or the examination by Air Materiel Command personnel of any debris recovered from the crash. QUERIES TO FEDERAL AGENCIES REGARDING RECORDS ON THE CRASH We sent letters to several federal agencies asking for any government records they might have concerning the Roswell crash. In this regard, we contacted DoD, the National Security Council, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the CIA, the FBI, and the Department of Energy. The National Security Council, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Department of Energy responded that they had no government records relating to the Roswell crash. (Copies of their responses appear in app. III, IV, and V.) The FBI, DoD, and the CIA provided the following information. FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION The FBI informed us that all FBI data regarding the crash near Roswell had been processed under Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests previously received by the Bureau. We reviewed the FBI's FOIA material and identified the July 8, 1947, FBI teletype message discussing the recovery near Roswell of a high-altitude weather balloon with a radar reflector. (A copy of the FBI's response appears in app. VI.) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DoD informed us that the U.S. Air Force report of July 1994, entitied "Report of Air Force Research Regarding the Roswell Incident", represents the extent of DoD records or information concerning the Roswell crash. The Air Force report concluded that there was no dispute that something happened near Roswell in July 1947 and that all available official materials indicated the most likely source of the wreckage recovered was one of the project MOGUL balloon trains. At the time of the Roswell crash, project MOGUL was a highly classified U.S. effort to determine the state of Soviet nuclear weapons research using balloons that carried radar reflectors and acoustic sensors. (A copy of DoD's response appears in app. VII.) CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY In March 1995, the CIA's Executive Director responded to our letter of inquiry by stating that earlier searches by the CIA for records on unidentified flying objects produced no information pertaining to the Roswell crash. The Executive Director added, however, that it was unclear whether the CIA had ever conducted a search for records specifically relating to Roswell. In the absence of such assurance, the Executive Director instructed CIA personnel to conduct a comprehensive records search for information relating to Roswell. On May 30, 1995, the CIA's Executive Director informed us that a search against the term "Roswell, New Mexico," in all CIA databases produced no CIA documents related to the crash. (A copy of CIA's response appears in app. VIII.) AGENCY COMMENTS A draft of this report was provided to DoD for comment. DoD offered no comments or suggested changes to the report. The Chief Archivist, National Personnel Records Center offered several comments clarifying matters dealing with records management. These comments have been incorporated into the final report where appropriate. The CIA, the Department of Energy, the FBI, the National Security Council, and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy also received excerpts from the report discussing the activities of their respective agencies. They had no substantive comments and made no suggested changes to the report. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY To determine the requirements for reporting all accidents in 1947, we interviewed military service records management officials, reviewed military record-keeping regulations in effect during this time period, and examined Army Air Forces and Navy air accident reports. We also sought to identify any government records related to the Roswell crash. In this regard, we visited and reviewed records at the locations listed in table 1. Table 1: Locations Visited and Records Reviewed LOCATIONS VISITED RECORDS REVIEWED National Archives, * Air Force papers on unidentified flying objects Washington, D.C. * Army Counterintelligence Corps historical files, 1947-49 National Archives II, * ProJect Blue Book Special Report No. 14 College Park, Md. * National Security Council meeting minutes,1947-48 National Archives, * Army Inspector General reports, 1947-59 National Record * Army staff intelligence correspondence, 1947-56 Center, Suitland, * Headquarters Army Air Force message traffic, Md. 1947-54 * Army Air Force and Air Materiel Command (Wright Field) research and development tiles, 1947-50 National Personnel * Morning reports for RAAF units, July 1947 Records Center, * Eighth Air Force messages, 1947-50 St. Louis, Mc. * Eighth Ar Force correspondence, 1947-51 * Eighth Air Force weekly activity summaries, July 1947 * Service records of key personnel assigned to RAAF, 1947 * Project Sign(a) investigative reports, 1948 * Army Adjutant General correspondence, 1947-49 * Missile test tiring reports at White Sands, N. Mex., 1947-54 Department of the Air * Current and past records management regulations Force, Washington, * Report of Air Force Research Regarding the D.C. Roswell Incident, July 1994 Department of the * Current and past records management regulations Army, Washington, D.C. Department of the * Air accident reports, July 1947 Navy, Washington, D.C. Air Force Safety * Air accident reports, July 1947 Agency, Kirtland Air Force Base, N. Mex. Air Force History * 509th Bomb Group and RAAF monthly histories, Support Office, July and August 1947 Boiling Air Force Base, Washington, D.C. National Security * FOIA records, Citizens Against UFO Secrecy Agency, Fort Meade, Md. Military History * Army Counterintelligence Corps reports, 1947 Institute, Army War College, Carlisle, Pa. Army Central * Army Counterintelligence Corps reports, 1947 Security Facility, Fort Meade, Md. Central Intelligence * "Scientific Advisory Panel on Unidentified Agency, Langley, Va. Flying Objects" (Robertson Panel) report * FOIA records, Ground Saucer Watch, Inc, Federal Bureau of * FOIA records on unidentified flying objects Investigation, Washington, D.C. National Atomic * 509th Bomb Group historical information, 1947 Museum, Kirtland * RAAF base newspaper Atomic Blast, July and Air Force Base, August 1947 N. Mex. Footnote (a) Project Sign was the predecessor to Project Blue Book. Our search of government records was complicated by the fact that some records we wanted to review were missing and there was not always an explanation. Further, the records management regulations for the retention and disposition of records were unclear or changing during the period we reviewed. We also queried the National Security Council, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the Department of Energy, the FBI, DOD, and the CIA to determine what government records they have on the Roswell crash. We did not independently verify the information provided to us in their written responses. In addition to physically examining government records, we contacted the following federal activities to determine whether they had any information about the Roswell crash: * Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama; * Air Force Aeronautical Systems Center, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,Ohio; * Army Center for Military History, Washington, D.C.; and * 509th Bomb Wing, Office of the Historian, Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri. We conducted our review from March 1994 to June 1995 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Unless you publicly announce its contents earlier, we plan no further distribution of this report until 30 days after its issue date. At that time, we will make copies avallable to other interested parties upon request. If you or your staff have any questions about this report, please call me. A major contributor to this report is Gary K. Weeter, Assistant Director. Sincerely yours, /s/ Richard Davis Director, National Security Analysis APPENDICES Appendix 1: Combined History for July 1947 Appendix 2: FBI Teletype Message Dated July 8, 1947 Appendix 3: Comments From the National Security Council Appendix 4: Comments From the Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President Appendix V: Comments from the Department of Energy Appendix VI: Comments From the Federal Bureau of Invesitgation Appendix VII: Comments From the Department of Defense Appendix VIII: Comments From the Central Intelligence Agency Table 1: Locations Visited and Records Reviewed Abbreviations: CIA Central Intelligence Agency DoD Department of Defense FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FOIA Freedom of Information Act RAAF Roswell Army Air Field APPENDIX I: Combined History for July 1947 [ Picture / cover page appeared here, text: ] Combined History 509th Bomb Group and Roswell Army Air Field 1 July 1947 Through 31 July 1947 [page from retrieved document follows] RESTRICTED The other three briefings were those which were given to the VIP and a simulated briefing to a large group of Air Scouts representing all of the troops in New Mexico which was given on 15 July 1947. Several small projects were completed during the month including signs on all the office doors, a building directory, and a world situation map which is maintained on a day-to-day basis. The Historical Section of S-2 has been seriously handicapped by the removal of the regular stenographer with the reduction in force. Due to the fact that the quality of the department reports has in general been so inadequate, lectures are being prepared to be given early in August to properly train the liaison representatives of each department. The Office of Public Information was kept quite busy during the month answering inquiries on the "flying disc", which was reported to be in the possession of the 509th Bomb Group. The object turned out to be a radar tracking ballooon. The main project of the month was making all arrangements for a successful Air Force Day. Lt. Golonel Oliver LaFarge, Air Reserve Corps, at Santa Fe, made arrangements for Colonel Blanchard to visit the Governor of New Mexico and ask him to declare Air Force Day in New Mexico on 7 August. RESTRICTED 39 [end excerpt from Combined History] APPENDIX II: FBI TELETYPE MESSAGE DATED JULY 8, 1947 [Note %%%% indicates area blacked out by marker; spelling is reproduced as is in the original.] TELETYPE FBI DALLAS 7-8-47 6-17 PM %%%%%% DIRECTOR AND SAC, CINCINNATI URGENT %%%%%%% FLYING DISC, INFORMATION CONCERNING %%%%%%% HEADQUARTERS EIGHTH AIR FORCE, TELEPHONICALLY ADVISED THIS OFFICE THAT AN OBJECT PURPORTING TO BE A FLYING DISC WAS RE COVERED NEAR ROSWELL, NEW MEXICO, THIS DATE. THE DISC IS HEXAGONAL IN SHAPE AND WAS SUSPENDED FROM A BALLON BY CABLE, WHICH BALLON WAS APPROXIMATELY TWENTY FEET IN DIAMETER. %%%%%%% FURTHER ADVISED THAT THE OBJECT FOUND RESEMBLES A HIGH ALTITUDE WEATHER BALLON WITH A RADAR REFLECTOR, BUT THAT TELEPHONIC CONVERSATION BETWEEN THEIR OFFICE AND WRICHT FIELD HAD NOT %%%%%%%%% BORNE OUT THIS BELIEF. DISC AND BALLOON BEING TRANSPORTED TO WRIGHT FIELD BY SPECIAL PLANE FOR EXAMINAT INFORMATION PROVIDED THIS OFFICE BECAUSE OF NATIONAL INTEREST IN CASE. XXXX AND FACT THAT NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMPANY, ASSOCIATED PRESS, AND OTHERS ATTEMPTING TO BREAK STORY OF LOCATION OF DISC TODAY. %%%% %%%%% ADVISED WOULD REQUEST WRIGHT FIELD TO ADVISE CINCINNATI OFFICE RESULTS OF EXAMINATION, NO FURTHER INVESTIGATION BEING CONDUCTED. WYLY RECORDED END CXXXX ACK IN ORDER UA 92 FBI CI MJW BPI H8 8-38 PM O 6-22 PM OK FBI WASH DC OK FBI CI APPENDIX III: COMMENTS FROM THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL [letter follows on "National Security Council" letterhead] NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL Washington, D.C. 20506 April 28, 1995 MEMORANDUM FOR MR. JOSEPH E. KELLEY Director-in-Charge, International Affairs Issues General Accounting Office SUBJECT: Request for NSC Records I am responding to your April 12, 1995, request for information or NSC records related to the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico in July 1947. The NSC has no records or information related to the incident at Roswell. For information about any government records that may document the crash at RosweIl, we suggest you contact the National Archives, Textual Reference Division, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, Maryland 20740. /s/ Andrew D. Sens Executive Secretary APPENDIX IV: COMMENTS FROM THE OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY, EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT [letter follows on "Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy" letterhead] EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLODY POLICY WASHINGT0N D.C 20500 April 26, 1995 Dear Mr Hunt. In response to your recent inquiry of April 12, 1995. The Office of Science and Techology Policy reviewed its records regarding the Roswell Incident. OSTP has no direct knowledge of what occurred at Roswell and no records, except for the information I received from the Air Force. I look forward to receiving the GAO report. Sincerely, /s/ John H. Gibbons Director Enclosures As stated Mr. William Hunt Director, Federal Management Issues United States Government Accounting Office Washington, DC 20548 APPENDIX V: COMMENTS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [letter follows on "Department of Energy" letterhead] Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 June 5. 1995 Richard Davis Director, National Security Analysis General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. 20538 Dear Mr. Davis. This is in response to your request for records related to the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947. We conducted an in- depth search for documents related to the crash and have found no such documents. If you have any questions regarding this matter. please do not hesitate to contact Barry Uhlig of my staff. Sincerely, /s/ Joseph F. Vivona Chief Financial Officer APPENDIX VI: COMMENTS FROM THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION [letter follows on "U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation" letterhead] U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Washington, D.C. 20535 April 24, 1995 Mr. Richard Davis Director Attn: Gary K. Weeter National Security Analysis General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. Dear Mr. Davis: This is in response to a letter dated April 7, 1995, from Norman J. Rabkin, Director, Administration of Justice Issues, General Accounting Office, to John E. Collingwood, Inspector in Charge, of Office of Public and Congressional Affairs, FBI, regarding government records concerning the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947 (code 701034) A search of FBI indices for information relating to the crash of an airborne object near Roewell, New Mexico, in 1947, determined that all FBI data concerning the incident has been processed under the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and is available for review in our FOIA Reading Room. A copy of the document forwarded to me by Gary Weeter is among the documents in the Reading Room. If your staff wishes to review the material, please call Margaret Tremblay, a member of my staff, at least 48 hours in advance of the desired appointment. Sincerely yours, /s/ Swanson D. Carter Supervisory Special Agent Office of Public and Congressional Affairs APPENDIX VII: COMMENTS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE [letter follows on "Inspector General, Department of Defense" letterhead] INSPECTOR GENERAL Department of Defense 400 Army Navy Drive Arlington, Virginia 22202-2884 May 4, 1995 Nr. Richard Davis Director, National Security Analysis U.S. General Accounting Office 441 G Street N.W. Room 5025 Washington, D.C. 20548 Dear Mr. Davis: The Department of the Air Force July 1994 report is the DoD response to questions posed in your April 12 letter related to GAO Code 701034. If you have any questions, please contact my action officer, Pattie Cirino. If she is not available, please contact Ms. Merlene L. Scales. /s/ Rathryn M. Truex Deputy Assistant Inspector General for GAO Report Analysis Enclosure APPENDIX VIII: COMMENTS FROM THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY [letter follows on "Central Intelligence Agency" letterhead] Central Intelligence Agency [ symbol ] Washington, D.C. 20585 Mr. Richard Davis Director, National Security Analysis US General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. 20548 Dear Mr. Davis, In a letter dated 30 March 1995, this Agency advised you that it would conduct a comprehencive record search to aid in the completion of your investigation of the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947. In accordance with your request, we have searched all of our data bases against the terms "Project Mogul" and 'Roswell, New Mexico." The search did not yield any documents related to either of these terms. Therefore, this Agency has no information, beyond those records already reviewed by Mr. Gary Weeter of your staff, relevant to your investigation. Sincerely, /s/ Nora Slatkin Executive Director EXTRA REPORT / LETTER FROM THE GAO TO CONGRESSMAN SCHIFF REGARDING RECORDS HAVING TO DO WITH "MAJESTIC 12". GAO United States General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. 20548 National Security and International Affairs Division 94-0692 July 28, 1995 The Honorable Steven H. Schiff House of Representatives Dear Mr. Schiff: In response to your request, we asked several agencies for their views on the authenticity of the publicly circulated written material referred to as Majestic 12. The origin of this material is unknown, but it is purported to represent highly classified government records explaining unidentified flying object recovery procedures and the crash of a disc-shaped aircraft near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947. Since the late 1980s, several federal agencies have been contacted by nongovernmental persons and asked to comment on the authenticity of the Majestic 12 material. The agencies contacted include * the Information Security Oversight Office (responsible for overseeing the information security programs of all executive branch agencies that create or handle classified national security information), * the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, Deputy for Security and Investigative Programs, and * the National Archives. These agencies responded to the inquiries by stating that their knowledge of Majestic 12 was limited to the written material submitted to them by nongovernmental persons. These agencies added that they found no records in their files relating to Majestic 12. Moreover, the agencies' overall conclusion concerning the authenticity of the Majestic 12 written material was the same--there is no evidence that the Majestic 12 written material constitutes actual documents originally created in the executive branch. According to the Information Security Oversight Office and the Air Force, the Majestic 12 material should not be treated as if it had ever been actually classified by an executive branch agency or government official. We found nothing in our work that contradicts the conclusions reached by these agencies. We also asked the archivists at the Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower libraries for their views on the authenticity of the Majestic 12 material. The archivists said that over the years they have received several inquiries from the public concerning this material. In their search for related records, including classified intelligence and National Security Council documents, they found nothing that appeared to fit the description of the Majestic 12 material or any references to this particular designation. Lastly, during our review of material received from the public by the Information Security Oversight Office in connection with past Freedom of Information Act requests, we came across a message dated November 17, 1980. The message, which appeared to have been originated by the Operations Division of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI), contained the words "MJ Twelve." We contacted AFOSI to determine the authenticity of the November 1980 message. In a letter dated February 28, 1995, the Commander, AFOSI, Investigative Operations Center, advised us that a search of AFOSI files failed to disclose any official record copy of the message. The commander also advised us that in connection with an earlier Freedom of Information Act request, AFOSI had been asked to determine the authenticity of the message. At that time, AFOSI concluded that the message was a forgery. Sincerely yours, /s/Richard Davis Director, National Security Analysis

This is a UFO drawing as a witness saw it .


A ufo description

RS: I have a picture of a UFO. My Name Is Rob S_____. I live in Edmonton, Canada I'm pretty tired right now and I have to work in the morning but I think I have a pic you guys would like. I showed it to a few people and it blew them away. Anyway, I have the pic still on my flashcard and the camera. It is for sale. I made some hard copies. One of my friends who is into computers took a look at it an it blew his hair back! Anywho, I'm not gonna sit on it long. I just want get rid of it. But some people I know who saw it were mentioning some pretty big numbers. I'll sell the camera and flash card along with the rights to the photo for no less than 30 grand USD. And all hard copies(disc)will be given to the buyer. I have some restrictions if I sell it, like I want to be anonymous.The buyer will know who I am though. Pic was taken Nov 25 2005 in Vancouver Island Canada. Daylight. Clear object. These images are low resolution. The original still shows a lot more. RS: I really don't know what to do with this but I know I don't want to devalue it also at the same time I feel like people should see the pic. Any suggestion?? Rob RS: Yeah you can put it up and out there if you want, I'm real busy. I do have the original still on the flashcard. Rob RS: It's not fake. Unless my camera did something I don't know about. The pic was taken on a canon digital 3.1 megapixel camera. The setting was at Automatic. I was taking a picture of the boat in the back ground, the China shipping lines boat. When I took the picture there was nothing in the air, I didn't even know I had the object in the pic until I came home a week later and went through my pictures, and I was like...."what is that??" Anyway, it was taken on the ferry that goes to Vancouver Island. It was really windy that day. I will send you the Pic I took before and after the one you have, also a video clip so you have an idea of the weather conditions. Someone else told me they thought it was fake. I really don't care, I just want to know more about the pic. If interested, or you have questions or comments regarding the image, email Rob directly at surdive@telus.net. (thanks to Rense.com for this information and photograph) Source / Credit: Rense.com Original source webpage / article Photograph ID: 401 ID: 401

Η θεωρία

Biographies of some major UFO researchers. Στο άρθρο αυτό, ο ερευνητής Budd Hopkins εξετάζει 4 βασικά σημεία, που μπορούν να βοηθήσουν στην επίλυση ενός από τα πιο κοινά ερωτήματα, που σχετίζονται με τις απαγωγές από εξωγήινους: Είναι αυτές οι ιστορίες αληθινές, ή αποτελούν Ο Budd Hopkins ενδιαφέρθηκε αρχικά για το φαινόμενο των UFO όταν το 1964, όντας μαζί με άλλα δύο άτομα, υπήρξε αυτόπτης μάρτυρας στην εμφάνιση ενός UFO στο φως της ημέρας, σε μια περιοχή κοντά στο Truro της Μασαχουσέτης. Το 1975 ολοκλήρωσε την πρώτη του μεγάλη έρευνα, που σχετιζόταν με την αναφερόμενη προσγείωση και απαγωγή από ένα UFO στο North Hudson Park του New Jersey. Λίγο καιρό αργότερα, επικεντρώθηκε στα φαινόμενα απαγωγής από εξωγήινους, γεγονός που οδήγησε τελικά στη δημοσίευση των ευρημάτων του. Έγραψε τρία βιβλία (Missing Time 1981, Intruders 1987 και Witnessed 1996), τα οποία αποτέλεσαν σταθμό στην έρευνα για τις απαγωγές εξωγήινων, καθώς ενέπνευσαν ερευνητές αλλά και αρκετούς σκεπτικιστές. Το 1989 ίδρυσε την IF για να οργανώσει και να διευκολύνει την έρευνα στο αντικείμενο αυτό. Τι είναι η Intruders Foundation: Εδώ και πάνω από μία δεκαετία, ο Budd Hopkins ίδρυσε την IF ως έναν μη κερδοσκοπικό οργανισμό με τέσσερις βασικούς σκοπούς: • Για την προσφορά βοήθειας, κατανόησης και προσωπικής έρευνας για όσους αναφέρουν πως είχαν εμπειρίες απαγωγής από εξωγήινους. • Για την επίτευξη συστηματικής έρευνας στα φαινόμενα απαγωγής, μέσω προσεκτικής μελέτης των διαφόρων μορφών με την οποία υφίστανται, στοχεύοντας σε φυσικές και ψυχολογικές ερμηνείες. • Για την προώθηση ενός εκτεταμένου προγράμματος κοινωνικής επιμόρφωσης σχετικά με το φαινόμενο των απαγωγών. • Για την ανάπτυξη ενός πυρήνα εκπαιδευμένων επαγγελματιών σε διάφορα πεδία, οι οποίοι θα ασχοληθούν με τις σχετικές έρευνες. Στο άρθρο που ακολουθεί ο Budd Hopkins εκθέτει τις απόψεις του σε ένα σύνολο τεσσάρων βασικών επιχειρημάτων, θέλοντας να αποδείξει πως οι περιγραφές αυτών που ισχυρίζονται πως έπεσαν θύματα απαγωγής από UFO δεν είναι φανταστικές ιστορίες. Εξετάζει 4 βασικά σημεία, τα οποία είναι κοινά στην συντριπτική πλειοψηφία των αναφορών για απαγωγές από εξωγήινους, τουλάχιστον σε αυτές για τις οποίες είναι ο ίδιος και οι συνεργάτες του ενήμεροι και οι οποίες δεν είναι καθόλου λίγες. Και τα τέσσερα αυτά σημεία αναφέρονται σε «λεπτομέρειες» των περιγραφών, οι οποίες σχετίζονται με κάποια στοιχεία τα οποία λείπουν από τις περιγραφές αυτές και που ακριβώς αυτή η έλλειψη υποδηλώνει πως δεν είναι πλασμένες από τη φαντασία αυτών που τις εξιστόρησαν. Στο πρώτο επιχείρημα εξετάζεται η απουσία του στοιχείου της ντροπής απέναντι στη γύμνια του σώματος, η οποία θα ήταν ένα λογικά αναμενόμενο αίσθημα για τα θύματα των απαγωγών, εφόσον στις περισσότερες περιγραφές αναφέρεται πως τους είχαν γυμνούς σε εξεταστικές τράπεζες, υποβάλλοντάς τους σε διάφορα τεστ. Στο δεύτερο επιχείρημά του ασχολείται με τη φύση των εξετάσεων στις οποίες υποβλήθηκαν τα θύματα των απαγωγών. Ενώ κατά τη γνώμη του, εάν οι περιγραφές ήταν φανταστικές, θα ήταν αναμενόμενο στις εξετάσεις αυτές να υπάρχουν περιγραφές για εξετάσεις και επεμβάσεις που αφορούν το ζωτικότερο ανθρώπινο όργανο την καρδιά δεν έχει αναφερθεί σε καμία από αυτές κάτι τέτοιο. Στη συνέχεια εξετάζει την απουσία αφηγήσεων που σχετίζονται με δραστηριότητες οι οποίες μοιάζουν με τις καθημερινές ανθρώπινες, όπως αυτή της λήψης τροφής και νερού. Θεωρεί πως εάν οι ιστορίες αυτές ήταν φανταστικές, θα ήταν λογικό να περιλαμβάνουν και τέτοια στοιχεία, εφόσον η φαντασία αντλεί στοιχεία από την καθημερινή εμπειρία. Τέλος, θίγει το γεγονός του φανταστικού σεναρίου, που θέλει τους εξωγήινους να επιτίθενται στους ανθρώπους με όπλα εξωγήινης τεχνολογίας για να τους ακινητοποιήσουν και να τους κρατήσουν σε ομηρία. Ενώ και πάλι θα ήταν εύλογο να υπάρχουν περιγραφές τέτοιων στοιχείων στις αναφορές των απαχθέντων, εντούτοις αυτές απουσιάζουν σχεδόν από όλες τις αναφορές που αυτός και η ομάδα του έχουν εξετάσει. Θα δούμε στη συνέχεια την εκτενέστερη έκθεση των τεσσάρων αυτών επιχειρημάτων από τον ιδρυτή της IF, τον Budd Hopkins. Καμιά ντροπή για το γυμνό σώμα; Όσοι είναι εξοικειωμένοι με το θέμα γνωρίζουν ότι στις αναφορές απαγωγής από UFO, σχεδόν πάντα περιλαμβάνονται αφηγήσεις για εξετάσεις του φυσικού σώματος που γίνονται μέσα στο σκάφος. Το θύμα της απαγωγής βρίσκεται συνήθως γυμνό και ακίνητο σε ένα επίπεδο τραπέζι ενώ πραγματοποιούνται μία ή περισσότερες από μία ευρεία ποικιλία εξετάσεων. Υπάρχει εντούτοις, μια ουσιαστικά καθολική λεπτομέρεια σε αυτές τις διαδικασίες που δεν έχει σχολιαστεί ποτέ στην ιστορία του θέματος: το θύμα της απαγωγής δεν φαίνεται ποτέ να αισθάνεται οποιοδήποτε βαθμό ντροπής ή αμηχανίας για τη γύμνια του. Μια γυναίκα ανέφερε ότι κατά τη διάρκεια μιας απαγωγής στην πολύ πρόωρη εφηβεία της που είναι συνήθως μια περίοδος που κυριαρχεί η αίσθηση ντροπής και σύγχυσης για το σώμα του εφήβου - δεν αισθάνθηκε περισσότερο ανήσυχη για τη γύμνια της παρουσία των απαγωγών της, από όση θα είχε αισθανθεί εάν παρουσιαζόταν γυμνή μπροστά στη γάτα ή τα τροπικά της ψάρια. Ακόμα πιο εκπληκτικό είναι το παραπάνω γεγονός εάν αναλογιστούμε και τις περιπτώσεις, όπου πολλοί άνθρωποι συγχρόνως οι οποίοι συχνά είναι άγνωστοι μεταξύ τους βρίσκονται όλοι γυμνοί μέσα στο ίδιο σκάφος. Τη γυναίκα του παραπάνω παραδείγματος την είχαν απαγάγει μαζί με έναν μεγαλύτερο αδελφό και μια μικρότερη αδελφή της και ενώ ήταν και οι τρεις τους γυμνοί, κανένας τους ωστόσο δε φάνηκε να αισθάνεται ντροπή που βρισκόταν έτσι εκτεθειμένοι και σε μία κατάσταση που θα μπορούσε να θεωρηθεί ως ιδιαίτερα τρωτή. Από μόνος του ο φόβος που μπορεί να νιώθουν τα θύματα της απαγωγής για τους εξωγήινους, δεν είναι ικανός να δικαιολογήσει αυτήν την ασυνήθιστη και ίσως αφύσικη στάση τους απέναντι στην έκθεση του γυμνού σώματός τους. Υπάρχουν διάφορες φωτογραφίες με θύματα από τα στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης των ναζί, που μετά από την απάνθρωπη μεταφορά τους σε οχήματα μεταφοράς βοοειδών, διατάχθηκαν να γδυθούν. Οι φωτογραφίες αποκαλύπτουν ότι ακόμη και κάτω από αυτές τις περιστάσεις, αυτοί οι λυπημένοι, αδύνατοι, καταδικασμένοι άνδρες, γυναίκες και παιδιά ενστικτωδώς προσπάθησαν να καλύψουν τη γύμνια τους με τα χέρια και τα μπράτσα τους. Αλλά κάτι άλλο συμβαίνει με τους απαχθέντες από εξωγήινους, κάποιος καθησυχαστικός παράγοντας φαίνεται να υπάρχει. Θα μπορούσαμε να υποθέσουμε ότι η αδιαφορία των θυμάτων απαγωγής για τη γυμνή κατάστασή τους μπορεί να οφείλεται σε κάποιους παράγοντες που δρουν ηρεμιστικά ή και υπνωτιστικά στο θύμα. Επίσης, εάν κάποιος έχει απαχθεί αρκετές φορές από την πρόωρη παιδική του ηλικία και είναι κάθε φορά γυμνός σε όλη την εμπειρία, θα μπορούσε να αποδεχθεί τη συγκεκριμένη κατάσταση ως κάτι που συμβαίνει κατά κανόνα. Ένας άντρας που είχε πέσει θύμα απαγωγής το έθεσε με αυτό τον τρόπο: "Απλά έτσι είναι τα πράγματα. Δεν φοράς ποτέ τα ρούχα σου. Δεν το σκέφτεσαι καν." Τι μπορούμε να σκεφτούμε για την ουδέτερη αντίδραση των θυμάτων απαγωγής στην παράδοξη κατάσταση γύμνιας τους, μία κατάσταση προφανώς απαλλαγμένη από οποιαδήποτε σεξουαλική ανάγκη ή αμηχανία; Καταρχήν, η συνεπής εμφάνιση αυτής της απροσδόκητης λεπτομέρειας στις περισσότερες περιπτώσεις απαγωγής, αντικρούει ουσιαστικά ένα βασικό επιχείρημα αυτών που προσπαθούν να απομυθοποιήσουν τις περιπτώσεις απαγωγής από UFO: Πολλοί ερευνητές ψυχολογικών φαινομένων, επαγγελματίες και ερασιτέχνες, έχουν προσπαθήσει να απομυθοποιήσουν τις αναφορές απαγωγής UFO ως διαφόρων ειδών φαντασιώσεις ή φαντασιοπληξίες. Η δημοφιλέστερη τρέχουσα έκδοση αυτής Η θεωρία αναφέρει, ότι οι άνθρωποι αυτοί εφευρίσκουν αυτές τις απαγωγές για να καλύψουν κάποια ενοχλητικά γεγονότα, όπως τη σεξουαλική κακοποίηση στην παιδική τους ηλικία, την αιμομιξία, τη σεξουαλική παρενόχληση από γιατρούς, νοσοκόμες ή νταντάδες, ή ακόμη και ενδεχομένως κάποιον βιασμό. Άλλοι έχουν επινοήσει έναν τύπο ανθρώπου με οριακά και αμφισβητήσιμα ψυχολογικά χαρακτηριστικά, που είναι επιρρεπής στις φαντασιώσεις με απαγωγές από εξωγήινους, ενώ υπάρχουν και εκείνοι που απλά επιμένουν πως όλες οι σχετικές αναφορές δεν είναι τίποτε άλλο από ενοχλητικά όνειρα. Εάν οποιαδήποτε από αυτές τις θεωρητικές "εξηγήσεις" ίσχυε για ακόμη και τους μισούς από τους απαχθέντες από UFO που έχουν ερευνηθεί προσεκτικά μέχρι τώρα, θα ήταν λογικό και αναμενόμενο να διαγνωσθεί για κάποιους από αυτούς ένα είδος ερωτικής φόρτισης του περιστατικού, ή έστω δείγματα αμηχανίας και ντροπής, δεδομένου ότι ανακαλούσαν στη μνήμη τους την κατάσταση του γυμνού σώματός τους. Εάν μία αναφορά για απαγωγή δεν είναι τίποτε περισσότερο από μία φανταστική κάλυψη ενός τραυματικού περιστατικού σεξουαλικής βίας στην παιδική ηλικία, οι περιστάσεις της γύμνιας ή του να υποχρεωθεί κάποιος να γδυθεί παρά τη θέλησή του, θα αποτελούσαν τραυματικά σημεία κλειδιά στους ανθρώπους αυτούς. Ωστόσο, κάτι τέτοιο δε συμβαίνει στις περιπτώσεις που μελετούμε. Η καθολικότητα αυτής της λεπτομέρειας, όχι μόνο αποκλείει τις ψυχολογικού τύπου ερμηνείες για της αναφορές απαγωγής από UFO, αλλά συνηγορεί επίσης για τη σκληρή πραγματικότητα του φαινομένου αυτού. Αυτές οι αναφορές που ξαφνιάζουν με την απουσία οποιασδήποτε συναισθηματικής αντίδρασης σε καταστάσεις, που φυσιολογικά θα προκαλούσαν στα θύματα ελάχιστη τουλάχιστον αμηχανία, σαφέστατα αποτελούν ισχυρή ψυχολογική απόδειξη του ότι χιλιάδες άνθρωποι έχουν βρεθεί θύματα της ίδιας εμπειρίας: της απαγωγής από UFO και της εξέτασής τους από τους εξωγήινους που βρίσκονταν στο σκάφος. κατασκευάσματα της φαντασίας των ανθρώπων που τις διηγούνται; Στο Α μέρος του άρθρου, ο Budd Hopkins εξέτασε το στοιχείο εκείνο, που αφορά την έλλειψη ντροπής απέναντι στη γύμνια του σώματος, χαρακτηριστικό το οποίο συνάντησε στις αφηγήσεις όπου ήταν παρόν, αλλά και σε αυτές που εξέτασε διαβάζοντάς τις. Οι εξετάσεις των εξωγήινων και η ανθρώπινη καρδιά Εδώ και αιώνες, οι σκέψεις για την ανατομία μας έχουν επικεντρωθεί σε ένα όργανο προ πάντων όλων, την ανθρώπινη καρδιά. Στη γλώσσα μας έχουμε εκφράσεις όπως «η καρδιά των πραγμάτων», «από καρδιάς», «έχει καρδιά», κ.λπ. Η πανταχού παρούσα εικόνα της συμμετρικής καρδιάς, μπορεί να βρεθεί σε κουτιά γλυκών, σε κάρτες, σε περιτυλίγματα, ακόμα και σε σύντομα μηνύματα αγάπης που χαράζονται σε γέρικους κορμούς δέντρων. Μας είναι πιο οικείες στο άκουσμά τους οι χειρουργικές πρακτικές που αφορούν την καρδιά, περισσότερο από οποιαδήποτε άλλη χειρουργική επέμβαση. Διπλά και τριπλά bypass, μεταμοσχεύσεις καρδιάς, μεταμοσχεύσεις τεχνητών βαλβίδων, χειρουργικές επεμβάσεις ανοικτής καρδιάς και πολλά άλλα, αποτελούν κυριολεκτικά φράσεις στην καθημερινή μας συνομιλία. Στον κυνηγό, το στρατιώτη, τον ξιφομάχο και σε ομοίους τους, είναι γνωστό πως η καρδιά είναι το πιο τρωτό όργανο: "στοχεύστε την καρδιά, όχι το κεφάλι," επειδή ο εγκέφαλος, προφανώς, μπορεί να επιζήσει από διάφορες βλάβες, που η καρδιά δε μπορεί να ξεπεράσει. Αν και προσπαθούμε να έχουμε «γερή καρδιά» ξέρουμε ότι αυτό το πολύτιμο όργανο είναι εξαιρετικά τρωτό, και ότι οι πιθανότητες είναι μεγάλες οι πιο πολλοί να πεθάνουμε, κάποια ημέρα, λόγω της εξασθένισης της καρδιάς μας. Για οποιοδήποτε παιδί που επισκέπτεται έναν γιατρό για εξετάσεις, μια από τις πιο οικείες και σημαντικές διαδικασίες είναι αυτή που ακούει ο παθολόγος την καρδιά του ασθενή μέσω ενός στηθοσκοπίου. Στα μετέπειτα έτη οι περισσότεροι από εμάς έχουμε την εμπειρία ενός ηλεκτροκαρδιογραφήματος μέσα στις γενικές εξετάσεις που κάνουμε. Και σαφώς η πλειοψηφία των καθημερινών, προσανατολισμένων στην υγεία, διαιτητικών επιλογών μας γίνεται λόγω της ανησυχίας μας για την ευημερία της καρδιάς ως κέντρο του καρδιαγγειακού συστήματος. Πώς σχετίζονται όλα τα παραπάνω με το ζήτημα των απαγωγών από UFO; Έχω προσωπικά εργαστεί μέχρι στιγμής με περίπου τριακόσια θύματα απαγωγής, και είμαι εξοικειωμένος με πολλά περισσότερα μέσω δημοσιευμένων αναφορών και εκθέσεων που έχουν γίνει από συναδέλφους. Σε αυτές τις εκατοντάδες των αναφορών για απαγωγές από UFO, συνεχώς διαπιστώνω το εξής: κάθε ένα θύμα δηλώνει πως οι εξωγήινοι «εξεταστές» δεν έδειξαν να ενδιαφέρονται ιδιαίτερα για την εξέταση της καρδιάς τους κατά τη διάρκεια των φυσικών διαδικασιών εξέτασης που εμφανίζονται συνήθως κατά τη διάρκεια αυτών των απαγωγών. Το ενδιαφέρον των εξωγήινων σχεδόν αποκλειστικά στρέφεται στην κοιλιακή χώρα του θύματος και στα γεννητικά όργανα. Υπάρχουν δε συχνά, επεμβάσεις που περιλαμβάνουν το κεφάλι και ειδικότερα τη ρινική κοιλότητα, τα μάτια και τα αυτιά. Επίσης περιστασιακά ακούμε για επεμβάσεις που έχουν να κάνουν με τα πόδια, τις μεγάλες αρθρώσεις και το ορθό. Αλλά ποτέ μα ποτέ, με τη καρδιά του απαχθέντος. Τι μπορούμε να συμπεράνουμε από αυτό, το μάλλον αλλόκοτο γεγονός; Κατ’ αρχήν, σημαίνει πως το όργανο που εμείς θεωρούμε σε παγκόσμιο επίπεδο, ως το πλέον σημαντικό για τη ζωτικότητα και τη μακροζωία της ανθρώπινης φυλής, έχει προφανώς πολύ μικρό ενδιαφέρον για τους εξωγήινους, όποιοι κι αν είναι αυτοί. Έχω δηλώσει από την αρχή της ενασχόλησής μου με τα συγκεκριμένα φαινόμενα, πως οι εξωγήινοι ακολουθούν στις απαγωγές αυτές ένα είδος «ημερήσιας διάταξης» που φαίνεται πως δεν περιλαμβάνει τη βελτίωση της γενικής ευημερίας και της υγείας των ανθρωπίνων θυμάτων τους στους στόχους του. Παρά το ότι είναι προφανές ότι οι εξωγήινοι δείχνουν κάποια μέριμνα ώστε να ελαχιστοποιηθούν οι αρνητικές ψυχολογικές επιδράσεις που προκαλούνται από το γεγονός της απαγωγής, η βίαιη λήψη ανθρώπινου σπέρματος και ωαρίων φαίνεται πως γίνεται αποκλειστικά για το δικό τους όφελος παρά για το δικό μας. Τίποτε μέχρι στιγμής δεν έχει εξηγηθεί σε εμάς για τους λόγους ή τους σκοπούς αυτών των επεμβάσεων και σαφώς δεν έχουν πάρει την άδειά μας για αυτές τις ενέργειές τους. Οι εξωγήινοι παίρνουν απλά αυτό που θέλουν, αγνοώντας τα πιο βασικά ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα και επιθυμίες μας. Ένα δεύτερο συμπέρασμα που προκύπτει από την τόσο εμφανή απουσία αναφορών που να σχετίζονται με επεμβάσεις στην καρδιά, στις εκθέσεις για απαγωγή από UFO, έχει να κάνει με αυτήν ακριβώς την διαπίστωση για το αληθές των περιστατικών που έχουν περιγραφεί. Οι διάφοροι σκεπτικιστές και θεωρητικοί που ασχολούνται με την (συχνά από πολυθρόνας) εξέταση του ζητήματος των απαγωγών από UFO, οι οποίοι εκφέρουν όλες τις πιθανές ορθολογικές ερμηνείες για τα φαινόμενα αυτά, υποστηρίζουν συχνά ότι οι αφηγήσεις αυτές είναι φαντασίες. Τίποτα περισσότερο από φόβοι και ελπίδες που αναμειγνύουν την ανάκληση μίας καθημερινής ή κάπως ασυνήθιστης εμπειρίας με τη συναισθηματική αστάθεια των ανθρώπων που αφηγούνται τα γεγονότα που σχετίζονται με τις απαγωγές. Ξέρουμε όλοι ότι τόσο ο κόσμος της φαντασίας όσο και ο κόσμος της πραγματικότητας είναι απίστευτα ποικιλόμορφοι και σύνθετοι κόσμοι, όσο και κάθε ανθρώπινο ον από μόνο του. Έτσι, εάν τα σενάρια απαγωγής από εξωγήινους αποτελούσαν μονάχα ένα προϊόν του απείρου φάσματος της ανθρώπινης φαντασίας, δε θα ήταν λογικό η καρδιά, το κοινώς αποδεκτό ανατομικό κέντρο μας, να εμφανίζεται αρκετά συχνά ως σημείο ιδιαίτερου ενδιαφέροντος για τους εξεταστές, στις αφηγήσεις αυτές; Δε θα έπρεπε να συναντήσουμε πολυάριθμες ιστορίες που να αναφέρουν ακόμα και εγχειρήσεις στην καρδιά, πλαισιωμένες με έναν μυστηριώδη και με μεγάλη ποικιλία τεχνικό ιατρικό εξοπλισμό; Δε θα ήταν δύσκολο η φαντασία μας να δημιουργήσει έναν απεριόριστο κόσμο φανταστικών μηχανημάτων, που να περιλαμβάνουν εξωτικά στηθοσκόπια ή περίπλοκους ηλεκτροκαρδιογράφους, όλα αυτά για την εξωγήινη μελέτη της ανθρώπινης καρδιάς. Αλλά σύμφωνα με τα στοιχεία που έχουμε στη διάθεσή μας, τέτοιες φανταστικές εξετάσεις καρδιάς δεν έχουν αναφερθεί πουθενά. Στην πραγματικότητα, αναφορές στην ανθρώπινη καρδιά δεν εμφανίζονται ποτέ μα ποτέ στις αφηγήσεις αυτές. Έτσι, ένας αντικειμενικός και ορθολογικός νους θα πρέπει στο σημείο αυτό να αναρωτηθεί: εάν όλες οι αναφορές που συνθέτουν το περίεργο φαινόμενο της απαγωγής από UFO είναι αποτέλεσμα της οποιασδήποτε είδους δράσης της φαντασίας, τότε γιατί από τις περιγραφές των απαγωγών απουσιάζει ως εξεταστικό αντικείμενο η καρδιά, που είναι το όργανο αυτό, το οποίο μας κάνει σε μεγαλύτερο βαθμό να ανησυχούμε υπό τις συνήθεις και πραγματικές ιατρικές συνθήκες; Ο λόγος είναι προφανής: οι αναφορές για απαγωγές δεν είναι προϊόντα της φαντασίας των θυμάτων. Ανεξάρτητα εάν αυτή η ερμηνεία αρέσει ή όχι σε μερικούς, οι άνθρωποι που ισχυρίζονται ότι έχουν πέσει θύματα απαγωγής από εξωγήινους, ανακαλούν στη μνήμη τους την απλή αλλά σοκαριστική αλήθεια ενός πραγματικού γεγονότος. Και επιπλέον οι αναφορές αυτές συνηγορούν σε αυτό που αναλύθηκε στις προηγούμενες παραγράφους, ότι δηλαδή, παρά το ενδιαφέρον των εξωγήινων για τη διαδικασία της αναπαραγωγής των ανθρώπων, φαίνεται πως το καρδιαγγειακό σύστημα τους αφήνει πλήρως αδιάφορους. Αυτό το σημείο καταρρίπτει κάθε σκεπτικιστικό ισχυρισμό που θέλει την φαντασία να παίζει κύριο ρόλο στην επινόηση όλων αυτών των αφηγήσεων. Κι εδώ βρίσκεται ένας δυσάρεστος παραλληλισμός μεταξύ των δύο θεμάτων που υπήρξαν το κύριο αντικείμενο του παρόντος επιχειρήματος. Από τη μια μεριά υπάρχουν οι εξωγήινοι, που αδιαφορώντας για την γενική ή ακόμα περισσότερο την ψυχολογική υγεία των θυμάτων, τους χρησιμοποιούν ως «πειραματόζωα» για τους οποιουσδήποτε σκοπούς τους. Και από την άλλη, υπάρχουν κάποιοι σκεπτικιστές, που αντιμετωπίζοντας τους ανθρώπους αυτούς ως φαντασιόπληκτους στην καλύτερη περίπτωση ή ως ανθρώπους που δεν στέκουν καλά στον ψυχολογικό τομέα, είναι σαν να ασκούν κι αυτοί με τη σειρά τους ένα είδος ψυχολογικής βίας στους ανθρώπους αυτούς. Έτσι, εκτός από το ότι αγνοούν μία μεγάλη μερίδα ανθρώπων που ισχυρίζονται πως έχουν πράγματι αυτές τις εμπειρίες, «κλείνοντας ουσιαστικά τα μάτια» στο γεγονός αυτό, διεκδικούν τελικά περισσότερο και από τους εξωγήινους το να τους αποδοθεί ο χαρακτηρισμός του άκαρδου. Στο άρθρο αυτό, ο ερευνητής Budd Hopkins εξετάζει 4 βασικά σημεία, που μπορούν να βοηθήσουν στην επίλυση ενός από τα πιο κοινά ερωτήματα, που σχετίζονται με τις απαγωγές από εξωγήινους: Είναι αυτές οι ιστορίες αληθινές, ή αποτελούν κατασκευάσματα της φαντασίας των ανθρώπων που τις διηγούνται; Στο Α μέρος του άρθρου, ο Budd Hopkins εξέτασε το στοιχείο εκείνο, που αφορά την έλλειψη ντροπής απέναντι στη γύμνια του σώματος, χαρακτηριστικό το οποίο συνάντησε στις αφηγήσεις όπου ήταν παρόν, αλλά και σε αυτές που εξέτασε διαβάζοντάς τις. Στο Β μέρος ασχολήθηκε με την έλλειψη αναφορών, οι οποίες σχετίζονται με επεμβάσεις οι οποίες αφορούν την ανθρώπινη καρδιά, το σημαντικότερο όργανο για την πλειοψηφία των ανθρώπων. Σύμφωνα με τον Budd Hopkins, η έλλειψη αυτή μπορεί να σημαίνει πως οι ιστορίες δεν είναι φανταστικές επινοήσεις, εφόσον θα ήταν λογικό για πολλούς ανθρώπους να συμπεριλάβουν φανταστικές εξετάσεις και επεμβάσεις της καρδιάς στις ιστορίες τους, πράγμα όμως που δεν γίνεται στην πελιοψηφία των αναφορών για απαγωγή από εξωγήινους. Τροφή, νερό και οι εξωγήινοι Ένα από τα πιο αξιαγάπητα γνωρίσματά του ανθρώπου είναι η αστείρευτη ικανότητά του να ονειρεύεται, να φαντάζεται και να εφευρίσκει ολόκληρους φανταστικούς κόσμους. Και όμως η πρώτη ύλη που χρησιμοποιεί η φαντασία μας για να διαμορφώσει, να καθορίσει και να εξωραΐσει όλους αυτούς τους κόσμους που δημιουργεί, δεν είναι τίποτε άλλο από την καθημερινή ανθρώπινη εμπειρία. Δεν έχουμε κανέναν άλλο διαθέσιμο πόρο. Ανεξάρτητα από το πόσο εξωτικές είναι οι εικόνες και τα γεγονότα που δημιουργεί το μυαλό μας, αναγνωρίζουμε ακόμα τις ταπεινές αρχές τους στην πεζή, καθημερινή εμπειρία. Και δεδομένου ότι όλοι ξοδεύουμε πολύ χρόνο σε ορισμένες βασικές δραστηριότητες όπως η λήψη τροφής, ο ύπνος, το παιχνίδι και η ερωτική πράξη, κάποιες από αυτές τις δραστηριότητες θα έπρεπε φυσικά να εμφανιστούν στις ιστορίες που πλάθουμε με τη φαντασία μας. Αυτό το απλό γεγονός, αποκτά ιδιαίτερη σημασία εάν το επικαλεστούμε για να εξετάσουμε ιστορίες όπως αυτές που περιλαμβάνουν υποτιθέμενες απαγωγές ανθρώπων από εξωγήινους. Εάν οι ιστορίες αυτές δεν ήταν τίποτε άλλο, παρά μεγάλες και λεπτομερείς φαντασιώσεις, θα ήταν φυσικό να περιμένουμε κάποιες από τις πιο κοινές ανθρώπινες δραστηριότητες να εμφανίζονται στις περιγραφές αυτές. Δηλαδή, θα περίμενε κανείς για παράδειγμα, ότι θα υπήρχαν επιμελείς περιγραφές για τα εξωγήινα τρόφιμα και ποτά, τις αποθήκες και γενικότερα τους χώρους τους. Η ισχύς του ισχυρισμού αυτού μπορεί πολύ εύκολα να ελεγχθεί. Εγώ προσωπικά (ο Hopkins) και ο συνεργάτης μου ο Jacobs, ήμασταν παρόντες σε πάνω από χίλιες εξιστορήσεις για απαγωγή από UFO, που προήλθαν από περισσότερους από 400 ανθρώπους και έχουμε διαβάσει εκατοντάδες άλλες τέτοιες αναφορές. Υπήρξαν περιγραφές εξωγήινων που έτρωγαν ή έπιναν; Ούτε μία φορά δεν έχουμε συναντήσει μια τέτοια περιγραφή! Κουζίνες; Σκεύη μαγειρικής και τραπεζαρίες; Ποτέ, μέσα σε χιλιάδες αναφορές. Επιπλέον, δεν έχουμε συναντήσει ούτε μία περιγραφή, στην οποία κάποιος εξωγήινος να πλησιάζει το χέρι του στο στόμα του για οποιονδήποτε λόγο. Τα θύματα απαγωγής δεν έχουν ποτέ αναφέρει ότι τους προσφέρθηκε τροφή ή νερό ενώσω βρισκόντουσαν μέσα στο εξωγήινο σκάφος (αν και σε κάποιες περιπτώσεις έχει αναφερθεί πως τους ανάγκασαν να καταπιούν κάποιες ουσίες μέσα στο πλαίσιο των εξετάσεων που τους έκαναν). Οι άνθρωποι αυτοί δεν έχουν δει κάποιο δοχείο ή συσκευή που να σχετίζεται με τη διανομή του νερού. Παρόλο που κάποιοι από αυτούς αναγκάστηκαν να καταπιούν κάποιο υγρό, δεν έχει κανείς τους αναφέρει πως και οι εξωγήινοι λάμβαναν επίσης κάποιο υγρό. Πρακτικά, τα θύματα απαγωγής δεν συμπεριλαμβάνουν καθόλου το νερό στην εξιστόρηση της εμπειρίας τους και κάποιοι από αυτούς ανέφεραν υπερβολική δίψα κατά τη διάρκεια της αιχμαλωσίας τους. Σύμφωνα με τις περισσότερες περιγραφές εξωγήινων, φαίνεται πως διαθέτουν κάποιο είδος στόματος ή τουλάχιστον μία σχισμή που μοιάζει με στόμα στο σημείο που θα βρισκόταν ένα στόμα στον άνθρωπο αλλά δεν μπορούμε να πούμε πως η λειτουργία του μοιάζει με αυτήν του ανθρώπινου στόματος. Σε σπάνιες περιπτώσεις που άνθρωποι οι οποίοι έχουν απαχθεί από εξωγήινους αναφέρουν κάποιο ανοιχτό στόμα, δε βλέπουν δόντια, σάλια ή γλώσσα. Στην ουσία, καμία από τις ανθρώπινες ανατομικές δομές που σχετίζονται με τη λήψη, ή την πέψη της τροφής δε φαίνεται να υπάρχει σ’ αυτούς. Μια ενδιαφέρουσα αναφορά σχετικά με το στοιχείο αυτό προέρχεται από την περιγραφή κάποιου που είχε πέσει θύμα απαγωγής τον Απρίλιο του 1989. Η Lynn Miller, η οποία είχε συζητήσει με τον David Jacobs 10 διαφορετικές ιστορίες που την είχαν απαγάγει, ήταν σε θέση να ρωτήσει τους απαγωγείς της μία απλή ερώτηση: «τρώτε;» Οι δύο μικρές φιγούρες που στεκόντουσαν δίπλα της χρειάστηκαν αρκετό διάστημα για να απαντήσουν και σύμφωνα με τη Lynn, ο ένας από αυτούς είπε τελικά: «Δε χρειαζόμαστε να καταναλώσουμε κάτι, όπως η ανθρώπινη τροφή». Η ακρίβεια αυτής της δήλωσης είναι αμφισβητήσιμη, όπως οτιδήποτε άλλο έχει αναφερθεί πως ειπώθηκε από εξωγήινους, αλλά τουλάχιστον συμφωνεί με όσα γνωρίζουμε ή υποθέτουμε για τα μορφολογικά τους χαρακτηριστικά. Έχουμε επίσης πάρει συνέντευξη από πολλά μικρά παιδιά, για τα οποία η τροφή, το νερό και τα γλυκά έχουν πολύ μεγάλη σημασία. Κανένα από αυτά δεν περιέγραψε ποτέ κάποιο εξωγήινο σνακ ή αναψυκτικό ή οποιασδήποτε άλλης μορφής φαγώσιμο. Εάν οι περιγραφές τους ήταν αποκυήματα της παιδικής φαντασίας, πολλά παιδιά θα είχαν επινοήσει και τέτοιες λεπτομέρειες. Σε όλες αυτές τις χιλιάδες αναφορές, η συνάφεια τέτοιων λεπτομερειών σχετικά με το τι περιλαμβάνεται και τι αποκλείεται ολοσχερώς σε κάθε περιγραφή συνηγορεί για την αντικειμενική τους αλήθεια. Η κοινή σε όλες τις περιγραφές απουσία λεπτομερειών που σχετίζονται με βασικά τμήματα της καθημερινής ζωής όπως η τροφή και το νερό, αποτελεί ένα δυνατό επιχείρημα στον ισχυρισμό ότι οι αναφορές αυτές δεν προέρχονται από τη φαντασία των ανθρώπων που τις διηγούνται. Τέλος, εάν ήταν φανταστικές, τότε σε ένα μεγάλο πλήθος τέτοιων αναφορών θα παρουσιάζονταν μία τεράστια ποικιλία ιδιαίτερα στις λεπτομέρειες, που θα έκαναν κάθε μία τέτοια ιστορία τελείως διαφορετική και προσωπική. Το ότι κάτι τέτοιο δεν συμβαίνει, αποτελεί έναν λόγο που μας επιβάλλει να τις ξεχωρίσουμε μία προς μία από τον απείρως ποικιλόμορφο κόσμο της ανθρώπινης φαντασίας. Που είναι τα «υπέρ-όπλα» των εξωγήινων; Αν και γνωρίζουμε πόσο επικίνδυνη μπορεί να είναι μια πολεμοχαρής φύση, οι άνθρωποι φαίνεται πως είμαστε ακαταμάχητα γοητευμένοι από τα θανάσιμα όπλα. Τα μικρά αγόρια παίζουν με διαφόρων ειδών πιστόλια και σε πολλές γειτονιές ο πόλεμος είναι ένα αγαπημένο παιχνίδι παιδιών και εφήβων. Οι κινηματογραφικοί κακοποιοί είναι εξαιρετικά δημοφιλείς στο φιλοθεάμον κοινό και οι ήρωες τύπου Rambo και εξολοθρευτή, είναι ικανοί να γοητεύσουν μία μεγάλη μάζα ανθρώπων που τους παρακολουθούν στις περιπέτειές τους. Ιδιαίτερα δε, η σειρά των διαστημικών ταινιών Star Wars και οι παρόμοιες ταινίες, έχουν συντροφέψει πολλούς νέους και μεγαλύτερους στη φαντασία και στις οθόνες των κινηματογράφων και είχαν τεράστια επιτυχία, εν μέρει λόγω των θεαματικών λέιζερ όπλων, τόσο πολύ, που έχουν ξοδευτεί ακόμα και μεγάλα κρατικά κονδύλια για να μπορέσει να κατασκευαστεί ένα τέτοιο "εξωτικό" οπλικό σύστημα. Όπως αναφέραμε και σε προηγούμενα σημεία, πηγή της φαντασίας είναι τα πράγματα με τα οποία ερχόμαστε σε επαφή στην καθημερινή μας ζωή. Έτσι τα όπλα, αποτελούν ένα πολύ συχνό τέτοιο στοιχείο, που βρίσκεται παρόν στα παιχνίδια, στην τηλεόραση και τον κινηματογράφο, ακόμα και στους φόβους κάθε ανθρώπου, που σχετίζονται με την ασφάλειά του. Θα ήταν λοιπόν αναμενόμενο να συναντούσε κανείς αναφορές για περίεργα πιστόλια, ακτινοβόλα όπλα, λέιζερ και άλλες παραλλαγές τους, σε ένα μεγάλο ποσοστό περιγραφών που σχετίζονται με απαγωγές από UFO, εάν οι περιγραφές αυτές ήταν φανταστικές. Θα περίμενε έτσι κανείς, πως εάν δεν υπάρχουν τέτοιες αναφορές που σχετίζονται με όπλα που χρησιμοποιούν οι εξωγήινοι, η έλλειψη αυτού του φανταστικού στοιχείου, τις καθιστά πιο πιθανές να είναι αληθινές. Κάτι τέτοιο φαίνεται πράγματι να ισχύει με τις περιγραφές αυτών που ισχυρίζονται πως τους απήγαγαν UFO. Μέσα σε ένα σύνολο που περιλαμβάνει πάνω από χίλιες εκθέσεις για απαγωγές από UFO, μόνο σε δύο τρεις από αυτές συνάντησα κάτι που φάνηκε στα θύματα ως κάποιο φορητό εξωγήινο όπλο. Εάν οι εκθέσεις αυτές ήταν φανταστικές, θα περίμενα να συναντήσω εκατοντάδες τέτοιες αναφορές. Ιδιαίτερα δε, εάν υπολογιστεί πως άνθρωποι με ζωηρή φαντασία, είναι επιρρεπείς στο να επηρεαστούν από κινηματογραφικές ταινίες και πολλές που αφορούν τα UFO, συμπεριλαμβάνουν κάποιου είδους εξωγήινα όπλα. Σε συνεργασία μου με τρεις αστυνομικούς και τρεις ανώτερους υπαλλήλους του στρατού, που μου εξέθεσαν τις εμπειρίες τους από την απαγωγή τους από UFO, σε καμία από τις εκθέσεις τους δεν περιγράφηκε η χρήση από τους εξωγήινους οποιουδήποτε είδους όπλου. Στα περισσότερα σενάρια περιπέτειας και επιστημονικής φαντασίας στις ταινίες και στην τηλεόραση, έχουμε συνηθίσει να βλέπουμε ανθρώπους να απειλούν άλλους ανθρώπους με όπλα, ιδιαίτερα δε όταν οι ταινίες πραγματεύονται ιστορίες με οποιουδήποτε είδους απαγωγές. Αντίθετα, στο τυπικό σενάριο απαγωγής από UFO, το θύμα περιγράφει ότι περπατά στο σκάφος χωρίς κάποιος να τον απειλεί. Οι εγκέφαλοι των θυμάτων φαίνεται πως ελέγχονται από τη θέληση των εξωγήινων, οι οργανισμοί τους παραλύουν και αυτός μοιάζει να είναι ο συνήθης τρόπος επιβολής τους. Η φαντασία από την άλλη μεριά, από την ίδια της τη φύση, παράγει άγρια και διαφορετικά μεταξύ τους σενάρια. Θα μπορούσε κανείς εύκολα να φανταστεί, ένα εξωγήινο σκάφος να σταματά κάποια αυτοκίνητα και εξωγήινοι με ακτινοβόλα όπλα να αναγκάζουν τους επιβάτες να επιβιβαστούν στα προσγειωμένα σκάφη τους. Επίσης, θα ήταν αναμενόμενο να υπάρχουν ιστορίες σχετικές με επικίνδυνες διαφυγές από την αιχμαλωσία των εξωγήινων, ηρωικές μάχες μαζί τους, περιπετειώδη κυνηγητά και άλλα τέτοια, που μια ζωηρή φαντασία θα μπορούσε εύκολα να δημιουργήσει. Αλλά καμιά τέτοια ιστορία δεν έχουμε συναντήσει. Η κοινή μας λογική λέει λοιπόν, ότι η ανθρώπινη φαντασία δεν μπορεί να είναι η πηγή αυτών των αναφορών απαγωγής από UFO. Όλο και περισσότερα μυστικά έρχονται στο φως απ' την «πάλαι ποτέ» Σοβιετική Ένωση. Μυστικά αρχεία ανοίγουν, απόρρητοι φάκελοι ξεθάβονται και αποκαλύπτονται συμβάντα άγνωστα για τον πολύ κόσμο. Κάποια τέτοια συμβάντα αφορούν στις επαφές του στρατού της ΕΣΣΔ με Αγνώστου Ταυτότητας Ιπτάμενα Αντικείμενα (Α.ή.Ι.Α.) και πιθανά με εξωγήινους. Αυτός ήταν σίγουρα και ο λόγος που στα τέλη της δεκαετίας του 1960, ιδρύθηκε ένα ειδικό εργαστήριο μελέτης αυτών των αγνώστων ιπτάμενων επισκεπτών της Σοβιετικής Ένωσης, του οποίου η ύπαρξη κρατήθηκε για χρόνια μυστική. Μάλιστα οι ερευνητές των UFO της ΕΣΣΔ κατηγορούν τώρα τις στρατιωτικές αρχές της χώρας, ότι η στάση φοβίας του σοβιετικού στρατού - προϊόν του «Ψυχρού Πολέμου» - πιθανόν να απέτρεψε προσπάθειες επικοινωνίας εξωγήινων πολιτισμών με τη Γη, καθώς κάθε ΑήΙΑ αντιμετωπίζονταν σαν μια απειλή. Πάντως δεν είναι και λίγα τα συμβάντα επαφής του σοβιετικού στρατού με ΑήΙΑ. Ας δούμε μερικά: - Βρισκόμαστε στα 1947. Ένα ΑήΙΑ σε σχήμα πούρου πετάει σε ύψος 4.000 μέτρων στα σύνορα Τουρκίας και σοβιετικού Καυκάσου. Οι Σοβιετικοί προσπαθούν να το καταρρίψουν, αλλά μάταια. Το αντικείμενο φαίνεται απρόσβλητο απ' τα πυρά τους και απομακρύνεται απ' τους διώκτες του με ταχύτητα 2.000 χλμ/ώρα !!! - Αργότερα, στα 1984: ένα ΑήΙΑ σε σχήμα μπάλας πετάει στα 2.000 μέτρα πάνω από μια στρατιωτική περιοχή του Τουρκεστάν. Δικαιολογημένα θεωρείται απειλή, αλλά τα αεροπλάνα που σηκώνονται για να το αναχαιτίσουν δεν μπορούν να βάλλουν εναντίον του όταν αυτό κατεβαίνει σε ύψος μόλις 100 μέτρων. Αλλά ούτε τα ελικόπτερα μπορούν να το προσεγγίσουν καθώς αυτό «αποφασίζει» ότι δεν θέλει την συντροφιά τους και ανυψώνεται ξαφνικά σε ύψος που τα ελικόπτερα δεν μπορούν να φτάσουν. - 1985: κοντά στην πόλη Krasnovodsk, τα ραντάρ «πιάνουν» ένα ΑήΙΑ σε σχήμα δίσκου και διάμετρο περίπου 1.000 μέτρα !!! Το ΑήΙΑ έμεινε ακίνητο στον ουρανό για πολύ ώρα και ξαφνικά από μέσα του βγήκε ένα μικρός ιπτάμενος δίσκος (μόλις 5 μέτρων) ο οποίος έπεσε στην Κασπία Θάλασσα. Κάθε φορά όμως που θαλάσσια σκάφη προσπαθούσαν να πλησιάσουν τον δίσκο αυτό, αυτός απομακρύνονταν με «αλματάκια» 1 χλμ. !!! Πέρα όμως απ' αυτά τα αξιοθαύμαστα συμβάντα, φαίνεται ότι και οι ίδιοι οι Σοβιετικοί δεν έκατσαν με σταυρωμένα χέρια. Στα τέλη της δεκαετίας του 1960 ίδρυσαν ένα μυστικό εργαστήριο μελέτης των ΑήΙΑ, στο οποίο φαίνεται ότι παράλληλα διεξάγονταν και πειράματα για τη μελέτη της αντιβαρύτητας. Και μάλλον δεν είναι τυχαίο ότι στην περιοχή του εργαστηρίου - κοντά στην πόλη Kapustin Yar - θεάθηκαν το 1971 ιπτάμενα αντικείμενα σε σχήμα τσιγάρου να ίπτανται σε ύψος 800 μέτρων και να ταξιδεύουν με ταχύτητα 150 χλμ./ώρα, αλλά χωρίς τον παραμικρό θόρυβο. Τέτοιες περιγραφές ενισχύουν τα σενάρια, ότι κάποια από τα θεωρούμενα UFO δεν αποτελούσαν παρά πειράματα των «Μεγάλων Δυνάμεων» για ιπτάμενα συστήματα κατασκοπείας ή ακόμα και επίθεσης κατά της αντίπαλης πλευράς στην περίοδο του Ψυχρού Πολέμου. Ίσως ανάλογα μυστήρια διαλευκανθούν αν περισσότερα ντοκουμέντα έρθουν σιγά - σιγά στο φως από την «σκοτεινή» εποχή της Σοβιετικής Ένωσης. Ως τότε - ή ίσως και για πάντα - όλα θα μοιάζουν με μυστήρια και απλές υποθέσεις! Το ινστιτούτο NIDS (National Institute for Discovery Science), έχει σκοπό τη διαλεύκανση υποθέσεων UFO, έχοντας αποκαλύψει πολλές περιπτώσεις όπου τα «Άγνωστα Ιπτάμενα Αντικείμενα» αποδείχτηκαν αρκετά ... γνωστά. Μια ξεχωριστή κατηγορία UFO που μελετούνται είναι τα μεγάλα τρίγωνα ή σε σχήμα «δέλτα» ιπτάμενα αντικείμενα, που έχουν εμφανιστεί κυρίως στον ουρανό των Η.Π.Α. αλλά και της Ευρώπης. Αποκαλούνται «Μεγάλα Μαύρα Δέλτα» (Big Black Delta ή BBD) και οι πρώτες τους εμφανίσεις τοποθετούνται στα μέσα της δεκαετίας του '80.Τα BBD φτάνουν πολλές φορές σε μήκος τα 200 μ., σε πλάτος τα 90 μ. και σε ύψος τα 12 μ. Είναι επίσης πιθανόν να ζυγίζουν ως και 100 τόνους. Εξαιτίας του ότι τείνουν να εμφανίζονται κοντά σε στρατιωτικές βάσεις, έχει διατυπωθεί η υπόθεση ότι πρόκειται για πειράματα του στρατού των Η.Π.Α. Αφού λοιπόν πρόκειται για κατασκευάσματα άγνωστα στον πολύ κόσμο, περνιούνται για UFO. Η ερευνητική ομάδα του NIDS - που προσπαθεί να εξηγήσει τις εμφανίσεις UFO, περιορίζοντας τις περιπτώσεις πραγματικά «άγνωστων» αντικειμένων- πιστεύει ότι τα BBD κινούνται με «ηλεκτροκινητική» ενέργεια ή με αερομεταφερόμενες μονάδες πυρηνικής ενέργειας και πετούν σε ύψη μεγαλύτερα από τα κοινά αεροσκάφη καθώς και απ' την εμβέλεια των επίγειων ραντάρ. ήπάρχουν επίσης στοιχεία που δηλώνουν ότι μένουν σε πτήση για αρκετές μέρες, έως και βδομάδες. Ο «ηλεκτροκινητικός» τρόπος κίνησης εξηγεί και την συχνή απουσία θορύβων κατά την εμφάνιση και πτήση των BBD, αφού δεν απαιτεί τη χρήση προπελών ή μηχανών jet. Μάλιστα το NIDS εκτιμά ότι σύντομα οι Η.Π.Α. θα αποκαλύψουν την ταυτότητα των BBD. Αυτό ενισχύεται απ' το γεγονός ότι πολλές εμφανίσεις τους γίνονται σε πυκνοκατοικημένες περιοχές, όπως μια που έγινε στις 5-1-2000 στο Ιλινόις. ήην ύπαρξη ενός τέτοιου τεχνολογικού επιτεύγματος υποστηρίζουν και άλλοι - εκτός NIDS - επιστήμονες, όπως ο L. Scott Miller, καθηγητής Αεροναυπηγικής στο Πανεπιστήμιο Wichita State, που υποστηρίζει ότι πρόκειται για μια τεχνολογία ανώτερη από τυχόν απλές βελτιώσεις των ήδη υπαρχόντων μοντέλων αεροσκαφών που έχουν δοκιμαστεί ήδη στους πολέμους του Ιράκ, της Βοσνίας ή του Αφγανιστάν. Θα ήταν πολύ σημαντικό να μπορεί για παράδειγμα ένα αεροσκάφος να μεταφέρει μεγάλο αριθμό τανκς και στρατιωτών και μάλιστα αθόρυβα μέσα στη νύχτα καθιστώντας λιγότερο επικίνδυνη αλλά και περισσότερο αιφνιδιαστική την επιχείρηση για το στρατό Οι εμφανίσεις των UFO είναι πολλές και έχουν καταγραφεί σε ποικίλα μέρη του πλανήτη μας. Όμως τώρα τελευταία φαίνεται ότι δείχνουν ιδιαίτερη προτίμηση στην Κίνα. Αυτό τουλάχιστον υποστηρίζουν οι Κινέζοι «ουφολόγοι». Και ίσως να μην έχουν άδικο, αν λάβουμε υπόψη κάποια πρόσφατα ρεπορτάζ της εφημερίδας "Izvestia", τα οποία αναφέρονται σε τρεις εμφανίσεις δισκοειδών φωτεινών αντικειμένων, που «παρενόχλησαν» πρόσφατα την πτήση κινέζικων αεροσκαφών. Τα τελευταία χρόνια όλο και περισσότερα περιστατικά εμφάνισης UFO έχουν καταγραφεί στην Κίνα. Οι περιγραφές τους ποικίλουν σε μέγεθος, σχήμα, χρώμα καθώς και στην περιοχή της εμφάνισής τους. Έχει ακόμα καταγραφεί και περίπτωση, όπου ένα τέτοιο ιπτάμενο αντικείμενο προκάλεσε την διακοπή της ηλεκτροδότησης σε μια σειρά κατοικιών, χωρίς να υπάρχει εμφανή βλάβη στο σύστημα ηλεκτροδότησης. Το πιο εντυπωσιακό όμως είναι ότι, έχουν καταγραφεί ακόμα και ... αερομαχίες UFO με αεροσκάφη της κινέζικης πολεμικής αεροπορίας μπροστά στα μάτια δεκάδων θεατών !!! Οι Κινέζοι φαίνονται όμως να είναι προετοιμασμένοι για τη συνέχεια, αφού μελετούν από καιρό τους εξωγήινους πολιτισμούς. Εδώ και 25 χρόνια, έχουν ιδρύσει την «Εθνική Εταιρεία Εξωγήινων Μελετών» η οποία χρηματοδοτείται μάλιστα απ’ την κινέζικη κυβέρνηση. Στο ερευνητικό αυτό κέντρο μετέχουν εξέχοντες Κινέζοι επιστήμονες και μελετητές των UFO, οι οποίοι δηλώνουν ότι, το ενδιαφέρον των Κινέζων για τους εξωγήινους πολιτισμούς είναι εξαιρετικά μεγάλο και ότι ο μισός κινέζικος πληθυσμός πιστεύει στην ύπαρξη των UFO ! Μάλιστα κάποιοι ερευνητές όπως ο κ. Sun Shili είναι πεπεισμένοι ότι, ήδη πολλοί εξωγήινοι ... ζουν ανάμεσά μας και ... προτιμούν την Κίνα, μιας και είναι η νέα ανερχόμενη παγκόσμια δύναμη. Ίσως τελικά οι Κινέζοι να έχουν ψάξει τα πράγματα καλύτερα απ’ όλους. Και το σπουδαιότερο: έχουν καταλάβει πια τη δύναμη τους! http://english.pravda.ru/science/19/94/378/11796_ufo.html

Terrestrial UFOs: Subliminal Connection

There is a universal, limitless, free electro-magnetic energy being used by scientists to make terrestrial UFOs and those who refuse to work on these machines or try to resist conducting experiments are programmed to obey orders by subliminal and remote mechanical means. There is a growing concern that subliminal engineering has been going on for some time and that it is connected directly with the development of terrestrial UFOs. A small chain of dedicated researchers, working underground throughout the world, now feel they have evidence that the "great UFO cover-up" does not deal with captured extra-terrestrial technology but with highly specialized, technical and secret "black" projects being conducted at various remote locations on our own planet. They know that those who wish to hide these facts will go to any lengths to avoid compromising their projects and that many scientists who have been reported missing or dead are working on these UFOs, space travel and time travel! Even more awesome is the report that some of the most outstanding scientists have been offered honorable positions at "non-existing" institutions and they are forced to work on specific projects in secret underground locations around the world. If they resist in any way they are deprived of their individuality and programmed to obey any instruction given them by subliminal suggestion and/or implanting electrodes in the brain. They have been treated in such a way as to become little more than robots who obey any order, including orders to assassinate others. Another method employed is the use of powerful telepaths (scanners) and machines that synchronize the brain waves to some kind of emitted electromagnetic wave. (Refer to NSA and DIA "Scannate" projects). There is no physical contact and the target has no knowledge that subliminal suggestion has occurred, believing the ideas to be their own! We have received reports and information about experiments in free energy, magnetic energy machines, invisibility, time and space transport, and even reports of suicides, accidents and murder as a result of subliminal suggestion. One of my overseas contacts states: "When reported to the Commission of Human Rights in Strassbourg, their comment was, 'The victims have to complain themselves!'" That, of course, is highly unlikely! Ever since the 1950's when a Fort Lee, New Jersey movie theatre flashed DRINK COCA-COLA over the face of actress Kim Novak during the showing of Picnic, there has been a growing controversy concerning the practice of subliminal suggestion. At that time some Congressmen and The women's Christian Temperance Union voiced strong objections and called for an investigation. Hal C. Becker, president of Behavioral Engineering Corp. in Metairie, Louisiana, stated that he had implanted electrodes in the human brain when he was an engineer at Tulane Medical School. That was a beginning. In looking at the subject of subliminal suggestion and conditioning today, we now find a wide scope of more frightening possibilities. On an NBC Magazine TV news special, March 13, 1981, a segment on mind control was aired. It was reported at that time that the Russians were known to be experimenting with changing human behavior by external electronic influences, and witnesses expressed fear that the minds of many of the world's most important and influential people are now being controlled by these processes! Witnesses told of seeing experiments where a person's spinal cord was paralyzed by the mental suggestion of a scanner less than a half mile away. They also told of another experiment where a person in one room was influenced by a scanner in another room to become so dizzy he could not stand. It has been shown that the human brain does emit electric energy and that it may be harnessed and used. In a laboratory in Leningrad a man is able to light a bulb using only his mental powers. The news program discussed an experiment where someone tried to influence the mind of another who was speaking on a radio, to see if the speech could be changed during the program. Near Portland, Oregon, there are unusual radio waves of an extremely low frequency pulsating 10 times a second. I can pick these up on my shortwave radio nightly. Sources, some of them classified, have traced these pulses to a transmitter in the former Soviet Union! These sources will not discuss their work. There is no evidence that anyone has suffered biological effects from the signal, but they are at the frequency that the human body functions (10 hertz_the range of biological frequencies). The implication is that extremely low frequencies like that, absorbed by the body and brain, can influence brain waves. The brain can be disrupted by electronic fields and microwaves because whenever you can get a resonate frequency between portions of the brain and physical energy then you can alter the structure of the brain or any other organ in the body. Heart attacks could be induced, for example. An experiment was witnessed where someone in another room fractured the spinal cord of a person and disrupted mental processes. Why would anyone want to fracture spinal cords or make another person ill? Why disorient or control another human being? Bizarre as it may seem, we are beginning to discover reasons. Since this concerns only Terrestrial UFOs and their possible connections to subliminal suggestion and conditioning, we cannot, at this point, ignore the fact that over the years there have been thousands of apparently honest accounts of personal contacts with UFOs and their occupants and a number of perfectly credible abduction episodes. Some have returned proclaiming messages of hope and love from our space brothers, some of which have accurately predicted future events. These contacts have posed some of the most perplexing questions concerning the UFO enigma. Considering that very knowledgeable people are able to deliberately project thoughts, experiences and visions, perhaps even words, into the minds of witnesses all over the world, the answer is a practical though fearsome conclusion: Someone is conducting mass subliminal suggestion and mind control. Additionally, there have been and still are intelligence agencies, often using front organizations, who are exploiting the extra-terrestrial hysteria while busily collecting data on the effects of terrestrial UFO sightings. Knowledge has been systematically controlled down through the ages. In the past, all women and most men were denied the right to learn to read or write and "wisdom" was granted only to the select few. Books were burned, information recorded on stone, wood or clay was defaced, destroyed or hidden from the profane. Lest you think anything has changed may I remind you of the secret documents to be released after the year 2000. They include information on Kissinger's "Dead Key Scrolls," Watergate, Martin Luther King's and JFK's deaths. It should be obvious to all but a few that we will not be told about mind control and terrestrial UFOs as long as there are those who think we should not know. In his book, "Messengers of Deception," Jacques Vallee, well-known French astrophysicist and UFO investigator tells of "mind manipulators" who are controlling certain individuals on this planet. There are many scattered pieces to this great and intriguing puzzle. It is possible that many "suicides" and deaths by "heart attack" have been caused by subliminal suggestion when some who have dedicated themselves to finding out the truth have ventured too far into the realm of arcane knowledge. We may soon learn why Admiral Forestal took a dive out of a Naval Hospital window; why Admiral Byrd lacked sensible explanation about his findings at the South Pole and why his original report is missing from libraries and collections. There has already been much speculation on the death of Morris K. Jessup, well-known UFO researcher and writer, and much has been written on the subject. There are others too numerous to note, but we will briefly discuss Dr. James E. McDonald. Among many other things he was a respected scientist. While researching the unclassified files at Project Bluebook in the Spring of 1967, he came across a copy of the Robertson Panel report that had accidentally been declassified. He took notes and was troubled when he read that the government had been advised to launch a comprehensive program of 'public training and debunking' in regard to UFOs. (Robertson Panel, pp 18-24, Tab-A). The CIA sponsored panel suggested that the government employ well-known personalities, Walt Disney Productions, and psychologists to begin massive UFO debunking campaigns to either decrease or completely eliminate civilian UFO reports. The news services carried McDonald's accusations across the nation. Dr. McDonald also accused Dr. Hynek for refusing to release important information on UFOs for many years. McDonald found many other things that disturbed him in regard to UFOs. He was called to testify about the SST supersonic transport to the House Committee on Appropriations and was promptly attacked by Congressman Silvio Conte of Massachusetts, proclaiming that McDonald had 'to back up his theory that there are little men flying around in the sky. I think that this is important.' (92nd Congress, 1st Session, 1-4 March, 9171, pp 587, 592). The SST was McDonald's last project. He had ventured too far into the fog surrounding the UFO enigma. He was found dead in the desert near Tucson, Arizona on June 13, 1971. A .38 caliber revolver and a note were found beside his body and it was presumed that he had taken his own life. Those who pursue the riddle of UFOs have always been held up to public ridicule. In 1962, Arthur Sylvester, then Assistant Secretary of Defense, told reporters that the government took the position that lying was okay if justified by the results. It is possible and probable that many nations are involved in the production terrestrial UFOs. A number of sources claim that Nazi scientists produced models for Hitler's war machine and then for Russia, Communist China and America after the cessation of hostilities. Reports abound of research stations in Antarctica, Australia, South Africa, South America, Tibet, and the American Southwest desert. The Danish weekly, "Danske Tidende," carried an article claiming that the Russians have occupied the Norwegian island of Svalbard and were transporting what appeared to be UFO type machines. Renato Vesco, Italian author, head of the technical section of the Italian Air Force, and senior member of the Italian Association of Aerotechniques, wrote about the history of terrestrial UFOs in 1968! His book, originally published as "Intercettateli Senza Sparare (Milan) was later published in English entitled, "Intercept-But Don't Shoot: The True Story Of The Flying Saucers." Mr. Vesco states that England and Canada continued German UFO projects after the war. Two-hundred and fifty thousand young Germans were never found after the war. There are probably more pure Germans in South America and South Africa than in Germany. What could these elite scientists and engineers, living in protected enclaves accomplish if funded by the plundered wealth of Europe? It staggers the imagination! It is believed that some high ranking atomic scientists, sometime between 1933 and 1945, erected a secret research center in a remote valley in Tibet. Monks who have escaped the area and made contact with the outside world report that the scientists have magnetic devices in operation. One such magnetic device forms an impenetrable wall around the valley where terrestrial UFOs are manufactured. These machines are capable of instantaneous movement to any location on earth and often are invisible while in flight. The machines described, whether real or projected, are identical to thousands reported around the world. It now seems entirely possible that many of the most intelligent and capable people in the world can be made to work on these secret projects and that there are those who will go to any lengths to protect these bases and laboratories. It is also possible and highly probable that the truth of UFOs is not that there are extra-terrestrials regularly visiting Earth but, rather, that there is an Aryan super-race ready to take over complete control of the planet. With turmoil and conflict increasing worldwide, it would be comforting to believe that ever-watchful creatures will swoop down to save us from ourselves at just the right moment, however, we feel this complacency and faith in false saviours will only make it easier for the terrestrial UFO pilots to murder millions of humans with little effort at all.

http://link.freewebs.com/Members/Feedback/loadRatingBoxJS.jsp?ownerID=21690137&listID=1400399&showRatings=true&showComments=true&duration=40&startHidden=false&limit=20

Alien Abductions UFO Contacts and Abductions by Ing. Gustavo Nelen Source: Samzidat Newletter Mexico "97" http://www.inexplicata.com 50 years have gone by since Kenneth Arnold saw "flying saucers" from his private plane over Washington state. In the intervening years, we hardly know anything else about the matter. Nonetheless, the UFO phenomenon has in some way managed to become more extensive, invading fields such as the psychic and the religious, aside from such rumours as the Roswell crash or the ever-present Hangar 18, which are related to the "great UFO coverup" allegedly perpertrated by the U.S intelligence community. From George Adamski onward, a wave of rumors involving contact by apparently extraterrestrial beings sweeps across the country. They were tall and blonde, hailing from the planet Venus, and came in peace, acting as our elder brothers. Between 1968 and 1978, small humanoid beings -- having large black eyes and lacking ears or noses -- are reported in different parts of the world. Hypnotic regression reminded the protagonists of the Betty Hill case (1961) that they experienced a surgical procedure aboard their ship, and these creatures claimed to be from another star system. Between 1980 and 1990, ufologists intensified their search for the UFO phenomenon. Bestselling books on the subject, such as Missing Time, Intruders, Communion and Transformation, dealing with the subject of nocturnal abductions, deal with extraterrestrial "grey" creatures who perform sinister experiments on helpless human beings who are unable to remember the events without the benefit of hypnotic regression. The contactee phenomenon is hardly a new one: it is well known throughout the histories of many cultures and civilizations, and to a lesser degree, there are also historical antecedents for the abductions. By "contactee" we must understand the relationship, be it visual, auditory, telepathic, onirical or even physical, with intelligent non-human creatures. Contactees may be divided into the following categories: 1. Prophets, visionaries, and psychics such as Jesus, Nostradamus, Adamski, Rael, Moses, Hill, etc. 2. Groups or cults such as the Ashtar Command, Tuella, Marla, the Mormons, E. Siragusa, Scientology, Nazism, etc. 3. Entire nations, such as the ancient Hebrews and their YHWH, the Etruscans and their "guide", and the Aztec Empire and its deities. By "abductee" or UFO abduction, we must understand this to mean those cases in which a person or persons are introduced into an unknown vehicle, against their will, and where they routinely undergo physiological or medical examinations of some kind or another, and the subject(s) generally have no recollection of the event. The Mexican case involving a pilot like Antonio de los Santos Montiel is also an abduction experience. A Biblical case dealing with a conscious abduction is that of the prophet Elijah, who was taken to heaven in a fiery whirlwind from which he was able to see the earth becoming smaller, and time in heaven went by more slowly (principles of the Special Theory of Relativity). The Brazilian case of Antonio Villas Boas, in which the abductee is forced to have sexual contact with a female humanoid alien in order to procreate a child on another world. As Charles Fort was moved to observe, it appears that we are owned by something. Physical contacts of the "fourth kind", also known as abductions in the UFO world, are begining to occupy a considerable space in the extensive literature on the subject. Yet there has been a change taking place in the last fifty years, and it involves the degree of fanaticism among the believers in the phenomenon from a cultic or religious standpoint: that the space brothers are the gods of antiquity, humanity's saviours, and are here to rescue us in case of an emergency! This idea has increased to such broad proportions in these times due to economic crises, pollution, wars, the threat of nuclear warfare and the systematic destruction of nature and global ecology. It is as if the gods of yesteryear no longer satisfy the people of the world, but the hope of finding extraterrestrial intelligence in some part of the universe has inspired the U.S. to spend 500 million dollars in its quest by means of SETI. The Vatican has already stated that should any beings exist on other world, it will baptize them; Protestant churches have already planned to evangelize them, and the White House plans to democratize them. To date, we really do not know what is going on, but it is evident that what is transpiring is nothing new -- merely part of the great manipulation to which humanity has been subjected since man achieved consciousness and knows that he is not alone in the universe, the solar system, or even on Earth. [Taken from TERRA INCOGNITA No.12] Alien Abductions A New Controversy on Alien Implants Source: Samzidat Newletter Winter "94" The oft-mentioned implants that constitute "proof" of alien abduction are bone of contention between researchers and skeptics. A report from Brazil, kindly brought to SAMIZDAT's attention by Dr. Rafael Lara, our Mexican correspondent and a distinguished physician with numerous professional affiliations. Dr. Lara has turned his medical knowledge to the matter of implants that can be captured on X-ray plates. The Brazilian odyssey began on 10.15.90, when a woman named Carmen attended a UFO conference in which a speaker discussed the matter of implants. The presentation triggered Carmen's recollection of a very unusual X-ray during one of her medical checkups to diagnose a sinus condition. The X-ray of her skull showed a perfectly circular, metallic object lodged in the right side of her skull. The object, which resembles a "Life Savers" candy, is not only clearly visible, but has since moved to the left side of her skull. Carmen discussed her case with investigator Arismaris Baraldi, who was to discover astonishing facts after placing the patient under hypnosis. Since the early part of 1990, Carmen had been the unwilling recipient of telepathic messages from an entity calling itself Defe--allegedly the commander of a spaceship hailing from Centrus, a world orbiting Alpha Centauri. Understandably, Carmen began to question her sanity and denied the experience, until the entity materialized in her kitchen. Two dogs and a cat--her only witnesses--were left paralyzed, staring at the point in space from which the entity seemed to emerge. Successive events involved her car being raised into the air by an unknown power and having been forced aboard a UFO against her will. The entity informed her that she had undergone a thorough surgical procedure in 1976, during which a small device had been inserted into her cranium "to preserve her mental stability." The intervention had conveniently taken place while she was in a hospital in Sao Paulo suffering from pancreatitis. A hypnotic regression session in March 1991 revealed that Carmen had been taken to a site in the wilderness, where "Commander Defe" gave her the chance to control her own destiny: refuse further contact, or have a more refined device installed in her head. Her choice led to the new implant being placed in the left side of her skull. Carmen was able to describe the implantation process through the nasal passages. Her story appeared in an article by Angela Villarubia for MAS ALLA. "This is a highly interesting case." Dr. Lara told SAMIZDAT. "From the strictly medical standpoint, I can tell you that the kind of X-ray taken from the patient would have been a Towne or a Waters, which form part of the paranasal sinus series. There is an important fact here: given the symmetry of the maxillofacial structures in most cases, a person can easily be confused about the precise location of a lesion, or in this case, an alleged implant, on either the left or the right." "The most important thing to do," Dr. Lara adds, "is to acquire the reports made by competent medical authorities, such as radiologists, ear-nose and throat specialists, or neurologists, to determine if the alleged implant really shifted place, which is highly doubtful, on account of the dedicated nature of cerebral structures." Alien Abductions Alien Implants and Foreign Bodies Alien Implants and Foreign Bodies "By the Pricking of My Thumbs, Something Wicked This Way Comes" by Paul B. Thompson Nebula Editor pscppol@aol.com Four hundred years ago, the best legal minds in Western Europe devised a series of tests to determine whether or not accused persons were guilty of certain criminal acts. The charge: witchcraft. The evidence: any anomalous wart, or teat, or sunken spot in the flesh was considered "the devil's mark," gotten by the accused when she/he submitted to the foul will of Satan. Satan would then gash the miscreant, marking them as his own. When accused witches were brought in for examination, they were stripped and searched for unusual marks. Sharp pins were run through these welts, and if the examinee exhibited no signs of pain, they were judged guilty. The end result was a short ride to the scaffold for an auto da fe. In the last two decades of the twentieth century, people are again being examined for signs of evil, though in this case the marked ones are seen as victims of alien abduction instead of willing cohorts of Satan. Stories of alien implants have been around for a while, mostly apocryphal accounts of hard foreign objects ejected from abductees' noses following nose bleeds, etc. Jerome Clark (in FATE magazine some years ago) described a man who told him of a strange little metal sphere that allegedly came out of his head. He was sure it was an alien device. It proved to be a BB, a hard brass pellet usually associated with Daisy airguns. People have the odd habit of inserting all kinds of strange objects into their body, either out of compulsion, curiosity (toddlers often poke beans up their noses), or pleasure. I won't subject you to a list of objects reported found in people's body cavities or the reasons why they were put there, but if you're a diligent and overly curious reader, you can find out yourself. One of the featured speakers at the July 1996 MUFON Symposium in Greensboro, N.C., was Dr. Roger K. Leir, of Thousand Oaks, California. Dr. Leir is a podiatrist (a foot doctor), not a surgeon as is sometimes reported. According to his own account, Dr. Leir has been interested in UFOs since hearing his father describe the Roswell Incident to his mother in 1947. He later joined MUFON and became one its medical consultants. In June 1995, Dr. Leir met Derrel Sims, of Houston, Texas, at UFO Expo West. Sims, who styles himself an "Alien Hunter," presented a report on some abductees he was working with. One woman had an X-ray of her foot which showed some kind of foreign object imbedded in it. Being a podiatrist, Dr. Leir was naturally intrigued. At first glance, the X-ray seemed to show stainless steel sutures, such as are used in orthopedic surgery. Sims told Dr. Leir the woman had never had foot surgery. The possibility that the object in her foot was somehow connected to her alleged abduction interested both men, and Dr. Leir offered to remove the object for free if the woman could be brought to his clinic in California. Money was donated to get the woman from Texas to California, and Sims mentioned another abductee who had a foreign object stuck in his hand. X-rays sent to Dr. Leir were examined by a radiologist who offered his opinion that both objects were metallic, and definitely not natural cysts or growths. Both abductees were to come to Dr. Leir's clinic to have these object removed. They met in Houston on August 19, 1995, and proceeded to California. The woman, Patricia Damly, says her abduction experience occurred in October 1969. She and her family were on a camping trip in rural Texas when they experienced a nighttime episode of missing time and vague memories of some kind of abduction. The site of her experience has since been submerged by a lake, but it was near a famous Civil War-era iron bridge. The second abductee, Pat Parrinello, has had several UFO sightings over the past forty-two years. The abduction may have occurred in 1954, when he was only six years old. The node in his hand wasn't detected until 1971. Parrinello had a car accident in Venezuela, and X-rays were taken of his injured left arm. It was then the foreign body in his hand was first noticed. Damly and Parrinello arrived at the clinic. The proceedings were videotaped. Ms. Damly was first under the knife. Dr. Leir, well versed by now in the literature of alleged alien implants, had blood drawn and separated from the patients. This serum was used to hold the objects after removal, as Dr. Leir had heard accounts of implanted objects disintegrating or vaporizing upon exposure to air. Derrel Sims administered hypnosis as the primary anesthesia, though a local, injected anesthesia was also used. Once Ms. Damly was prepped and ready, Dr. Leir made an incision in her left big toe. It took him almost an hour to find the object. When he located and touched the object with his probe, Ms. Damly spasmed, almost jerking her foot off the table. Dr. Leir found this surprising, yet hypnosis is an unreliable method of anesthesia (which is why hospitals use drugs). After an hour, the local was probably wearing off. Dr. Leir seems to think Ms. Damly's sensitivity to his probing was preternatural. Eventually a tiny triangular object was removed from Ms. Damly's toe. After removal, Dr. Leir made some crude attempts to dissect the little nodule, without much success. It was small, slick with blood (but it didn't evaporate!), and tough, much as one would expect from a foreign body imbedded in living tissue for thirty-odd years. I have a piece of pencil lead in the palm of my left hand, and I daresay it would be hard to dissect too, after 32 years under my skin. A visible cortical had grown around it, isolating it from the sensitive tissues. That's how the human body deals with stray matter that gets inserted into it. Photographs in the MUFON Proceedings show a three-lobed object, rather like a Mercedes star, about the size of a tomato seed. The procedure was repeated on Mr. Parrinello, with the pseudonymous "Dr. A" doing the honors. A similar grayish object was removed, but this time no one tried to bisect it. Though Dr. Leir asserts in the captions under the pictures in the Proceedings that Parrinello's object was "similar in size and shape" to Ms. Damly's, the picture shows a teardrop nodule about 5 millimeters long. The excised objects were taken back to Houston for study. Some unimpressive facts emerged, such as the fact that the objects fluoresced under a black light. Big deal! Many common substances glow under ultraviolet light -- Vaseline, aspirin, many organic compounds. Ever looked at friend's teeth by black light? The enamel glows brightly. Is it significant that the removed objects fluoresced? Not especially. Analysis of the membrane around the objects was a no-brainer, too. It was made of coagulated blood proteins and keratin, the protein that makes up our hair and nails. In other words, the body detected a foreign object and created a sheath of blood and keratin around it to protect the body -- exactly what you'd expect to happen. Dr. Leir notes that there was no evidence of inflammation around the objects, no fibrosis, etc. "This is not the usual finding in foreign body tissue reactions," he wrote. I'd like a second opinion, doc. What is the usual state of inert foreign matter in the body after it has been in situ for twenty, thirty years? The pencil lead in my hand is not inflamed and never has been. At the core of the nodules were slivers of metal, the analysis of which has not been revealed (even though they were removed in August 1995). I have a theory, not very exciting or exotic: that these objects are simply metal slivers both patients acquired in the active lives. The fact that they were in the hand and toe of the patients I find particularly enlightening; after all, what parts of the human body come on constant contact with the sharp, slivery, pointy parts of the world? Our hands and feet, of course. Unless more dramatic evidence is presented (and I'm not holding my breath), these so-called implants fall far short of being evidence of alien abduction, or even anomalous. This is not to say I am denying the UFO experiences of Ms. Damly or Mr. Parrinello. I have not investigated them or their claims, so I am not qualified to comment on them. But the objects cut from their extremities in August of last year should not convince any rational person that aliens are implanting weird devices in human test subjects, any more than the devil was marking his worshippers in central Europe, four centuries ago. Report of Air Force Research Regarding the Roswell Incident Roswell Incident July 1994 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The "Roswell Incident" refers to an event that supposedly happened in July, 1947, wherein the Army Air Forces (AAF) allegedly recovered remains of a crashed "flying disc" near Roswell, New Mexico. In February, 1994, the General Accounting Office (GAO), acting on the request of a New Mexico Congressman, initiated an audit to attempt to locate records of such an incident and to determine if records regarding it were properly handled. Although the GAO effort was to look at a number of government agencies, the apparent focus was on the Air Force. SAF/AAZ , as the Central Point of Contact for the GAO in this matter, initiated a systematic search of current Air Force offices as well as numerous archives and records centers that might help explain this matter. Research revealed that the "Roswell Incident" was not even considered a UFO event until the 1978-1980 time frame. Prior to that, the incident was dismissed because the AAF originally identified the debris recovered as being that of a weather balloon. Subsequently, various authors wrote a number of books claiming that, not only was debris from an alien spacecraft recovered, but also the bodies of the craft's alien occupants. These claims continue to evolve today and the Air Force is now routinely accused of engaging in a "cover-up" of this supposed event. The research located no records at existing Air Force offices that indicated any "cover-up" by the USAF or any indication of such a recovery. Consequently, efforts were intensified by Air Force researchers at numerous locations where records for the period in question were stored. The records reviewed did not reveal any increase in operations, security, or any other activity in July, 1947, that indicated any such unusual event may have occurred. Records were located and thoroughly explored concerning a then-TOP SECRET balloon project, designed to attempt to monitor Soviet nuclear tests, known as Project Mogul. Additionally, several surviving project personnel were located and interviewed, as was the only surviving person who recovered debris from the original Roswell site in 1947, and the former officer who initially identified the wreckage as a balloon. Comparison of all information developed or obtained indicated that the material recovered near Roswell was consistent with a balloon device and most likely from one of the Mogul balloons that had not been previously recovered. Air Force research efforts did not disclose any records of the recovery of any "alien" bodies or extraterrestrial materials. INTRODUCTION: Air Force involvement in the alleged UFO-related incident popularly known as the "Roswell Incident" began as the result of a January 14, 1994, Washington Post article (Atch 1) which announced Congressman Steven Schiff's intent to initiate a General Accounting Office (GAO) effort to resolve this controversial matter. Having previously been involved in numerous Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and Congressional requests on "unusual aircraft," to include Unidentified Flying Objects UFOs), The Director, Security and Special Program Oversight, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, (SAF/AAZ) believed the Air Force would become involved in any GAO effort involving this subject. Thus, in late January, 1994, SAF/AAZ directed its research/declassification team, SAF/AAZD, to attempt to locate any official records relative to this matter. These initial research efforts focused on records at the Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA), Maxwell AFB, AL, the Air Force Safety Agency (AFSA) at Kirtland AFB, NM, and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). On February 15, 1994, the GAO officially notified Secretary of Defense William J. Perry that, it was initiating an audit of the Department of Defense (DoD) policies and procedures for acquiring, classifying, retaining, and disposing of official government documents dealing with weather balloon, aircraft, and similar crash incidents (Atch 2). This notification was sub- sequently passed to the Department of Defense Inspector General who in turn officially notified the Secretaries of the Services and other affected parties of the audit in a February 23, 1994, memo (Atch 3). This memorandum indicated that the "GAO is anxious to respond to Representative Schiff's request and to dispel any concerns that the DoD is being unresponsive." These were the first official US Government documents that indicated that the purpose of the GAO was to review "crash incidents involving weather balloons and unknown aircraft, such as UFOs and foreign aircraft, and (2) the facts involving the reported crash of an UFO in 1949 (sic, 1947) at Roswell, New Mexico ... (and an) alleged DoD cover-up." An entrance meeting of potentially concerned parties was held in the offices of the DoD Inspector General on February 28, 1994. During this meeting it was learned that, while the audit officially would be reviewing the records of a number of DoD (and possibly other Executive Branch entities), the bulk of the effort would be focused on Air Force records and systems. The audit was officially given the GAO code 701034, and entitled "Records Management Procedures Dealing With Weather Balloon, Unknown Aircraft, and Similar Crash Incidents." Although this official title appeared rather broad, there was no misunderstanding that the real purpose was to attempt to locate records and/or information on the "Roswell Incident." This incident, explained later in more detail, generally dealt with the claim that in July of 1947, the US Army Air Forces (USAAF) recovered a flying saucer and /or its alien occupants which supposedly crashed near Roswell, New Mexico. When the USAAF ultimately became the United States Air Force (USAF) in September, 1947, the USAF inherited equipment, personnel, records, policies, and procedures from the AAF. In this particular case, the Air Force also inherited the allegation that it had "covered up" the "Roswell Incident" and has continued to do so for the next 47 years. Within the Air Force, the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force (SAF/AA) is responsible both for information management procedures (SAF/AAI) and security policy and oversight (SAF/AAZ). Because of this organization, SAF/AA was the logical entity to assist the GAO in its audit and SAF/AAZ was officially named as the Central Point of Contact for this endeavor (Atch 4). Subsequently, the then Administrative Assistant, Mr. Robert J. McCormick, issued a tasking memorandum dated March 1, 1994 (Atch 5), to a number of current Air Staff and Secretariat offices that might possibly have records related to such an incident if, indeed, something had actually occurred. This search for records was purposely limited to Air Force records and systems since: (a) The Air Force had no authority to compel other agencies to review their records; (b) The Air Force would have no way to monitor the completeness of their efforts if they did; and (c) the overall effort was the task and responsibility of the GAO--not the Air Force. During the in-briefing process with GAO, it was learned that this audit was, indeed, generated at the specific request of Congressman Steven Schiff of New Mexico. Earlier, Congressman Schiff had written to the Department of Defense Legislative Liaison Office for information on the "Roswell Incident" and had been advised that it was part of the former UFO "Project Bluebook" that had previously been turned over to NARA by the Air Force. Congressman Schiff subsequently learned from NARA that, although they did, indeed, have the "Bluebook" materials, the "Roswell Incident" was not part of that report. Congressman Schiff, apparently perceiving that he had been "stonewalled" by the DoD, then generated the request for the aforementioned audit. It is within this context that the following research and assistance efforts were conducted in support of the GAO. This report is intended to stand as the final official Air Force response regarding this matter. THE "ROSWELL INCIDENT"--WHAT WAS ORIGINALLY REPORTED IN 1947: The modern preoccupation with what ultimately came to be called Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) actually began in June, 1947. Although some pro-UFO researchers argue that sightings of UFOs go back to Biblical times, most researchers will not dispute that anything in UFO history can compare with the phenomenon that began in 1947. What was later characterized as "the UFO Wave of 1947" began with 16 alleged sightings that occurred between May 17 and July 12, 1947, (although some researchers claim there were as many as 800 sightings during that period). Interestingly, the "Roswell Incident" was not considered one of these 1947 events until the 1978-1980 time frame. There is no dispute, however, that something happened near Roswell in July, 1947, since it was reported in a number of contemporary newspaper articles; the most famous of which were the July 8 and July 9 editions of the Roswell Daily Record. The July 8 edition reported "RAAF Captures Flying Saucer On Ranch In Roswell Region," while the next day's edition reported, "Ramey Empties Roswell Saucer" and "Harassed Rancher Who Located 'Saucer' Sorry He Told About It." The first story reported that the Intelligence Officer of the 509th Bomb Group, stationed at Roswell AAF, Major Jesse A. Marcel, had recovered a "flying disc" from the range lands of an unidentified rancher in the vicinity of Roswell and that the disc had been "flown to higher headquarters." That same story also reported that a Roswell couple claimed to have seen a large unidentified object fly by their home on July 2, 1947. The July 9 edition of the paper noted that Brigadier General Roger Ramey, Commander of the Eighth Air Force at Forth Worth, Texas, stated that upon examination the debris recovered by Marcel was determined to be a weather balloon. The wreckage was described as a "..bundle of tinfoil, broken wood beams, and rubber remnants of a balloon...... The additional story of the "harassed rancher" identified him as W.W. Brazel of Lincoln County, New Mexico. He claimed that he and his son, Vemon, found the material on June 14, 1947, when they "came upon a large area of bright wreckage made up of rubber strips, tinfoil, a rather tough paper, and sticks." He picked up some of the debris on July 4 and ."..the next day he first heard about the flying discs and wondered if what he had found might have been the remnants of one of these." Brazel subsequently went to Roswell on July 7 and contacted the Sheriff, who apparently notified Major Marcel. Major Marcel and "a man in plain clothes" then accompanied Brazel home to pick up the rest of the pieces. The article further related that Brazel thought that the material: "..might have been as large as a table top. The balloon which held it up, if that is how it worked, must have been about 12 feet long, he felt, measuring the distance by the size of the room in which he sat. The rubber was smoky gray in color and scattered over an area about 200 yards in diameter. When the debris was gathered up the tinfoil, paper, tape, and sticks made a bundle about three feet long and 7 or 8 inches thick, while the rubber made a bundle about 18 or 20 inches long and about 8 inches thick. In all, he estimated, the entire lot would have weighed maybe five pounds. There was no sign of any metal in the area which night have been used for an engine and no sign of any propellers of any kind. Although at least one paper fin had been glued onto some of the tinfoil. There were no words to be found anywhere on the instrument although there were letters on some of the parts. Considerable scotch tape and some tape with flowers printed upon it had been used in the construction. No string or wire were to be found but there were some eyelets in the paper to indicate that some sort of attachment may have been used. Brazel said that he had previously found two weather balloons on the ranch, but that what he found this time did not in any way resemble either of these." EVOLUTION OF THE EVENT FROM 1947 TO THE PRESENT: General Ramey's press conference and rancher Brazel's statement effectively ended this as a UFO-related matter until 1978, although some UFO researchers argue that there were several obtuse references to it in 1950's era literature. Roswell, for example, is not referred to in the official USAF investigation of UFOs reported in Project Bluebook or its predecessors, Project Sign and Project Grudge, which ran from 1948-1969 (which Congressman Schiff subsequently learned when he made his original inquiry). In 1978, an article appeared in a tabloid newspaper, the National Inquirer, which reported the former intelligence officer, Marcel, claimed that he had recovered UFO debris near Roswell in 1947. Also in 1978, a UFO researcher, Stanton Friedman, met with Marcel and began investigating the claims that the material Marcel handled was from a crashed UFO. Similarly, two authors, William L. Moore and Charles Berlitz, also engaged in research which led them to publish a book, The Roswell Incident, in 1980. In this book they reported they interviewed a number of persons who claimed to have been present at Roswell in 1947 and professed to be either first or second hand witnesses to strange events that supposedly occurred. Since 1978-1980, other UFO researchers, most notably Donald Schmitt and Kevin Randle, claim to have located and interviewed even more persons with supposed knowledge of unusual happenings at Roswell. These included both civilian and former military persons. Additionally, the Robert Stack-hosted television show "Unsolved Mysteries" devoted a large portion of one show to a "re-creation" of the supposed Roswell events. Numerous other television shows have done likewise, particularly during the last several years and a made-for-TV movie on the subject is due to be released this summer. The overall thrust of these articles, books and shows is that the "Roswell Incident" was actually the crash of a craft from another world, the US Government recovered it, and has been "covering up" this fact from the American public since 1947, using a combination of disinformation, ridicule, and threats of bodily harm, to do so. Generally, the US Air Force bears the brunt of these accusations. From the rather benign description of the "event" and the recovery of some material as described in the original newspaper accounts, the "Roswell Incident" has since grown to mythical (if not mystical) proportions in the eyes and minds of some researchers, portions of the media and at least part of the American public. There are also now several major variations of the "Roswell story." For example, it was originally reported that there was only recovery of debris from one site. This has since grown from a minimal amount of debris recovered from a small area to airplane loads of debris from multiple huge "debris fields." Likewise, the relatively simple description of sticks, paper, tape and tinfoil has since grown to exotic metals with hieroglyphics and fiber optic-like materials. Most versions now claim that there were two crash sites where debris was recovered; and at the second site, alleged bodies of extraterrestrial aliens were supposedly retrieved. The number of these "alien bodies" recovered also varied. These claims are further complicated by the fact that UFO researchers are not in agreement among themselves as to exactly where these recovery sites were located or even the dates of the alleged crash(es). Consistently, however, the AAF was accused of securing these sites, recovering all the material therefrom, keeping locals away, and returning the recovered wreckage (and bodies) to Roswell under extremely tight security for further processing and later exploitation. Once back at Roswell AAF, it is generally alleged that special measures were taken to notify higher headquarters and arrangements made to have recovered materials shipped to other locations for analysis. These locations include Ft. Worth, Texas, the home of the Eighth Air Force Headquarters; possibly Sandia Base (now Kirtland AFB), New Mexico; possibly Andrews AAF, Maryland, and always to Wright Field, now known as Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio. The latter location was the home of "T-2" which later became known as the Air Technical Intelligence Center (ATIC) and the Air Materiel Command (AMC), and would, in fact, be a logical location to study unknown materials from whatever origin. Most of the Roswell stories that contain the recovery of alien bodies also show them being shipped to Wright Field. Once the material and bodies were dispersed for further analysis and/or exploitation, the government in general, and the Army Air Forces in particular, then engaged in covering up all information relating to the alleged crash and recovery, including the use, of security oaths to military persons and the use of coercion (including alleged death threats) to others. This, as theorized by some UFO researchers, has allowed the government to keep the fact that there is intelligent extra-terrestrial life from the American public for 47 years. It also supposedly allowed the US Government to exploit recovered extraterrestrial materials by reverse engineering them, ultimately providing such things as fiber optic and stealth technology. The "death threats," oaths, and other forms of coercion alleged to have been meted out by the Army Air Forces personnel to keep people from talking have apparently not been very effective, as several hundred people are claimed to have come forward (without harm) with some knowledge of the "Roswell Incident" during interviews with non-government researchers and the media. Adding some measure of credibility to the claims that have arisen since 1978 is the apparent depth of research of some of the authors and the extent of their efforts. Their claims are lessened somewhat, however, by the fact that almost all their information came from verbal reports many years after the alleged incident occurred. Many of the persons interviewed were, in fact, stationed at, or lived near Roswell during the time in question, and a number of them claim military service. Most, however, related their stories in their older years, well after the fact. In other cases, the information provided is second or thirdhand, having been passed through a friend or relative after the principal had died. What is uniquely lacking in the entire exploration and exploitation of the "Roswell Incident" is official positive documentary or physical evidence of any kind that supports the claims of those who allege that something unusual happened. Conversely, there has never been any previous documentary evidence produced by those who would debunk the incident to show that something did not happen; although logic dictates that bureaucracies do not spend time documenting non-events. SEARCH STRATEGY AND METHODOLOGY: To insure senior Air Force leadership that there were no hidden or overlooked files that might relate to the "Roswell Incident;" and to provide the GAO with the best and most complete information available, SAF/AAZ constructed a strategy based on direct tasking from the Office of the Secretary, to elicit information from those functional offices and organizations where such information might logically be contained. This included directing searches at current offices where special or unusual projects might be carried out, as well as historical organizations, archives, and records centers over which the Air Force exerted some degree of control. Researchers did not, however, go to the US Army to review historical records in areas such as missile launches from White Sands, or to the Department of Energy to determine if its forerunner, the Atomic Energy Commission, had any records of nuclear-related incidents that might have occurred at or near Roswell in 1947. To do so would have encroached on GAO's charter in this matter. What Air Force researchers did do, however, was to search for records still under Air Force control pertaining to these subject areas. In order to determine parameters for the most productive search of records, a review was first conducted of the major works regarding the "Roswell Incident" available in the popular literature. These works included: The Roswell Incident, (1980) by William Moore and Charles Berlitz; "Crashed Saucers: Evidence in Search of Proof," (1985) by Moore; The UFO Crash at Roswell, (I 99 1) by Kevin Randle and Donald Schmitt; The Truth About the UFO Crash at Roswell, (1994) also by Randle and Schmitt; The Roswell Report: A Historical Perspective, (1991), George M. Eberhart, Editor; "The Roswell Events," (1993) compiled by Fred Whiting- Crash at Corona (1992) by Stanton T. Friedman and Don Berliner, as well as numerous other articles written by a combination of the above and other researchers. Collectively, the above represent the "pro" UFO writers who allege that the government is engaged in a conspiracy. There are no specific books written entirely on the theme that nothing happened at Roswell. However, Curtis Peebles in Watch the Skies! (1994) discussed the development of the UFO story and growth of subsequent claims as a phenomenon. There has also been serious research as well as a number of detailed articles written by so-called "debunkers" of Roswell and other incidents, most notably Philip J. Klass who writes The Skeptical Inquirer newsletter, and Robert Todd, a private researcher. The concerns and claims of all the above authors and others were considered in conducting the USAF records search. It was also decided, particularly after a review of the above popular literature, that no specific attempt would be made to try to refute, point by point, the numerous claims made in the various publications. Many of these claims appear to be hearsay, undocumented, taken out of context, self-serving, or otherwise dubious. Additionally, many of the above authors are not even in agreement over various claims. Most notable of the confusing and now ever-changing claims is the controversy over the date(s) of the alleged incident, the exact location(s) of the purported debris and the extent of the wreckage. Such discrepancies in claims made the search much more difficult by greatly expanding the volume of records that had to be searched. An example of trying to deal with questionable claims is illustrated by the following example: One of the popular books mentioned that was reviewed claimed that the writers had submitted the names and serial numbers of "over two dozen" personnel stationed at Roswell in July, 1947, to the Veterans Administration and the Defense Department to confirm their military service. They then listed eleven of these persons by name and asked the question "Why does neither the Defense Department nor the Veteran's Administration have records of any of these men when we can document that each served at Roswell Army Air Field." That claim sounded serious so SAF/AAZD was tasked to check these eleven names in the Personnel Records Center in St. Louis. Using only the names (since the authors did not list the serial numbers) the researcher quickly found records readily identifiable with eight of these persons. The other three had such common names that there could have been multiple possibilities. Interestingly, one of the listed "missing" persons had a casualty report in his records reflecting that he died in 195 1, while the writers claimed to have interviewed him (or a person of the exact same name) in 1990. While the historical document search was in progress, it was decided to attempt to locate and interview several persons identified as still living who could possibly answer questions generated by the research. This had never been officially done before, although most of the persons contacted reported that they had also been contacted in the past by some of the listed authors or other private researchers. In order to counter possible future arguments that the persons interviewed were still "covering up" material because of prior security oaths, the interviewees were provided with authorization from either the Secretary of the Air Force or the Senior Security Official of the Air Force that would officially allow discussion of classified information, if applicable, or free them from any prior restriction in discussing the matter, if such existed. Again, the focus was on interviewing persons that could address specific issues, raised by research and no consideration was given to try and locate every alleged witness claimed to have been contacted by the various authors. For example, one of the interviewees thought vital to obtain an official signed, sworn statement from was Sheridan Cavitt, Lt Col, USAF (Retired) who is the last living member of the three persons universally acknowledged to have recovered material from the Foster Ranch. Others were also interviewed as information developed (discussed in detail later). Additionally, in some cases survivors of deceased persons were also contacted in an attempt to locate various records thought to have been in the custody of the deceased. Even though Air Force research originally started in January, 1994, the first official Air Force-wide tasking was directed by the March 1, 1994, memorandum from SAF/AA, (Atch 5) and was addressed to those current Air Staff elements that would be the likely repository for any records, particularly if there was anything of an extraordinary nature involved. This meant that the search was not limited to unclassified materials, but also would include records of the highest classification and compartmentation. The specific Air Staff/Secretariat offices queried included the following: (a) SAF/AAI, Directorate of Information Management (b) SAF/AQL, Directorate of Electronics and Special Programs (c) AF/SE, Air Force Safety (d) AF/HO, Air Force Historian (e) AF/IN, Air Force Intelligence (including Air Force Intelligence Agency--AFIA, and the National Air Intelligence Center, NAIC) (f) AF/XOW, Directorate of Weather (g) (added later) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) In addition to the above Air Staff and Secretariat offices, SAF/AAZ also reviewed appropriate classified records for any tie-in to this matter. With regards to highly classified records, it should be noted that any programs that employ enhanced security measures or controls are known as a Special Access Programs (SAPs). The authority for such programs comes from Executive Order 12356 and flows from the Department of Defense to the Services via DoD Directive 5205.7. These programs are implemented in the Air Force by Policy Directive 16-7, and Air Force Instruction 16-701. These directives contain detailed requirements for controlling and reporting, in a very strict manner, all SAPS. This includes a report from the Secretary of the Air Force to the Secretary of Defense (and ultimately to Congress) on all SAPs submitted for approval, and a certification that there are no "SAP-like" programs being operated. These reporting requirements are stipulated in public law. It followed then, that if the Air Force had recovered some type of extraterrestrial spacecraft and/or bodies and was exploiting this for scientific and technology purposes, then such a program would be operated as a SAP. SAF/AAZ, the Central Office for all Air Force SAPs, has knowledge of, and security oversight over, all SAPs. SAF/AAZ categorically stated that no such Special Access Program(s) exists that pertain to extraterrestrial spacecraft/aliens. Likewise, the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff, who head the Special Program Oversight Committee which oversees all sensitive programs in the Air Force, had no knowledge of the existence of any such program involving, or relating to the events at Roswell or the alleged technology that supposedly resulted therefrom. Besides the obvious irregularity and illegality of keeping such information from the most senior Air Force, officials, it would also be illogical, since these officials are responsible for obtaining funding for operations, research, development, and security. Without funding such a program, operation, or organization could not exist. Even to keep such a fact "cover-up" in some sort of passive "caretaker status" would involve money. More importantly, it would involve people and create paperwork. The aforementioned March 1, 1994, SAF/AA tasking generated negative responses (Atch 6-12) from all recipients; i.e. all offices reported that they had no information that would explain the incident. Consequently, these negative responses led to an increase in the already on-going historical research at records centers and archives. The extensive archival and records center search was systematically carried out at by the SAF/AAZD Declassification Review Team. This team is composed entirely of Air Force Reserve personnel who have extensive training and experience in large scale review of records. (Previous efforts include the Southeast Asia Declassification Review, declassification of POW/MIA records, and the review of the Gulf War Air Power Survey records). The team members all had the requisite security clearances for classified information and had the authority of the Secretary of the Air Force to declassify any classified record they found that might be related to Roswell. SAF/AAZD conducted reviews at a number of locations, including: the National Archives in Washington, DC; the National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, MO; the National Archives, Suitland, MD, the National Records Center, Suitland, MD; Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC; Federal Records Center, Ft Worth, TX; the INSCOM Archives, Ft. Meade, MD; National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC; Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL; Center for Air Force History, Bolling AFB, DC; Phillips Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, and Kirtland AFB, NM; Rome Laboratory, Griffiss AFB, NY; and the Library of Congress, Washington, DC. A listing of the specific record areas searched is appended as Atch 13. The areas included all those subject areas logically believed to possibly contain any reference to activities at Roswell AAF during the period of time in question. It is anticipated that detractors from this effort will complain that "they did not search record group x , box y, or reel z, etc.; that's where the real records are!" Such complaints are unavoidable and there is no possible way that the millions of records under Air Force control could be searched page by page. The team endeavored to make logical searches in those places where records would likely be found. They were assisted in this task by archivists, historians, and records management specialists, including experienced persons who have continually worked in Army and Air Force records systems since 1943. The team also searched some record areas that were recommended by serious private researchers such as Robert Todd, who had independently obtained almost encyclopedic knowledge of the complexities of Air Force records systems, particularly as related to this subject area. Not surprisingly, the research team found the usual number of problems in many of the records centers (particularly St. Louis) with misfiling, lost or misplaced documents, mismarking of documents, or the breaking up of record groups over the years and refiling in different systems. This included, for example, a small amount of missing "decimal files" from the 509th Bomb Group at Roswell that covered the years 1945-1949, that were marked on the index as "destroyed." The researchers noted that there was no pattern to any anomalies found and that most discrepancies were minor and consistent with what they had found in the past on similar projects. WHAT THE ROSWELL INCIDENT WAS NOT: Before discussing specific positive results that these efforts revealed, it is first appropriate to discuss those things, as indicated by information available to the Air Force, that the "Roswell Incident" was not: An Airplane Crash: Of all the things that are documented and tracked within the Air Force, among the most detailed and scrupulous are airplane crashes. In fact, records of air crashes go back to the first years of military flight. Safety records and reports are available for all crashes that involved serious damage, injury, death, or a combination of these factors. These records also include incidents involving experimental or classified aircraft. USAF records showed that between June 24, 1947, and July 28, 1947, there were five crashes in New Mexico alone, involving A-26C, P-5 IN, C-82A, P-80A and PQ-14B aircraft; however, none of these were on the date(s) in question nor in the area(s) in question. One of the additional areas specifically set forth by GAO in its efforts was to deal with how the Air Force (and others) specifically documented ."..weather balloon...and other crash incidents." In this area, the search efforts revealed that there are no air safety records pertaining to weather balloon crashes (all weather balloons "crash" sooner or later); however, there are provisions for generating reports of "crashes" as ground safety incidents in the unlikely chance that a balloon injures someone or causes damage. However, such records are only maintained for five years. A Missile Crash: A crashed or errant missile, usually described as a captured German V-2 or one of its variants, is sometimes set forth as a possible explanation for the debris recovered near Roswell. Since much of this testing done at nearby White Sands was secret at the time, it would be logical to assume that the government would handle any missile mishap under tight security, particularly if the mishap occurred on private land. From the records reviewed by the Air Force, however, there was nothing located to suggest that this was the case. Although the bulk of remaining testing records are under the control of the US Army, the subject has also been very well documented over the years within Air Force records. There would be no reason to keep such information classified today. The USAF found no indicators or even hints that a missile was involved in this matter. A Nuclear Accident: One of the areas considered was that whatever happened near Roswell may have involved nuclear weapons. This was a logical area of concern since the 509th Bomb Group was the only military unit in the world at the time that had access to nuclear weapons. Again, reviews of available records gave no indication that this was the case. A number of records still classified TOP SECRET and SECRET-RESTRICTED DATA having to do with nuclear weapons were located in the Federal Records Center in St. Louis, MO . These records, which pertained to the 509th, had nothing to do with any activities that could have been misinterpreted as the "Roswell Incident." Also, any records of a nuclear related incident would have been inherited by the Department of Energy (DOE), and, had one occurred, it is likely DOE would have publicly reported it as part of its recent declassification and public release efforts. There were no ancillary records in Air Force files to indicate the potential existence of such records within DOE channels, however. An Extraterrestrial Craft: The Air Force research found absolutely no indication that what happened near Roswell in 1947, involved any type of extraterrestrial spacecraft. This, of course, is the crux of this entire matter. "Pro-UFO" persons who obtain a copy of this report, at this point, most probably begin the "cover-up is still on" claims. Nevertheless, the research indicated absolutely no evidence of any kind that a spaceship crashed near Roswell or that any alien occupants were recovered therefrom, in some secret military operation or otherwise. This does not mean, however, that the early Air Force was not concerned about UFOs. However, in the early days, "UFO" meant Unidentified Flying Object, which literally translated as some object in the air that was not readily identifiable. It did not mean, as the term has evolved in today's language, to equate to alien spaceships. Records from the period reviewed by Air Force researchers as well as those cited by the authors mentioned before, do indicate that the USAF was seriously concerned about the inability to adequately identify unknown flying objects reported in American airspace. All the records, however, indicated that the focus of concern was not on aliens, hostile or otherwise, but on the Soviet Union. Many documents from that period speak to the possibility of developmental secret Soviet aircraft overflying US airspace. This, of course, was of major concern to the fledgling USAF, whose job it was to protect these same skies. The research revealed only one official AAF document that indicated that there was any activity of any type that pertained to UFOs and Roswell in July, 1947. This was a small section of the July Historical Report for the 509th Bomb Group and Roswell AAF that stated: "The Office of Public Information was quite busy during the month answering inquiries on the 'flying disc,' which was reported to be in possession of the 509th Bomb Group. The object turned out to be a radar tracking balloon" (included with Atch I 1). Additionally, this history showed that the 509th Commander, Colonel Blanchard, went on leave on July 8, 1947, which would be a somewhat unusual maneuver for a person involved in the supposed first ever recovery of extraterrestrial materials. (Detractors claim Blanchard did this as a ploy to elude the press and go to the scene to direct the recovery operations). The history and the morning reports also showed that the subsequent activities at Roswell during the month were mostly mundane and not indicative of any unusual high level activity, expenditure of manpower, resources or security. Likewise, the researchers found no indication of heightened activity anywhere else in the military hierarchy in the July, 1947, message traffic or orders (to include classified traffic). There were no indications and warnings, notice of alerts, or a higher tempo of operational activity reported that would be logically generated if an alien craft, whose intentions were unknown, entered US territory. To believe that such operational and high-level security activity could be conducted solely by relying on unsecured telecommunications or personal contact without creating any records of such activity certainly stretches the imagination of those who have served in the military who know that paperwork of some kind is necessary to accomplish even emergency, highly classified, or sensitive tasks. An example of activity sometimes cited by pro-UFO writers to illustrate the point that something unusual was going on was the travel of Lt. General Nathan Twining, Commander of the Air Materiel Command, to New Mexico in July, 1947. Actually, records were located indicating that Twining went to the Bomb Commanders' Course on July 8, along with a number of other general officers, and requested orders to do so a month before, on June 5, 1947 (Atch 14). Similarly, it has also been alleged that General Hoyt Vandenberg, Deputy Chief of Staff at the time, had been involved directing activity regarding events at Roswell. Activity reports (Atch 15), located in General Vandenberg's personal papers stored in the Library of Congress, did indicate that on July 7, he was busy with a "flying disc" incident; however this particular incident involved Ellington Field, Texas and the Spokane (Washington) Depot. After much discussion and information gathering on this incident, it was learned to be a hoax. There is no similar mention of his personal interest or involvement in Roswell events except in the newspapers. The above are but two small examples that indicate that if some event happened that was one of the "watershed happenings" in human history, the US military certainly reacted in an unconcerned and cavalier manner. In an actual case, the military would have had to order thousands of soldiers and airman, not only at Roswell but throughout the US, to act nonchalantly, pretend to conduct and report business as usual, and generate absolutely no paperwork of a suspicious nature, while simultaneously anticipating that twenty years or more into the future people would have available a comprehensive Freedom of Information Act that would give them great leeway to review and explore government documents. The records indicate that none of this happened (or if it did, it was controlled by a security system so efficient and tight that no one, US or otherwise, has been able to duplicate it since. If such a system had been in effect at the time, it would have also been used to protect our atomic secrets from the Soviets, which history has showed obviously was not the case). The records reviewed confirmed that no such sophisticated and efficient security system existed. WHAT THE "ROSWELL INCIDENT" WAS: As previously discussed, what was originally reported to have been recovered was a balloon of some sort, usually described as a "weather balloon," although the majority of the wreckage that was ultimately displayed by General Ramey and Major Marcel in the famous photos (Atch 16) in Ft. Worth, was that of a radar target normally suspended from balloons. This radar target, discussed in more detail later, was certainly consistent with the description of July 9 newspaper article which discussed "tinfoil, paper, tape, and sticks." Additionally, the description of the "flying disc" was consistent with a document routinely used by most pro-UFO writers to indicate a conspiracy in progress--the telegram from the Dallas FBI office of July 8, 1947. This document quoted in part states: ."..The disc is hexagonal in shape and was suspended from a balloon by a cable, which balloon was approximately twenty feet in diameter. ...the object found resembles a high altitude weather balloon with a radar reflector. ...disc and balloon being transported..." Similarly, while conducting the popular literature review, one of the documents reviewed was a paper entitled "The Roswell Events" edited by Fred Whiting, and sponsored by the Fund for UFO Research (FUFOR). Although it was not the original intention to comment on what commercial authors interpreted or claimed that other persons supposedly said, this particular document was different because it contained actual copies of apparently authentic sworn affidavits received from a number of persons who claimed to have some knowledge of the Roswell event. Although many of the persons who provided these affidavits to the FUFOR researchers also expressed opinions that they thought there was something extraterrestrial about this incident, a number of them actually described materials that sounded suspiciously like wreckage from balloons. These included the following: Jesse A. Marcel, NM (son of the late Major Jesse Marcel; 11 years old at the time of the incident). Affidavit dated May 6, 1991. " ... There were three categories of debris: a thick, foil like metallic gray substance; a brittle, brownish-black plastic-like material, like Bakelite; and there were fragments of what appeared to be I-beams. On the inner surface of the I-beam, there appeared to be a type of writing. This writing was a purple-violet hue, and it had an embossed appearance. The figures were composed of curved, geometric shapes. It had no resemblance to Russian, Japanese or any other foreign language. It resembled hieroglyphics, but it had no animal-like characters ...... Loretta Proctor (former neighbor of rancher W.W. Brazel). Affidavit dated May 5, 199 1. ."..Brazel came to my ranch and showed my husband and me a piece of material he said came from a large pile of debris on the property he managed. The piece he brought was brown in color, similar to plastic...'Mac' said the other material on the property looked like aluminum foil. It was very flexible and wouldn't crush or bum. There was also something he described as tape which had printing on it. The color of the printing was a kind of purple..." Bessie Brazel Schreiber (daughter of W.W. Brazel; 14 years old at the time of the incident). Affidavit dated September 22, 1993. ."..The debris looked like pieces of a large balloon which had burst. The pieces were small, the largest I remember measuring about the same as the diameter of a basketball. Most of it was a kind of double-sided material, foil-like on one side and rubber-like on the other. Both sides were grayish silver in color, the foil more silvery than the rubber. Sticks, like kite sticks, were attached to some of the pieces with a whitish tape. The tape was about two or three inches wide and had flowerlike designs on it. The 'flowers' were faint, a variety of pastel colors, and reminded me of Japanese paintings in which the flowers are not all connected. I do not recall any other types of material or markings, nor do I remember seeing gouges in the ground or any other signs that anything may have hit the ground hard. The foil-rubber material could not be tom like ordinary aluminum foil can be tom..." Sally Strickland Tadolini (neighbor of WW Brazel; nine years old in 1947). Affidavit dated September 27, 1993. ".. What Bill showed us was a piece of what I still think as fabric. It was something like aluminum foil, something like satin, something like welltanned leather in its toughness, yet was not precisely like any one of those materials. ...It was about the thickness of very fine kidskin glove leather and a dull metallic grayish silver, one side slightly darker than the other. I do not remember it having any design or embossing on it..." Robert R. Porter (B-29 flight Engineer stationed at Roswell in 1947). Affidavit dated June 7, 1991 " On this occasion, I was a member of the crew which flew parts of what we were told was a flying saucer to Fort Worth. The people on board included ... and Maj Jesse Marcel. Capt. William E. Anderson said it was from a flying saucer. After we arrived, the material was transferred to a B-25. I was told they were going to Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. I was involved in loading the B-29 with the material, which was wrapped in packages with wrapping paper. One of the pieces was triangle-shaped, about 2 1/2 feet across the bottom. The rest were in small packages, about the size of a shoe box. The brown paper was held with tape. The material was extremely lightweight. When I picked it up, it was just like picking up an empty package. We loaded the triangle shaped package and three shoe box-sized packages into the plane. All of the packages could have fit into the trunk of a car. ...When we came back from lunch, they told us they had transferred the material to a B-25. They told us the material was a weather balloon, but I'm certain it wasn't a weather balloon..." In addition to those persons above still living who claim to have seen or examined the original material found on the Brazel Ranch, there is one additional person who was universally acknowledged to have been involved in its recovery, Sheridan Cavitt, Lt Col, USAF, (Ret) . Cavitt is credited in all claims of having accompanied Major Marcel to the ranch to recover the debris, sometimes along with his Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) subordinate, William Rickett, who, like Marcel, is deceased. Although there does not appear to be much dispute that Cavitt was involved in the material recovery, other claims about him prevail in the popular literature. He is sometimes portrayed as a closed-mouth (or sometimes even sinister) conspirator who was one of the early individuals who kept the "secret of Roswell" from getting out. Other things about him have been alleged, including the claim that he wrote a report of the incident at the time that has never surfaced. Since Lt Col Cavitt, who had first-hand knowledge, was still alive, a decision was made to interview him and get a signed sworn statement from him about his version of the events. Prior to the interview, the Secretary of the Air Force provided him with a written authorization and waiver to discuss classified information with the interviewer and release him from any security oath he may have taken. Subsequently, Cavitt was interviewed on May 24, 1994, at his home. Cavitt provided a signed, sworn statement (Atch 17 ) of his recollections in this matter. He also consented to having the interview tape-recorded. A transcript of that recording is at Atch 18. In this interview, Cavitt related that he had been contacted on numerous occasions by UFO researchers and had willingly talked with many of them; however, he felt that he had oftentimes been misrepresented or had his comments taken out of context so that their true meaning was changed. He stated unequivocally, however, that the material he recovered consisted of a reflective sort of material like aluminum foil, and some thin, bamboo-like sticks. He thought at the time, and continued to do so today, that what he found was a weather balloon and has told other private researchers that. He also remembered finding a small "black box" type of instrument, which he thought at the time was probably a radiosonde. Lt Col Cavitt also reviewed the famous Ramey/Marcel photographs (Atch 16) of the wreckage taken to Ft. Worth (often claimed by LITO researchers to have been switched and the remnants of a balloon substituted for it) and he identified the materials depicted in those photos as consistent with the materials that he recovered from the ranch. Lt Col Cavitt also stated that he had never taken any oath or signed any agreement not to talk about this incident and had never been threatened by anyone in the government because of it. He did not even know the incident" was claimed to be anything unusual until he was interviewed in the early 1980's. Similarly, Irving Newton, Major, USAF, (Ret) was located and interviewed. Newton was a weather officer assigned to Fort Worth, who was on duty when the Roswell debris was sent there in July, 1947. He was told that he was to report to General Ramey's office to view the material. In a signed, sworn statement (Atch 30) Newton related that ."..I walked into the General's office where this supposed flying saucer was lying all over the floor. As soon as I saw it, I giggled and asked if that was the flying saucer ... I told them that this was a balloon and a RAWIN target..." Newton also stated that ."..while I was examining the debris, Major Marcel was picking up pieces of the target sticks and trying to convince me that some notations on the sticks were alien writings. there were figures on the sticks, lavender or pink in color, appeared to be weather faded markings, with no rhyme or reason (sic). He did not convince me that these were alien writings." Newton concluded his statement by relating that ."..During the ensuing years I have been interviewed by many authors, I have been quoted and misquoted. The facts remain as indicated above. I was not influenced during the original interview, nor today, to provide anything but what I know to be true, that is, the material I saw in General Ramey's office was the remains of a balloon and a RAWIN target." Balloon Research: The original tasking from GAO noted that the search for information included "weather balloons." Comments about balloons and safety reports have already been made, however the SAF/AAZ research efforts also focused on reviewing historical records involving balloons, since, among other reasons, that was what was officially claimed by the AAF to have been found and recovered in 1947. As early as February 28, 1994, the AAZD research team found references to balloon tests taking place at Alamogordo AAF (now Holloman AFB) and White Sands during June and July 1947, testing "constant level balloons" and a New York University (NYU)/Watson Labs effort that used "...meteorological devices... suspected for detecting shock waves generated by Soviet nuclear explosions"--a possible indication of a cover story associated with the NYU balloon project. Subsequently, a 1946 HQ AMC memorandum was surfaced, describing the constant altitude balloon project and specified that the scientific data be classified TOP SECRET Priority IA. Its name was Project Mogul (Atch 19). Project Mogul was a then-sensitive, classified project, whose purpose was to determine the state of Soviet nuclear weapons research. This was the early Cold War period and there was serious concern within the US government about the Soviets developing a weaponized atomic device. Because the Soviet Union's borders were closed, the US Government sought to develop a long range nuclear explosion detection capability. Long range, balloon-borne, low frequency acoustic detection was posed to General Spaatz in 1945 by Dr. Maurice Ewing of Columbia University as a potential solution (atmospheric ducting of low frequency pressure waves had been studied as early as 1900). As part of the research into this matter, AAZD personnel located and obtained the original study papers and reports of the New York University project. Their- efforts also revealed that some of the individuals involved in Project Mogul were still living. These persons included the NYU constant altitude balloon Director of Research, Dr. Athelstan F. Spilhaus; the Project Engineer, Professor Charles B. Moore; and the military Project Officer, Colonel Albert C. Trakowski. All of these persons were subsequently interviewed and signed sworn statements about their activities. A copy of theses statements are appended at Atch 20-22. Additionally, transcripts of the interview with Moore and Trakowski are also included (equipment malfunctioned during the interview of Spilhaus) (Atch 23-24). These interviews confirmed that Project Mogul was a compartmented, sensitive effort. The NYU group was responsible for developing constant level balloons and telemetering equipment that would remain at specified altitudes (within the acoustic duct) while a group from Columbia was to develop acoustic sensors. Doctor Spilhaus, Professor Moore, and certain others of the group were aware of the actual purpose of the project, but they did not know of the project nickname at the time. They handled casual inquiries and/or scientific inquiries/papers in terms of "unclassified meteorological or balloon research." Newly hired employees were not made aware that there was anything special or classified about their work; they were told only that their work dealt with meteorological equipment. An advance ground team, led by Albert P, Crary, preceded the NYU group to Alamogordo AAF, New Mexico, setting up ground sensors and obtaining facilities for the NYU group. Upon their arrival, Professor Moore and his team experimented with various configurations of neoprene balloons; development of balloon "trains" (see illustration, Atch 25); automatic ballast systems- and use of Naval sonobuoys (as the Watson Lab acoustical sensors had not yet arrived). They also launched what they called "service flights." These "service flights" were not logged nor fully accounted for in the published Technical Reports generated as a result of the contract between NYU and Watson Labs. According to Professor Moore, the "service flights" were composed of balloons, radar reflectors and payloads specifically designed to test acoustic sensors (both early sonobuoys and the later Watson Labs devices). The "payload equipment" was expendable and some carried no "REWARD" or "RETURN TO..." tags because there was to be no association between these flights and the logged constant altitude flights which were fully acknowledged. The NYU balloon flights were listed sequentially in their reports (i.e. A,B, 1,5,6,7,8,10... ) yet gaps existed for Flights 2-4 and Flight 9. The interview with Professor Moore indicated that these gaps were the unlogged "service flights." Professor Moore, the on-scene Project Engineer, gave detailed information concerning his team's efforts. He recalled that radar targets were used for tracking balloons because they did not have all the necessary equipment when they first arrived in New Mexico. Some of the early, developmental radar targets were manufactured by a toy or novelty company. These targets were made up of aluminum "foil" or foil-backed paper, balsa wood beams that were coated in an "Elmer's-type" glue to enhance their durability, acetate and/or cloth reinforcing tape, single strand and braided nylon twine, brass eyelets and swivels to form a multi-faced reflector somewhat similar in construction to a box kite (see photographs, Atch 26). Some of these targets were also assembled with purplish-pink tape with symbols on it (see drawing by Moore with Atch 2 1). According to the log summary (Atch 27) of the NYU group, Flight A through Flight 7 (November 20, 1946-July 2, 1947) were made with neoprene meteorological balloons (as opposed to the later flights made with polyethylene balloons). Professor Moore stated that the neoprene balloons were susceptible to degradation in the sunlight, turning from a milky white to a dark brown. He described finding remains of balloon trains with reflectors and payloads that had landed in the desert: the ruptured and shredded neoprene would "almost look like dark gray or black flakes or ashes after exposure to the sun for only a few days. The plasticizers and antioxidants in the neoprene would emit a peculiar acrid odor and the balloon material and radar target material would be scattered after returning to earth depending on the surface winds." Upon review of the local newspaper photographs from General Ramey's press conference in 1947 and descriptions in popular books by individuals who supposedly handled the debris recovered on the ranch, Professor Moore opined that the material was most likely the shredded remains of a multi-neoprene balloon train with multiple radar reflectors. The material and a "black box," described by Cavitt, was, in Moore's scientific opinion, most probably from Flight 4, a "service flight" that included a cylindrical metal sonobuoy and portions of a weather instrument housed in a box, which was unlike typical weather radiosondes which were made of cardboard. Additionally, a copy of a professional journal maintained at the time by A.P. Crary, provided to the Air Force by his widow, showed that Flight 4 was launched on June 4, 1947, but was not recovered by the NYU group. It is very probable that this TOP SECRET project balloon train (Flight 4), made up of unclassified components; came to rest some miles northwest of Roswell, NM, became shredded in the surface winds and was ultimately found by the rancher, Brazel, ten days later. This possibility was supported by the observations of Lt Col Cavitt (Atch 17-18), the only living eyewitness to the actual debris field and the material found. Lt Col Cavitt described a small area of debris which appeared, "to resemble bamboo type square sticks one quarter to one half inch square, that were very light, as well as some sort of metallic reflecting material that was also very light ... I remember recognizing this material as being consistent with a weather balloon." Concerning the initial announcement, "RAAF Captures Flying Disc," research failed to locate any documented evidence as to why that statement was made. However, on July 10, 1947, following the Ramey press conference, the Alamogordo News published an article with photographs demonstrating multiple balloons and targets at the same location as the NYU group operated from at Alamogordo AAF. Professor Moore expressed surprise at seeing this since his, was the only balloon test group in the area. He stated, "It appears that there was some type of umbrella cover story to protect our work with Mogul " Although the Air Force did not find documented evidence that Gen. Ramey was directed to espouse a weather balloon in his press conference, he may have done so because he was either aware of Project Mogul and was trying to deflect interest from it, or he readily perceived the material to be a weather balloon based on the identification from his weather officer, Irving Newton. In either case, the materials recovered by the AAF in July, 1947, were not readily recognizable as anything special (only the purpose was special) and the recovered debris itself was unclassified. Additionally, the press dropped its interest in the matter as quickly as they had jumped on it. Hence, there would be no particular reason to further document what quickly became a "non-event." The interview with Colonel Trakowski (Atch 23-24) also proved valuable information. Trakowski provided specific details on Project Mogul and described how the security for the program was set up, as he was formerly the TOP SECRET Control Officer for the program. He further related that many of the original radar targets that were produced around the end of World War II were fabricated by toy or novelty companies using a purplish-pink tape with flower and heart symbols on it. Trakowski also recounted a conversation that he had with his friend, and superior military officer in his chain of command, Colonel Marcellus Duffy, in July, 1947. Duffy, formerly had Trakowski's position on Mogul, but had subsequently been transferred to Wright Field. He stated: ."..Colonel Duffy called me on the telephone from Wright Field and gave me a story about a fellow that had come in from New Mexico, woke him up in the middle of the night or some such thing with a handful of debris, and wanted him, Colonel Duffy, to identify it. ... He just said 'it sure looks like some of the stuff you've been launching at Alamogordo and he described it, and I said 'yes, I think it is.' Certainly Colonel Duffy knew enough about radar targets, radiosondes, balloon-borne weather devices. He was intimately familiar with all that apparatus." Attempts were made to locate Colonel Duffy but it was ascertained that he had died. I-Es widow explained that, although he had amassed a large amount of personal papers relating to his Air Force activities, she had recently disposed of these items. Likewise, it was learned that A.P. Crary was also deceased; however his surviving spouse had a number of his papers from his balloon testing days, including his professional journal from the period in question. She provided the Air Force researchers with this material. It is discussed in more detail within Atch 32. Overall, it helps fill in gaps of the Mogul story. During the period the Air Force conducted this research, it was discovered that several others had also discovered the possibility that the "Roswell Incident" may have been generated by the recovery of a Project Mogul balloon device. These persons included Professor Charles B. Moore, Robert Todd, and coincidentally, Karl Pflock, a researcher who is married to a staffer who works for Congressman Schiff. Some of these persons provided suggestions as to where documentation might be located in various archives, histories and libraries. A review of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests revealed that Robert Todd, particularly, had become aware of Project Mogul several years ago and had doggedly obtained from the Air Force, through the FOIA, a large amount of material pertaining to it; long before the AAZD researchers independently seized on the same possibility. Most interestingly, as this report was being written, Pfloc published his own report of this matter under the auspices of FUFOR, entitled "Roswell in Perspective" (1994). Pflock concluded from his research that the Brazel Ranch debris originally reported as a "flying disc" was probably debris from a Mogul balloon; however, there was a simultaneous incident that occurred not far away, that caused an alien craft to crash and that the AAF subsequently recovered three alien bodies therefrom. Air Force research did not locate any information to corroborate that this incredible coincidence occurred, however. In order to provide a more detailed discussion of the specifics of Project Mogul and how it appeared to be directly responsible for the "Roswell Incident," a SAF/AAZD researcher prepared a more detailed discussion on the balloon project which is appended to this report as Atch 32. Other Research: In the attempt to develop additional information that could help explain this matter, a number of other steps were taken. First, assistance was requested from various museums and other archives (Atch 28) to obtain information and/or examples of the actual balloons and radar targets used in connection with Project Mogul and to correlate them with the various descriptions of wreckage and materials recovered. The blueprints for the "Pilot Balloon Target ML307C/AP Assembly" (generically, the radar target assembly) were located at the Army Signal Corps Museum at Fort Monmouth and obtained. A copy is appended as Atch 29. This blueprint provides the specification for the foil material, tape, wood, eyelets, and string used and the assembly instructions thereto. An actual device was also obtained for study with the assistance of Professor Moore. (The example actually procured was a 1953-manufactured model "C" as compared to the Model B which was in use in 1947. Professor Moore related the differences were minor). An examination of this device revealed it to be simply made of aluminum-colored foil-like material over a stronger paper-like material, attached to balsa wood sticks, affixed with tape, glue, and twine. When opened, the device appears as depicted in Atch 31 (contemporary photo) and Atch 25 (1947 photo, in a "balloon train"). When folded, the device is in a series of triangles, the largest being four feet by two feet ten inches. The smallest triangle section measures two feet by two feet ten inches. (Compare with descriptions provided by Lt Col Cavitt and others, as well as photos of wreckage). Additionally, the researchers obtained from the Archives of the University of Texas Arlington (UTA), a set of original (i.e. first generation) prints of the photographs taken at the time by the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, that depicted Ramey and Marcel with the wreckage. A close review of these photos (and a set of first generation negatives also subsequently obtained from UTA) revealed several infesting observations. First, although in some of the literature cited above, Marcel allegedly stated that he had his photo taken with the "real" UFO wreckage and then it was subsequently removed and the weather balloon wreckage substituted for it, a comparison shows that the same wreckage appeared in the photos of Marcel and Ramey. The photos also depicted that this material was lying on what appeared to be some sort of wrapping paper (consistent with affidavit excerpt of crew chief Porter, above). It was also noted that in the two photos of Ramey he had a piece of paper in his hand. In one, it was folded over so nothing could be seen. In the second, however, there appears to be text printed on the paper. In an attempt to read this text to determine if it could shed any further light on locating documents relating to this matter, the photo was sent to a national level organization for digitizing and subsequent photo interpretation and analysis. This organization was also asked to scrutinize the digitized photos for any indication of the flowered tape (or "hieroglyphics, depending on the point of view) that were reputed to be visible to some of the persons who observed the wreckage prior to it getting to Fort Worth. This organization reported on July 20, 1994, that even after digitizing, the photos were of insufficient quality to visualize either of the details sought for analysis. This organization was able to obtain measurements from the "sticks" visible in the debris after it was ascertained by an interview of the original photographer what kind of camera he used. The results of this process are provided in Atch 33, along with a reference diagram and the photo from which the measurements were made. All these measurements are compatible with the wooden materials used in the radar target previously described. CONCLUSION: The Air Force research did not locate or develop any information that the "Roswell Incident" was a UFO event. All available official materials, although they do not directly address Roswell per se, indicate that the most likely source of the wreckage recovered from the Brazel Ranch was from one of the Project Mogul balloon trains. Although that project was TOP SECRET at the time, there was also no specific indication found to indicate an official pre-planned cover story was in place to explain an event such as that which ultimately happened. It appears that the identification of the wreckage as being part of a weather balloon device, as reported in the newspapers at the time, was based on the fact that there was no physical difference in the radar targets and the neoprene balloons (other than the numbers and configuration) between Mogul balloons and normal weather balloons. Additionally, it seems that there was over-reaction by Colonel Blanchard and Major Marcel, in originally reporting that a "flying disc" had been recovered when, at that time, nobody for sure knew what that term even meant since the it had only been in use for a couple of weeks. Likewise, there was no indication in official records from the period that there was heightened military operational or security activity which should have been generated if this was, in fact, the first recovery of materials and/or persons from another world. The post-War US Military (or today's for that matter) did not have the capability to rapidly identify, recover, coordinate, cover-up, and quickly minimize public scrutiny if such an event. The claim that they did so without leaving even a little bit of a suspicious paper trail for 47 years is incredible. It should also be noted here that there was little mentioned in this report about the recovery of the so-called "alien bodies." This is for several reasons: First, the recovered wreckage was from a Project Mogul balloon. There were no "alien" passengers therein. Secondly, the pro-UFO groups who espouse the alien bodies theories cannot even agree among themselves as to what, how many, and where, such bodies were supposedly recovered. Additionally, some of these claims have been shown to be hoaxes, even by other UFO researchers. Thirdly, when such claims are made, they are often attributed to people using pseudonyms or who otherwise do not want to be publicly identified, presumably so that some sort of retribution cannot be taken against them (notwithstanding that nobody has been shown to have died, disappeared or otherwise suffered at the hands of the government during the last 47 years). Fourth, many of the persons making the biggest claims of "alien bodies" make their living from the "RoswellIncident." While having a commercial interest in something does not automatically make it suspect, it does raise interesting questions related to authenticity. Such persons should be encouraged to present their evidence (not speculation) directly to the government and provide all pertinent details and evidence to support their claims if honest fact-finding is what is wanted. Lastly, persons who have come forward and provided their names and made claims, may have, in good faith but in the "fog of time," misinterpreted past events. The review of Air Force records did not locate even one piece of evidence to indicate that the Air Force has had any part in an "alien" body recovery operation or continuing cover-up. During the course of this effort, the Air Force has kept in close touch with the GAO and responded to their various queries and requests for assistance. This report was generated as an official response to the GAO, and to document the considerable effort expended by the Air Force on their behalf it is anticipated that that they will request a copy of this report to help formulate the formal report of their efforts. It is recommended that this document serve as the final Air Force report related to the Roswell matter, for the GAO, or any other inquiries. RICHARD L. WEAVER, COL, USAF DIRECTOR, SECURITY AND SPECIAL PROGRAM OVERSIGHT Attachments: 01. Washington Post Article, "GAO Turns to Alien Turf in New Probe," January 14, 1994 02. GAO Memo, February 15, 1994 03. DoD/IG Memo, February 23, 1994 04. SAF/FM Memo, February 24, 1994, w/Indorsement 05. SAF/AA Memo, March 1, 1994, w/ March 16, 1994 Addendum 06. AF/IN Memo, March 14, 1994 07. AF/SE Memo, March 14, 1994 08. SAF/AQL Memo, March 22, 1994 09. AF/XOWP Memo, March 9, 1994 10. SAF/AAI Memo, March 10, 1994 11. AFHRA/CC Memo, March 8, 1994 12. AFOSI/HO Memo, May 11, 1994 13. List of Locations and Records Searched 14. HQ AAF "Issuance of Orders," June 5, 1947 15. Copy of Vandenberg's Appointment Book and Diary, July 7-9, 1947 16. July 9, 1947 Photos of Balloon Wreckage, Ft Worth Star Telegram 17. Signed Sworn Statement of Cavitt, May 24, 1994 18. Transcript of Cavitt Interview, May 24, 1994 19. Letter, July 8, 1946, Project Mogul 20. Signed Sworn Statement of Spilhaus, June 3, 1994 21. Signed Sworn Statement of Moore, June 8, 1994 22. Signed Sworn Statement of Trakowski, June 29, 1994 23. Transcript of Interview with Moore, June 8, 1994 24. Transcript of Interview with Trakowski, June 29, 1994 25. Illustration of Project Mogul "Balloon Trains" 26. Two Photos of Project Mogul "Balloon Trains" 27. Log Summary, NYU Constant Level Balloon Flights 28. List of Museums Contacted 29. Copy of Blueprint for "Pilot Balloon Target, NM-307C/AP Assembly" 30. Signed Sworn Statement of Newton, July 21, 1994 31. Photos of NM-307C/AP Device, With Vintage Neoprene Balloon and Debris 32. Synopsis of Balloon Research Findings by 1LT James McAndrew 33. "Mensuration Working Paper," With Drawing and Photo (One late Saturday night while relaxing to a movie on television. I found myself drifting into a dreamy state of mind, it seemed as if I had become weightless, buoyant. I felt some how disembodied moving upwards, slowly at first than more rapidly spiralling around. The spinning sensation brought to mind the image of a shiny saucer shaped space ship into which my weightless incorporeal body was being inexorably drawn. I found myself in the belly of the ship, before me was a round table the hub of the saucer. Seated around this table as well as myself were four sedate looking gentlemen with solemn beards and a glint of great knowledge in their warm yet wizend eyes. They seemed engrossed in the playing of a curiously fascinating game which consisted of throwing coloured 'cubes' onto a board made up of coloured 'zone' radiating in circles from a central hub mirroring the circular shape of the table of the space ship. I found myself becoming engrossed in watching the progress of the game. I seemed to have an almost telepathic understanding of the rules of this game which was so simple and easy to follow yet so mesmerising. I found myself almost automatically joining in, no ojection was raised by any of the paticipants in fact quite the reverse. I felf they were welcoming me into playing the game without needing to voice this welcome "Yes Earthling", I seemed to hear a voice saying in my head "We find this game helps to pass the time on long and otherwise boring journeys through space and is generally therapeutic for relieving stress". I found out through further conversation that the being I was speaking to was named 'Zak' and the others introduced themselves as 'Meon', 'Amos' and 'Oso' repectivly. I discovered that they originated from a planet located in the star cluster known as 'Pleiades' and that the name of this amazing game was 'Zilch'! Zak told me that he was 250 Earth years old and this was considered quite young on his world where they had long since forgotten war and where disease was virtually unknown. Meon asked if I would like to hear some music and showed me a panel inset with a selection of various coloured shapes, he asked me to touch the colour that appealed to me the most. On doing so music started to play. Meon explained to me that it refected a certain emotional state and that you unconsciously chose the colour to suit your frame of mind, so that the music you listen to was always perfect for the mood. We played game after game of 'Zilch', the hours took wing and flew away in droves then in a lull between games I became conscious of t" U F O L O G Y "

objects found in Britain's 'X-Files' By Robert Verkaik They contain Britain's very own X-Files: thousands of classified documents detailing credible observations of unidentified flying objects reported by RAF personnel, British Airways pilots and senior police officers. Now under the Freedom of Information laws, files previously held by the Ministry of Defence's special UFO department, known as SF4, are being released to the public. Among the most credible reports of a possible visit by extraterrestrial life-forms is one made by an RAF pilot and two NCOs at RAF Boulmer in Northumberland. In July 1977 Flt Lt A M Wood reported "bright objects hanging over the sea''. The MoD document adds that the RAF officer said the closest object was "luminous, round and four to five times larger than a Whirlwind helicopter". The UFOs were reported to be three miles out to sea at a height of about 5,000ft. The officer, whose report is supported by Cpl Torrington and Sgt Graham, said: "The objects separated. Then one went west of the other, as it manoeuvred it changed shape to become body-shaped with projections like arms and legs." The men who were positioned at the picket post at the RAF station were able to observe the strange objects for an hour and 40 minutes. At the same time a radar station detected the objects in exactly the same position as the men had observed them. It registered them to be between 30 to 35 degrees before they disappeared from the screen. The report describes Flt Lt Wood as "reliable and sober". It adds: "Two contacts were noted on radar, both T84 and T85, at RAF Boulmer. They were also seen on the Staxton Wold radar picture which is relayed to West Drayton... On seeing the objects on radar the duty controller checked with the SRO at RAF West Drayton as to whether he could see the objects on radar supplied from RAF Staxton Wold." This account was deemed so sensitive to the national interest that the MoD had delayed its release for an extra three years. But under the Freedom of Information Act, which came into force on 1 January, the file has been reviewed and declassified. Some of the other reports are equally compelling. A British Airways Tri-Star on a return flight from Portugal in July 1976 was involved in an incident which led to the scrambling of fighter jets. The MoD report says that the Tri-Star captain reported "four objects - two round brilliant white, two cigar-shaped" 18 miles north of Faro. The captain was so alarmed by what he and the passengers had seen that he reported the sighting to air traffic controllers at Lisbon and Heathrow. The report says that fighters were immediately scrambled from Lisbon. Shortly afterwards another Tri-Star crew on the same flight path reported a similar unexplained sighting. This time they said there was a "bright object with two contrails" between Fatima and Faro. It remained stationary before moving north and then "changing in length". In another incident in the same month two Tri-Star co-pilots and five of their cabin crew reported "passing underneath a bright white circular object". The files also contain reports compiled by police officers of their first-hand experiences of observing UFOs. On 8 April 1977, Superintendent Cooper of West Yorkshire Police described a sighting while on duty in a patrol car in Laisterdyke. He said: "I looked to my right and through the side window of the car I saw a bright silver light. At first I thought this was a bright star. It was low in the sky, a long distance away... then I thought that this light was moving. The light was visible just over the rooftops of the houses on Ferrand Avenue at the junction with Hambledon Avenue." Superintendent Cooper continued to observe the object as it moved along the rooftops until the light "suddenly vanished". He said: "The light went out and I could see nothing whatsoever in the sky where the light had been. I then contacted Operations who reported no other sightings recorded." MoD officers working at the UFO unit have often made reference to the credibility of the person making the reports. Observations made by former servicemen appear to be taken more seriously than others. An MoD report sent from RAF Cosford on 14 July 1976 noted that the 66-year-old woman from Wolverhampton, who claimed to have seen a "white, bar-shaped" object in the night sky, was married to a retired RAF pilot but later the report added dismissively: "He did not observe anything from his seated position." But the veracity of the reports is brought into question as soon as there is any suspicion of alcohol influencing the observations. Several sightings between 2 and 5 September 1977 are dismissed even though the informants are adamant they saw a "pulsating bright light, emitting a vapour trail" near Derby. The file ends: "Four witnesses had been imbibing at the local hostelry and their sightings were discounted." Scepticism creeps into the MoD reports if it emerges that it is not the first time a person has seen a UFO. Between 7 and 8 August 1976, a Rotherham man reported four sightings to his local radar station. The comment on the UFO file reads: "He evidently runs a UFO sightings club and has been logging UFOs for three years." British UFO hunters will no doubt use these sorts of comments to help support the theory that the Government has been suppressing evidence of a visit by extraterrestrial life. However, some of the sightings strike a rather salutary note. A white, bright light that caught the attention of a woman in Tenterden in September 1977 was immediately reported to Ashford police station and her observations duly noted. But in the MoD file, the officers find a more mundane explanation for her experience. The officers says: "She saw a long white light in the front with a flashing red light at the rear. The informant states: 'like a jumbo jet'." Leading article, page 42 UFO 'SIGHTINGS' Chief Superintendent Hobson, Manchester Police, 3 July 3 1976 Routine traffic patrol on A62, Manchester Road: "We watched the light for about two minutes. I then followed in a police vehicle along the A62." Flight Lieutenant A M Wood, Corporal Torrington, SACs Hughs, Goddard and Graham, July 1977 RAF Boulmer: "Two bright objects hanging over the sea. As it manoeuvred object changed shape to become body shaped." http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/politics/story.jsp?story=603470

http://link.freewebs.com/Members/Comments/loadShoutBoxJS.jsp?shoutBoxOwnerID=21690137&listID=1400480&skinName=darkSo now enter here .

August 1948 ... All of Europe was still laughing about the many flying saucer sightings reported in the United States the previous year. Americans were certainly making fools of themselves. But the last laugh was yet to come, because on August 16 an Austrian newspaper blazoned its pages with what was described as "the first sightings of flying discs in central Europe". Residents in the Muehlviertel district of Upper Austria along the Czech border had reported seeing flying saucers moving at an exceptionally high rate of speed, then returning just as rapidly to the point where they were first noticed. Soon similar stories were running rampant as strange objects appeared elsewhere. This was the beginning of the European flying saucer flap that began in 1950 and continues unabated to this day. But apparently unknown to many Europeans and most Americans, saucers had been witnessed much earlier and by a good many people throughout the Continent But there had been no flap -- the sightings had been sporatic and usually reported only in small local papers, mainly in Germany, France and Italy. Turkey entered the controversy early when an Istanbul magazine recalled eyewitness accounts of flying saucers in the Maras region in November 1947, adding that reports had reached Turkey that Soviet scientists had been experimenting with missiles powered by cosmic rays in the region east of Maras, across the Soviet-Turkish border. A newspaper in Rome told how, in March of 1948, seven UFOs were spotted speeding across north Italian skies on a path from northeast to southwest. Eyewitnesses reported that the objects traveled at a very high speed at around 15,000 feet altitude and seemed to emit "deep sounds". A report of August 18, 1949 had eyewitnesses at Lucinico, Trieste near Gorizia seeing flying saucers coming from the direction of the Yugoslav border and proceeding rapidly in a northward direction. On October 29, 1948, newspapers throughout Europe reported this sighting near Munich: "Five U. S. Air Force pilots observed a mysterious, silvery object similar in appearance to a so-called flying saucer hanging high over Neubiberg Air Base in Bavaria. The object disappeared at a terrific speed after having remained over the air base more than 30 minutes. A similar object had been seen days before by another group of American pilots." These reports touched off a chain of speculative comments among astronomers and scientists on the continent, who variously claimed that the objects were from Russia or from outer space. Few seemed to regard them as products of the United States. In November of 1948 reports came from Denmark that unidentified flying objects had been seen at Skagen, Northern Jutland. These were described as missiles which passed over Skagen at high altitude and disappeared northward over Skagerrack. A Danish coast guardsman allegedly saw one disc-like object moving northward at 15,000 feet altitude and then, through binoculars, observed another "shining like silver and traveling in a different direction". Scores of eyewitnesses corroborated the incident. During 1949 saucer sightings over Europe waned but interest was kept alive by reports from the United States that on August 20 officials from the U. S. Air Force's Office of Special Investigation (OSI) had found two dilapidated objects resembling flying saucers in a tobacco shed in the small town of Marley Park, Maryland. The machines, according to a wire service story, had been built before the war by a Jonathan Caldwell who had since disappeared. One of the craft was reported to have flown. Officials said they were interested in finding Caldwell to learn what he had been doing since then and for whom. Hints were made that he might be turning out improved models elsewhere on a larger scale. A German magazine carried a story about the so-called foo-fighters of World War II -- objects reminiscent of flying saucers that appeared usually as small balls of fire and trailed allied fighters and bombers on bombing raids. Rumor had it that these were radar-controlled devices designed by the Germans to track the course of allied aircraft. A French magazine brought from the past a report of a flying saucer seen over Arras centuries before, in 1461. A 500-year old manuscript had been found in which the following appeared: "On the night of All Saints Day a bright object half the size of the moon was seen for almost a quarter hour. It flew rapidly in wild maneuvers, then darted out of sight." The report closely paralleled sightings nearly 500 years later. DPA, the German national press agency, reported in October 1949 that Copenhagen got its first glimpse of "flying fireballs" in and around the city. Balls of fire were also reported over the island of Bjornholm in the Baltic, and similar bodies had been sighted over Sweden the week before. Reporters who had written of "Gallic scepticism" after 15 years of supersecret projects under Hitler began to scratch their heads as more and more sightings flooded police stations and newsrooms late in 1949. Could so many people be mistaken by ordinary objects in the sky or hoodwinked by hoaxes? To pragmatic Europeans, it appeared that something was being seen that could and should be explained but weren't. Until 1950, flying saucer stories had attracted little more than passing interest among Europeans. This was to change abruptly. For 1950 and 1951 were to be the years of the most seen over European skies. In the early months, reports came by the hundreds from Belgium, Germany, Sicily, Austria, Lebanon and Portugal. About these, American news organizations were strangely quiet. For example, postal official Josef Brem and his wife claimed to have seen a strange object blazing a trail across the sky over Koetzling, Germany. Brem described it as yellow-silver, disk-shaped, flat like an inverted saucer and surrounded by an opal-shaped, brightly lit ring. He said it remained in view more than a minute before flying off swiftly in a southwesterly direction. Then scores of department store employees in Brussels told police of witnessing a flying saucer zipping about in the sky above their store. The crew of a coast guard ship cruising off north Portugal at night told of seeing dozens of strange objects flying in various formations and moving "faster than tracer bullets". An entire population of a Sicilian village watched in awe as a saucer-shaped object circled the town of Caltagirone, moved in a wide arc, and then disappeared to the southeast. Two Vienna policemen said they glimpsed a UFO heading eastward toward the Czech border, keeping it in view for more than half a minute. Europeans could hardly believe their eyes each morning when they picked up their newspapers to read new reports of strange aerial craft cruising, hovering, speeding and maneurvering over the skies of every country from England to Italy and from Spain to the iron curtain. Denmark and Italy were reporting more sightings than other countries during this period. Some scientists appeared to accept the idea that the objects were either Russian or American. Few followed the theories of American "experts" who spoke of ionized clouds, mirages, meteors or mass hysteria. An occasional European scientist ventured to say it was "possible" that the phenomenon had its origin in outer space. Everyone, it seemed, had an opinion and each was a little different from the other. One American went a little too far to suit most Europeans when he said he believed the objects were the "heavenly host". Another found a biblical phrase that said, "And there shall be signs in the sky". Then, just as suddenly as they came, the strange objects dropped out of sight. Some cases continued to crop up every few weeks in England. And for a short time in France they averaged 20 sightings a day over a three-day period. In January 1952, an expert in meteors in New Mexico made headlines in the leading newspapers of Europe when he stated that a series of green fireballs sighted over the southwestern states were probably not meteors, but more likely guided missiles of Soviet origin. This followed a story in Look magazine that claimed saucers could be manmade vehicles, "most probably Soviet". Then came the story of a 40-year old graduate of the University of Prague and former Luftwaffe Captain Rudolf Schreiver, who claimed to have designed a flying saucer before the collapse of Germany in 1945. He explained that in the early 1940s engineers throughout the world had been experimenting with craft of highly unusual configurations, including the now famous inverted saucer shape. According to Schreiver, a set of blueprints turned up missing from his laboratory and when he gave duplicates to colleagues in Prague they apparently ended up in Russian hands, enabling the Soviets to build a saucer. Late in 1952 the American magazine People Today said that its editors believed flying saucers were not only real but were guided missiles launched from the Soviet Union. The article stated that saucers were being launched from Atomgrad Number 3, a highly secret missile center near Finland. The missiles were described as crewless and deployed mainly for reconnaissance of U. S. atomic and military installations. According to the magazine, "cameras and electronic observation devices" were loaded aboard the craft which were then guided by remote control via a chain of Soviet snorkel submarines in the Atlantic. It seemed the government was not telling the truth for fear of panic. This story was given some credence when Swedish officials recorded the passage of unidentified flying objects hurtling across Scandinavia in a direct line toward the United States. In January 1953 the general staff of the Danish Army issued orders to all servicemen to be on the alert for unidentified flying objects. The order was that any strange aerial apparition should be reported to authorities immediately. An interesting aspect of these sightings is that in most cases the objects appeared to originate from the direction of the iron curtain, and often returned toward the same direction. Coming at the height of the cold war, this led some psychologists to speculate that the sightings were an example of mass hysteria caused by international tensions or fear of a Soviet invasion. Early in 1954, a Swedish pilot observed a strange metallic circular object flying at supersonic speed over southern Sweden well within range of secret Soviet rocket bases. The craft was in sight for 10 seconds. Days later, Radio Moscow took the unusual step of denying that Russia was behind the saucers. The unprecedented announcement claimed that so-called unidentified flying objects were merely propaganda inventions "to create the impression that Moscow is provoking its neighbors". It denounced western news media for spreading falsehoods. On March 26, 1954 five control tower personnel at a NATO air base near Landstuhl, Germany reported seeing a UFO. F-86 Sabrejets were scrambled but failed to get close to the illusive object. Eyewitnesses said the object appeared several times during the early evening hours but each time the jets tried to close, they were not able to get near it. Speed of the object was said to be moving fairly slowly, leading some to speculate that the object was a weather balloon. However, no balloons were reported in the area and the object seemed to easily outmaneuver the jets. The Air Force released no conclusions following the sighting. Are flying saucers interplanetary spaceships or missiles from Russia or the United States, if they exist at all? Though some "experts" claim they are piloted by 40-inch tall creatures, others say there is evidence to show that they are supersecret craft of ultra-modern design produced by the Soviet government and used principally for observation. The German illustrated magazine Frankfurter Illustrierte carried a series of articles to advance this theory. It contained the kind of detail that caused many official eyebrows to raise. It told of a secret report delivered on April 28, 1948 from the U. S. State Department to the Joint Chiefs of Staff which stated in part: "From time to time, some saucer-like projectiles have displayed movements that indicate they are controlled in an intelligent manner and are either piloted or radio-controlled. The acceleration of these objects is higher than present normal limits. They are noiseless. With the aid of special instruments, their diameters have been measured to be as large as 100 to 160 feet in diameter." If this article was based on fact, it was directly contradicted by an Air Force official a month later who stated that reports of unidentified flying objects were completely unfounded. The Frankfurt-based magazine went on to quote the chief of the U. S. Defense Staff in Tokyo as stating on May 9, 1953: "In the past few weeks, Navy and Air Force craft operating in the Pacific have seen strange objects on several occasions, objects generally referred to as flying saucers. Their routes could be determined along with their possible home station. Near the island of Tinian one of the objects was struck by an American aircraft and fell into the ocean." Major Donald E. Keyhoe, a marine reserve officer, personally investigated UFOs and has written articles and books purporting to prove that the illusive objects are interplanetary spacecraft. His latest book is due to be released in Europe soon. Whatever side of the controversy you favor, one thing is for certain. So many eyewitnesses cannot be wrong. Thousands upon thousands of persons throughout the world have seen these objects with their own eyes and refuse explanations of mass hysteria, reflections in the sky or misinterpretations of ordinary objects. Most recently, the Air Force has admitted that 20 percent of UFO sightings reported by Americans are mysteries yet to be explained. But what of the many more thousands of Europeans who have also witnessed these flying phantoms? What percentage of them are unexplainable and who is investigating them? It's been said that a secret is the hardest thing to keep. Perhaps the riddle of the UFOs, if now a well kept secret, may be answered in our lifetimes. Your continued donations keep Wikipedia running! Unidentified flying object From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search "UFO" redirects here. For other uses, see UFO (disambiguation). A UFO or Unidentified Flying Object is any real or apparent flying object which cannot be identified by the observer and which remains unidentified after investigation. Sightings of unusual aerial phenomena date back to ancient times, but reports of UFO sightings started becoming more common after the first widely publicized U.S. sighting in 1947. Many ten's of thousands of such claimed observations have since been reported worldwide. In popular culture throughout the world, UFO is commonly used to refer to any hypothetical alien spacecraft but the term flying saucer is also regularly used. Once a UFO is identified as a known object (for example an aircraft or weather balloon), it ceases to be a UFO and becomes an identified object. In such cases it is inaccurate to continue to use the acronym UFO to describe the object. A purported 1952 photo of a UFO over Passaic, New Jersey, from an FBI document. Contents [hide] • 1 History o 1.1 Past accounts o 1.2 First modern reports o 1.3 Modern UFO era • 2 UFOs in popular culture • 3 Ufology - people and organizations o 3.1 Organizations: U.S. • 4 Use in film and television • 5 See also • 6 Notes • 7 References o 7.1 General o 7.2 Debunkery o 7.3 Psychology o 7.4 Histories o 7.5 Technology • 8 External links [edit] History Main article: List of major UFO sightings [edit] Past accounts Unusual aerial phenomena have been reported throughout history. Some of these strange apparitions may have been astronomical phenomena such as comets or bright meteors, or atmospheric optical phenomena such as parhelia. Examples of these reports include: • During the reign of the Pharaoh Thutmose III around 1450 BC, there is a description of multiple “circles of fire” brighter than the sun and about 5 meters in size that appeared over multiple days.[1] They finally disappeared after ascending higher in the sky. 1566 woodcut by Hans Glaser of 1561 Nuremberg event • The Roman author Julius Obsequens writes that in 99 BC, “in Tarquinia towards sunset, a round object, like a globe, a round or circular shield, took its path in the sky from west to east.” • On September 24, 1235, General Yoritsume and his army observed unidentified globes of light flying in erratic patterns in the night sky near Kyoto, Japan. The general’s advisers told him not to worry -- it was merely the wind causing the stars to sway.[2][3] • On April 14, 1561 the skies over Nuremberg, Germany were reportedly filled with a multitude of objects seemingly engaged in an aerial battle. Small spheres and discs were said to emerge from large cylinders.[4][5] (image right) These sightings were usually treated as supernatural portents, angels, and other religious omens. Some contemporary investigators believe them to be the ancient equivalent of modern UFO reports. [edit] First modern reports Before the terms “flying saucer” and “UFO” were coined, there were a number of reports of strange, unidentified aerial phenomena. These reports date from the mid-nineteenth to early twentieth century. They include: Purported photo of a UFO over New Hampshire in 1870 • On July, 1868, The investigators of this phenomenon define as the first documented sighting modern the happened in Copiapo city, Chile.[6] • On January 25, 1878, The Denison Daily News wrote that local farmer John Martin had reported seeing a large, dark, circular flying object resembling a balloon flying “at wonderful speed.” • On November 17, 1882, astronomer E. W. Maunder of the Greenwich Royal Observatory described in the Observatory Reports “a strange celestial visitor” that was “disc-shaped,” “torpedo-shaped,” or “spindle-shaped.” It was said to be very different in characteristics from a meteor fireball. Years later, Maunder wrote it looked exactly like the new Zeppelin dirigibles. The strange object was also seen by several other European astronomers.[7] • On February 28, 1904, there was a sighting by three crew members on the USS Supply 300 miles west of San Francisco, reported by Lt. Frank Schofield, later to become Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet. Schofield wrote of three bright red egg-shaped and circular objects flying in echelon formation that approached beneath the cloud layer, then changed course and “soared” above the clouds, departing directly away from the earth after 2 to 3 minutes. The largest had an apparent size of about six suns.[8][9] • The so-called Fátima incident or “The Miracle of the Sun,” witnessed by tens of thousands in Fátima, Portugal on October 13, 1917, is believed by some researchers to actually be a UFO event. • In both the European and Japanese aerial theatres during World War II, “Foo-fighters” (balls of light and other shapes that followed aircraft) were reported by both Allied and Axis pilots. [citation needed] • On February 25, 1942, an unidentified craft was detected over the California region. The craft stayed aloft despite taking at least 20 minutes worth of flak from ground batteries. The incident later became known as the Battle of Los Angeles, or the West coast air raid. [citation needed] • In 1946, there were over 2000 reports of unidentified aircraft in the Scandinavian nations, along with isolated reports from France, Portugal, Italy and Greece, then referred to as “Russian hail,” and later as “ghost rockets,” because it was thought that these mysterious objects were Russian tests of captured German V1 or V2 rockets. This was subsequently shown not to be the case, and the phenomenon remains unexplained. Over 200 were tracked on radar and deemed to be “real physical objects” by the Swedish military. A significant fraction of the remainder were thought to be misperceptions of natural phenomena, such as meteors. [citation needed] [edit] Modern UFO era The post World War II UFO phase in the United States began with a reported sighting by American businessman Kenneth Arnold on June 24, 1947 while flying his private plane near Mount Rainier, Washington. He reported seeing nine brilliantly bright objects flying across the face of Rainier towards nearby Mount Adams at “an incredible speed”, which he calculated at at least 1200 miles per hour by timing their travel between Rainier and Adams. His sighting subsequently received significant media and public attention. Arnold would later say they “flew like a saucer would if you skipped it across the water” and also said they were “flat like a pie pan”, “shaped like saucers,” and “half-moon shaped, oval in front and convex in the rear. ...they looked like a big flat disk.” (One, however, he would describe later as being almost crescent-shaped.) Arnold’s reported descriptions caught the media’s and the public’s fancy and gave rise to the terms flying saucer and flying disk. Arnold’s sighting was followed in the next few weeks by several thousand other reported sightings, mostly in the U.S., but in other countries as well. Perhaps the most significant of these was a United Airlines crew sighting of nine more disc-like objects over Idaho on the evening of July 4. This sighting was even more widely reported than Arnold’s and lent considerable credence to Arnold’s report. For the next few days most American newspapers were filled with front-page stories of the new “flying saucers” or “flying discs.” Starting with official debunkery that began the night of July 8 with the Roswell UFO incident, reports rapidly tapered off, ending the first big U.S. UFO wave. Starting July 9, Army Air Force intelligence, in cooperation with the FBI, secretly began a formal investigation into the best sightings, which included Arnold’s and the United crew’s. The FBI was told that intelligence was using “all of its scientists” to determine whether or not “such a phenomenon could, in fact, occur.” Furthermore, the research was “being conducted with the thought that the flying objects might be a celestial phenomenon,” or that “they might be a foreign body mechanically devised and controlled.” (Maccabee, 5) Three weeks later they concluded that, “This ‘flying saucer’ situation is not all imaginary or seeing too much in some natural phenomenon. Something is really flying around.” [10] A further review by the intelligence and technical divisions of the Air Materiel Command at Wright Field reached the same conclusion, that “the phenomenon is something real and not visionary or fictitious,” that there were objects in the shape of a disc, metallic in appearance, and as big as man-made aircraft. They were characterized by “extreme rates of climb [and] maneuverability,” general lack of noise, absence of trail, occasional formation flying, and “evasive” behavior “when sighted or contacted by friendly aircraft and radar,” suggesting either manual, automatic, or remote control. It was thus recommended in late September 1947 that an official Air Force investigation be set up to investigate the phenomenon. [11] This led to the creation of the Air Force’s Project Sign at the end of 1947, which became Project Grudge at the end of 1948, and then Project Blue Book in 1952. Blue Book closed down in 1970, ending the official Air Force UFO investigations. A claimed UFO from Brazil. The circular aura suggests it is a light in the foreground. Use of “UFO” instead of “flying saucer” was first suggested in 1952 by Capt. Edward J. Ruppelt, the first director of Project Blue Book, who felt that “flying saucer” did not reflect the diversity of the sightings. Ruppelt suggested that “UFO” should be pronounced as a word — “you-foe”. However it is generally pronounced by forming each letter: “U.F.O.” His term was quickly adopted by the Air Force, which also briefly used “UFOB” circa 1954. (See next paragraph.) Ruppelt recounted his experiences with Project Blue Book in his memoir, The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects (1956), also the first book to use the term.[12] Air Force Regulation 200-2, issued in 1954, defined an Unidentified Flying Object (UFOB) as “any airborne object which by performance, aerodynamic characteristics, or unusual features, does not conform to any presently known aircraft or missile type, or which cannot be positively identified as a familiar object.” The regulation also said UFOBs were to be investigated as a “possible threat to the security of the United States” and “to determine technical aspects involved.” Furthermore, Air Force personnel were directed not to discuss unexplained cases with the press.[13] [edit] UFOs in popular culture Beginning in the 1950s, UFO-related spiritual sects, sometimes referred to as contactee cults, began to appear. Most often the members of these sects rallied around a central individual, who claimed to either have made personal contact with space-beings, or claimed to be in telepathic contact with them. Prominent among such individuals was George Adamski, who claimed to have met a tall, blond-haired Venusian named “Orthon,” who came to warn us about the dangers of nuclear proliferation. Adamski was widely dismissed, but an Adamski Foundation still exists, publishing and selling Adamski’s writings. At least two of these sects developed a substantial number of adherents, most notably The Aetherius Society, founded by British mystic George King in 1956, and the Unarius Foundation, established by “Ernest L.” and Ruth Norman in 1954. A standard theme of the alleged messages from outer-space beings to these cults was a warning about the dangers of nuclear proliferation. More recent groups organized around an extraterrestrial theme include Ummo, Heaven’s Gate, Raël, and the Ashtar Galactic Command. Many of the early UFO sects, as well as later ones, share a tendency to incorporate ideas from both Christianity and various eastern religions, “hybridizing” these with ideas pertaining to extraterrestrials and their benevolent concern with the people of Earth. The notion of contactee cults gained a new twist during the 1980s, primarily in the USA, with the publication of books by Whitley Strieber (beginning with Communion) and Jacques Vallee (Passport to Magonia). Strieber, a horror writer, felt that aliens were harassing him and were responsible for “missing time” during which he was subjected to strange experiments by “grey aliens”. This newer, darker model can be seen in the subsequent wave of “alien abduction” literature, and in the background mythos of The X Files and many other TV series. However, even in the alien abduction literature, motives of the aliens run the gamut from hostile to benevolent. For example, researcher David Jacobs believes we are undergoing a form of stealth invasion through genetic assimilation. The theme of genetic manipulation (though not necessarily an invasion) is also strongly reflected in the writings of Budd Hopkins. The late Harvard psychiatrist John Mack (1929-2004) believed that the aliens’ ethical bearing was to take a role as “tough love” gurus trying to impart wisdom. James Harder says abductees predominantly report positive interactions with aliens, most of whom have benevolent intentions and express concern about human survival. An interesting 1970s-era development was a renewal and broadening of ideas associating UFOs with supernatural or preternatural subjects such as occultism, cryptozoology, and parapsychology. Some 1950s contactee cultists had incorporated various religious and occult ideas into their beliefs about UFOs, but in the 1970s this was repeated on a considerably larger scale. Many participants in the New Age movement came to believe in alien contact, both through mediumistic channeling and through literal, physical contact. A prominent spokesperson for this trend was actress Shirley MacLaine, especially in her book and miniseries, Out On a Limb. The 1970s saw the publication of many New Age books in which ideas about UFOs and extraterrestrials figured prominently. Another key development in 1970s UFO folklore came with the publication of Erich von Däniken’s book Chariots of the Gods. The book argued that aliens have been visiting Earth for thousands of years, which he used to explain UFO-like images from various archaeological sources as well as unsolved mysteries. Such ideas were not exactly new. For example, earlier in his career, astronomer Carl Sagan in Intelligent Life in the Universe (1966) had similarly argued that aliens could have been visiting the Earth sporadically for millions of years. “Ancient astronauts” proposals inspired numerous imitators, sequels, and fictional adaptations, including one book (Barry Downing's The Bible and Flying Saucers) which interprets miraculous aerial phenomena in the Bible as records of alien contact. Many of these interpretations posit that aliens have been guiding human evolution, an idea taken up earlier by the novel and film 2001: A Space Odyssey. UFOs constitute a widespread international cultural phenomenon of the last half-century. Folklorist Thomas E. Bullard writes, “UFOs have invaded modern consciousness in overwhelming force, and endless streams of books, magazine articles, tabloid covers, movies, TV shows, cartoons, advertisements, greeting cards, toys, T-shirts, even alien-head salt and pepper shakers, attest to the popularity of this phenomenon.” Gallup polls rank UFOs near the top of lists for subjects of widespread recognition. In 1973, a survey found that 95 percent of the public reported having heard of UFOs, whereas only 92 percent had heard of US President Gerald Ford in a 1977 poll taken just nine months after he left the White House. (Bullard, 141) A 1996 Gallup poll reported that 71 percent of the United States population believed that the government was covering up information regarding UFOs. A 2002 Roper poll for the Sci Fi channel found similar results, but with more people believing UFOs were extraterrestrial craft. In that latest poll, 56 percent thought UFOs were real craft and 48 percent that aliens had visited the Earth. Again, about 70 percent felt the government was not sharing everything it knew about UFOs or extraterrestrial life.[14] [edit] Ufology - people and organizations See also List of UFO researchers. [edit] Organizations: U.S. There have been a number of civilian groups formed to study UFO’s and/or to promulgate their opinions on the subject. Some have achieved fair degrees of mainstream visibility while others remain obscure. The groups listed below have embraced a broad variety of approaches, and have seen a correspondingly wide variety of responses from mainstream critics or supporters. • Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) (1952-1988) • National Investigations Committee On Aerial Phenomena (NICAP) (1956-1980) • Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) (1969-present) • Center for UFO Studies (CUFOS) (1973-present) A privately-funded UFO research group founded by J. Allen Hynek, a professor of astronomy at Northwestern University in Chicago. Hynek was also a top scientific consultant for Project Blue Book. • Fund for UFO Research (FUFOR) (1976-present) • National Institute of Discovery Science (NIDS) (1996-present) • National UFO Reporting Center (NUFORC) (1994-present): Run by Peter Davenport; national clearinghouse for UFO reports with phone hotline; listings of reports online. homepage, and this link • National Aviation Reporting Center on Anomalous Phenomena (NARCAP) (2000- ): Founded by NASA scientist Richard F. Haines. Clearing house for aviation UFO reports. Concerned about UFOs and air safety. Has collected and evaluated 3400 aviation cases from the last 40 years. homepage • Citizens Against UFO Secrecy (CAUS) (~1978- ): Small, Arizona-based research and FOIA interest group. CAUS Homepage • Paradigm Research Group (PRG) & Extraterrestrial Phenomena Political Action Committee (X-PPAC) (1996- ): Small, Washington D.C. group pushing for government UFO disclosure. home page • Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CSETI)[2] (1990- ): Maryland group that runs The Disclosure Project, an effort to get government disclosure on UFOs. CSETI home page • Dr. Greer's Disclosure Project Disclosureproject Homepage • UFO Casebook UFO Case Book’s Homepage • UFO Search Engine (UFOSeek) (~1998-present): UFO and paranormal search engine and directory UFOSeek Homepage • Malevolent Alien Abduction Research Malevolent Alien Abduction Research Homepage This organization believes that aliens are pushing an extremely deceptive agenda, such as claiming that they’re friendly and promote peace. • HBCCUFO CANADIAN UFO REPORTING (HBCCUFO) (~2000-present ): BC Canadian UFO reports, witness audio interviews, directed by Brian Vike. HBCCUFO Homepage [edit] Use in film and television Κατά την UFOλογία, οι θεάσεις Άγνωστης Ταυτότητας Ιπτάμενων Αντικειμένων – ΑΤΙΑ (UFO), αποτελούν φαινόμενα που εμπλέκουν ιπτάμενες μηχανές των οποίων η προέλευση πρέπει να αναζητηθεί εκτός του πλανήτη. Η πίστη αυτή είναι τόσο ισχυρή ώστε η οποιαδήποτε αμφισβήτηση της ακρίβειας και της αξιοπιστίας αυτών των θεάσεων να οδηγεί σε έντονη αντιπαράθεση. Ο όρος σκεπτικιστής (απόδοση του αγγλικού debunker ο οποίος περιέχει και μια αρνητική χροιά) χρησιμοποιείται με δόση ειρωνείας για όποιον προτείνει κάποια εξήγηση διαφορετική της εξωγήινης προέλευσης. Παρότι ο όρος σκεπτικιστής δεν αποτελεί αρνητικό χαρακτηρισμό, συχνά υπονοείται πώς με ένα σκεπτικιστή δε μπορεί να γίνει πραγματική συζήτηση και ανταλλαγή απόψεων. Αυτός ο αφορισμός προφανώς δεν αρμόζει σε άτομα τα οποία διατείνονται ότι επιδιώκουν τη σοβαρή, επιστημονική έρευνα. Αν θελήσει κανείς να αναζητήσει τις αιτίες αυτής της στάσης θα πρέπει να ανατρέξει στα πρώτα χρόνια της UFOλογίας. Άνθρωποι όπως ο αστρονόμος Donald Menzel, συχνά ερμήνευαν τις θεάσεις ΑΤΙΑ με εξηγήσεις που οι UFOλόγοι δε μπορούσαν να αποδεχτούν. Η άποψη ότι μια υπόθεση ΑΤΙΑ μπορούσε να ερμηνευθεί με ορθολογικό τρόπο, προκαλούσε έντονη κριτική από πολλούς UFOλόγους, ειδικά αν η υπόθεση είχε ασυνήθιστες πτυχές. Βέβαια, σε αρκετές περιπτώσεις, οι σκεπτικιστές παρουσίαζαν θεωρίες αγνοώντας, ή χωρίς να λαμβάνουν υπ’ όψιν όλα τα δεδομένα της υπόθεσης. Με τον τρόπο αυτό αρκετοί σκεπτικιστές έκαναν ζημιά στη φήμη τους. Σε κάποιες περιπτώσεις μάλιστα επέτειναν το λάθος τους εμμένοντας στην άποψή τους ακόμα και όταν έρχονταν στο φώς νέα δεδομένα που εμφανώς κατέρριπταν την αρχική θεωρία τους. Από την άλλη πλευρά οι UFOλόγοι είναι εκείνοι που σπεύδουν να ανακηρύξουν ένα φαινόμενο ΑΤΙΑ ώς ανεξήγητο, μόνο με επιφανειακή διερεύνηση. Κάθε καλός ερευνητής, ανεξάρτητα από την προσωπική του θέση και στάση, θα πρέπει να επανεξετάζει την άποψή του όταν προκύπτουν νέα, αξιόπιστα στοιχεία, που καταδεικνύουν ότι τα αρχικά συμπεράσματα του μπορεί να είναι λανθασμένα. Θα πρέπει επίσης να είναι έτοιμος να αποδεχθεί την εξήγηση μιας υπόθεσης εάν υπάρχουν επαρκείς πληροφορίες ότι η υπόθεση δεν αφορούσε στην πραγματικότητα κάποιο ΑΤΙΑ. Οι σκεπτικιστές αποδέχονται ότι θα υπάρχουν κάποιες περιπτώσεις οι οποίες δε θα μπορέσουν ποτέ να εξηγηθούν με βεβαιότητα, χωρίς όμως αυτό να σημαίνει πώς η εμπλοκή εξωγήινων διαστημοπλοίων είναι και η απάντηση. Όμως αυτοί που υποστηρίζουν τη θεωρία της εξωγήινης προέλευσης, δυσκολεύονται να αποδεχθούν τις εξηγήσεις για πολλές περιπτώσεις. Αυτό συμβαίνει διότι η θεωρία τους στηρίζεται στο μεγάλο αριθμό θεάσεων ΑΤΙΑ, καθώς πιστεύουν πώς όσο περισσότερες είναι οι ανεξήγητες περιπτώσεις, τόσο η πλάστιγγα κλίνει προς την άποψή τους. Αν ένας μεγάλος αριθμός από αυτές τις περιπτώσεις ερμηνευτεί με «συμβατικές» εξηγήσεις, η θεωρία της εξωγήινης προέλευσης αποδυναμώνεται. Οι UFOλόγοι θα έπρεπε να είναι οι πρώτοι που θα προσπαθούν να ερμηνεύσουν μια υπόθεση ΑΤΙΑ, θα έπρεπε να είναι μέρος της ερευνητικής τους μεθοδολογίας. «Αν δε λύσεις εννέα στις δέκα υποθέσεις, κάτι κάνεις λάθος» σύμφωνα με την Jenny Randles stated (Evans and Stacy 248). Τί γίνεται εάν ο ερευνητής δε βρεί κάποια απάντηση; Αυτό δε σημαίνει ότι είναι ανεξήγητη και άρα μπορεί να «πιστωθεί» στη θεωρία της εξωγήινης προέλευσης. Υπάρχουν περιπτώσεις στις οποίες σημαντικά στοιχεία παραβλέπονται ή απλά η απαραίτητη πληροφόρηση δεν είναι άμεση διαθέσιμη. Για παράδειγμα στο περιστατικό του Phoenix στην Arizona (Phoenix Arizona 10PM sighting event), χρειάστηκαν περίπου 4 μήνες για να αναγνωριστεί η μονάδα της εθνοφρουράς στην οποία ανήκαν τα αεροσκάφη τα οποία ενεπλάκησαν στο περιστατικό. Ο Richard Motzer του MUFON (Mutual UFO Network) είχε στο μεταξύ καταλήξει στο συμπέρασμα ότι τα ανεξήγητα φώτα ήταν φωτοβολίδες και είχε γράψει την άποψή του στο περιοδικό του MUFON. Το συμπέρασμά του είχε γίνει αντικείμενο έντονης κριτικής, και είχε χαρακτηρισθεί κρυφοσκεπτικιστής. Οι επικρίσεις συνεχίστηκαν ακόμα και μετά την ταυτοποίηση των αεροσκαφών και πολλοί ερευνητές δυσφημούσαν τον Motzer, ενώ θα έπρεπε να τον επαινούν για την ακρίβεια των συμπερασμάτων του. Αυτό είναι ένα μόνο παράδειγμα. Σε αρκετές περιπτώσεις η αιτία της θέασης ενός ΑΤΙΑ παρέμεινε άγνωστη για χρόνια. Όταν οι εξηγήσεις προέκυψαν και τεκμηριώθηκαν αργότερα, οι UFOλόγοι δεν τις αποδέχθηκαν γιατί θα αφαιρούντο υλικά από το οικοδόμημα των πολυάριθμων ανεξήγητων υποθέσεων. Όσο περισσότερο παραμένει χωρίς εξήγηση ένα περιστατικό, τόσο μεγαλύτερη φήμη κερδίζει (κατατασσόμενο στις κλασικές υποθέσεις ΑΤΙΑ), και τόσο λιγότερο πιθανό γίνεται να αποδεχθούν οι UFOλόγοι οποιαδήποτε εξήγηση. Η περίπτωση του Roswell είναι ένα καλό παράδειγμα κλασικής περίπτωσης ΑΤΙΑ. Οι περισσότεροι από τους μεγάλους οργανισμούς έρευνας των ΑΤΙΑ αποδέχθηκαν, με τον ένα ή τον άλλο τρόπο, τη διερεύνηση του περιστατικού. Βιβλία γράφτηκαν, ταινίες γυρίστηκαν και πολλά ντοκιμαντέρ με θέμα τα ΑΤΙΑ αφιέρωσαν σημαντικό χρόνο σε αυτό το περιστατικό. Δυστυχώς, πολλοί από τους ερευνητές αγνόησαν σημαντικές παραμέτρους και δεν αναγνώρισαν κάποια σημαντικά στοιχεία. Οι έρευνες των Karl Pflock και Robert Todd που ακολούθησαν, είχαν ώς αποτέλεσμα μια πολύ πιθανή, «συμβατική» εξήγηση. Την εποχή του συμβάντος βρισκόταν σε εξέλιξη ένα πρόγραμμα του πανεπιστημίου της Νέας Υόρκης, το οποίο συμπεριλάμβανε την απελευθέρωση μερικών ειδικών αεροστάτων για ένα άκρως απόρρητο πρόγραμμα. Τα συντρίμμια του Foster Ranch θα μπορούσαν να προέρχονται από ένα τέτοιο αερόστατο. Οι δημοσιεύσεις των Pflock/Todd (και στη συνέχεια της Αεροπορίας των ΗΠΑ) έδιναν μια εξήγηση στην υπόθεση του Roswell. Η άποψη αυτή προκάλεσε την οργή των «οπαδών» του Roswell οι οποίοι κατηγόρησαν τον Pflock ώς σκεπτικιστή, παρότι ο τελευταίος είχε ξεκινήσει την έρευνά του προσπαθώντας να ανακαλύψει αποδείξεις για τη συντριβή ενός ΑΤΙΑ. Το ίδιο συνέβη και στον Kent Jeffrey το 1997, ο οποίος μετά τη δική του έρευνα, συμφώνησε με την εξήγηση του ειδικού αεροστάτου. Επίσης βαφτίστηκε σκεπτικιστής και κατηγορήθηκε από πολλούς διακεκριμένους ερευνητές των ΑΤΙΑ οι οποίοι αρθρογράφησαν εναντίον του. Σε τέτοιες περιπτώσεις τις οποίες υιοθετούν και αναδεικνύουν διακεκριμένοι UFOλόγοι και μεγάλος αριθμός ομάδας έρευνας γύρω από τα ΑΤΙΑ, η οποιαδήποτε προσπάθεια «συμβατικής» εξήγησης είναι εκ των προτέρων σίγουρο ότι δεν πρόκειται να γίνει αποδεκτή. Μία από τις φωτογραφίες του Ed Walters Πολύ συχνά φωτογραφίες παρουσιάζονται ώς σημαντικές αποδείξεις για την εξωγήινη προέλευση των ΑΤΙΑ και συχνά χρησιμοποιούνται για να αποδώσουν σε ένα περιστατικό το χαρακτήρα του κλασικού. Μια από τις πιο χαρακτηριστικές περιπτώσεις του είδους αφορά τον Ed Walters ο οποίος τράβηξε πολλές φωτογραφίες ΑΤΙΑ στο Gulf Breeze της Florida. Το MUFON αποδέχθηκε εξ’ αρχής αυτές τις φωτογραφίες ώς γνήσιες και χρησιμοποίησε αρκετές ομάδες ερευνητών ώστε να αποδείξει αυτή τη θέση. Όταν μερικοί από αυτούς τους ερευνητές αποφάνθηκαν ότι οι φωτογραφίες ήταν πιθανότατα απάτη, οι διευθύνοντες του MUFON τους απέλυσαν. Αργότερα εμφανίστηκε κάποιος μάρτυρας ο οποίος δήλωσε ότι είχε βοηθήσει στο να κατασκευαστούν αυτές οι φωτογραφίες και το μοντέλο το οποίο είχε χρησιμοποιηθεί ανακαλύφθηκε στο σπίτι του Walters. Το MUFON έστειλε μια νέα ομάδα ερευνητών να εξετάσει το θέμα, όμως και αυτοί απεφάνθησαν ότι επρόκειτο για απάτη. Όμως ούτε το δικό τους συμπέρασμα έγινε αποδεκτό και το MUFON συνέχισε να θεωρεί τις φωτογραφίες γνήσιες. Τελικά χρησιμοποίησαν μία ακόμα ομάδα ερευνητών οι οποίοι επιτέλους συμφώνησαν με την αρχική θέση. Ο Δρ Bruce Maccabee, διακεκριμένος επιστήμονας, είχε εξ’ αρχής αποδεχθεί την αυθεντικότητα των φωτογραφιών και μάλιστα είχε γράψει ένα βιβλίο για το περιστατικό. Δε δέχθηκε τα συμπεράσματα των δύο πρώτων ομάδων ερευνητών οι οποίοι είχαν χρησιμοποιήσει τις υπηρεσίες ενός ειδικού στην ανάλυση φωτογραφιών (οι έλεγχοι που έκανε ο τελευταίος έδειχναν ότι οι φωτογραφίες ήταν κατασκευασμένες. Παρά το γεγονός ότι ο Δρ Maccabee επιχειρηματολόγησε με πάθος για το ότι μερικές από τις φωτογραφίες δεν ήταν δυνατόν να κατασκευαστούν, είναι αναμφισβήτητο πώς κάποιες από αυτές δεν είναι γνήσιες. Όμως αν έστω και μία δεν είναι γνήσια το ίδιο ισχύει και για όλες τις υπόλοιπες, καθώς δεν είναι λογικό, εάν κάποιος έχει τραβήξει μερικές αυθεντικές φωτογραφίες ενός ΑΤΙΑ να μπεί στον κόπο να κατασκευάσει μερικές άλλες. Ο Δρ Maccabee και άλλοι UFOλόγοι παραβλέπουν σημαντικά στοιχεία στην προσπάθειά τους να μην αποδεχθούν την απόλυτα λογική εξήγηση ενός κλασικού περιστατικού με φωτογραφίες. Ακόμη και οι πιο διακεκριμένοι και σεβαστοί ερευνητές των ΑΤΙΑ έχουν δεί κάποιες από τις υποθέσεις τους να απομυθοποιούνται. Το περίφημο περιστατικό του 1956 στο Lakenheath της Αγγλίας ήταν μια από τις σημαντικότερες υποθέσεις του Δρ James McDonald, καθώς περιλάμβανε τόσο οπτική παρατήρηση όσο και καταγραφή από ραντάρ. Ο απροσδόκητος θάνατος του McDonald και η πίστη και αφοσίωσή τους στην υπόθεση της εξωγήινης προέλευσης των ΑΤΙΑ, τον κατέστησαν τον πιο γνωστό και διακεκριμένο ερευνητή των ΑΤΙΑ. Τα περισσότερα από τα κείμενά του για το περιστατικό του Lakenheath βασίζονται στις αναφορές και διηγήσεις των αξιωματικών της πολεμικής αεροπορίας των ΗΠΑ, απουσιάζουν όμως οι αντίστοιχες των Βρετανών πιλότων που ενεπλάκησαν στο περιστατικό. Πρόσφατες έρευνες απεκάλυψαν ότι αυτό το, κλασικό πλέον, περιστατικό, δεν ήταν τόσο εντυπωσιακό όσο εμφανίστηκε στα γραπτά του McDonald, καθώς πιθανότατα δεν υπήρχε στην πραγματικότητα κανένα ΑΤΙΑ. Τα αποτελέσματα αυτών των ερευνών έγιναν αντικείμενο κριτικής από πολλούς UFOλόγους οι οποίοι δε θα μπορούσαν ποτέ να αποδεχθούν ότι μια από τις πιο διάσημες υποθέσεις του McDonald θα μπορούσε να εξηγηθεί, επηρεάζοντας τη φήμη του. Όμως δεν λίγες οι φορές που παλιές υποθέσεις που έχουν ερμηνευθεί επανέρχονται και αναφέρονται ώς ανεξήγητα περιστατικά. Χαρακτηριστικό παράδειγμα η υπόθεση του Σμηναγού Mantell. Ο Σμηναγός έχασε τον έλεγχο του αεροσκάφους του, το οποίο και συνετρίβη, όταν ανέβηκε σε μεγάλο ύψος, χωρίς οξυγόνο, κυνηγώντας ένα αερόστατο Skyhook. Παρά το γεγονός ότι η συγκεκριμένη εξήγηση έγινε αποδεκτή από πολλούς διακεκριμένους UFOλόγους, υπάρχουν ακόμα συγγραφείς και αρθρογράφοι που παρουσιάζουν το περιστατικό ώς μια περίπτωση κατά την οποία ένα ΑΤΙΑ επιτέθηκε σε ένα αεροσκάφος. Οι μύθοι της UFOλογίας, ακόμα και όταν αποδεικνύεται ότι πρόκειται για τέτοιους, δεν επιδέχονται καμία εξήγηση πέραν αυτής που σχετίζεται με εξωγήινους. Κατά ένα περίεργο τρόπο πληροφορίες που έρχονται στη διάθεση των ερευνητών UFOλόγων και μπορούν να αποδώσουν μια απόλυτα λογική εξήγηση σε ένα περιστατικό, αρκετά συχνά δεν έρχονται στο φώς της δημοσιότητας. Αυτή συνέβη και με το περιστατικό του Rendlesham, το Δεκέμβριο του 1980. Όταν ο James Easton ξεκίνησε την πιο πρόσφατη προσπάθεια σκεπτικής διερεύνησης του περιστατικού, ζήτησε από το CAUS (Citizens Against UFO Secrecy), το σχετικό φάκελο. Εκεί ανακάλυψε έκπληκτος ότι το CAUS είχε στη διάθεσή του τις καταθέσεις των μαρτύρων που είχαν παρακολουθήσει τα συμβάντα της 1ης νύχτας και οι οποίες έριχναν νέο φώς στην υπόθεση, κυρίως σχετικά με τη θεωρία του φάρου που είχε προταθεί από τον Ian Ridpath. Γιατί άραγε το CAUS δεν έδωσε στη δημοσιότητα αυτά τα στοιχεία την εποχή της αρχικής διερεύνησης; Μήπως γιατί δεν ήθελαν να εξηγηθεί το περιστατικό (κάτι που δημιουργεί έντονα ερωτηματικά για το κατά πόσο το CAUS είναι πράγματι κατά της μυστικότητας γύρω από τα ΑΤΙΑ, όπως δηλώνει ο τίτλος του); Φυσικά σήμερα, καθώς το περιστατικό έχει λάβει το χαρακτήρα του κλασικού, δεν είναι πλέον δυνατόν να απομυθοποιηθεί, ακόμα και αν πολλοί UFOλόγοι πιστεύουν ότι μπορεί να εξηγηθεί. Συμπέρασμα: είναι θεμιτό οι UFOλόγοι να αποκρύβουν πληροφορίες ώστε ένα περιστατικό να αποκτήσει και να συντηρήσει το χαρακτήρα του κλασικού και του ανεξήγητου. Άραγε θα αποδεχθεί ποτέ η UFOλογία την εξήγηση, την απομυθοποίηση ενός κλασικού περιστατικού, ασχέτως ποιός την προσφέρει; Σύμφωνα με τον εκδότη του IUR Jerome Clark, «Αυτός είναι, παρεπιπτόντως, ο λόγος για τον οποίο η καλύτερη απομυθοποίηση γινόταν πάντα από ufoλόγους. Όταν ένας ufoλόγος απομυθοποιήσει μια υπόθεση, αυτή θεωρείται πλέον ερμηνευμένη». Η άποψη ότι η καλύτερη απομυθοποίηση γίνεται από UFOλόγους μπορεί να είναι σωστή, δεν ισχύει όμως το ίδιο και για το ότι η εξήγηση αυτή μπορεί να γίνει πλήρως αποδεκτή. Ο εγωισμός, οι επενδύσεις σε χρόνο και χρήμα, αλλά και ο ίδιος «ο σκοπός» είναι σε κίνδυνο. Μπορεί κανείς να ανατρέξει στα λόγια του Peter Brookesmith σχετικά με το Roswell, τα οποία όμως αφορούν το σύνολο της UFOλογίας, «… όςο περισσότεροι UFOλόγοι περιχαρακώνονται πίσω από το οδόφραγμα του Roswell, τόσο λιγότερο πιστευτή θα είναι η θεωρία τους στο σύνολό της, όταν πέσει το ξύλινο οχυρό τους...». Το οχυρό της UFOλογίας είναι κτισμένα στα σαθρά θεμέλια του ότι οι κλασικές υποθέσεις δεν είναι δυνατό να εξηγηθούν και το συλλογικό βάρος της άποψης, δηλαδή οι πολυάριθμοι υποστηρικτές της εξωγήινης προέλευσης, είναι επαρκές υποκατάστατο για την απουσία ουσιαστικών αποδείξεων. Καθώς όλο και περισσότερες υποθέσεις, μεταξύ των οποίων και πολλές από τις κλασικές του χώρου, τίθενται ξανά υπό εξέταση και μερικές εξηγούνται, οι φωνές της λογικής και της επιστήμης τείνουν να επικρατήσουν.

UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS (UFO)

Almost every civilization that has kept a written history has recorded the sighting of strange objects and lights in the skies. Today, unexplained aerial phenomena are generally referred to as unidentified flying objects or flying saucers. Descriptions of UFOs have ranged from glowing wheels to colored balls of light to cigar-, disk-, or crescent-shaped objects. One of the first well-documented UFO sightings occurred in 1561 in Nuremberg, Germany. A broadsheet published that year describes red, blue, and black balls or plates, crosses, and tubes that appeared to battle each other in the sky over the city. The term flying saucer was coined in 1947. A businessman named Kenneth Arnold told reporters that while flying a private airplane near Mount Rainier in Washington he saw nine objects flying over the mountain in formation and at a speed of more than 1,600 miles (2,500 kilometers) per hour. Arnold described the objects as moving like "a saucer skipping across the water." After that first report, Arnold's description was shortened and it soon became popular to call all UFOs flying saucers. The United States government has records of thousands of UFO sightings, including photos of alleged UFOs and interviews with people who claim to have seen them. Since UFOs were considered a potential security risk, the report on these sightings was originally classified as secret. When the report was later declassified it showed that 90 percent of all UFO sightings could be easily explained. Most of the sightings turned out to be celestial objects, such as stars or bright planets like Venus, or atmospheric events such as auroras or meteors falling through the atmosphere. Many other sightings turned out to be such objects as weather balloons, satellites, aircraft lights, or formations of birds. Often these sightings were accompanied by unusual weather conditions. In 1948 the United States Air Force began the government's first official UFO panel, Project Sign, which studied 243 sightings. It was replaced by Project Grudge, which investigated another 244 sightings. In March 1952 the most ambitious of the UFO panels, Project Blue Book, was organized by the Air Force. The panel employed a number of scientists, including physicists, engineers, meteorologists, and an astronomer. Project Blue Book had three main goals: to explain all reported sightings of UFOs; to decide if UFOs posed a threat to the national security of the United States; and to determine whether UFOs were using any advanced technology that the United States could use. By the mid-1960s UFO reports were more numerous than ever. For the first time they were coming in regularly from places outside the United States, including Canada, Sweden, the Soviet Union, and Australia. In February 1966 another UFO panel was convened. Like the others, this panel determined that the vast majority of UFO reports were either natural phenomena or outright hoaxes. A few scientists publicly disagreed with the panel's conclusions. This group, which included James E. McDonald, a meteorologist at the University of Arizona, and J. Allen Hynek, an astronomer at Northwestern University, maintained that since a few of the most reliable UFO reports had never been clearly explained, this was definite proof that Earth was being visited by extraterrestrials. The dissenting scientists' opinion was received coldly by the mainstream scientific community. In 1968 the United States Air Force asked Edward U. Condon, a physicist at the University of Colorado, to head a panel studying the extraterrestrial hypothesis (see Extraterrestrial Life). The committee's final report, 'A Scientific Study of UFOs', which covered detailed investigations of 59 UFO sightings, was reviewed by a special committee of the National Academy of Sciences and released in early 1969. The 37 scientists who contributed to the report interviewed UFO witnesses and studied physical and photographic evidence. The report, also known as the Condon Report, concluded that not only was there no evidence of extraterrestrial control of UFOs but also that no further UFO studies were needed. Based on the recommendations of the Condon Report, Project Blue Book was closed in December 1969. By the time the project was disbanded, it had amassed some 80,000 pages of information on 12,618 reported UFO sightings and events, each of which was ultimately classified as either "identified" with a known astronomical, atmospheric, or artificial phenomenon, or as "unidentified," including cases in which information was insufficient. The only other official and relatively complete records of UFO sightings were maintained in Canada, where they were transferred in 1968 from the Canadian Department of National Defense to the Canadian National Research Council. The Canadian records had totaled about 750 sightings and events in the late 1960s. Less complete records have been maintained by scientists in Great Britain, Sweden, Denmark, Australia, and Greece. Since the closing of Project Blue Book, the United States government has not had any official programs for studying UFOs. In 1973, however, a group of American scientists organized the Center for UFO Studies (now the J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies, in Chicago, Ill.). It is one of several private groups that continue to study the phenomenon. According to a United States Air Force guide published on the subject, the reliability of witnesses is one of the main considerations in all UFO sightings. Also of note are the number of witnesses, how long they saw the UFO, how far away they were from the UFO, and the weather conditions at the time of the sighting. One of the most common features of UFO reports is that witnesses often insist that the objects they saw were under intelligent control. People frequently come to this conclusion because, like Kenneth Arnold, who saw flying saucers above Mount Rainier, they believe they see objects flying in formation or toward another object or changing direction or speed dramatically. People have a natural desire to explain and understand everything they see. This is why visual sightings of UFOs are the least reliable. The unaided human eye can be tricked to the point of hallucination. A bright light, such as the planet Venus, often appears to move, though a clamped telescope or a sighting bar shows it to be fixed. A visual impression of distance is also unreliable because it is based on an assumed size. Reflections from windows or eyeglasses may provide superimposed views. Optical defects can turn point sources of light into apparently saucer-shaped objects. Such optical illusions coupled with a desire to interpret visual images account for many UFO reports. Radar sightings, while more reliable in certain respects, do not provide the information necessary to discriminate between physical objects and such natural phenomena as meteor trails, tracks of ionized gas, rain, or thermal discontinuities. Furthermore, several effects can give false radar echoes: electronic interference, reflections from ionized layers or clouds, and reflections from a region of humidity--for example, a cumulus cloud. Even so-called contact events--in which activities besides sighting were reported--have been found most frequently to involve dreams or hallucinations. The reliability of such reports depends heavily on whether there were two or more independent witnesses present.

A Project

* Jan. 26, 1959: Robert Scott Lazar (RL) born in Coral Gables, Florida The location, Coral Gables, is given in Good's book. Good also states that George Knapp checked with the hospital RL claims to have been born at in Coral Gables and "..no records could be found." (1) The date is from RL's first marriage certificate, however only his State of birth is listed, not the city. (10) A note on birth records in Florida. There are usually 3 different locations birth records are kept. The first, the hospital of birth, is also the least reliable, since it not an "official" repository of records. Records may or may not be found there. The next source, which is very reliable, is the Health Department of the County of birth. However, the best and most comprehensive birth record source for the State of Florida is the State Department of Health and Rehabilitation Services, Vital Statistics, PO Box 210, Jacksonville, FL 322231-0042. (904) 359-6900 (Recorded info). This location maintains copies of all birth records for the State, going back to 1917. However, as a result of a State statute enacted in 1987, all birth records in Florida are now considered confidential. Copies, or even information from certificates, may only be issued to the birth registrant, the parents or legal guardian, or a legal representative of the registrant. So it appears no one can verify the claim that RL's birth records have vanished without his written permission. * 1974: Social Security number issued in New York State. RL's Social Security number and current address, while in the public records, have been deleted from this document in the interests of privacy. However, the SS # begins with 068 which indicates it was issued in the state of New York. It is possible to determine from the remainder of the SS # that it most likely was issued in 1974. * August 1976: According to Stanton Friedman, RL graduated from W. Tresper Clarke High School (740 Edgewood Drive, East Meadow Union Free District) in Westbury Long Island, New York. His class standing was number 261 out of a class of 369. Further, according to Friedman, this would put RL in the bottom third of his class and entry into Cal Tech or MIT generally requires the student be in the top 10% of the class. (15) * 1976: Claims to have attended Los Angeles Pierce College. (14) This has been confirmed by Stanton Friedman. After RL stated that one of his professors at Cal Tech was named "Duxler", Friedman located a William Duxler, a Math and Physics professor at Pierce College, who was able to determine that RL had taken at least one of his courses in the late 1970's. Druxler said he never taught at Cal Tech. (15) * June 1977: RL's parents purchased a home at 20650 Martha Street in Woodland Hills, California. (OR 77-592189 thru 592191) (10) * August 1978: RL's parents moved to 4914 Natoma Avenue in Woodland Hills. (OR 78-1030636 thru 1030638) (10) * 1978: Bachelor of Science degree in Physics and Electronic Technology, from Pacifica University (correspondence university), according to RL's Pre-Sentence Report for his pandering conviction (Case 94922). * "1977 or 78": Claims to have attended Cal State University, Northridge, "for a short time for some classes", then on to CalTech. (14) "The Big T" is the student yearbook for CalTech. At the Millikan Library at CalTech, every page of every issue of "The Big T" from the year 1977 through 1982 was checked. There is no photo or mention of RL anywhere in any of the activities, highly improbable were he a student there. Checking by George Knapp (1) and Stanton Friedman with the administration revealed no records of RL's attendance. Although Good reports Friedman has confirmed RL's attendance at Cal State Northridge, Friedman says this is not correct and he has not made any inquiries to Cal State Northridge. (1) (15) * July 27, 1980: RL married Carol Nadine Strong in Woodland Hills, California. According to the marriage certificate, at the time of the marriage they were both living at 21619 Strathern, #1, Canoga Park, California. The certificate list's RL's occupation as "Electronics Engineer" and his highest school grade completed as 12. RL's birthrate is listed as January 26, 1959 in Florida. Carol's occupation was listed as "Electronics Technician" and her highest school grade completed was also 12. Carol's date of birth was March 21, 1946, in California, making her 13 years older than RL. The certificate lists this as the first marriage for both. Per the certificate RL's parents were Albert Lazar and Phyllis Berliner (maiden name), both born in New York state. Carol's parents were Harold Strong, born in California, and Verda Jones (maiden name), born in Colorado. The marriage was witnessed by Chee Leung of 1485 1/4 Scott Avenue in Los Angeles, and Lois Kurz of 15210 Sherman Way, #52, in Van Nuys. The marriage was conducted by Rabbi Bernard M. Cohen of 23300 Aetna Street in Woodland Hills, Calif. (Certificate # 1980 O-025327) (10) * "Probably 1982": Date of claimed Masters Degree from MIT. (14) At Rachel-93, RL was asked for the year of his graduation from MIT and if he got a Ph.D. He replied, "No, it was a Master's degree. The year. What was the year of graduation? Probably eighty two because I think I left there and went to Los Alamos." Glenn Campbell checked the following sources at the Institute Archives at MIT (See reference 14): Student directories between 1978 and 1990, Faculty/Staff phone directories between 1978 and 1990, MIT Degree List between 1979 and 1980, and the 1989 MIT Alumni/ae Register. There was no listing of RL in any of these documents. (16) Stanton Friedman has also checked with the MIT Registrar's office and the Alumni office and has found no evidence of attendance. Friedman reports RL is not on the 1982 commencement list. (15) * 1982: Listing in Los Alamos National Laboratory phone book, located by George Knapp. (8) Stanton Friedman states: "The phone book is not just from LANL but LANL, The Department of Energy, Kirk Meier (spelling uncertain) and others. The listing after Bob's name clearly shows K/M which means Kirk Meier and proves he did NOT work for LANL, but for a subcontractor. This seems appropriate since the Meson Facility mentioned in the Monitor article is a user facility with teams coming from all over to set up their equipment for experiments at the accelerators. As many as 1000 people per year can go through there. They work at the Lab, NOT for the Lab. They do get listed in the phone directory. He apparently was a technician." (15) Strangely, the bankruptcy file (13) in 1986 does not show employment at LANL or Kirk-Mayer (correct spelling), only that of a self-employed photo processor. * May 1982: According to the Los Alamos "Monitor", RL and Carol moved to Los Alamos from California. From the dates and addresses listed in the bankruptcy papers, it appears they settled in a rented duplex at 3964-B Sycamore and at some later date opened a photo processing business at 941-A 18th Street. (3) (13) * June 27, 1982: Los Alamos "Monitor" article appeared about RL and his Honda jet car. (3) The article, which appeared on the front page, identifies RL as "..a physicist at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility." There are a total of four photos of what appear to be a Honda Civic hatchback (California license plate "JETUBET") with air scoops on the top and sides, and a jet nozzle protruding from the rear where the license plate would normally go. The article says the engine, composed of stainless steel and titanium, runs for 30 to 60 seconds on liquid propane with a kerosene afterburner producing 800 pounds of thrust. Oddly, "The jet cannot get the car going from a dead stop..." and must be driven in the normal manner up to about 90 mph. There is no compressor and RL claimed it was "..the most efficient jet engine available. A standard jet uses six pounds of fuel for every pound of thrust; Lazar said he uses 1.3 pounds of fuel for a pound of thrust." RL stated the car had been driven over 200 mph on a dry lake near Los Angeles. The article states the car "...attracts a lot of attention for the Lazars, who moved to Los Alamos about a month ago from California." From the article's descriptions of the Lazars' experiences in California, it appears they had been there for some time before coming to Los Alamos. * June 28, 1982: Dr. Edward Teller gives a lecture at Los Alamos and RL claims to have met him prior to the talk as Teller was reading the previous day's story about RL and his jet car. (1) (3) The Los Alamos "Monitor" of June 29, 1982 reported on its front page that Teller spoke at length against the nuclear freeze movement in this country. The article also said the auditorium at LANL was packed. * 1984: The bankruptcy papers show RL borrowed $4,000 from his mother (Phyllis S. Lazar) and, at the time of the bankruptcy filing, had repaid only $500. (13) * 1985: Per the April 1994 issue of Omni magazine, "...while on vacation in Nevada, he (RL) wound up buying into a legal Reno brothel; the investment proved so profitable that he didn't have to return to full time employment for a while". Per Good, it was owned by RL and Carol, and called the "Honeysuckle Ranch" in northern Nevada. In the bankruptcy papers filed in 1986, no mention is made of any ownership of income from a brothel. * 1985: According to the bankruptcy papers, RL purchased a 1984 Corvette for $19,000. Repaid only $550. It was repossessed in 1986 prior to the bankruptcy filing. (13) * 1985: RL borrowed $15,000 from father (Albert M. Lazar), and had repaid only $1,000 by the time of the bankruptcy filing. (13) * 1985: According to the bankruptcy papers, RL borrowed a total of $60,000 from Los Alamos National Bank, secured by a $7,900 1984 Honda. Repaid only $1,300 by the time of the bankruptcy filing. (13) * March 22, 1985: RL borrowed at least $12,000 from the Bank of Los Alamos for retrofit kits to the film printer(s) at his photo processing business and 300 rolls of 35mm film. Repaid only $300 by the time of the bankruptcy filing and the equipment was repossessed at some time prior to the filing. (13) * May 7, 1985: According to the bankruptcy papers, RL and Carol borrowed $5,000 via a "3 Minute Loan" from Security Pacific Finance Corp. of Albuquerque, New Mexico. (13) * June 13, 1985: RL and Carol purchased a new home at 1933 Ann Greta Street in Las Vegas from R.A. Homes of Nevada (OR 2129:2088021). From the bankruptcy file and other documents, it appears Carol took up primary residence there and RL remained in Los Alamos. (11) * 1986: Purchased 1985 Honda CRX for $9,000. Repaid only $300 by the time of the bankruptcy filing and was repossessed sometime in 1986, prior to the filing. (13) * March 26, 1986: RL borrowed $2,000 from John Horne of Los Alamos for down payment on a jet car. As of March 2, 1987, the debt had not been repaid, according to the bankruptcy file. (13) * April 19, 1986: RL married Tracy Anne Murk at the "We've Only Just Begun" Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas. At the time, RL was apparently still married to Carol. No divorce proceedings were on file with the Clark County Clerk's office, and Carol's published obituaries and death certificate identified RL as her husband at the time. The minister at the wedding was William Sharp and the recorded marriage certificate was mailed to 1073 Cheyenne, Los Alamos. (OR 0765:0400067) (11) * April 21, 1986: Carol died in Las Vegas. (4) (5) Carol Lazar's death certificate (# 001423-86) is on file with the Clark County Health District, 625 Shadow Lane, Las Vegas, (702) 383-1223. The district will not release copies of certificates except to family members or in a few other special instances. However, the certificates are available for inspection by those with "legitimate interests". This would include journalists and researchers. According to data on the certificate, the death was ruled a suicide and the cause was carbon monoxide poisoning. The method was given as "Inhalation of motor vehicle exhaust". It occurred at 1933 Ann Greta. The case was referred to the Coroner, but no autopsy was performed. Quoting the obituary in the Las Vegas Review- Journal, April 23, 1986, Page 2B: "Carol Lazar died Monday. She was a two-year resident of Las Vegas and was a self-employed film processor in the photography industry. She is survived by her husband Robert of Las Vegas. Private services and burial were handled by Davis Funeral Home". * April 1986: Per statements in the bankruptcy file, RL left Los Alamos and moved to Las Vegas. The addresses listed in those papers indicate he moved to the Ann Greta house. (13) * July 21, 1986: RL voluntarily filed for a Chapter 7 (which is a liquidation) bankruptcy in Las Vegas citing "loss of business" and "death of spouse" as reasons.(Case BK 86-01623). (13) In the file, under penalty of perjury, RL stated his occupation was a Photo Processor, that he was self employed at his residence, and had been so for 6 years. There was no mention of employment at LANL. When asked if he had been in a partnership with anyone or engaged in any business within the preceding 6 years, RL stated "No'. Within the preceding 2 years, RL stated the amount of income he received from his trade was "Unknown", that he had received no other income from other sources and had not filed tax returns for the period. RL stated that his records for the two years prior to July 1986, along with $15,000, had vanished with his accountant, Scott R. Maxwell of Santa Fe, who moved and left no forwarding address. RL said a police report on the incident was filed in Los Alamos. RL also stated no other person was holding anything of value in which he had an interest. There was no mention anywhere in the documents of ownership, either part or full, of a brothel. RL listed his monthly expenses for mortgage, utilities, food, car payments, etc., as totaling $2,360. He listed another monthly debt of $13,150, and although required to specify what it was, did not. Thus his total monthly expenses were given as $15,510. * Oct. 12, 1986: RL married Tracy for a second time, but this time, for reasons unknown, Tracy used the name of Jackie Dianne Evans. Wedding was at the "Chapel of Love" in Las Vegas by Minister James B. Terrell (OR 0773:0431981). The recorded marriage certificate was sent to the Ann Greta address. (11) * March 19, 1987: Bankruptcy final decree was issued. Final accounting showed $173,250 in assets (home and photo equipment), and $270,324 in debts. (13) * 1988: RL met John Lear, precise date unknown. (1) * March 16, 1988: A "Notice of Default" was issued for the Ann Greta house for failing to make payments from 7-1-87 and thereafter. The trustee of the loan declared it due and if not paid immediately, would be foreclosed on. (OR 880316:00333)(11) * March 22, 1988: Tracy/Jackie purchased a home on LXXXXX Street in Las Vegas under the name "Jackie Evans". The home was purchased from Michael and Carolyn Tutay by "Jackie Evans, a married woman as her sole and separate property". Concurrently, RL quitclaimed any interests in this house to her ( OR 880322:124 thru 127). ( A quitclaim is a document transferring whatever rights or interests a property owner may have, if any, to another without any guarantee or warranty of title.) (11) * August 4, 1988: The Ann Greta house was sold at auction by the trustee for $97,400 (OR 880912:262). (11) * December 1988: RL began claimed work period at S-4. (1) According to Good, RL "..would be called by phone and told when to go to McCarran Airport, where a Boeing 737 (probably a 737-200 belonging to EG&G) would fly him and others to Groom Lake. From there, after waiting briefly in a cafeteria, a bus with blocked out windows drove the remainder of the journey along a dirt road to an area estimated to be ten to fifteen miles south of Groom Lake, adjacent to Papoose Lake." * March 1989: According to Good's account, RL began initial interviews with George Knapp. (1) Per the Lindemann interview, they were done for "safekeeping" (2). Curiously, in a radio interview with Chuck Harder on the "For The People" show on November 17, 1989, George Knapp stated John Lear didn't introduce him to RL until May, 1989. * March 22, 1989: First Wednesday night trip to Tikaboo Valley to view test. Observers were RL, Tracy Lazar, Gene Huff and John Lear, using Lear's RV. Lear was the only one who saw the elliptical shaped light through a telescope and the total sighting lasted about 7 minutes. (1) * March 29, 1989: Second Wednesday night trip to view test. Observers were RL, Tracy Lazar, Gene Huff and Jim Taliani. They took a videotape of a moving light with a time of 8:30 PM shown on the tape. (1) (2) (9) * April 5, 1989: Third Wednesday night trip to view test. Observers were RL, Tracy Lazar, her sister, Gene Huff and John Lear. They were discovered by guards and detained and questioned by the Lincoln County Sheriff. (1) (14) * April 7, 1989: RL's last "work day". Debriefed at Indian Springs Airfield. (1) RL says he was ordered to report to Indian Springs where he was interrogated about the previous night's activities. In Good's book RL says "I was never officially fired and my clearance was never officially taken away", but that he refused to go back for fear of his safety. In Lindemann's book RL says "I didn't actually leave, they denied my clearance." The reason given for the clearance revocation was the instability of RL's marriage to Tracy, who RL claims was having an affair with her flight instructor. (14) * May 1989: According to sworn statements in the divorce records, RL separated from Tracy/Jackie. (12) * May 1989: RL's first interviews with George Knapp were broadcast on Las Vegas' KLAS-TV, in silhouette, using the pseudonym "Dennis". * Nov. 10, 1989: KLAS-TV, which earlier in the week began a series of reports by George Knapp on UFOs, identified and interviewed RL * Nov. 21, 1989: RL and Gene Huff were guests on the "Billy Goodman Happening" radio show on KVEG 840 AM. * Nov. 25, 1989: "UFOs: The Best Evidence" a 2 hour compilation of previous reports, is shown on KLAS-TV. * Dec. 9, 1989: RL appeared on "On The Record", hosted by George Knapp, on KLAS-TV. * Dec. 20, 1989: RL was a guest on the "Billy Goodman Happening" radio show on KVEG 840 AM. * April 1990: RL was arrested in Las Vegas for pandering. (6) * June 18, 1990: RL plead guilty to a felony charge of pandering in District Court. (6) According to the LV "Sun", "The guilty plea was part of a plea bargain in which the district attorney's office agreed not to pursue additional prostitution- related charges." The story in the LV "Review-Journal" said RL met prostitute Toni Bulloch as a customer and helped her set up her business in the Newport Cove apartments on Tamarus Street. The story also stated, "The records show that Lazar later helped Bulloch in setting up the business, that he did indeed keep computer records of customers, and that he also took at least a 50 percent share of her fees. Lazar was also interested in recruiting other women into the operation, the records state." * July 25, 1990: RL is divorced from Tracy/Jackie (Case D 130180). (12) According to the proceedings of the case, RL received the house on LXXXXX Street and any equipment and/or revenue from his businesses known as "Jet Processing", "United Nuclear" and "Red Light Racing". Tracy/Jackie received a pickup truck and various furniture and audio-video items. The proceedings also identified both marriages (i.e., first as Tracy and again as Jackie) and directed that Tracy/Jackie would retain the name "Tracy Lazar". * August 20, 1990: As a result of his pandering conviction, RL was sentenced to 6 months probation, 150 hours of community service, ordered to undergo psychotherapy and to stay away from brothels. (7) The article in the LV "Review-Journal" said that although "state parole and probation authorities had recommended a four month prison evaluation of Lazar", the prosecutor, John Lukens, said that the circumstances of the case were such that "Metro vice and the DA have no opposition to probation." The article also said the court received letters supporting RL from George Knapp and Representative James Bilbray, D-Nevada. * Sept. 13, 1990: "Jackie Evans Lazar" quitclaims house on LXXXXX Street to RL, thus transferring ownership to him. (OR 900913:00477) (11) * Dec. 12, 1990: The IRS places a $4,897 lien on RL for taxes (OR 901213:608). (11) * May 1, 1993: RL speaks at the "Ultimate UFO Seminar" held at the Little A-Le-Inn in Rachel, Nevada. (14) * June 11, 1993: "Daily Variety", an entertainment industry newspaper reports "New Line Nabs Pic Based on Gov't UFO Scientist". Excerpts from the story: "The life story of former U.S. government scientist Bob Lazar that was recently put into turnaround by Gruber-Peters Prods. has been put on an earthly fast track by New Line Cinema for director Chuck Russell, according to Michael De Luca, New Line's exec veepee/CEO." "New Line finalized the deal for the untitled film on Wednesday after Lazar considered competing offers from producer Steve Tisch, Simpson-Bruckheimer Prods. and actor Steven Seagal, De Luca said." "De Luca said the pic will have an $8 million to $10 million budget and will shoot in fall or early `94 with a `94 release." Notes In the above "OR" means Official Record of the County Recorder's office. The dates shown reflect the precision with which they are known. Precise dates are used whenever possible. Per Lindemann in "UFOs and The Alien Presence, 6 Viewpoints", RL has been granted patents. Areas unknown. In a personal discussion with Lindemann, I asked about the patent comment, but Lindemann was unable to recall even making the statement in his book. Per Timothy Good, RL worked at S-4 only 6 or 7 days between December 1988 and April 1989. Per RL at Rachel-93, he flew in between 4 and 5 PM, and left by 11 PM. Therefore, his total employed hours at S-4 must be 49 hours or less, or just over the equivalent of one week's work. Document Sources And Availability (1) "Alien Contact" by Timothy Good, published by William Morrow and Co., 1993 (AKA "Alien Liaison") (2) "UFOs and The Alien Presence, 6 Viewpoints" by Michael Lindemann, 1991. Published by the 2020 Group, 3463 State Street, Box 264, Santa Barbara, CA 93105 (3) Los Alamos Monitor, June 27, 1982, page A1, "LA Man Joins the Jet Set - at 200 Miles an Hour". This document is only available for on-site inspection and copying at the offices of the Monitor, 256 DP Road, Los Alamos, NM 87544. (505) 662-4185. This story has been transcribed and placed on the Internet. (4) Las Vegas Sun, April 23, 1986, Page 8B, "Obituaries". Available on microfilm at the offices of the Sun or numerous libraries. (5) Las Vegas Review-Journal, April 23, 1986, Page 2B, "Deaths". Available on microfilm at the offices of the R- J or numerous libraries. (6) Las Vegas Review-Journal, June 19, 1990, Page 8B, "Source in Channel 8's UFO series pleads guilty to pandering charge". Available on microfilm at the offices of the R-J or numerous libraries. (7) Las Vegas Review-Journal, August 21, 1990, Page 2C, "Judge gives UFO `witness' Lazar probation on pandering charge". Available on microfilm at the offices of the R- J or numerous libraries. (8) "UFO's, The Best Evidence", video by George Knapp. Available from "Video Dave" at the UFO Audio-Video Clearing House, PO Box 342, Yucaipa, CA 92399, (909) 795- 3361. Call for details and prices. (9) "The Lazar Tape", video by Tri-Dot Productions, 1324 S. Eastern, Las Vegas, NV 89104. This tape had been available at a price of $29.95 + $3.50 S&H. A newer, slightly more expensive version with enhanced production values is the final stages. (10) Public records, Los Angeles County Registrar/Recorder/Clerk's office., 12400 E. Imperial Highway, Norwalk, CA. (Marriage certificates are $13 each,: 310 462-2137) (Real estate documents are $2 for the 1st page and $0.50 for each page thereafter: 310 462- 2133) (11) Public records, Clark County Recorder's office, 309 S. 3rd Street, (or PO Box 551510) Las Vegas, NV 89155- 1510. (702) 455-4336. Cost for Official Records is $1.00 per page. Certified marriage certificates are $7.00. (12) Public records, Clark County Clerk's office, 200 S. 3rd Street (or PO Box 551601) Las Vegas, NV 89155- 1601.(702) 455-4411. Cost varies per document. Call. (13) Public records, Case BK 86-01623, US Federal Bankruptcy Court, Las Vegas.(702) 388-6257. Cost for bankruptcy papers is a $25.00 retrieval fee and about $8.00 for copying the roughly 120 pages of information. (14) Public question and answer session by RL on May 1, 1993 at Rachel, Nevada. "Bob Lazar at The Ultimate UFO Seminar" transcript available from Glenn Campbell, HCR Box 38, Rachel, NV 89001. Cost is $8.00 plus $2.00 postage (Overseas airmail is $5.00). (15) Personal correspondence with Stanton Friedman, dated June 27, 1994. Quoted with permission. (16) Documentation of Glenn Campbell's search for RL's records and instructor at MIT is available from him at HCR Box 38, Rachel, NV 89001. Include $1.00 for copying and postage (This info is included as part of reference 14).

UFOs in the Soviet waters

The Russian Ufology Research Center has a collection of "hydrosphere aspect" sightings. The secret files of the Soviet Navy contain much valuable information on UFO sightings. Soviet military researchers [?] quite thorough. The files have been largely inaccessible, even after the fall of the USSR. But I was able to collect some interesting information. Submarines Mr. Krapiva attended lectures given by veteran officers of Soviet nuclear-powered submarines. They had served in the Soviet North, in secret naval installations and bases. The lectures sometimes veered off the planned presentations, and many spellbinding tales were told. For instance, episodes when Soviet sonar-operators (military hydroacoustics technicians) were "hearing" (at great depths) strange "targets". Their submarines were actually being chased by other "submarines". The pursuers changed their speed at will -- speeds that were much faster than any other similar vessel in the world at that time Lieutenant-Commander Oleg Sokolov confidentially informed the students that while he was on duty during his submarine's navigation, he had observed through a periscope an ascent of some strange object through the water. He was not able to identify it, because he viewed it through the optical system of the periscope. This underwater "take off" took place in the early 1960's. Sevastopol A few years ago V.V. Krapiva met with Professor Korsakov of the Odessa University. Professor Korsakov told him of a conversation he had with a friend of his, a Soviet Navy officer who had served at the Sevastopol Naval base. Back in the 1950's this officer personally sighted a UFO. The object moved upward from behind a battle cruiser. The officer was under the impression that the object surfaced from the depths of the Black Sea. Professor Korsakov has a photograph of the object. Eyewitness reports In August 1965, a crew of the steamship RADUGA, while navigating in the Red Sea, observed an unusual phenomenon. At about two miles away, a fiery sphere dashed out from under the water and hovered over the surface of the sea, illuminating it. The sphere was sixty meters in diameter, and it hovered above the sea at an altitude of 150 meters. A gigantic pillar of water rose as the sphere emerged from the sea and collapsed some moments later. In December 1977, not far from the Novy Georgy Island, the crew of the fishing trawler VASILY KISELEV also observed something quite extraordinary. Rising vertically from under the water was a doughnut-shaped object. Its diameter was between 300 and 500 meters. It hovered at the altitude of four to five kilometers. The trawler's radar station was immediately rendered inoperative. The object hovered over the area for three hours, and then disappeared instantly. The testimony of Alexander G. Globa, a seaman from GORI, a Soviet tanker, was published in Zagadki Sfinksa magazine (Issue # 3, 1992) Odessa,. In June 1984, GORI was in the Mediterranean, twenty nautical miles from the Straight of Gibraltar. At 16:00, Globa was on duty. With him was Second-in-Command S. Bolotov. They were standing watch at the left bridge extension wing when both men observed a strange polychromatic object. When the object was astern, it stopped suddenly. S. Bolotov was agog, shaking his binoculars and shouting: "It is a flying saucer, a real saucer, my God, hurry, hurry, look!" Globa looked through his own binoculars and saw, at a distance over the stern, a flattened out looking object (it did remind him of an upside-down frying pan). The UFO was gleaming with a grayish metallic shine. The lower portion of the craft had a precise round shape, its diameter no more than twenty meters. Around the lower portion of it Globa also observed "waves" of protuberances on the outside plating. The base of the object's body consisted of two semi-discs, the smaller being on top; they slowly revolved in opposing directions. At the circumference of the lower disc Globa saw numerous shining, bright, bead-like lights. The seaman's attention was centered on the bottom portion of the UFO. It looked as if it was completely even and smooth, its color that of a yolk, and in the middle of it Globa discerned a round, nucleus-like stain. At the edge of the UFO's bottom, which was easily visible, was something that looked like a pipe. It glowed with an unnaturally bright rosy color, like a neon lamp. The top of the middle disc was crowned by a triangular-shaped something. It seemed that it moved in the same direction as the lower disc, but at a much slower pace. Suddenly the UFO jumped up several times, as if moved by an invisible wave. Many lights illuminated its bottom portion. The crew of GORI tried to attract the object's attention using a signal projector. By that time Captain Sokolovky was on the desk with his men. He and his Second-in-Command were watching the object intensely. However, the UFO's attention was distracted by another ship, approaching at the port side. It was an Arab dry cargo ship, on its way to Greece. The Arabs confirmed that the object hovered over their ship. A minute and a half later the object changed its flight's trajectory, listed to the right, gained speed and ascended rapidly. The Soviet seamen observed that when it rose through the clouds, appearing and disappearing again, it would occasional shine in the sun's rays. The craft then flared up, like a spark, and was gone instantly. Some history The earliest mention of giant beings goes back to early 1900's. Several boys in Georgia (Russian Empire) discovered a cave inside a mountain, full of human-like skeletons. Each skeleton was three meters in height. To get to the cave, the boys had to dive into a lake. George Papashvili and his wife recall the incident a book published in New York in 1925, St. Martin's Press (Anything can happen). Vladimir Georgiyevich Ajaja, nowadays is a prominent personality in the Russian Ufological Association. But he was not always a ufologist, and when he became one, he earned the ire of the Communist Party's dislike of those who study forbidden topics. With the help of his highly placed Navy buddies, he was able to write a piece about the Bermuda Triangle for Nauka I Zhizhn, a respected Soviet scientific magazine. After all, he was a marine researcher, who, on numerous occasions, studied the depths of the Atlantic Ocean from aboard a Soviet submarine (with many features designed by him). Other mainstream Soviet oceanologists would not touch such a "questionable" subject. In his search for the information, two sources helped him: Charles Berlitz's The Bermuda Triangle book that mentioned UFOs (he could find no other books in the libraries), and Vice-Admiral Y.V. Ivanov, head of the Naval Intelligence Directorate. Ajaja found out that the Naval Intelligence had long considered UFOs to be a subject of serious investigation. But his newly found conviction put him on thin ice. Ajaja's efforts to study and promote ufology made him a target of the science officialdom, and the Party functionaries. His name was smeared in the Soviet media. Ajaja's works were blacklisted. His lectures were outlawed. He was fired from several jobs, and prevented from speaking publicly. Again, his Navy buddies helped him land a job, and write about UFOs for their practical use. In his brochure ATTENTION: UFOS he stated that the UFO wave of 1989, still in progress in 1991 when it was published, had swept away ideological and censorship barriers which were placed against ufology in the USSR. But because of the years of silence, the country has been rendered totally unprepared for UFO phenomena. So he helped organize the SOYUZUFOTSENTR to promote scientific study of UFO phenomena. It broke away from its cradle, the Soviet Academy of Sciences, because as did many others, Ajaja was convinced that those responsible for the UFO research within the Academy actually prevented true and unbiased research. A.Gorbovsky, a Soviet historian published a book titled "Enigmas of Ancient History" in the early 1970's. For many people in the Soviet Union this book was an introduction to the forbidden world of ufology, of paleocontact (A Russian term for the ancient astronaut hypothesis), and mysteries of our ancient history. Gorbovsky mentions an incident that took place in the ancient Mediterranean where people observed a strange underwater vehicle surfacing at high speed. The object ejected itself from the water, and shortly thereafter disappeared. B. Borovikov hunted Black Sea sharks for many years. Then something happened that put an end to his hobby. Diving in the Anapa area, he descended to the depth of eight meters. He saw giant beings rising up from below. They were milky-white, but with humanoid faces, and something like fish tails. The being ahead of its companions noticed Borovikov , and stopped. It had giant bulging eyes, as if in some vague glasses. The other two joined it. The firs one waved her hand-it was definitely a hand with membranes-towards the diver. All of them approached the diver , and stopped at a short distance. Then they turned around, and swam away. Borovikov's experience was published in XX vek: khronika neobjasnimogo (Moscow, 1996). D. Povaliyayev was handgliding over Kavgolov (Leningrad area) in the early 1990's. There are lakes, and in one of them the skydiver noticed three giant "fish". He descended, and was able to discern "swimmers" in silvery costumes. He mentioned the episode in his book Letuchi Gollandets (1995). There have been many UFO sightings in the area. Paul Stonehill Russian Ufology Research Center Author of The Soviet UFO Files (Quadrillion Publishing, 1998). The book contains more episodes of the Russian underwater anomalous phenomena, and military research of UFOs.

THE HIDDEN TRUTH ABOUT UFOS AND THE ENERGY CRISIS

It will not have escaped the attention of any ASTUTE obsever of the state of our so-called science that this hide-bind ORTHODOXY has no intention of recognizing UFOs as real, and worthy of study. THis in spite of the IRREFUTABL FACT that they are real, and worthy of study@!!! It is only with carefull reaserch, that does not DESEND to the vile depths of blind dismission so common and TYPICAL of orthidox so-called science that we can LEARN. When we do let go of our blinders and see through them clearly, we will see connections also to FREE ENERGY, another idea that has been continuously SUPPRESSED. It is irrefutabEl that any true PROGRESS in advancement comes into being by carefull excersize of OPEN-MINDEDNESS. WE must RESCUE the public from the DOGMATISM passing itself off as science, which is beholden to MONEY INTERESTs and dogmatically preserving its territory, and build the new TRUE SIENCE anew. As my esteemed collegue Schaffrankle has said so elloquently recentIy, the KEY is to examine the esteamed work of researchers IGNORED by a blind ESTABLISHMENT that clings desperately to outmoded ideas. As we will inevitably be smeared by the keepers of orthodoxy as doing so, it is best to say outright that NO ALIENS are involvod with UFOs!! THat is another story altogether. THe craft are not from other planets, but THE EARTH. Ww will not be tarred by the brusch of military conspiracies-- for they are NOT of the SURFACE of the earth, at least not the earth the new priesthood has taught in your scools! John C. Symmes's BRILLIANT discovery of a HOLLOW EARTH has always been met with ridicule, since honest evidence cannot be produced to discretit this IRREFUTABLE truth. THe Nazi "Holtweltlehre" is brought up to associate this TrUTH with Nazi horror. The same SCEPTICS normally call this an ad hominem attack -- because an idea can't be refuted by the character of its owners! Do the same sceptics also ask themselves how a weak Germany nearly conqered the WORLD? Do they realize that only by a BETRAYAL of their ADVANCED TECKNOLOGY to the Americans that they fell? Do they see that that too was PLANNED?!? The TRUTH is: UFO's are directed from their center in Jerusalem, and are terrible war/mind control machines! Our critics will now smear us by calling this a anti-Semitic Jewish Conspiracy Theory -- but the truth they do not DARE speak, if indeed they can comprehend it AT ALL!! The TRUTH is: UFO's are controled by Israelis, but Israeli's are really ARABS!!! The Nazi's killed ALL Jews ouside of America, and the ones there were hipnotized into believing that a new Israel was created. Their relatives they think are there are false memory syndromes. This is but one of the most INSIGNIFICANT reasons the IInd World war was PLANNED! The Arabs of Israel were selected for a BREEDING EXPERIMENT in order to save the dying race of HOLLOW-EARTHERs, THe Interians. THey destroyed the interior in a NUCLEAR WAR in 1808, and have been accelearting TECHOLOGY on the surface to prepare for their emergence since. Do our orthodox scientist ever WONDER why we have had so many new dreadful weapons and wars since? The last remnant engineeered the Arabs who now populate Israel to receive their SUPERIOR GENES!! This information will NoT be found in CORPORATE MEDIA, or the organs of UNTRUTH of the the SOCIALIST US Government. Do you not suspect that musch of what you hear are LIES??? Though the Isareli Arabs (the NEW Interians) are the repository of the Hollow Earth GENES, It not an accident that mid-eastern OIL is under Arab control-- for they too are ruled by a class that carries the SAME genetic material. And so world ENERGY is dominated by the nuclear energy that made the interior uninhabitable (and indoctrinated scientists measure the heat and are DELUDED to think that this is from a molten core-- FOOLS!!), and OIL, which is close only to the outer surface of our unhappy planet. ENERGY means POWER!!! It is thus because that the HOLLOW EARTH Interian survivors and their henchmen of WORLD GOVERNMENT in the Trilateral Commission hold on to power. UFOs are-- among other things-- a tool of this DOMINANCE. They monitor us in order to keep us from finding FREE ENERGY!!!! Most of those who were close to the SECRET were abducted by UFO's and brainwashed to forget! They also abduct innocents, just to confuse dedicated researchers with the sheer numbers. The story of FREE ENERGY is a long one of suppression and false positives. Unfortunately, prepetual motion CRANKS dominate the field, subjecting it all to ridicule, and making it difficult to separate the precious diamond of the SIGNAL from the crackpot mud of NOISE. It is the curse of all FRONTIER SCIENCE to be plagued with frauds and fools, some of them who are PLANTED by money interests to EXCUSE dismission of the whole science. In fact, OIL companys even suppress fake inventions in order to create paranoia in the research community and then BLAME them for being paranoicd!!! But among all the nonsense produced, there is one SUCCESS. The prime intellectual achievemint of the SURFACE RACES, and the only hope for escape from HOLLOW EARTH dominance: the enigmatic invention known as the FOURTH WATER WHEEL. It has been around since ancient times, though even now it is being further developed to reach it's FULL sophisticasion. Blind conventional histories of tecknology talk only about THREE water wheels; whether they have intentionally forgotton or not is too difficult to entangle. But reports exist setting the FOURTH as far BACK as ANCIENT EGYPT, where it was used by mistery PRIESTS. The Pheonicien traveller Shafrankius (a name that has been ERASED from most records) reports: The [source] of all the transmutations [magic described in a previous chapeter] was shown to me by a young priest, who then suddenly disappeared before I was forced to flee. . . In the deepest part of the Temple was a well, attached to a small hydro-wheel, that glowed a faint purple. It was translucent, with divers spines. . .[the following text has gaps resulting from a fire in 1677] The SECRET coded diaries of THeophrastus Paracelsus, famous OCCULTIST and ALCHEMIST, now guarded in the Institut Der Humanismus in Dresden, has hints that the good docktor had use of a similar water wheel. Professor Karl-Heinz Schrankmacher of Tuebingen disagrees with the theory that IT was the source of ALL of Paracelsus' POWERS, yet states: There is NO doubt Paracelcus had a passed-down VWR [4th W. Wh, from the German] with which he powered his experiments. THere is reason to credit him with the invention of the quarter-side stabilizer, though it was to await further refinement by. . . While this knowledge has been SUPRESSED whenever it has threatened to surface, there are FIVE locations over the world (which we CANNOT divulge for safety reasons) which have working miniture PROTOTYPiES. These wheels are so powerful that we do NOT know the depths of their principles. In 1956 Edgar Rosenschraff showed that the low-level operation was based on the separation of O and H in water, but G.A. Schriner demonstrated that this COULD NOT account for all of even this rudimentary operation. But even if the ORTHODOXY would dogmatically refuse to investigate if it were brought to their attention, we can confidently speak of REVOLUTIONARY changes in PHYSICS. The Theory may not be there YET, but the ancient wisdom WORKS-- and can be IMPROVED!!!! The history of the Fourth Water Wheel is complex, even when known. But the repeated near-extincsion of this KNOWLEDGE in the past suggests that the hollow-earth interior people KNEW, and tried to stop it. H.H. Sharanifkov of Tashkent has developed a thesis that since they COULD NOT have known before the 19th century, the plots and asasination attempts MUST be the result of the Interians travelling BACKWARD IN TIME through a WORMHOLE, a concept that even mainstream science is belatingly starting to reconize. But it will be unwise to rely on a controversial hypothesis still under peer review. Though the UFO--FREE ENERGY link is astounding enough as is. But recently a SYNERGISTIC research methodology has uncovered a different strand of the UFO mystery. According to a Argentinian team who wish to remain anonymus to the general public, UFO's are not only instruments of CONTROL of HUMANS, but also serve a defensive purpuse against a race based on VENUS! It appears that the TRUTH, as usual, is not balck-and-white, as the servants of orthodixy would have it. If we were to OVERTHROW our UFO-Interian oppressors tomorrow, the Earth itself would be DEFENSELESS against the Venusian INsect-Creatures. We MUST develop our TRUE SCIENCE, based on ancient wisdom, to the level where we can dispose of BOTH Interians and Venusians!!! To also correct a misunderstanding that even reputable researchers have recently been misled by: The FACE ON MARS does not exist! The reason no pictures were returned because of a CONVENIENT malfunction is of course SUSPICIOUS. But what they're covering up is that no PLanet Mars EXISTS! At least not anymore . It was utterly destroyed 78 years ago, while being use as a SPACE BATTLEGROUND between Venusians and Interians! All the Mars data in these past 78 years have been FAKED. The so-called MARS FACE is just the SIGNATURE of the JPL image-artist that created Mars-pictures for public consumpsion. It is now too DIFFICULT to keep producing consistent high resolution fakes, so they faked a malfunction. UFO's have been observed by many cultures, all through HISTORY. Denial of their EXISTENCE is incomprehensible unless as an attempt to PACIFY the population. But they have been an insolvable PUZZLE until now, with only hints of the LARGER PICTURE, the phenomenom as a whole, being there. Recently, researchers from around the habitable outside of the globe have made BREAKTHROUGHS. The curtain of secrecy is UNRAVELING!! Our TRUE researchers, who take OPEN-MINDEDNESS as not just a pretty slogan, are linked primarily by electronic mail, a tool that has been allowed us that may yet PROVE to be TOO DANGEROUS to our Rulers. The TRUTH can now be set FREE, though there will be desparate rearguard actions to brand it CRANKERY. But even this can serve OUR purpose. The Interians are spread too thin. They cannot deal with every seemingly crackpot Conspiracy scenario. It is in only wat THEY call weird that any hope exits. It IS your only hope-- we have not even told you about THEIR FINAL PLAN... We ENCOURAGE Un-Altered forwarding of this preshious INFORMATION through the NET. Direct Qurestions to whatever forum you see this in-- we CAnNOT DISCLOSE our true location: This is a VIOLENT World!!!

UFOs in Italy

The Centro Italiano Studi Ufologici (CISU, the highly respected leading Italian UFO organization) has collected over 13,000 alleged UFO sightings ranging from 1900 to 1998. Such a huge amount of material is definitely the most complete documentation currently available about the UFO phenomenon presence in Italy: this is an undeniable evidence of a remarkable mass of witnesses related to the sighting of seemingly unusual aerial phenomena. Italian UFO cases come from a large selection of sources, most of them featuring a quite low information quality (mainly press sources). As pointed out in several serious studies from other countries, a percentage around 90% is related to cases having a conventional explanation or, anyway, has no enough data to be efficiently evaluated by a scientific method approach. As in other countries, Italy experienced some UFO waves, namely quite short periods of time (since a few weeks to a few months) featuring a very high concentration of UFO sightings distributed in a quite large area. The cause of such waves is not known yet, even though some researchers speculated about social and/or economic crisis, mass-media vehiculation or even more exotic "explanations". Most of such cases has been stored in computer files, thanks to a regular updating work started by CISU members since 1984. An early database of sightings taken place between 1900 and 1994 (in excess of 10,000 entries) is now available. Each case features its main identification data, including a by-the-kind classification. During 1999 the CISU Board of Directors will develop a new set of guidelines aimed at the development of a new record layout for the sighting database and at the selection of a new standard software platform. Some early statistical analyses have been already carried out in order to have some results about time and geographical distribution of Italian UFO sightings, but available data are often inaccurate and poor or even very poor in quality. As the year 1978 was the source of about 2,000 sightings, a special research study has been launched just about that record year. Sighting reports are currently collected and included into a special catalog for further analyses: an early statistical table about the monthly distribution of sightings plotted against the Italian regions is now available. The Italian most important waves: 1950 March-May 1954 October-November 1973 October-December 1978 October-December As an example of the CISU sighting database, you may have access to the listings of the Italian sightings recorded in the years 1990 e nel 1991. More, an additional listing with all the alleged UFO events taken place between 1900 and 1947 is now available. Cases are listed with their basic raw data and mostly unchecked. Please take in mind that the percentage of data errors among them is quite high. C.I.S.U. is currently engaged in a massive merging and checking of all available Italian UFO databases, in order to create a new updated one in a standard format. An outstanding effort will be devoted to removing all double and uncorrect entries, as well as to mark all of those cases originated by one same event. Statistical results coming from such a new survey are expected to be more reliable than in the past. Other years feature a discontinous high level of sightings or local "flaps" (large deal of cases in a local area and in few days or weeks): December 1962 Summer 1974 Summer 1977 January 1979 August 1985 August 1995 Region Puglia: now is available a regularly updated catalogue splitted in its five provinces. Each case is reported with its original sources and a short description (in Italian). A significant example of CISU cataloging process on Italian UFO sightings. A fully-searchable database including all the basic data for each case will be soon available on-line. It will include filter and sorting features, just to process in real time all the available data. Please check regularly the link above. 1978 was a record year: around 2,000 UFO sightings were recorded, most of them between October and December, in Central and Southern Italy. The quantity of cases was so high and the subject so popular that some form of psychosis took place, generating even more sightings.

Create a Free Website