Dumfriesshire, Scotland

A Partial History of a Scottish Parish

The parish of Holywood is located 3 miles north of Dumfries in Dumfriesshire, south-west Scotland. It consists of a small village of some eighty houses, with church, church hall, general shop and primary school, pockets of estates and cottages, and farms covering an area of approximately 9 miles (east-west) by 1-3 miles (north-south).

The area has a history of habitation stretching back to Neolithic times, as evidenced by the largest stone circle on the Scottish mainland ('The Twelve Apostles'), and evidence of henges, earthworks, burials and enclosures. Holywood was a well-known religious centre during the Middle Ages owing to its Premonstratensian abbey, of which little trace remains today.

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