Holywood, Dumfries & Galloway,
A Partial History
of a Scottish village and environs
The civil parish of Holywood is located 3
miles north of Dumfries in the council area of Dumfries & Galloway, south-west
Scotland. It includes Holywood village - a collection of
some eighty houses, with churchyard, village hall, and primary
school - a scattering of private estates and hamlets, and farms
covering an area of approximately 9 miles (east-west)
by 1-3 miles (north-south).
The area surrounding the village has
evidence of habitation stretching back to Neolithic times,
shown by the largest stone circle on the Scottish
mainland ('The Twelve Apostles'), and archaeological
evidence of henges, earthworks, burials and enclosures.
The region, bounded by the River Nith and Cluden, was a well-known religious centre during the
Middle Ages owing to its Premonstratensian abbey, of
which only hints remain today.
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