Holywood, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland

A Partial History of a Scottish village and environs

The civil parish of Holywood is located 3 miles north of Dumfries in the council area of Dumfries & Galloway, south-west Scotland. It includes Holywood village - a collection of some eighty houses, with churchyard, village hall, and primary school - a scattering of private estates and hamlets, and farms covering an area of approximately 9 miles (east-west) by 1-3 miles (north-south).

The area surrounding the village has evidence of habitation stretching back to Neolithic times, shown by the largest stone circle on the Scottish mainland ('The Twelve Apostles'), and archaeological evidence of henges, earthworks, burials and enclosures. The region, bounded by the River Nith and Cluden, was a well-known religious centre during the Middle Ages owing to its Premonstratensian abbey, of which only hints remain today.

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