Prophet Jesus(Esa) in the Quran(Koran)
When searching for "Christians", please search under "Nazarenes(Nasara)" and also "Christians". Nazarenes were the actual followers of Prophet Jesus, whereas "Christians" was a name adopted by Paul and used to distinguish his followers from the "Nazarenes".
Who were the Nazarenes?
A sect of Judaism, followers of Prophet Jesus of Nazareth.
What is Nazareth?
The town in which Prophet Jesus started preaching.
Where did the name Christian come from?
Christian is the name given by Paul to his followers.
What did Allah instructed Prophet Muhammad to say?
"Say (Prophet Muhammad), 'If the Merciful had a son, I would be the first of the worshipers.'"
[Chapter 43: Verse 81]
Who was the guardian of Mary(Maryam)?
"Her Lord graciously accepted her (Mary). He made her grow with a fine upbringing and entrusted her to the care of Zachariah. Whenever Zachariah went to her in the sanctuary, he found that she had provision with her. 'Mary,' he said, 'how does this come to you?' 'It is from Allah,' she answered. Truly, Allah provides whomsoever He will without reckoning." [Chapter 3: Verse 37]
Was Joseph(Yusuf) engaged, married or the guardian of Mary?
No, Zachariah(Zakarya) was her only guardian. Zachariah was a prophet, the father of John(Yahya) the Baptist, and we are told by Prophet Muhammad, that Zachariah was also a carpenter. This statement was recorded by the scholar of Prophetic quotations, Imam Nawawi and can be found in his book "The Gardens of Righteous People".
How did the virgin Mary conceive?
"We sent to her Our Spirit (Gabriel) in the resemblance of a perfect human. (And when she saw him) she said, 'I take refuge in the Merciful from you! If you are fearful.'
'I am the Messenger of your Lord,' he replied, 'and have come to give you a pure boy.' 'How shall I bear a son,' she answered, 'when I am not touched by a human and not unchaste?' Even so your Lord has said, 'Easy it is for Me. And We shall make him a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us. This is Our decree.' Thereupon she conceived him, and retired to a far off place."
[Chapter 19: Verse 17-22]
Where was Prophet Jesus born?
"And when the birth-pangs surprised her by the trunk of a palm-tree, she said, 'Oh, would that I had died before this and become a thing forgotten!' He called from below to her, 'Do not sorrow, look, your Lord has provided a rivulet below you, and shake the trunk of this palm-tree it will drop fresh ripe dates upon you.
Therefore eat and drink and rejoice with your eyes. If you meet any human say to him, "I have vowed a fast to the Merciful and will not speak with anyone today."'
She came to her nation, carrying him; and they said, 'O Mary, you have committed a monstrous thing. O sister of Aaron(Haroon), your father was never an evil man, nor was your mother unchaste.' Mary pointed to him (Prophet Jesus). But they replied, 'How can we speak with a baby in the cradle?' He (the baby Prophet Jesus) said, 'I am the worshiper of Allah. Allah has given me the Book and made me a Prophet. He made me to be blessed wherever I am, and He has charged me with prayer and charity for as long as I shall live. He has made me kind to my mother; He has not made me arrogant, unprosperous. Peace be upon me on the day I was born, and on the day I die; and on the day when I shall be raised up alive.' Such was (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary. That is the truth, concerning what they doubt." [Chapter 19: Verses 23-34]
The Question Allah asked Prophet Jesus:
"And when Allah said, '(Prophet) Jesus, son of Mary, did you ever say to the people, "Take me and my mother for two gods, other than Allah?" 'Exaltations to You,' he said, 'how could I say that to which I have no right? If I had said that, You would have surely known. You know what is in my self, but I do not know what is in Yours. Indeed, You are the Knowledgeable of the unseen." [Chapter 5: Verse 116]
The Christian innovation of the Trinity:
"People of the Book, do not exaggerate about your religion. Do not say about Allah except the truth. Indeed, the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, is only a Messenger (and Prophet) of Allah, and His Word (Be) which He gave to Mary, and a (created) spirit by Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers and do not say, 'Trinity.' Refrain, it is better for you. Allah is only One God. Exaltations to Him that He should have son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, it is sufficient that Allah is a Guardian." [Chapter4: Verse 171]
Was Prophet Jesus crucified?
Allah tells us, "And for their saying, 'We killed the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger (and Prophet) of Allah.' They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but to them, he (the crucified) had been given the look (of Prophet Jesus). Those who differ concerning him (Prophet Jesus) are surely in doubt regarding him, they have no knowledge of him, except the following of supposition, and (it is) a certainty they did not kill him. Rather, Allah raised him up to Him. Allah is Almighty, the Wise. [Chapter 4: Verses 157-158]
Will Prophet Jesus return?
Prophet Muhammad informed us that he will return just before the end of the world. He will descend at the Dome of the Rock and join the guided Muslim Leader Imam Mahdi(Al Mahdi), in the dawn prayer. After the prayer Prophet Jesus will go out and slay the false messiah. He will then destroy the myth of the cross and follow the teachings of the Koran sent to Prophet Muhammad, which is the same doctrine given to each and everyone of the Prophets of Allah, but in its purest, final form. When he dies he will be buried in Madinah next to Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon all the prophets of Allah.
Has the Koran ever been altered or revised?
No, the Arabic Koran remains exactly as it was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad, praise and veneration be upon him. The first written copy still exists! The Arabic Koran has never been subject to alteration or revision and Allah has promised to protect His Word forever.
Unlike Judaism, which is restricted to Jews, Islam is not restricted to Arabs, it is the last Message of the Creator sent for all mankind.
Was Prophet Jesus given a Book like Prophets Moses and Muhammad?
Yes, but it no longer exists. The books found in the New Testament were written by either Paul or his followers.
The gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John have been proven by Biblical scholars not to be those of the disciples of Prophet Jesus but written by people who bore the same names and never met the prophet.
The Book given to Prophet Jesus, together with the teachings of Prophet Jesus' disciples were destroyed by Constantine, the Emperor of Rome, at the Conference of Nicea because they preached the Oneness of the Creator who does not have a son. Constantine favored the concept of the Trinity, that is three gods in one, which was the innovation of Paul because it was not that different from the pagan religions of Rome. Those who believed in the Oneness of the Creator were murdered on their return home from Nicea and anyone found in possession of Books proclaiming the Oneness of the Creator was put to death and their Books destroyed.
Why did Constantine prefer Christianity?
Historical records of that era record that there had been no less than twelve emperors of Rome within a very short space of time. Each emperor ruled for an average of three years, and all died an unnatural death
Constantine preferred and adopted the trinitarian teachings of Paul because they were in align with the pagan religions of Rome whose gods had sons and daughters.
The benefit of doing so was that Christians became, during this historically troubled time, his supporters instead of adversaries. The pagan citizens of Rome raised very little objection and accepted the new religion in their society due to the similarity of their own.
One must remember that although Paul had abandoned the essence of the Nazarene belief, which is the Oneness of the Creator, in favor of his own innovation of the trinity, but he promoted the moral and ethical values of the Nazarenes. After Constantine's conversion to Christianity, these values were free to influence the pagan Roman society. Through Constantine's stratagem, the citizens of Rome were now more inclined to be law abiding. This not only eased his role as Emperor but strengthened his position, and so, unlike his predecessors he ruled over the Roman Empire for many years.
How do the teachings of Prophet Jesus and Paul differ?
Jesus was the Messiah, a Prophet and Messenger of Allah sent only to the Jews and given a Holy Book. Paul was neither the Messiah, a prophet nor a messenger and was not given a Holy Book.
Prophet Jesus preached the essential message of the Oneness of Allah, the Creator. He called his fellow Jews, the "Lost Sheep of Israel", back to the true teachings of Prophets John, the Baptist and Moses by drawing their attention too and correcting the tampering of certain Rabbis who, for secular gain, had corrupted the Book given to Moses. Of such people Allah refers to their continuous tampering in the Koran by saying, "Do you then hope that they will believe in you (Prophet Muhammad), when some of them have already heard the Word of Allah and knowingly tampered with it, although they understood its meaning!" [Chapter 2: Verse 75]
What became of the Nazarenes?
At the advent of Prophet Muhammad, praise and veneration be upon him, only a few true Jewish Nazarenes remained. Some had chosen to remove themselves from society and lived in hermitages awaiting the coming of the last Prophet of Allah. There they were free to practice the true teachings of Prophet Jesus, peace be upon him. These teachings were the worship of One God together with the adherence to the original law of Moses, the Mosaic Law, that Prophet Jesus had restored, rather than the corrupted version the Jews elected to follow.
Sincere Nazarenes, such as the celebrated Rabbi Abdullah ben Shalom, recognized the truth Prophet Muhammad brought and converted to Islam. These sincere people knew it was obligatory to follow a Prophet sent by Allah, despite the fact that Prophet Muhammad was not a Jew like themselves. They recognized him by his description inscribed in ancient manuscripts, they also knew from these manuscripts the location of his birth, but more importantly they recognized him by his teachings.
There were, however, others who professed themselves to be Nazarenes but had deviated from the teachings of Prophet Jesus and were more in-line with the Christians, the followers of Paul. With this understanding, the reader will be able to determine which category of Nazarenes is being addressed when coming across their reference or as being "People of the Book" in this translation of the meaning of the Holy Koran.
Prophet Jesus taught his followers to worship One God, the Creator alone, and to love and care for one another together with many other good, ethical manners. Paul abandoned the spiritual teachings of Prophet Jesus and substituted his own innovation, but kept Prophet Jesus' appealing, caring, ethical manners, which, when one analyzes them, may be applied to any good living person regardless whether or not they believe in the Creator.