JAÚ NATIONAL PARK RESERVE FEDERAL.
AND WITH SATISFACTION THAT ECO DISCOVERY TOURS WILL ORGANIZE YOUR VISIT 12 YEARS IN JAÚ.
The Jau National Park is situated on the plateau relegated from the Western Amazon, the largest in Brazil and the second in Latin America. Relief flattened and altitudes around 100 meters, its area is based on tabular interlúvios, usually separated by valleys periodically or permanently alagados.Com origin in the formation Solimões, the soil of the area consists of mudstones, siltstones and sandstones. Following the riverbeds of the quaternary alluvium occur, consisting of sands, silts and clays.
The vegetation there is a predominance of dense forest where are frequent groups of nut-nut (Bertholletia excelsa), angelim-brindle (Pithecelobium racemosum), quaruba (maximum Vochysia), sucupiras (Diplotropis spp), ucuubas (Virola spp) , pitches (PROTIM spp) and maçaranduba (Manilkara huberi). It is also frequent in the area a vine that provides excellent water quality: the Daliocarpus rolandri.Em higher plane, northeast of the park, there is a lot of dense submontane forest where the most representative shrubs are the amapá sweet (Parahancornia amapa), mangarana (Microphalis guianensis), sip (Couma guianensis) and jarana (Holopyxidium jarana). Along the floodplains of rivers Carabinani and Jau, periodically flooded, the physiognomy is expressed by the number of palm trees as paxiúbas (Iriartea spp), açaí (Euterpe oleracea) and jauaris (Astrocaryon spp). And in older tidal areas, rarely flooded, there is the open alluvial forest, also with strong predominance of palm trees, as the Buriti and carana (Mauritia spp).
As is common in equatorial fauna are found in the twilight and nocturnal mammals Park, as the already rare or endangered jaguar (Panthera onca), puma or mountain lion (Puma concolor), and smaller cats such as the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroudi) and cat-eating fox (Leopardus sp).
There is also the manatee (Trichechus inunguis), otter (Pteronura brasiliensis), dolphins (Inia sp, Sotalia sp), howler-red (Alouata seniculus), night monkey (trivirgatus Aotus), jack-of-smell ( Scumiri sciureus) and tapir (Tapirus terrestris). And among the fish, are worth mentioning the arapaima (Arapaima gigas), peacock bass (Cichla sp) and tambaquis (Colossoma spp).
Rounding out the local wildlife a wide variety of reptiles jabotis (Geochelone spp), black caiman (Melanosuchus niger), anaconda (Eunectes murinus) and turtles, as well as significant specimens of herons, macaws, papagaias and nightjars, among other birds.
For now, the park has no infrastructure for the accommodation of visitors. The closest city is Novo Airão, with access by boat.
VISIT THE NATIONAL PARK JAÚ HAS AS O NE OF THE LARGEST A trative SWIM WITH DOLPHINS NEW YARÂO.