What is Happening in America?

Are we headed back to the Middle Ages?

 

Depleted-Uranium (DU)

Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

 

Overview

 

3 Nov. 2007

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Overview. 1

DU Has a Half-Life of 4.5 Billion Years 3

On Impact, DU Munitions Turn into Fine Ceramic Aerosol 4

Ingesting or Inhaling This Aerosol is Fatal 5

There is no “Safe Level of Exposure” for DU. 7

DU Cannot be Cleaned Up. 11

The Long-Term Effects of DU Poisoning. 11

DU Bonds with DNA and Alters the Genetic Code. 12

DU Causes Stillbirths, Birth Defects, and Early Childhood Deaths 13

DU Contaminates All Parts of the Body and Causes Many Different Illnesses 14

No Protective Gear Can Keep DU Out 17

There are No Known Methods of Treatment 17

Genocide, “Omnicide”. 18

 

 

Overview

Since 1991, the United States has staged four wars using depleted uranium weaponry, illegal under all international treaties, conventions and agreements, as well as under the US military law. The continued use of this illegal radioactive weaponry, which has already contaminated vast regions with low level radiation and will contaminate other parts of the world over time, is indeed a world affair and an international issue. …

 

The fact is that the United States and its military partners have staged four nuclear wars, "slipping nukes under the wire" by using dirty bombs and dirty weapons in countries the US needs to control. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Described as the Trojan Horse of nuclear war, depleted uranium is the weapon that keeps killing. The half-life of Uranium-238 is 4.5 billion years, the age of the earth. And, as Uranium-238 decays into daughter radioactive products, in four steps before turning into lead, it continues to release more radiation at each step. There is no way to turn it off, and there is no way to clean it up. It meets the US Government’s own definition of Weapons of Mass Destruction.

 

After forming microscopic and submicroscopic insoluble Uranium oxide particles on the battlefield, they remain suspended in air and travel around the earth as a radioactive component of atmospheric dust, contaminating the environment, indiscriminately killing, maiming and causing disease in all living things where rain, snow and moisture remove it from the atmosphere. Global radioactive contamination from atmospheric testing was the equivalent of 40,000 Hiroshima bombs, and still contaminates the atmosphere and lower orbital space today. The amount of low level radioactive pollution from depleted uranium released since 1991, is many times more (deposited internally in the body), than was released from atmospheric testing fallout. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

The [introduction] of DU weapons in 1991 in Iraq, the radio-active trash from nuclear plants, broke a 46 year taboo. This Trojan Horse of nuclear war, an omnicidal weapon has since then continued to be used more and more. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Beyond just the health consequences, DU munitions are in fact, weapons of ‘Silent’ Mass Destruction in so far as the consequences of their usage are vast, indiscriminate and violate all Human Rights Conventions . Tora Bora, Kabu, Paktia, Karises or underwater supply tunnels have been contaminated forever.  (Emphasis in the original) (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Depleted uranium (DU) is a waste product of the uranium enrichment process that fuels both our nuclear weapons and civilian nuclear power programs. In fact, over 99% of the uranium enrichment process results in this waste product, which has a half life of 4.5 billion years. DU is both a toxic heavy metal and a radiological poison. The U.S. currently has over 10 million tons of DU. As we all know, the disposal of nuclear waste is one of the unintended consequences or blowback of the development of nuclear power. A solution to the problem of DU has, however, been found. DU is now used in virtually every weapon employed by the U.S. in Iraq (and in Afghanistan and in Kosovo). To cite the most conspicuous example: every penetrator rod in the shell shot from an Abrams tank contains 10 pounds of DU. DU is selected for weapons for three reasons: it's cheap (was made available to arms manufacturers free of charge and is easy to develop); it's heavy, 1.7 times the density of lead and thus most effective at killing because it penetrates anything it hits; it's pyrophoric, igniting and burning on contact with air and breaking up on contact with its target into extremely small particles of radioactive dust dispersed into the atmosphere. The result: permanent contamination of air, water, and soil.  (Walter A. Davis, “Of Pynchon, Thanatos and Depleted Uranium: Weapons of Mass Destruction Found in Iraq,” Counterpunch, October 9/10, 2004, downloaded from http://www.counterpunch.org/davis10092004.html. 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

What is it?

Depleted uranium is a toxic heavy metal. It is a by-product of the nuclear fuel and weapons industries.

Where does it come from?

Naturally occurring uranium is a mixture of two different kinds - uranium 235 and uranium 238.

Uranium 235 is by far the most radioactive kind. Unsurprisingly, this is the one that the nuclear fuel and weapons industries try to extract from the naturally occurring metal. When extracted it called "enriched uranium". This is what is used in fuel rods and nuclear weapons.

What is left over after the extraction process is called "depleted uranium". It is still a mixture of the two kinds (or isotopes) of uranium, but it is mainly made up uranium 238.  (Alok Jha, “Depleted Uranium,” Guardian, 25 Apr. 2003, downloaded from http://www.guardian.co.uk/uranium/story/0,,943633,00.html, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

DU Has a Half-Life of 4.5 Billion Years

 

The half life of U238 radiation is 4.5 billion years. (Dai Williams, Hazards of Uranium Weapons in the Proposed War on Iraq, 22 Sept. 2002.)

 

The half-life of Uranium-238 is 4.5 billion years, the age of the earth. And, as Uranium-238 decays into daughter radioactive products, in four steps before turning into lead, it continues to release more radiation at each step. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Depleted Uranium (DU) is the waste left after the isotope uranium-235 (used for bombs and nuclear reactors) has been removed. DU (mostly U-238) makes up the largest amount of radioactive waste other than uranium mining waste worldwide and has a half-life of 4.5 billion years (Craig Etcheson, Ph.D., Center for Non-Violent Alternatives, Fort Ashby, W.Va., “Depleted Uranium: Pernicious Killer Keeps on Killing,” t r u t h o u t, 19 February 2007.)

 

The half life of U238 radiation is 4.5 billion years. (Dai Williams, Hazards of Uranium Weapons in the Proposed War on Iraq, 22 Sept. 2002.)

 

The uranium will long outlast the veterans' and the Iraqis' bodies though; for, you see, it lasts virtually forever. (Bob Nichols, “There are No Words. Radiation in Iraq Equals 250,000 Nagasaki Bombs,” Dissident Voice, 27 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.dissidentvoice.org/Mar04/Nichols0327.htm, 8 September 2007.)

 

DU remains radioactive longer than the age of the earth (estimated at 4.5 billion years.) (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

On Impact, DU Munitions Turn into Fine Ceramic Aerosol

 

As [Leuren] Moret testified, depleted uranium turns into an infinitesimally fine dust after it explodes; individual particles are smaller than a virus or bacteria. (Robert C. Koehler, “Depleted Uranium (DU): Silent Genocide,” Tribune Media Services, 25 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Silent-Genocide25mar04.htm, 29 Aug. 2007.)

 

When the uranium bullets, missiles, or bombs hit something or explode most of the radioactive uranium turns instantly into very, very small dust particles, too fine to even see (they call it: uranium oxide, that's the really bad stuff). (Bob Nichols, “There are No Words. Radiation in Iraq Equals 250,000 Nagasaki Bombs,” Dissident Voice, 27 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.dissidentvoice.org/Mar04/Nichols0327.htm, 8 September 2007.)

 

The aerosol contains particles of 0.5-5 microns in size. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Much of the scientific evaluation of uranium oxide has come from analysis of uranium mining and milling, but this ignores a major fact-that battlefield uranium oxide is very different from uranium oxide produced at normal temperatures. When a DU shell hits a hardened target, it bursts into flame and creates an invisible metal fume, often called an aerosol. (Craig Etcheson, Ph.D., Center for Non-Violent Alternatives, Fort Ashby, W.Va., “Depleted Uranium: Pernicious Killer Keeps on Killing,” t r u t h o u t, 19 February 2007.)

 

[British biologist Roger Coghill:] "In an impact DU catches fire, and much of the round is turned into burning dust. The particles are extremely small, they can travel up to 300 kilometres. They are also beta-emitters [alpha-emitters?], which are dangerous if inhaled."

 

The particles can then lodge in the lungs, resisting the body's attempts to flush them out, and can wreak havoc with the immune system. They can migrate to any tissue, though they often make for the kidneys. (Alex Kirby, “Depleted uranium 'threatens Balkan cancer epidemic,'” BBC News, 30 July 1999, downloaded from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/science/nature/408122.stm, 3 Nov. 2007.)

 

Ingesting or Inhaling This Aerosol is Fatal

 

Aerosolizing DU involves temperatures between 3,000 and 6,000 degrees centigrade, which turn the oxide into a nano-sized ceramic particle that is insoluble in body fluids. If these nano particles are inhaled, they provide contact radiation and a source of heavy metal poisoning. These high temperatures will also aerosolize other heavy metals in the area such as steel, nickel, aluminum, and iron, which can be inhaled. Nano-sized uranium oxide [along with other metals] is roughly the size of a virus [scientifically: nanometer-sized], invisible, able to penetrate the lung-blood barrier and can be carried throughout the body. Nano particles can reach sensitive targets, including the lymph nodes, spleen, heart, and access to the central nervous system. (Craig Etcheson, Ph.D., Center for Non-Violent Alternatives, Fort Ashby, W.Va., “Depleted Uranium: Pernicious Killer Keeps on Killing,” t r u t h o u t, 19 February 2007.)

 

It is very small and can be breathed in by anyone: a baby, pregnant woman, the elderly, the sick.  This radioactive ceramic can stay deep in the lungs for years, irradiating the tissue with powerful alpha particles within about a 30 micron sphere, causing emphysema and/or fibrosis.  The ceramic can also be swallowed and do damage to the gastro-intestinal tract.  In time, it penetrates the lung tissue and enters into the blood stream. ...It can also initiate cancer or promote cancers which have been initiated by other carcinogens".  (25)  (Michel Chossudovsky, “Low Intensity Nuclear War,” Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, 2001, downloaded from http://www.jacksonprogressive.com/issues/kosovo/chossudovsky_lowintensity.html, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Endnotes

 

(25)  Rosalie Bertell, Email Communication, May 1999.

 

When US troops or Iraqis breathe even a tiny amount into their lungs, as little as One Gram, it is the same as getting an X-Ray every hour for the rest of their shortened life. (Bob Nichols, “There are No Words. Radiation in Iraq Equals 250,000 Nagasaki Bombs,” Dissident Voice, 27 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.dissidentvoice.org/Mar04/Nichols0327.htm, 8 September 2007.)

 

Since uranium is a metal that also catches on fire and burns, the bombs, shells and bullets burn and vaporize when they hit something hard like a tank, bunker, or building. Uranium gas and smoke ends up in the nose, throat and lungs of our kids and friends in the US Military and any unlucky Iraqi around. Some of the gas also hitches a ride on the desert winds to the rest of the world, including the American ally, Israel.

This is a real bummer for the American Troopers and the Iraqis. Uranium by the thousands of tons has been dispersed this way in Iraq during Gulf War I, the No-Fly Zones era, Gulf War II, the war after the war, and to this very day. Once the uranium gas and dust is in their lungs and bodies the soldiers and civilians become radiation poisoning victims and are forever changed. (Bob Nichols, “US Military, President Out Of Control. What Does 'Mildly Radioactive' Mean, Anyway?” Rense.com, 21 February 2005 downloaded from
http://www.mytown.ca/ev.php?URL_ID=119955&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201&reload=1189477050, 10 Sept. 2007.)

 

They enter the body through the lungs, the digestive system or breaks in the skin. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Once [the DU particles] are in the air or dust they are inhaled or ingested, including from contaminated soil. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

An eminent Canadian scientist involved with the ECRR, Dr Rosalie Bertell, says the deadliness of DU derived not just from its radioactivity but from the durability of particles formed in the 3000-6000C heat produced when a DU weapon is fired.

 

"The particles produced are like ceramic: not soluble in body fluid, non-biodegradable and highly toxic," she told Aljazeera.net. "They tend to concentrate in the lymph nodes, which is the source of lymphomas and leukaemia." (Shaheen Chugtai, “Washington’s Secret Nuclear War,” Aljazeera.net, 13 July 2005, downloaded from http://english.aljazeera.net/English/archive/archive?ArchiveId=6312, 5 Sept. 2007.)

 

All humans have at least tiny amounts of natural uranium in their bodies because it is found in water and in the food supply, Dietz said. But natural uranium is quickly and harmlessly excreted by the body.

 

Uranium oxide dust, which lodges in the lungs once inhaled and is not very soluble, can emit radiation to the body for years.

 

"Anybody, civilian or soldier, who breathes these particles has a permanent dose, and it's not going to decrease very much over time," said Dietz, who retired in 1983 after 33 years as nuclear physicist. "In the long run ... veterans exposed to ceramic uranium oxide have a major problem." (Juan Gonzalez, “Poisoned? Shocking report reveals local troops may be victims of America's high-tech weapons,” New York Daily News, 3 April 2004, downloaded from http://www.nydailynews.com/front/story/180333p-156685c.html, 16 Sept. 2007.)

 

A study in the April 2003 New Scientist magazine suggests DU toxicity combines synergistically with its radioactivity to produce much more serious effects  than either poison alone. (Minnie Bruce Pratt, “Depleted Uranium: Pentagon Poison,”30 May 2004, downloaded from http://www.xs4all.nl/~stgvisie/VISIE/PentagonPoison.html#Iran. 16 Sept. 2007.)

 

There is no “Safe Level of Exposure” for DU

 

[From the Grove Memorandum:] As a gas warfare instrument the material would be ground into particles of microscopic size to form dust and smoke and distributed by a ground-fired projectile, land vehicles, or aerial bombs.  In this form it would be inhaled by personnel. The amount necessary to cause death to a person inhaling the material is extremely small.  It has been estimated that one millionth of a gram accumulating in a person's body would be fatal.  (“Memorandum to:  Brigadier General L. R. Groves  From: Drs. Conant, Compton, and Urey, War Department, United States Engineer Office, Manhattan District, Oak Ridge Tennessee, October 30, 1943, Declassified June 5, 1974, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/Groves-Memo-Manhattan30oct43.htm, 2 Sept, 2007)

 

A 1990 report on the effects of DU, from the U.S. Army Armaments, Munitions and Chemical Command, was clear: "[L]ong term effects of low doses [of DU] have been implicated in cancer ... There is no dose so low that the probability of effect is zero." (Minnie Bruce Pratt, “Depleted Uranium: Pentagon Poison,” 30 May 2004, downloaded from http://www.xs4all.nl/~stgvisie/VISIE/PentagonPoison.html#Iran, 16 Sept. 2007.)

 

In July of 2005, the National Academy of Sciences reported in their new BEIR VII report on low level radiation, that there is "no safe level of exposure" [for DU].

 

The report also finally admitted that very low levels are more harmful per unit of radiation than higher levels of exposure, also known as the "supralinear" effect.

 

This is extremely alarming information on low level radiation risk, since the AWE data from Aldermaston confirms that rapid global transport of depleted uranium dust is occurring. (Leuren Moret, “The Queen’s Death Star: Depleted Uranium Measured in British Atmosphere from Battlefields in the Middle East,” Mindfully.org, 26 Feb. 2006, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Europe-Moret26feb06.htm, 30 Aug. 2007.)

 

The amount necessary to cause death to a person inhaling the material is extremely small. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

It is estimated that one millionth of a gram accumulating in a person's body would be fatal. (Lauren Moret quoted by Robert C. Koehler, “Depleted Uranium (DU): Silent Genocide,” Tribune Media Services, 25 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Silent-Genocide25mar04.htm, 29 Aug. 2007.)

 

Dr. Asaf Durakovic studied the effects of DU on veterans of the first Gulf war for the U.S. military. He was alarmed by his findings. Now a private researcher, he also tested recent Gulf war vets….

DR. ASAF DURAKOVIC, URANIUM MEDICAL RESEARCH CTR: Inhalation of uranium dust is harmful.

HUNTER: Even in small amounts?

DURAKOVIC: Even in the amount of one atom.

HUNTER: Durakovic says those small atoms emit radiation for the rest of a soldier's life. Can't that hurt a soldier in the long run? (Transcript of CNN's "American Morning," 5 Feb. 2007, downloaded from
http://home.earthlink.net/~nomoredu/cnntranscript.html, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Any warheads containing Uranium will cause permanent Alpha, Beta and Gamma radiation hazards in target areas. (Dai Williams, “Depleted Uranium weapons in 2001-2002. Occupational, public and environmental health issues: Mystery Metal Nightmare in Afghanistan?” Eos life~work resource centre, 13 October 2002, downloaded from http://www.eoslifework.co.uk/du2012.htm, 25 Aug. 2007.)

 

DU weapons emit ‘Alpha’ particle dose to a single cell from U-238 which is 50 times the annual dose level. Cancer is initiated with one alpha particle, its daughter isotopes effect generations as the isotopes bio-concentrate in plants and animals, and travel up the food chain. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Once in the lungs one such particle is equivalent to having one X-Ray per hour, for life.  Because it is impossible to remove, the victim is gradually

irradiated.  (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Now as this [uranium shell] breaks through and goes into anything – it can be steel, concrete, sandbag bunkers, wood, or anything – uranium itself is soft, so you have parts of the fragments of uranium that break off as it enters and goes through.  The uranium rod emits Alpha, Beta, and Gamma radiation and X-ray radiation.  The Alpha particles is a 4.15 MEV particle.  That’s 4.15 million electron volts.  Now the intercellular voltage, the voltage that your cell operates biologically is ten electron volts.  So when that cell is bombarded by an Alpha particle at four and a half million electron volts – it doesn’t have a good day.

 

We have all kinds of other problems.  We have the Beta particle and the Gamma rays – the X-rays… now we’ve actually measured the ionizing radiation emissions from a D.U. rod within say 4 to 6 inches at over 300 milirems per hour. Now that radiation is continuous, so you get a fragment of DU into your body – that’s emitting at over 300 milirems per hour, or if you’re holding the rod in your hand that’s over 300 milirems per hour… and if you’ve got the fragment then you’ve got the Alpha particle in there which is an extremely hot particle – 4.15 MEV and we’re looking at what we measured over 10,000 counts per minute, 10,000 disintegrations per minute, 10,000 Alpha particles per minute. (Dr. Doug Rokke, U.S. Army Health Physicist and Nuclear Medicine Sciences Officer in Power Hour, Beyond Treason, video, 2005.)

 

This [model] represents a depleted uranium particle.  The Styrofoam ball in the center is millions of atoms of uranium and the toothpicks are the tracts of the Alpha particles that are released from the uranium nucleus.  When these pass through the cell they release tremendous amounts of energy, which cause the cell processes, enzymes, and hormones to malfunction.   When there are billions of these distributed throughout a body, they cause diseases in many ways and that’s why Gulf War Syndrome is a complex system of diseases caused by malfunctioning of all of the parts and processes in a cell that make life possible. (Leuren Moret in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

Uranium-238 is an alpha particle emitter. The range of these alpha particles is only about six cells; therefore, it is highly localized. Because DU has less radioactivity than natural uranium, many consider DU to be low-level radiation and not harmful to people. But research does not bear this view out. (Craig Etcheson, Ph.D., Center for Non-Violent Alternatives, Fort Ashby, W.Va., “Depleted Uranium: Pernicious Killer Keeps on Killing,” t r u t h o u t, 19 February 2007.)

 

Radioactivity is a standard property of the metal uranium, used by Americans for bombs, shells and bullets, and one gram will always give off 12,000 "atomic disintegrations" per second.

 

This lasts forever, as far as we are concerned. Think of the "atomic disintegrations" as little atomic bullets. The kind that are only harmful from inside the human body. What do you think? Does 12,000 per second rank high or low with you? What if it is in your lung?

Delicate lung cells of 19 year old American troopers and 60-year-old Iraqi "guerrillas" don't have the ability to "spin" what is turning them into infection, pus and cancer.

Just so you know, that is 43 million, 200 thousand little bullets per hour. This nuclear bombardment at the heart of a cell in the lung or the rest of the body never stops. Of course, the "throwaway soldiers" will get cancer and die; but, the chicken-hawk Neo-Cons in the Bush Administration say that is OK! They just don't want to pay for it.   (Bob Nichols, “US Military, President Out Of Control. What Does 'Mildly Radioactive' Mean, Anyway?” Rense.com, 21 February 2005 downloaded from
http://www.mytown.ca/ev.php?URL_ID=119955&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201&reload=1189477050, 10 Sept. 2007.)

 

CNN’S STEVE O'BRIEN: When you go back and look at another war and another toxic agent, in that case Agent Orange in Vietnam. Veterans there had similar claims. Were sick because we were in contact with this Agent Orange. Ultimately, did they get claims from the military, and is that likely what's going to happen here?

GREG HUNTER, CNN CORRESPONDENT:  Some did, but it took decades. And let me tell you, Agent Orange is tame compared to radiological dust that you can breathe into your lungs, stays in your body forever, has a half life of 4.5 billion years. This stuff stays around forever. So it is -- it is quite a controversy. (Transcript of CNN's "American Morning," 5 Feb. 2007, downloaded from
http://home.earthlink.net/~nomoredu/cnntranscript.html, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

A 1990 report on the effects of DU, from the U.S. Army Armaments, Munitions and Chemical Command, was clear: "[L]ong term effects of low doses [of DU] have been implicated in cancer ... There is no dose so low that the probability of effect is zero." (Minnie Bruce Pratt, “Depleted Uranium: Pentagon Poison,” 30 May 2004, downloaded from http://www.xs4all.nl/~stgvisie/VISIE/PentagonPoison.html#Iran, 16 Sept. 2007.)

 

DU Cannot be Cleaned Up

 

They can’t be cleaned up. (Dr. Doug Rokke in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

There is no way to turn it off, and there is no way to clean it up. It meets the US Government’s own definition of Weapons of Mass Destruction. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

The Long-Term Effects of DU Poisoning

 

The long term effects, as Dr Asaf Durakovic elaborates, after the early neurological symptoms are cancer, and related radiation illnesses such as chronic fatigue syndrome, joint and muscle pain, neurological and/or nerve damage, mood disturbances, auto-immuno deficiciencies, lung and kidney damage, vision problems, skin rupture, increase in miscarriages, maternal mortality and genetic birth defects/deformation. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

One of the things that we’re starting to see – we saw the respiratory problems right off the bat.  That was predicted by the Grove’s Memorandum, totally confirmed by own physicians, and totally documented in my V.A. medical records.  Then we saw the rashes, but what we’re having is the particulate irritation damage, we have the chemical toxicity damage, and then we have the radiological damage which is the result of the cancers and the tumors… all of the birth defects, the absolutely confirmed chromosomal aberrations from the ionizing radiation damage to the cells and tissues… neurological problems, rashes, cataracts, kidney problems…  your life is messed up.  (Dr. Doug Rokke in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

DU Bonds with DNA and Alters the Genetic Code

 

The numbers are overwhelming, but the potential horrors only get worse. DU dust does more than wreak havoc on the immune systems of those who breathe or touch it; the substance also alters one's genetic code. Thus, birth defects are way up in Afghanistan since the invasion:  children "born with no eyes, no limbs, tumors protruding from their mouths ... deformed genitalia," according to the tribunal report. This ghastly toll on the unborn - on the future - has led investigators to coin the term "silent genocide" to describe the effects of this horrific weapon. (Robert C. Koehler, “Depleted Uranium (DU): Silent Genocide,” Tribune Media Services, 25 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Silent-Genocide25mar04.htm, 29 Aug. 2007.)

 

[DU] is chemically toxic in minute trace amounts, because uranium ions are actually attracted to bond with DNA, where they can wreak havoc with cells – especially the cells of developing fetuses.  (Dave Lindorff, “DU, the Ticking Nuke in Bush’s White House War Room,” San Francisco Bay View, 25 Jan. 2006, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Bush-War25jan06.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

The use of depleted uranium in munitions and weaponry is likely to come under intense scrutiny now that new research that found that uranium can bind to human DNA. The finding will likely have far-reaching implications for returned soldiers, civilians living in what were once war-zones and people who might live near uranium mines or processing facilities.

Uranium - when manifested as a radioactive metal - has profound and debilitating effects on human DNA. These radioactive effects have been well understood for decades, but there has been considerable debate and little agreement concerning the possible health risks associated with low-grade uranium ore (yellowcake) and depleted uranium.

Now however, Northern Arizona University biochemist Diane Stearns has established that when cells are exposed to uranium, the uranium binds to DNA and the cells acquire mutations, triggering a whole slew of protein replication errors, some of which can lead to various cancers. Stearns' research, published in the journals Mutagenesis and Molecular Carcinogenesis, confirms what many have suspected for some time – that uranium can damage DNA as a heavy metal, independently of its radioactive properties. "Essentially, if you get a heavy metal stuck on DNA, you can get a mutation," Stearns explained. While other heavy metals are known to bind to DNA, Stearns and her team were the first to identify this characteristic with uranium. “Uranium's Effect On DNA Established,” Northern Arizona University,
7 April 2006, downloaded from
http://www.scienceagogo.com/news/20060307010324data_trunc_sys.shtml, 31 Aug. 2007.)

 

The official line, or obfuscation, is that uranium is only minimally radioactive. While this is true, it is chemically toxic in minute trace amounts, because uranium ions are actually attracted to bond with DNA, where they can wreak havoc with cells – especially the cells of developing fetuses.  (Dave Lindorff, “DU, the Ticking Nuke in Bush’s White House War Room,” San Francisco Bay View, 25 Jan. 2006, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Bush-War25jan06.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

DU Causes Stillbirths, Birth Defects, and Early Childhood Deaths

 

 

The documentary film BLOWIN' IN THE WIND, has an interview with a family with two normal teenage daughters, living near the bombing range where depleted uranium weaponry is now being used.

 

The parents showed photos of their baby born recently with severe birth defects. The baby looked like Iraqi deformed babies, and like many of the Iraqi babies, died 5 days after birth. (Leuren Moret, “The Queen’s Death Star: Depleted Uranium Measured in British Atmosphere from
Battlefields in the Middle East,” Mindfully.org, 26 Feb. 2006, downloaded from
http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Europe-Moret26feb06.htm, 30 Aug. 2007.)

 

Still births, birth defects, leukemia, damaged central nervous systems and other cancers have been common in children born since 1991. Child leukemia has risen 600 % in areas of Iraq as reported by the Netherland Visie Foundation. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

Similar stories are repeated from Paktita province of ‘Jelly Babies’. Pregnant women are afraid of giving birth…This is the legacy of US ushered liberation, freedom and democracy. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

To see horrible pictures of babies deformed as a result of genetic damage caused by depleted uranium weapons, go to these sites:

 

http://www.uksociety.org/us_c
rimes_against-humanit y_1.htm,

http://wake-up-america.net/depleted_uranium.htm, http://bitterfact.tripod.com/iraq/iraq_babies.html ,
http://sundaymag.ca/index.php?id=64,
http://www.rense.com/general35/perp.htm,
and
http://images.google.com/images?
um=1&tab=wi&am p;amp;hl=en&q=du%20babies
. (Hamid Golpira, “Asia by DU, Africa by AIDS,” Tehran Times, reprinted by Countercurrents.org, 9 Aug. 2007, downloaded from http://countercurrents.org/golpira090807.htm, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

DU Contaminates All Parts of the Body and Causes Many Different Illnesses

 

D.U. can be found in all parts of the body.  It has been reported in the bladder, in the semen, in the bone marrow, in the lungs, and the brain.  (Leuren Moret in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

KNOWN ILLNESSES INFLICTED BY INTERNALIZATION OF DEPLETED URANIUM PARTICLES

 

Table 1: Compiled by Leuren Moret from Interviews with Gulf War Vets and their families

 

GENERAL

 

abnormal births and birth defects
abnormal metabolism of semen: contains 
amine & ammonium alkaline 
acute autoimmune symptoms 
(lung-, liver-, kidney failure) 
acute myeloid leukemia 
(deadly within days or weeks)
acute immune depression 
acute respiratory failure 
asthma
auto-immune deficiencies
Balkan-syndrome 
blood in stools and urine
body function control loss
bone cancer 
brain damage
brain tumors 
burning semen 
burning sensations 
calcium loss in body
cardiovascular signs or symptoms
chemical sensitivities
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 
chronic kidney and liver disorders 
chronic myeloid leukemia 
chronic respiratory infections 
colon cancer 
confusion
diarrhea 
digestive problems 
dizziness
Epstein Barr Syndrome
fluid buildup
fibromyalgia

gastrointestinal signs/symptoms
general fatigue 
genetic alterations
glandular carcinoma 
Gulf war-syndrome 
headaches (severe) 
heart attack/disease 
high blood pressure 
high frequency of micturition 
Hodgkin lymphoma 
immune system deficiency 
infections 
insomnia 
involuntary movements 
joint/muscle/leg pain 
kidney failure/damage
leukemia 
liver carcinoma
loss of feeling in fingers 
Lou Gehrigs Disease -ALS
low blood oxygen saturation
( low HbO2) 
low lung volume
lung damage
lung cancer 
lymph cancer 
lymphoma
melanoma 
memory loss 
metallic taste
Microplasma fermentans/ 
incognitis infections
mood swings – violence 
homicide/suicide

multiple cancers
multiple myeloma 
myeloma 
muscle pain
nerve damage 
neuro-muscular degenerative 
disease
non-Hodgkin lymphoma 
other malignancies 
pancreas carcinoma 
Parkinsons disease
petit & grand mal fits
rashes 
reactive airway disease
reduced IQ
respiratory ailments 
shortness of breath
sinus diseases 
skin cancer 
skin damage: sweat glands 
with trapped du-particles 
skin infections 
skin spotting 
smell, loss of
sleep disturbances
stiffening of fingers 
teeth crumbling
thyroid cancer 
thyroid disease
unable to walk
unusual fevers/night sweats
unusual hair loss 
vision problems
weight loss

CHILDREN

alimentary disorders 
asthma 
bladder & sphincter paralysis 
blindness 
complete range of known and 
unknown Congenital Defects 
deafness 
dyspraxia 
headache 
kidney disease 
leukemia 
lymphoma 
malformations of legs, arms, 
toes & fingers 
respiratory disorders 
stillbirth 
neural tube defects

FEMALE

abdominal pain 
breast cancer 
breast cancer at very young 
age (20) 
cervix cancer 
endometriosis
headaches 
incontinence 
joint pain 
lung cancer at age 20 and 
non-smoker 
menstrual problems 
miscarriages 
nausea 
ovarian cancer 
paralysis of digestive system 
thyroid problems 
uterine cancer

MALE

(acute) headache 
acute myeloid leukemia 
arthritis 
avoiding people 
breathing problems 
(stridor) 
chemical sensitivity 
chronic myeloid leukemia 
endometriosis in partners
gastrointestinal disorder 
hip and leg pain 
joint pain 
lung cancer at young age 
lymphoma 
skin cancer 
skin eruptions 
stomach pain 
suicide 
testicular cancer 
unable to walk 

 

VISIE: http://www.xs4all.nl/~stgvisie/VISIE/du-diagnosis.html 
DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM website:
http://www.ushostnet.com/gulfwar/articles.htm  04/1504. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

A range of Uranium health effects are possible depending on dose (how much is inhaled ingested), duration of exposure (brief or ongoing), age, gender and the type of material involved (refer High exposure DU health risks, Part 4, section 3 and Figure 2 in the DU weapons report). Over a longer period there may be several phases from early onset medical conditions (e.g. birth defects) to slower onset conditions like cancers. Uranium oxide is a toxic heavy metal. Toxic effects may be most significant soon after exposure e.g. on the renal system (refer Royal Society report, March 2002). Internal radiation hazards may take months or years to become

evident.  

 

Special priority is needed for researching the health effects of Uranium weapons contamination on civilians - especially women and children, who are most vulnerable to internal radiation and chromosome damage owing to higher rates of cell division. These studies need to include communities with chronic exposure to Uranium contaminated environments, to contrast with existing data based on short term exposure risks for troops. (Dai Williams, Hazards of Uranium Weapons in the Proposed War on Iraq, 22 Sept. 2002.)

 

No Protective Gear Can Keep DU Out

 

There is no mask or protective clothing that can be devised to prevent radioactive dust from entering the lungs or penetrating the skin. (Walter A. Davis, “Of Pynchon, Thanatos and Depleted Uranium: Weapons of Mass Destruction Found in Iraq,” Counterpunch, October 9/10, 2004, downloaded from http://www.counterpunch.org/davis10092004.html. 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

There are No Known Methods of Treatment

 

There are no known methods of treatment. (Leuren Moret cited by Robert C. Koehler, “Depleted Uranium (DU): Silent Genocide,” Tribune Media Services, 25 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Silent-Genocide25mar04.htm