What is Happening in America?

Are we headed back to the Middle Ages?

 

Depleted-Uranium (DU)

Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

 

Extent 1

 

3 Nov. 2007

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

DU Contamination of a Locale is Permanent 1

Where has DU been Used? 2

DU Has Migrated Around the Globe. 4

How Much DU has been Used Around the World? 10

How Many Nagasaki Bombs Does Global Equal? 14

Only Foreign Soliders and Peacekeepers of Concern. 14

 

 

DU Contamination of a Locale is Permanent

 

Depleted uranium aerosols will permanently contaminate vast regions and slowly destroy the genetic future of populations living in those regions, where there are resources which the US must control, in order to establish and maintain American primacy. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

When DU shells explode, they permanently contaminate their target and the area immediately around it with low-level radioactivity. (Juan Gonzalez, “Poisoned? Shocking report reveals local troops may be victims of America's high-tech weapons,” New York Daily News, 3 April 2004, downloaded from http://www.nydailynews.com/front/story/180333p-156685c.html, 16 Sept. 2007.)

 

They last for eternity. (Dr. Doug Rokke in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

Since “Depleted” Uranium has been used inside the US - all over America - for the past six decades … it is present anywhere and everywhere the contaminated wind blows and water flows until - for all intents and purposes - eternity. (Cathy Garger, “Mistresses of High Cancer Rates Cover-Up,” Axis of Logic, 9 Sept. 2007, downloaded from http://axisoflogic.com/artman/publish/article_25217.shtml, 16 Sept. 2007.)

 

Where has DU been Used?

 

Uranium by the thousands of tons has been dispersed this way in Iraq during Gulf War I, the No-Fly Zones era, Gulf War II, the war after the war, and to this very day. (Bob Nichols, “US Military, President Out Of Control. What Does 'Mildly Radioactive' Mean, Anyway?” Rense.com, 21 February 2005 downloaded from http://www.mytown.ca/ev.php?URL_ID=119955&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201&reload=1189477050, 10 Sept. 2007.)

 

However, another type of radiological weapon, depleted uranium, has been used by the U.S. military in Iraq, Bosnia, Serbia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan. There is also some evidence that Israel used depleted uranium munitions in Lebanon during the 2006 war. (Hamid Golpira, “Asia by DU, Africa by AIDS,” Tehran Times, reprinted by Countercurrents.org, 9 Aug. 2007, downloaded from http://countercurrents.org/golpira090807.htm, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

The source says that although possible tragic results of its use have been discussed since the DU weapons were first developed, planes from the United States and Great Britain used the ammunition against Iraqi targets during the Gulf War in 1991, against Bosnian Serbs in 1994 and against the Yugoslav Army in 1999.  During the following years, consequences of radioactive effects of these weapons began to show up, first in Iraq, then in Bosnia and among NATO soldiers who were in contact with the material during peacekeeping missions in the Balkans. (Ylber Emro, “FRY/Kosovo:  BALKAN APPROACH TO BALKAN SYNDROME,” Network of Independent Journalists, 16 Jan. 2001, downloaded from http://www.idee.org/nij207.htm#1, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

But when it advertises its ecological advantages today, Croatia seems to forget that it has survived the war and that for almost a decade it was either part of the war or at the edge of other conflicts in the Balkans and south-eastern Europe.

This ignorance came into the foreground when Europe was shaken by a new ecological scandal, by the so-called "Balkan Syndrome" which refers to problems caused by the depleted uranium that, it seems, has been used all over the territory of the former Yugoslavia, primarily in Kosovo, but also in Bosnia for NATO air strikes.  Although the Croatian media systematically reported about the problem of NATO soldiers ill from Balkan Syndrome from the beginning, it is almost flabbergasting that almost no one asked what it might mean for Croatia.  At the beginning it seemed that Balkan Syndrome was as far from Croatia as was mad cow disease, perhaps even further.

The number of ill European soldiers who had been serving in the region of the former Yugoslavia started to increase rapidly, and this number included those who had been living in Croatia.  As scientific reports appeared, explaining that depleted uranium acts not only instantly but also on a wide area (allegedly as far as 300 km away) and saying that it will be years before all the negative effects of DU are known, it became clear that this would be an ecological problem for Croatia as well.

First there was a new interest in an issue that dated to the first air strikes against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.  NATO airplanes flew across the Adriatic Sea to reach their targets and sometimes dropped unused bombs in the sea before returning to their base in Aviano (Italy) in order to secure a safe landing.  Although NATO denied that any bombs containing depleted uranium had been dropped into the Adriatic, many have cynically noted that the possible dangers of DU were denied for a long time until the many incidents of cancer among European soldiers showed that the problem could not be swept under the carpet so easily.

Furthermore, with the outbreak of Balkan syndrome, the public became aware that depleted uranium was just one among many long-term consequences of heavy bombardment and that there was also a systematic destruction of various industrial plants and infrastructure (chemical, oil, etc.), some of them posing high risk, which means that the ecological consequences of their destruction are yet to be felt.  It finally became clear that those in most danger of health risks from the war were not soldiers, but the local population

 

In Croatia itself it finally came to light that as a region with a high concentration of military equipment and intense conflict it has also been contaminated in some areas.

It soon became known that Croatian soldiers are experiencing high rates of leukemia and cancer and that weapons and equipment of questionable origin were used in the war, which could potentially be a new source of unpleasant consequences.

Also, the public began to ask why NATO and American troops have often been using Croatian military testing grounds for their exercises and what the consequences of this could be.  The government was forced to initiate some research like measuring the level of soil contamination in areas where military exercises were held and to form special health committees that should answer questions on how prevalent Balkan Syndrome is among Croatian soldiers and civilians. (Ivica Juric, “Croatia: URANIUM SILENCE,” Network of Independent Journalists, 16 Jan. 2001, downloaded from http://www.idee.org/nij207.htm#1, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

We’re using it indiscriminately … some say in Somalia as well. (DU researcher Cathy Garger, Steve Lendman Hour, 15 Sept. 2007.)

 

DUMA SAYS TRIBUNAL SHOULD PROBE NATO'S USE OF DEPLETED URANIUM SHELLS


On a vote of 235 to 0, the Duma on 25 January passed an appeal to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia to launch an investigation into NATO's use of depleted uranium shells there, Interfax reported. 

 

HAS RUSSIA USED DEPLETED URANIUM MUNITIONS IN CHECHNYA?


An article published in "Novaya gazeta" on 22 January suggested that Russian forces in Chechnya may on occasions have used armor-piercing shells with a uranium core, specifically during the March 2000 battle to wrest control of the village of Komsomolskoe from Chechen fighters subordinate to Ruslan Gelaev. LF  (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 26 January 2001, downloaded from
http://www.rferl.org/newsline/2001/01/260101.asp, 3 Nov. 2007.)

 

DU Has Migrated Around the Globe

 

After bomb attacks in the Balkans in 1999 increased levels of airborne Uranium dust were detected in Greece and Hungary. (Dai Williams, Hazards of Uranium Weapons in the Proposed War on Iraq, 22 Sept. 2002.)

 

According to a report published in Athens during the War, the impacts of depleted uranium are likely to extend beyond the Balkans. Albania, and Macedonia but also Greece, Italy, Austria and Hungary face a potential threat to human health as a result of the use of radioactive depleted uranium shells during the 1999 War. (Michel Chossudovsky, “Low Intensity Nuclear War,” Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, 2001, downloaded from http://www.jacksonprogressive.com/issues/kosovo/chossudovsky_lowintensity.html, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Very rare and unusual cancers and birth defects have also been reported to be increasing above normal levels prior to 1991, not only in war torn countries, but in neighbouring countries from transboundary contamination. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

As [Leuren] Moret testified [at the International Criminal Tribunal for Afghanistan], …  DU dust is everywhere. A minimum of 500 or 600 tons now litter Afghanistan, and several times that amount are spread across Iraq. (Robert C. Koehler, “Depleted Uranium (DU): Silent Genocide,” Tribune Media Services, 25 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Silent-Genocide25mar04.htm, 29 Aug. 2007.)

 

Dr. Katsuma Yagasaki, a Japanese physicist at the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa, has estimated that the atomicity equivalent of at least 400,000 Nagasaki bombs has been released into the global atmosphere since 1991, from the use of depleted uranium munitions.

 

It is completely mixed in the atmosphere in one year. The "smog of war" from Gulf War I was found in glaciers and ice sheets globally a year later. (Leuren Moret, “The Queen’s Death Star: Depleted Uranium Measured in British Atmosphere from Battlefields in the Middle East,” Mindfully.org, 26 Feb. 2006, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Europe-Moret26feb06.htm, 30 Aug. 2007.)

 

Although restricted to battlefields in Iraq and Kuwait, the 1991 Gulf War was one of the most toxic and environmentally devastating wars in world history. Oil well fires, the bombing of oil tankers and oil wells which released millions of gallons of oil into the Gulf of Arabia and desert, and the devastation from tanks and heavy equipment destroyed the desert ecosystem. The long term and far reaching effects, and dispersal of at least 340 tons of depleted uranium weapons, had a global environmental effect.

 

Smoke from the oil fires was later found in deposits in South America, the Himalayas and Hawaii. Large annual dust storms originating in North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia will quickly spread the radioactive contamination around the world, and weathering of old depleted uranium munitions on battlefields and other areas will provide new sources of radioactive contamination in future years. Downwind from the radioactive devastation in Iraq, Israel is also suffering from large increases in breast cancer, leukemia and childhood diabetes.  (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Fig. 3: Map of regions within a 1000 mile radius of Baghdad and Afghanistan which have been contaminated with depleted uranium since 1991. Depleted uranium dust will be repeatedly recycled throughout this dry region, and also carried around the world. More than ten times the amount of radiation, released during atmospheric testing, has been released from depleted uranium weaponry since 1991. In 2002 the US government admitted that every person living in the US between 1957 and 1963 was internally contaminated with radiation. Note that the contaminated region corresponds with the "South" region on the Eurasian chessboard in Fig. 1.

 

 

(Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

According to NATO sources (communicated to UNEP), some 112 sites in Yugoslavia (of which 72 are in Kosovo) were targeted during the war with depleted uranium antitank shells. Between 30,000 and 50,000 DU shells were fired.

 

Scientific evidence amply confirms that the DU radioactive aerosol spreads from "the point of release" over a large geographical area suggesting that large parts of the province of Kosovo are contaminated. "[R]adioactive derivatives can linger in the air for months. Just one particle in the lungs is enough. A single particle could travel to the lymph nodes, where the radioactivity would lower the body's defenses against lymphomas and leukemia''  (24)

 

According to World renowned radiologist Dr. Rosalie Bertell:

 

… This ceramic aerosol is much lighter than uranium dust. It can travel in air tens of kilometres from the point of release, or be stirred up in dust and resuspended in air with wind or human movement. … (25)

 

The targeted sites within Kosovo (see NATO map at http://balkans.unep.ch/du/targetmap.html) although concentrated on the South-western border are scattered throughout the province. Most of the villages and cities including Pristina, Prizren and Pec lie within less than 20 km. of the 72 DU target sites confirming that the entire province is contaminated. (Michel Chossudovsky, “Low Intensity Nuclear War,” Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, 2001, downloaded from http://www.jacksonprogressive.com/issues/kosovo/chossudovsky_lowintensity.html, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Endnotes

 

(24)  According to British radiologist Roger William Coghill, quoted in Associated Press, 5 January 2000.

 

(25)  Rosalie Bertell, Email Communication, May 1999.

 

Extensive carpet bombing, grid bombing, and the frequent use of missiles and depleted uranium bullets on buildings in densely populated areas has occurred in Iraq, Yugoslavia, and Afghanistan. The discovery that bomb craters in Yugoslavia in 1999 were radioactive, and that an unexploded missile in 1999 contained a depleted uranium warhead, implies that the total amount of depleted uranium used since 1991 has been greatly underestimated. Of even greater concern, is that 100 per cent of the depleted uranium in bombs and missiles is aerosolized upon impact and immediately released into the atmosphere. This amount can be as much as 1.5 tons in the large bombs. In bullets and cannon shells, the amount aerosolized is 40-70 per cent, leaving pieces and unexploded shells in the environment, to provide new sources of radioactive dust and contamination of the groundwater from dissolved depleted uranium metal long after the battles are over, as reported in a 2003 report by the UN Environmental Program on Yugoslavia. Considering that the US has admitted using 34 tons of depleted uranium from bullets and cannon shells in Yugoslavia, and the fact that 35,000 NATO bombing missions occurred there in 1999, potentially the amount of depleted uranium contaminating Yugoslavia and transboundary drift into surrounding countries is staggering. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

"To attack Iran's nuclear facilities will not only provoke war, but it could also unleash clouds of radiation far beyond the targets and the borders of Iran." (Statement of Prof Elias Tuma, Arab Internet Network, Federal News Service, 1 March 2005) (Michel Chossudovsky, “Planned US-Israeli Attack on iran,” Globalresearch.ca, a May 2005, downloaded from http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO505A.html, 26 August 2007.)

 

"Did the use of Uranium weapons in Gulf War II result in contamination of Europe? Evidence from the measurements of the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Aldermaston, Berkshire, UK," reported the Sunday Times Online (February 19, 2006) in a shocking scientific study authored by British scientists Dr. Chris Busby and Saoirse Morgan.

 

The highest levels of depleted uranium ever measured in the atmosphere in Britain, were transported on air currents from the Middle East and Central Asia; of special significance were those from the Tora Bora bombing in Afghanistan in 2001, and the "Shock & Awe" bombing during Gulf War II in Iraq in 2003.

 

Out of concern for the public, the official British government air monitoring facility, known as the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), at Aldermaston, was established years ago to measure radioactive emissions from British nuclear power plants and atomic weapons facilities.

 

The British government facility (AWE) was taken over 3 years ago by Halliburton, which refused at first to release air monitoring data to Dr. Busby, as required by law.

 

An international expert on low level radiation, Busby serves as an official advisor on several British government committees, and co-authored an independent report on low level radiation with 45 scientists, the European Committee on Radiation Risk (ECRR), for the European Parliament. He was able to get Aldermaston air monitoring data from Halliburton /AWE by filing a Freedom of Information request using a new British law which became effective January 1, 2005; but the data for 2003 was missing. He obtained the 2003 data from the Defence Procurement Agency.

 

The fact that the air monitoring data was circulated by Halliburton/ AWE to the Defence Procurement Agency, implies that it was considered to be relevant, and that Dr. Busby was stonewalled because Halliburton/AWE clearly recognized that it was a serious enough matter to justify a government interpretation of the results, and official decisions had to be made about what the data would show and its political implications for the military. (Leuren Moret, “The Queen’s Death Star: Depleted Uranium Measured in British Atmosphere from Battlefields in the Middle East,” Mindfully.org, 26 Feb. 2006, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Europe-Moret26feb06.htm, 30 Aug. 2007.)

 

These facts demonstrate why Halliburton (AWE) refused to release the 2003 data to him, and it obviously establishes that weaponized depleted uranium is an indiscriminate weapon being distributed all over the world in a very short period of time, immediately after its use. (Leuren Moret, “The Queen’s Death Star: Depleted Uranium Measured in British Atmosphere from Battlefields in the Middle East,” Mindfully.org, 26 Feb. 2006, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Europe-Moret26feb06.htm, 30 Aug. 2007.)

 

Countries within a 1000 mile radius of Baghdad and Kabul are being affected by radiation poisoning , that includes the Capital, New Delhi, where the ruling elite lives. The reported coming of an AIDS epidemic last year in India , down wind, may have a relationship to DU bombing in Afghanistan. If we think cancer is a problem now wait until more DU is released in wars against terror and for ‘regime change’, on ‘mistaken’ Intelligence reports. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

After forming microscopic and submicroscopic insoluble Uranium oxide particles on the battlefield, they remain suspended in air and travel around the earth as a radioactive component of atmospheric dust, contaminating the environment, indiscriminately killing, maiming and causing disease in all living things where rain, snow and moisture remove it from the atmosphere. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Global increases since 1991 of melanoma, infant mortality, and frog die-offs can only be explained by an environmental contaminant. Alarming global increases in diabetes, with high correlation to depleted uranium wars in Iraq, Bosnia/Kosovo, and Afghanistan, demonstrate that diabetes is a sensitive indicator and a rapid response to internal depleted uranium exposure.

 

Americans in 2003 reported visiting Iraqi relatives in Baghdad who were suffering from an epidemic of diabetes.

 

After returning to the US following 2-3 weeks in Iraq, they discovered within a few months that they too had diabetes.

 

Japanese human shields and journalists who worked in Iraq during the 2003 war are sick and now have symptoms typical of depleted uranium exposure.

 

Likewise, after the US Navy, several years ago, moved depleted uranium bombing and gunnery ranges from Vieques Island in Puerto Rico to Australia, health effects there are already being reported.

 

The documentary film BLOWIN' IN THE WIND, has an interview with a family with two normal teenage daughters, living near the bombing range where depleted uranium weaponry is now being used.

 

The parents showed photos of their baby born recently with severe birth defects. The baby looked like Iraqi deformed babies, and like many of the Iraqi babies, died 5 days after birth. (Leuren Moret, “The Queen’s Death Star: Depleted Uranium Measured in British Atmosphere from
Battlefields in the Middle East,” Mindfully.org, 26 Feb. 2006, downloaded from
http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Europe-Moret26feb06.htm, 30 Aug. 2007.)

 

Previous studies have assumed relatively low dose sources in the immediate vicinity of armoured vehicles hit by DU penetrators. Small, medium and large warheads that may contain DU (ranging from 10 to 1500 kg of DU) imply progressively larger contamination zones. ALL these warheads have explosive ignition sources likely to shatter DU into small fragments capable of rapid ignition and much higher conversion ratios to DU oxide.

 

Depending on the design and size of the weapon (from cluster bomb to bunker busters) and on the nature of the target (e.g. surface, near surface or deeply buried) the size of contamination zones may vary a lot. Assumptions that most DU dust particles are heavy and deposited in the immediate target area are not consistent with recent analysis of DU oxide and ceramic aerosol particle sizes (e.g. reported by Pier Denesi, a Director of IAEA, at the Prague DU Conference in November 2001) where 60%+ may be less than 1.5 microns.  (Depleted Uranium weapons in 2001-2002. Occupational, Public and Environmental Health Issues. Collected studies and public domain sources compiled by Dai Williams)

 

The Army says that only soldiers wounded by depleted uranium shrapnel or who are inside tanks during an explosion face measurable radiation exposure.

 

But as far back as 1979, Leonard Dietz, a physicist at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory upstate, discovered that DU-contaminated dust could travel for long distances.

 

Dietz, who pioneered the technology to isolate uranium isotopes, accidentally discovered that air filters with which he was experimenting had collected radioactive dust from a National Lead Industries Plant that was producing DU 26 miles away. His discovery led to a shutdown of the plant.

 

"The contamination was so heavy that they had to remove the topsoil from 52 properties around the plant," Dietz said. (Juan Gonzalez, “Poisoned? Shocking report reveals local troops  may be victims of America's high-tech weapons,” New York Daily News, 3 April 2004, downloaded from http://www.nydailynews.com/front/story/180333p-156685c.html, 16 Sept. 2007.)

 

How Much DU has been Used Around the World?

 

The Balkans

 

Considering that the US has admitted using 34 tons of depleted uranium from bullets and cannon shells in Yugoslavia, and the fact that 35,000 NATO bombing missions occurred there in 1999, potentially the amount of depleted uranium contaminating Yugoslavia and transboundary drift into surrounding countries is staggering. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

[British biologist Roger Coghill:] Using calculations based on the Pentagon's statement that one in five of the rounds fired by its A-10 aircraft over Kosovo were DU munitions, Mr Coghill estimates that more than 500,000 DU rounds were fired, of which half detonated.

 

He says that would have resulted in the release of about one thirty-thousandth of the amount of radiation released at Chernobyl in 1986. "But that was in the form of caesium on the ground. This is free-floating particulate matter." (Alex Kirby, “Depleted uranium 'threatens Balkan cancer epidemic,'” BBC News Online, 30 July 1999, downloaded from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/science/nature/408122.stm, 3 Nov. 2007.)

 

Gulf War 1

 

Uranium munitions [were] used back in 1973 by the Israelis against the Egyptians, but during Gulf War I, Desert Shield and Desert Storm we took it to a totally new level. … Deliberately taking tons and tons… actually over 350 tons of solid radioactive material and disbursed it across Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq.  (Dr. Doug Rokke, U.S. Army Health Physicist and Nuclear Medicine Sciences Officer in Power Hour, Beyond Treason, video, 2005.)

 

The amount of depleted uranium used in the first Gulf War in 1991 is approximately 340 tons and his was admitted by the U.S. government.  In Yugoslavia, Lord Robertson who was the head of NATO in 1998 admitted in the public media that the United States has used depleted uranium warheads in every missile used in that invasion.  (Leuren Moret in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

The allied forces fired at least 300 tonnes of DU in the 1991 Gulf war. (Alex Kirby, “Depleted Uranium still Haunts Balkans,” BBC News Online, 25 March 2003, downloaded from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2884761.stm, 29 Aug. 2007.)

 

In the 1991 Gulf War Allied forces admit to using 300+ tons of depleted uranium. (Dai Williams, Hazards of Uranium Weapons in the Proposed War on Iraq, 22 Sept. 2002.)

 

The long term and far reaching effects, and dispersal of at least 340 tons of depleted uranium weapons, had a global environmental effect. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Afghanistan

 

More than 500 tons of DU munitions have been dispensed in Afghanistan. Professor Yagasaki calculated that 800 tons of DU is the atomicity equivalent to 83,000 Nagasaki bombs in a paper presented at the ‘World Uranium Weapons Conference’ in Hamburg in October 2003 ( 5 months ago ). (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

In Afghanistan … 800 to 1000 tons of depleted uranium was estimated to have been used in 2001. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

It is authoritatively estimated by independent scientific investigations and reports on record before this Tribunal , and the prosecution conservatively estimates, that at the very minimum 500-600 tonnes of DU ordnance were used throughout Afghanistan including at Tora Bora, Shaikoot, Paktia, Mazare-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, Nangarhar, Khost, Kundoz and Kabul around Bagram from October 2001 after the bombings commenced on 7th October 2001, whereas Dr Mohammed Daud Miraki of the Afghanistan Recovery Fund refers to not less than 1000 tonnes of Depleted and Undepleted Uranium being used .

(Judgement of Professor Ms Niloufer Bhagwat J, International Criminal Tribunal For Afghanistan at Tokyo, 13 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.traprockpeace.org/tokyo_trial_13march04.doc, 30 Aug. 2007.)

 

It’s estimated that at least one thousand tons of depleted uranium was used in Afghanistan in 2001. (Leuren Moret in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

In Afghanistan … 800 to 1000 tons of depleted uranium was estimated to have been used in 2001. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

A minimum of 500 or 600 tons now litter Afghanistan, and several times that amount are spread across Iraq. (Robert C. Koehler, “Depleted Uranium (DU): Silent Genocide,” Tribune Media Services, 25 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Silent-Genocide25mar04.htm, 29 Aug. 2007.)

 

If only 1 in 3 of these used hard target warheads then the campaign may have dumped over 1000 tons of toxic, radioactive Uranium Oxide dust into the Afghan environment. (Dai Williams, Hazards of Uranium Weapons in the Proposed War on Iraq, 22 Sept. 2002.)

 

Gulf War 2

 

Unlike in the first Gulf War, when all 300 tons of DU used were fired off in the Kuwaiti and Iraqi desert, this time nearly 10 times as much DU has largely been exploded and burned in urban fighting, putting the dust right in the path of millions of civilians. (Dave Lindorff, “DU, the Ticking Nuke in Bush’s White House War Room,” San Francisco Bay View, 25 Jan. 2006, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2006/DU-Bush-War25jan06.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Approximately two thousand four hundred tons [of DU] were used in Iraq in 2003. (Leuren Moret in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

The amount of DU used in Iraq in 2003 is equivalent to nearly 250,000 Nagasaki bombs ( Busby and Leuren Moret have calculated that 1900 tons of DU is equivalent to 60 TBq of Alfa and Beta particulate activity).  (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

“The Pentagon and the United Nations estimate that the US and Britain used 1,100 to 2,200 tons of armor piercing shells made of DU during attacks in March-April 2003, far more than the 1991 Gulf War ( this does not include air dispensed DU munitions and missiles),” wrote the Post Intelligencer. (Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, “Silent WMDs – Effects of Depleted Uranium,” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), New Delhi, 29 Feb., 1-2 March 2004, downloaded from http://traprockpeace.org/bhagwat_du_29feb04.pdf, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

GREG HUNTER, CNN CORRESPONDENT:  Defense Department officials say the U.S. military used 320 tons of depleted uranium during the first Gulf war, but they were unable to tell us how much DU they have used in the current Gulf war, despite our repeated request for that information Published reports suggest the military has used between 1,100 and 2,200 tons. That's up to six times the amount of DU in Iraqi freedom than in the first Gulf war. (Transcript of CNN's "American Morning," 5 Feb. 2007, downloaded from http://home.earthlink.net/~nomoredu/cnntranscript.html, 12 Sept. 2007.)

 

How Many Nagasaki Bombs Does Global Equal?

 

In terms of global atmospheric pollution, we've already released the equivalent of 400,000 Nagasaki bombs, Moret said. (Robert C. Koehler, “Depleted Uranium (DU): Silent Genocide,” Tribune Media Services, 25 March 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Silent-Genocide25mar04.htm, 29 Aug. 2007.)

 

How many Nagasaki Bombs equal the Radiation in the 2003 Iraq war? Answer: About 250,000 Nagasaki Bombs.

 

How many Nagasaki Bombs equal the Radiation in the last Five American Nuclear Radiation Wars? Answer: About 400,000 Nagasaki Bombs. (Bob Nichols, “There are No Words. Radiation in Iraq Equals 250,000 Nagasaki Bombs,” Dissident Voice, 27 March 2004, revised 12 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.dissidentvoice.org/Mar04/Nichols0327.htm, 8 September 2007.)

 

Global radioactive contamination from atmospheric testing was the equivalent of 40,000 Hiroshima bombs (1) still contaminates the atmosphere and lower orbital space today. The amount of low level radioactive pollution from depleted uranium released since 1991, is many times more (deposited internally in the body), than was released from atmospheric testing fallout. (Leuren Moret, “Depleted Uranium: the Trojan Horse of Nuclear War,” World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues, 1 July 2004, downloaded from http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

(1) Ed. Note.  Dr. Moret is here referring to the results of atmospheric testing and not the results of DU munitions explosions, which has been estimated at 400,00 Nagasaki bombs to date.

 

Only Foreign Soliders and Peacekeepers of Concern

 

Keep in mind that the heavily armed  "peacekeepers" together with United Nations staff and civilian personnel of "humanitarian" organisations entered Kosovo in June 1999. The spread of radioactive dust from DU, however, started on "day one" of the 78 day bombing of Yugoslavia. With the exception of NATO Special Forces --who were assisting the KLA on the ground-- NATO military personnel was not present on the battlefield. In other words, there was no radioactive exposure to NATO troops during a "push button" air war, which the Alliance forces waged from the high skies. Yugoslav civilians are, therefore, at much greater risk because they were exposed to radioactive fallout throughout the bombings as well in the wake of the war. Yet the official communiqués suggest that only KFOR troops and expatriate civilians "might be at risk" implying that local civilians simply do not matter. Only servicemen and expatriate personnel have been screened for radiation levels. (Michel Chossudovsky, “Low Intensity Nuclear War,” Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, 2001, downloaded from http://www.jacksonprogressive.com/issues/kosovo/chossudovsky_lowintensity.html, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

In docile complicity, a new media consensus has unfolded: the mainstream press concurs without further scrutiny that only "peace-keepers" breathe the air. "But what about everybody else?" (6) (Michel Chossudovsky, “Low Intensity Nuclear War,” Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, 2001, downloaded from http://www.jacksonprogressive.com/issues/kosovo/chossudovsky_lowintensity.html, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Endnotes

 

(6) Felicity Arbutnot, "It Turns out that Depleted Uranium is Bad for NATO" Troops, Emperors Clothes, http://emperors-clothes.com/articles/arbuth/port.htm. 11 October 2000. See also interview with F. Arbutnot.

 

To maintain the cover-up, NATO is now prepared to reveal a small fraction of the truth. The military Alliance --in liaison with NATO member governments-- wants at all cost to maintain the focus on "peacekeepers" and keep local civilians out of the picture, because if the entire truth gets out, then people might start asking questions such as "how is it that the Kosovar Albanians, the people we were supposed to rescue are now the victims?" In both Bosnia and Kosovo, the UN has been careful not to record cancer cases among civilians. The narrow focus on "peacekeepers" is part of the cover-up. It distracts public opinion from the broader issue of civilian victims. (Michel Chossudovsky, “Low Intensity Nuclear War,” Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, 2001, downloaded from http://www.jacksonprogressive.com/issues/kosovo/chossudovsky_lowintensity.html, 26 Aug. 2007.)

 

Individuals are depleted uranium casualties whether they’re civilians or combatants – doesn’t matter where they were – whether they were exposed during manufacturing processes, testing processes, or combat use. (Dr. Doug Rokke in video Beyond Treason, produced by the Power Hour, 2005.)

 

 

 

Create a Free Website