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Born: 1766 Bramber, Sussex
Died: 1846 Lancing
Married: 1791 Lancing Deborah Bennett
Thomas Winton was born the fourth child and second child of the nine children of Leonard Winton and Jane Evans. He was baptised 02 Feb 1766, Saint Nicholas Church, Bramber, Sussex. He died from a rupture (not certified) and his death was notified 9 April 1846 by his grandson-in-law John Steer who made his mark. He was buried 10 Apr 1846, Saint John The Less's Church, Lancing, Sussex.
Census: 1841, Lancing, Sussex: Head, Married, age 74, Agricultural Labourer, Upper Lancing Street. Granddaughter Margaret Steer and great-grandchildren George & Thomas Steer living with him and Deborah.
Thomasís cause of death was Ďnot certifiedí on his death certificate, that is to say no doctor certified the cause. From the introduction of death certificates in 1837 through to when Thomas died this was not uncommon, especially for the elderly like Thomas, after all calling in the doctor cost money. From 1875 all deaths had to be certified. What sort of rupture caused Thomasís death Ė was it an aortic rupture, or an abdominal one or even say a ruptured appendix? If a doctor wasnít present how was this diagnosis made? Perhaps a woman who acted as a village nurse was present who recognised some of the signs? The cause of death may have been something else. The registrar and family would have been satisfied Iím sure as Thomas had reached the good age of 81.
What was the Street like then? It was predominantly occupied by agricultural labourers and their families; many families had other family members living with them or lodgers, particularly single men, The cottages must have been very crowded. Neigbours to Thomas were families whose names are familiar in 19th century lancing records, Knight, Comber, Lister, Steer. Dotted along the Street were the occupations needed for everyday life; Henry Nile publican, Edmund Parkhurst shopkeeper, Edwin Bushby grocer, Charles Morrison baker, James Kidd malster, John Sharp smith (his son Ephraim was a vetinary surgeon), the Sunderlands, father and son coachbuilders, John Taylor carpenter and Richard Martin and his son builders, James West blacksmith.. There were also two millers and farmers Thomas Bushby and Edward Grinsted, John Stringer, Thomas Barnet, Richard Barnet, James Penfold, John Streeter. In the agricultural line of work there were a couple of shepherds and five gardeners. The small number of gardeners indicates that market gardening had not yet established itself. The vicar was Fisher Watson and the most unusual occupation Thomas Panels shipwright. Not so unusual I guess as Lancing is on the coast but the Street was a mile or more inland.
A 19th century old age pension?
From 31 December 1839 Thomas started to appear on the overseers books for receiving poor relief from the parish. Until 1844 this was mainly recorded as casual relief though there were some spells when it was recorded under permanent relief. The amounts varied from 1s a week when on casual, obviously just a top up, to 10s a week for both him and Deborah, and when he was a widower 5s or 4s 6d a week. during the spells when he clearly wasnít working at all.
Children: Mary Ann Winton born 1791 Lancing married 1809 Price Edwards
Jane Winton born 1793 died Lancing, Sussex died 1819 married 1814 Peter Nottingham.