This is some of the research I am doing for my book on my family in World War I. It is the information I have so far found out about my great uncle Leonard Hughes. I would welcome comments, additions, corrections
LEONARD JAMES HUGHES
Born: 4/3/1894 Walberton
Father: John Hughes
Mother: Elizabeth Bessie Hill (nee Wild)
Baptised: 11/6/1894 Walberton
Died: 9/3/1965 Midway, 16 Priory Rd, Arundel
Married: l3/4/1920 Yapton (witnessed by John Hughes, J J and Ernest Geatrell)
Spouse; Elizabeth Moody, widow
Born: 1890 Hascombe, Surrey
Parents: Edward & Elizabeth Geatrell
Buried; 8/2/1950 Yapton from Priory Rd, Arundel
Married: 1950 Chichester district
Spouse: Kathleen Mary Bartley
Born: 1910 Westhampnett district
Died: before 1974
Parents: William & Elizabeth Bartley
Children|: James Francis John Hughes born 7/5/1951 Worthing district
1898: 24/5/1898 admitted Yapton school. Fatherís occupation given as horseman
1908: 8/4/1908 withdrawn from school to work as bricklayer
1911 census: Residing Black Dog Cottages with parents. Occupation: bricklayer
Elizabeth living Elm Tree Cottage Yapton with father Edward, and siblings Ernest 1889 (Bramley, Hants), Wilfred 1895 (Yapton) and Edward Victorr 1898 (Yapton). Father a gardener born Selsey
Kathleen aged 5 months residing Yapton, with her parents, brother William 5 and twin sister Phyllis. Father was a master baker. Her father was born in Dorking and her mother London. Brother William born in Twickenham. They also had one child deceased
1915: 8/8/1915 sent to the Balkans
Elizabeth Geatrell marries William J Moody, Westhampnett district,
1919 electoral register: Absent voters list 200111 D Co 4th RS
Army career ended as a sergeant. Demobbed 7/3/1919
1920: 13/4/1920 marriage witnessed by John Hughes, JJ and Ernest Geatrell. Len living Black Dog Cottage and Elizabeth at 2 Elm Cottages
1921 census: Residing 2 Elm Cottages, Yapton
1929: SUNNYMEAD 1929, a bungalow occupied by Leonard Hughes. Destroyed by fire in 1963 when Mr Vokes a pest destroyer was out with his wife shooting at Pulborough and the electric cooker caught fire. Their 14 yr old daughter was lucky to escape-2 locals rescued the animals." (North End Road nar the railway)
1965: Probate given to Kathleen Mary Hughes, widow and Richard Arthur Holland solicitor
James Francis John Hughes born 7/5/1951 Worthing district bapt 7/7/1951 Yapton died March 1993 Pocklington district, North Yorks.
I donít know when Len enlisted in the army. His battalion the 1/4th was a territorial army battalion based in Horsham. His company D was formed of the pre-war F & G companies. F Company had covered Arundel and Storrington and G Company Chichester and Bognor. He might have therefore been a Territorial although his army isnít prefixed with a T. Men enlisted in the Territorial for periods of four years. Each company had a local drill hall where parades and regular training sessions were held. An annual camp was also held every summer (usually August). As the Duke of Norfolk was the Honourary Colonel of the Battalion, this camp quite often took place in Arundel Park.
The Battalion began is war in Horsham as part of the Home Counties Division. 24 April 1915 saw it transferred to 160th Brigade in 53rd (Welsh) Division and moved to Cambridge and in May 1915 on to Bedford. On 17th July 1915 the 1/4th Battalion embarked at Devonport on HMT 'Ulysses' to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF). On 28th July it arrived at Alexandria, where it left for Port Said on the 30th. It arrived at Port Said the next day, and left for Gallipoli on 4th August 1915, arriving off Mudros Bay on 7th August. It disembarked at Suvla Bay on 8th August 1915. It left Gallipoli in December 1915 and went to Egypt. 4-5 August 1916 it took part in the Battle of Romani. In 1917 the battalion moved into Palestine, and took part in the operations there. First Battle of Gaza: 26-27 March; Second Battle of Gaza: 17-19 April
Third Battle of Gaza: 27 October - 7 November; Capture of Beersheba: 31 October; Capture of Tell Khuweilfe: 3-7 November; Capture of Jerusalem: 7-9 December; Defence of Jerusalem: 27-30 December
In May 1918 the 1/4th was posted to France. It left Palestine and arrived at Alexandria on 17th June, and moved to Taranto (Italy) on 22nd June. From here it went via Marseilles to the Western Front, joining the 101st Brigade, 34th Division at Proven, near Poperinghe in Belgium. Its battle honours here were the Battle of Soissonsais and The Ourcq: 22 July - 3 August and
Capture of the Beugneux Ridge: 1 August, both in the Marne region. The 1/4th absorbed a large draft from the 13th (Southdowns) Bn Royal Sussex Regiment on 14th August 1918. Then in Flanders Fourth Battle of Ypres: 28-29 September; Battle of Courtrai: 14-19 October; Ooteghem: 25 October; Tieghem: 31 October
On 11th November 1918 the battalion was west of Courtrai, in Belgium, and was still part of the 101st Brigade, 34th Division. In 1919 it formed part of the Army of Occupation on the Rhineland, stationed at Wahn Barracks, and returned to England in 1919.
Lenís medal card has puzzled me and I try to obtain expert advice. His number is given as 4/1370. His full first name and rank Sergeant has been added in black ink and in the same ink another number 200111. Why two numbers? Was he at one time in another Royal Sussex Regiment battalion?
The Geatrells and WW1
Elizabethís brother Wilfred Geatrell attested at Chichester 21/10/1915 and at Aldershot and the 26/10/1915 was made 3rd Hand Baker, 10th Field Bakery with the ASC, He had been a baker before joining up. His service record includes a letter on headed paper from his employer F W Peacock 49 & 60 High Street Bognor ďWilfred Greatell has been in my employ about four months assisting with bread and cakes. During that time I have found him most suitable for the trade, good dough-maker and moulder. F. W. PeacockĒ. He was sent to the Mediterranean 14 November 1915. From Alexandria he went via Port Said to Basra disembarking 2 March 1916. Well over a year was spent in Mesopotamia, a couple of months of which was laid up with a hernia. From there it seems he went onto India. Debobbed 3 July 1919 he married Florence Austin in 1921.
Elizabethís brother Ernestís service record has partly survived. Sometime between 1916 and 1920 he moved to Chantry View Littlehampton Road Worthing. He married Lillian Farncombe in 1920. He was a labourer before joining (probably conscripted) August 1916 and put in the Northants Regiment. In January 1919 he was transferred to a Northants labour Corp. He had flat feet, which perhaps was on of the reasons he was classed as B2 for fitness.
Elizabethís other brother Edward doesnít have a surviving service record but is likely to have been in the Royal Sussex Regiment . I hope to find out more by looking at the absent voters list. Edward married Alice Cook in 1911.