Norfolk Birders

Norfolk Birdwatching and beyond!

Brazil 2005

Trip Report to South East Brazil

 

March/April 2005

 

Sue Bryan and Paul Jeffery

 

 

Introduction

This bird watching holiday was organised mainly using resources found on the internet. Although primarily a birding trip we also tried to find some time to visit local places of interest. Although we have both birded in South America before, we felt the use of local guides for some of our trip was invaluable to make the best use of the time available. Their local knowledge is of great use when negotiating trails in the cloud forest. Both guides arranged to either meet or return us to our next destination.

 

Itinerary

 

25th March Fly from Heathrow to Rio de Janeiro via Madrid

 

26th-29th March Atlantic Cloud Forest and Coast with Richard Raby at Marica  rrabybrasil@yahoo.com  www.brazilbirding.com

 

30th-31st March (Tourist time) Staying at Copacabana Beach to visit Sugarloaf Mountain and The Statue of Christ the Redeemer

 

 1st-3rd April Fly to Iguaçu Falls (including a day visit to Paraguay) staying Das Cataratas Hotel www.tropicalhotel.com.br/foz_iguacu/english.htm  the only hotel inside the park at the falls. This was an expensive option but allows dawn to dusk birding inside the park. (Staying outside the park would not allow this)

 

4th-9th April Cloud Forest, Serra dos Tucanos Birding Lodge with Andy Foster www.serradostucanos.com.br

 

 

Flights

International flights to Rio de Janeiro via Madrid were booked for £566 with E-bookers www.ebookers.com using Iberia and internal flight, £266 to Cataratus Iguaçu using Varig airlines.

 

 

Climate

 

The weather was very warm and sunny along the coast at Marica. North of Marica the low lying mountains attracted some cloud which increased the humidity, nevertheless this was far from uncomfortable. Thankfully the threat of rain was minimal and we luckily avoided a tropical downpour. As we drove into Rio de Janeiro on the 30th a road-side thermometer recorded a temperature of 33 degrees C. This temperature was enough to burn one of us within 3 hours, a slight warning here. At Iguaçu the temperature was cooler. There was plenty of shade from the trees. On the 3rd April we had the only tropical down pour of this part of the trip. Thankfully this only lasted an hour, nevertheless it did rain on and off all day. At Serra Dos Tucanos we were further inland and conditions were humid at the lodge. With some of the nearby mountains 2000m or more cloud was ever present as was the threat of rain. On the 6th April we had a rain delayed start. The rain had ceased by 09.00 which permitted a morning’s birding before returning at 12.15 which curtailed birding for the rest of the day. During our stay here further threat of rain was evident though no further time was lost.

 

Habitat

 

The habitats we visited during our 5 day stay at Marica were the coastal lagoons, marsh, restinga and the beach just south of the town. Most of these habitats could be reached with as little as 5 minutes drive from the birding lodge. To the north of the town there were open fields and lowland grasslands. There were three jungle trails to be explored, Boqueirao was the steepest climb rising to 600m, Espriado was rather easier rising to 300m to 400m, Serera de Tiririca like was a low hill-side and the climbing effort was minimal. To the east of Marica there were large lagoons and salt pans at Praia seca.

 

At Iguaçu Falls the hotel was surrounded by the forest overlooking the waterfalls. Our day trip to Paraguay was disappointing as we were taxied by open fields and towns over to Paraguay by a driver who had no understanding of our needs.

 

The birding lodge at Serra dos Tucanos was in a wonderful setting with fantastic views of the cloud forest viewed from the terrace. Daily trips to cloud forest and steep mountain trails were arranged passing open fields. One high altitude trail affords some wonderful scenery.

 

Daily Log

 

25th March

 

After an uneventful flight from Heathrow via Madrid, we were met at Rio de Janeiro International Airport by Richard Raby at 2000hrs who advised us to exchange some money to local currency as there were very few ATM machines available. Our Portuguese for understanding the few at Copacabana was none too good either! As it was already dark no birding was done and Richard took us straight to his lodge and after a drink we retired to bed.

 

 

 

 

Paul and Richard Raby

 

26th March   (Marica)

 

After a 0630hrs breakfast we were out in the field by 0700hrs, this was the pattern throughout our stay at Marica. After a short 5 minute drive, Richard took us to a coastal marsh; here there were small marshy pools, reed beds and larger lakes. This habitat was adjacent to the restinga coastal dune system. A good full-day’s birding was enjoyed without venturing too far, a perfect day after a day of travel. The weather was cloudy all day with the threat of rain which fell intermittently but lightly. By the end of the day we had clocked up 93 species.

 

 

                                                    

                       

White-headed Marsh Tyrant                                                                                Tropical Kingbird 

                                                                                     

    

 

   

 

 Yellow-chinned Spinetail                                                                                       Masked Water Tyrant

 

 

  

 

Masked Yellowthroat                                                                                                       Campo Flicker              

 

 

27th March   (Marica-Mount Boqueiro)

 

An early morning visit to the coastal marsh preceded a short drive east along the BR101 the main road to Rio. Eventually we turned north onto a track leading to a very steep mountain trail. We climbed 600m up Mount Boqueirao. I seemed to make heavy going of the steep damp trail. After starting the day with brilliant sun the clouds gathered threatening rain. However the cloudy conditions didn’t amount to much and light rain only fell occasionally. Another 38 species were added to the list, including some wonderful Hummingbirds.

 

 

 

 

Greater Kiskadee                                                                                                           Scaly-headed Parrot

 

 

At the end of the day Richard took us to a parrot roost, but although the noise was tremendous viewing conditions were difficult and we could only see a few birds flying in.

 

March 28th       (Marica- Espiado)

 

Unfortunately I woke up clearly unwell. I think I have the flu. However we head off for the marsh again and I decide that I would rather take it easy so stay in one spot digiscoping whilst Paul and Richard go off in search of new birds. After a while we wander along the beach where I attempt a few shots of plovers in the heat running on the sand. Later we headed inland to climb the smaller dryer slope of Espiado. Luckily for me the climb is much more open and pleasant with a climb of 300 to 400m. The good early light remained with us throughout the day. In the evening Richard and Paul returned to the marsh but I take to my bed to nurse my now aching limbs, hoping that I may feel better in the morning.

 

 

 

                                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                    

 

                                                                             

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                        

Rufous-tailed Jacamar                                                           Collared Plover                                                              Savannah Hawk

 

March 29th        

 

My flu has not abated and I have had a bad night of cold shivers. We set off visiting lowland fields before moving into the lowland forest at Serera de Tiririca. Luckily the trail is only a gentle one and I manage to keep pace. Moving east along the BR101 towards Praia seca, there were some huge inland pools and salt pans. Our reason for driving east was the Restinga habitat where we spent the remainder of the day. The weather had been very hot and sunny all day along the coast and in the lowlands. Our trip list is now on 161 species.

 

                                                                   

 

                                                                                      Guira Cuckoo

 

March 30th      (Rio de Janeiro)

 

Another bad night of tossing and turning meant that by 5.30am I had given up hope of sleep and had decided to get up and watch the dawn rise over the coastal lagoon from Richard’s wooden platform with wonderful views.

 

After breakfast Richard had kindly agreed to take us to Rio and find us a hotel on Copacabana beach. His fluency in Portuguese helped us to negotiate a discount at the Hotel California for a 2 night stay to play tourist. Richard accompanied us up to the statue of Christ the Redeemer giving wonderful views across the city. Returning to the hotel we said our thanks and goodbyes with a final count of 166 species. We spent the afternoon on the beach and got burnt in the 32 degree heat!

 

 

Aracetiba Lagoon at Marica                                                                                                       Sue with Christ the Redeemer

 

March 31st    (Rio de Janeiro)

 

A lie in Yipee! So the extract in my diary reads. I know that my ill body desperately needed to rest so the lie in was greatly welcomed. Today we took a taxi to Sugar Loaf Mountain at an exorbitant price. Had we known that it was so close we could have walked it (if I had been fit!). The trip to the top involved 2 cable car rides, but once again the views were stunning. The afternoon was spent lazing on the beach, or in Paul’s case swimming in the surf and getting badly burnt once again (will he ever learn?) The only birding involved was watching the numerous Magnificent Frigate birds wheeling around overhead as we soaked up the atmosphere on the beach.

 

                                                                                     

 

                                                                                     Paul at Sugar Loaf Mountain

 

April 1st     (Rio-Iguaçu Falls)

 

A 5am start for our flight to Iguaçu Falls. We are met at the airport and taken inside the Iguacu National Park to The Tropical Das Cataratas Hotel, the only hotel inside the park. This was an expensive option at over £100 a night for B and B but the only way we could be inside the park for birding at dawn to dusk. Most tourists are only allowed to be bused in after 9am and out again by late afternoon. The Great Dusky Swifts only seem to appear just before dusk to roost behind the Falls. The actual birding around the hotel was a little disappointing as we found finding any decent trails difficult. We spent the afternoon following the footpath by the side of the waterfalls along with all the other tourists. Because of the spray the humidity is extremely high and makes us weary. We saw only a few new species with our trip tally now on 171.

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                      Iguacu Falls

 

 

 

                                                                                     

The Tropical Das Cataratas Hotel Iguaçu Falls                                                                               Coati

 

 

April 2nd     (Iguaçu Falls-Paraguay-Iguaçu Falls)

 

After breakfast we decide to walk up the road towards the park entrance. We see our first reasonable views of Toucan here with their outrageous bills. After several hours the storm clouds gather and I head back to the hotel. Paul decides to brave it for a little longer which turns out to be a bad decision as a little later he returns like a drowned rat. Tropical downpours are very heavy!

 

                                                                        

 

Red-breasted Toucan

 

After lunch we had arranged for a taxi to take us to Paraguay. Although our driver spoke reasonable English he was none too keen to take us anywhere with reasonable habitat, he told us that it would be dangerous to walk amongst the locals because of the poverty. As it was only to be an afternoon trip we agreed to be taken over the bridge into Paraguay to a local shop designed for tourists. He warned us in advance, that we may have trouble returning because the local police are apt to close the border bridge without warning. Unfortunately for us he is proved right. Cuidad Del Este town was chaotic, with people everywhere. Poverty was an obvious problem and we became a target for all the street sellers, harassing us through the taxi window. We had no alternative but to keep the windows shut in the stifling heat.

 

The collection of shops in the building we were taken to, were all selling electrical/high value camera goods, ostensibly duty free. We had been pre-warned that many could be fake. We had a nightmare of a return journey, as sure enough the police had closed the bridge and we had no option but to sit in an enormous queue for hours and wait for it to reopen. The ensuing scrabble to reach the bridge first, once it was reopened, was not an experience that I would want to repeat in a hurry.

 

Once we were safely returned to our hotel, we walked down to the Falls to see the Great Dusky Swifts swirling around overhead, just prior to their roosting behind the Devil’s Throat Falls.

 

Our tally of birds seen in Paraguay amounted to 4 species! Bananaquit, House Wren, Eared Dove and House Sparrow!

 

April 3rd   (Iguaçu Falls)

 

We woke up to the sound of a tropical downpour. It was also very chilly. After breakfast it was still raining but at least the ferocity of it had eased a little. I decided that we would need the assistance of an umbrella if we were to have any chance of keeping our optics dry. We ventured out following a cutting through the forest made for the electricity pylons. This proved quite productive and brought our tally to 183 species. A Surucua Trogon seemed to be amused as much by us, as we were of it, as it posed on the wires and trees.

 

                                                               

 

                                                                            Surucua Trogon

   

The rain continued even more heavily into the afternoon. I decided to call it a day and caught up with bird notes back in the hotel whilst Paul continued on getting very wet indeed!

 

 

 

 

April 4th    (Iguaçu Falls- Serra dos Tucanos)

 

After birding in the early morning on another trail out of the back of the hotel, leading to the other vista of the bend in the river, we saw more toucans and trogons. By 1030hrs we were back on our way to the airport and flight, for our return to Rio. We are met in Rio by a member of staff from Serra dos Tucanos. We had seen an advert in Birding World for Serra dos Tucanos Birding Lodge and I had followed up the link to the website. Andy Foster’s dad still lives in the UK (Tel 01243 641438) and he was very helpful providing information of a general nature as well as birding advice on Andy’s Lodge. The drive to the lodge took a couple of hours as it is inland a little. The Lodge is in a wonderful setting for watching birds either from sitting on the terrace or following the trails from the garden. With its own swimming pool in the grounds it has a wonderful ambiance to it.

   It was truly tropical here, very hot and sticky. Once again I find myself wondering if it is the climate making me feel unwell. However I have been in tropical climates before and realise that I have still not shaken off a flu bug. After the evening meal I retire to bed hoping that I shall be fit enough to take part in tomorrow’s birding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

April 5th   (Serra do Tucanos- Boca do Mato- Sumidouro)

Serra dos Tucanos offers superb accommodation and food. It is very isolated. The owner Andy Foster is a young British birder who has set up the lodge to offer individuals and groups birding holidays. He has a variety of day trips on offer that can be purchased separately visiting a variety of habitats using his new minibus. He is very enthusiastic and has had the experience of working and birding in Brazil for a few years. He speaks fluent Portuguese. Some days are fairly long but now and again only half days are on offer giving birders time to relax birding from the terrace, where, many birds can be viewed and photographed. There are short birding trails leading from the garden too, or a cooling swim can be taken in the garden pool.

 

Today we joined an American birder, Bob, and a fellow birder from Norwich, Rachel, and went in search of the Three-toed Jacamar. Although the roads are good, as with all mountain terrain the twists and turns take time. Open views are afforded of grassy fields at Boca do Mato and we stopped at a couple of places to add to our lists. We stop in the Sumidouro for a Least Grebe swimming on a farm pond.

Eventually we pulled of the main road onto a track and the hunt began for the Three-toed Jacamar. Andy had seen it on a regular basis but it took the five of us a little time to locate it. Good views were had but it only sat in poor light making photography too difficult.

 

We returned to the lodge a bit late due to traffic jams in a local town, but the staff at the lodge had prepared a wonderful meal fitting for a wonderful day’s birding.

 

Our tally reached 219 species

 

                                                              

 

                                                                          Least Grebe

 

 

April 6th   (Serra do Tucanos- Cedae Trail)

 

We woke to a tropical downpour. We were due to bird a wetland but Andy said that it would be impassable and decided to take umbrellas to one of the near trails to the lodge. The rain was certainly very heavy as only the tropics knew how!

 

We are determined not to let the rain spoil our enjoyment and are surprised by how many birds we saw given the conditions. Although wet, it was also warm and we felt over-dressed. The forest trail was very productive and gave us good views of many birds. As this was a half-day excursion, we returned to the lodge for lunch and Paul decided to sleep the afternoon away, whilst Bob, Rachel and I sheltered from the rain on the lodge terrace watching the birds coming into the feeder.

 

After the evening meal, during the log call in the lounge, I spotted a large black cat running along the terrace outside. Andy ran for a mammal field guide and I realise that I have just seen a Jaguarindi. It was no doubt what the guard dogs had been barking at moments earlier.

 

                                           

 

                                                                            Plain Parakeet

 

April 7th  (Serra dos Tucanos- Serra dos Oigaios)

 

We were out of the lodge by 7am for what turned out for me, as a bit of an ordeal of a day. I was clearly not well but was determined not to miss out on a day’s birding. We were in for a steep mountain trail requiring a modicum of fitness. This I was clearly not! Paul will tell you it was a stroll in the park as he relishes this kind of challenge. (Masochist!)

 

However the birding to get to the trail was good.  I saw one of the birds that I have missed in South America on previous visits; a Limpkin. I was quite thrilled with the sighting. A Channel-billed Toucan was also spotted. For me this was the best birding of the day, as I prefer more open vistas to narrow steep enclosed dark forest trails.

 

Once we had arrived at the start of the trail, the path was steep and narrow. It is the kind of birding that I hate as very few birds were seen as we ascended. It seemed a lot of effort for very little gain. We were hoping to see a few contingas but this was not to be. Storm clouds had gathered and Rachel was a little concerned to be caught at the top of an exposed mountain. I too was keen to descend as there seemed very little in the way of bird activity.

 

                                                 

 

                                                                 Lunch stop at Serra dos Oigaios

 

April 8th   (Tres Picos Mountains)

 

This is the first day that I had woken up feeling well. At last my ‘flu bug’ has abated. The weather had also brightened and it was a lovely sunny day. Andy took us to the Tres Picos Mountains. The scenery was good and I was looking forward to the high altitude trail which was much more open than the other trails. We walked at a leisurely pace and had plenty of bird activity to keep us amused. We see Black–and-gold Cotinga as well as Swallow-tailed Cotinga.

 

Towards the end of the day I was trailing behind the others and spotted a raptor sat some distance at the top of a dead tree. We had long stopped looking at every Black Vulture but this one just looked odd. The others were some way in front, but I felt it was necessary to examine this raptor through a scope. I called the others back to look. Excitement grew but we were unsure of the identification. I managed to take a picture through Bob’s scope by hand holding my camera to it. Once back at the lodge we were still unsure as to the raptors identification. It was eventually identified as a juvenile Crowned Solitary Eagle an unusual record for the area.

 

Our species tally by the end of the day had crept up to 275.

 

                                                           

 

                                                                    Crowned Solitary Eagle

 

April 9th   (Serra dos Tucanos- Rio de Janeiro- Madrid, Spain-England)

 

We were up early for a few hours birding from the terrace before one of the staff at Serra dos Tucanos took us back to the airport. We said our goodbyes. My species list ends on 278 but as always Paul claimed a few more! It has been an enjoyable experience but just a shame that I spent most of it with a ‘flu bug’!

 

 

Green Honeycreeper

 

 

                                            Systematic List

 

1) LEAST GREBE Tachybaptus dominicus

Sumidouro on the 5th

 

2) PIED-BILLED GREBE Podilymbus podiceps

10+ on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th with a single on the 29th.

 

3) BROWN BOOBY Sula leucogaster

20+ on the 26th and 10+ on the 28th, observed from the beach south of Marica.

 

4) NEOTROPIC CORMORANT Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Numerous and common where ever water was present.

 

5)ANHINGA Anhinga anhinga

Iguacu on the 1st

 

6) MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD Fregata magnificens

Always present by the coast, there were 300 together over the Copacabana Beach on the 30th.

 

7) WHISTLING HERON Syrigma sibilatrix

4 present in the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th and 3 on the 29th.

 

8) LITTLE BLUE HERON Egretta caerulea

20+ on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th and 1 or 2 the following day.

 

9) SNOWY EGRET Egretta thula

Numerous and common in the coastal lagoons south of Marica.

 

10) CAPPED HERON Pilherodius pileatus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

        

11) COCOI HERON Ardea cocoi

Observed in small numbers in the coastal lagoons south of Marica, a maximum of 3+ on the 26th.

 

12) GREAT WHITE EGRET Egretta alba

Numerous and common where ever water was present.

 

13) CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis

100+ present in lowland fields with cattle north of Marica on the 29th. Small numbers were observed

from a moving car the following day.

 

14) STRIATED HERON Butorides striatus

10+ on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th and a single on Aracetiba Lagoon observed

from the birding lodge decking on the 30th.

 

15) BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON Nycticorax  nycticorax

Observed in small numbers in the coastal lagoons south of Marica.

 

16) STRIPE-BACKED BITTERN Ixobrychus involucris

A single bird was flushed from reeds on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th.

 

17) LEAST BITTERN Ixobrychus exilis

A single bird was flushed from reeds on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 28th. In the

evening of the 28th another bird was observed on the marsh just south of the birding lodge.

 

18) PINNATED BITTERN Botarurus pinnatus

A single bird was flushed from reeds on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th.

 

19) ROSEATE SPOONBILL Ajaia ajaja

Good numbers on the coastal lagoons south of Marica with up to 50 on the 26th. There were 5

 present on the salt pans at Praia seca on the 29th.

 

20) WHITE-FACED WHISTLING-DUCK Dendrocygna vinduata

50+ present on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th.

 

21) BRAZILIAN TEAL Amazonetta brasiliensis

Observed on the marsh south of the birding lodge in very small numbers with a maximum of 4

on the 27th.

 

22) WHITE-CHEEKED PINTAIL Anas bahamensis

200+ on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th.

 

23) AMERICAN BLACK VULTURE Coragyps atratus

Numerous and common every where.

 

24) TURKEY VULTURE Cathartes aura

Marica on the 27th

 

25) LESSER YELLOW-HEADED VULTURE Cathartes burrovianus

3 around the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th with 1+ on the 28th. An excellent view of 2 perched in the restinga at Praia seca on the 29th.

 

26) SNAIL KITE Rostrhamus sociabilis

Iguacu on the 2nd

 

27) SAVANNAH HAWK Buteogallus meridionalis

Singles observed in the lowland fields north of Marica on the 28th and 29th.

 

28) CROWNED SOLITARY EAGLE Harpyhaliaetus coronatus

Single juvenile photographed on the 8th  Tres Picos Mountains

 

29) ROADSIDE HAWK Buteo magnirostris

Observed in small numbers every day around the coastal lagoons south of Marica and in the

 lowland fields to the north.

 

30) SHORT-TAILED HAWK Buteo brachyurus

A single bird soared past Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Jeneiro on the 30th.

 

31) WHITE-TAILED HAWK Buteo albicaudatus

Boca do Mato on the 5th

 

32) BLACK HAWK-EAGLE Spizaetus tyrannus

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

33) SOUTHERN (CRESTED) CARACARA Polyborus plancus

2 were present around the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th, with singles also there on

the 28th and 29th.

 

34) YELLOW-HEADED CARACARA Milvago chimachima

3+ were present around the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th, with 2+ also there on the

28th and 29th.

 

35) APLOMADO FALCON Falco femoralis

3 were hawking over lowland fields near the lagoons south of Marica on the 26th.

 

36) RUFOUS-SIDED CRAKE Laterallus melanophaius

Observed on the marsh just south of the birding lodge, 1 on the 26th, 3 on the 27th and 1+ on the

28th. Excellent scope views were enjoyed in the early morning light.

 

37) GREY-NECKED WOOD-RAIL Aramides cajanea

4 were observed on a small beach at Aracetiba Lagoon from the decking at the birding lodge on the

30th. Also heard on the 26th.

 

38) SLATY-BREASTED WOOD-RAIL Aramides sacacura

Boca do Mato on the 5th

 

39) AMERICAN PURPLE GALLINULE Porphyrio martinicus

Sumidouro on the 5th

 

40) COMMON MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus

10+ were present in the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th with 3 on the 28th.

 

41) WHITE-WINGED COOT Fulica leucoptera

A single bird was present on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th.

 

42) LIMPKIN Aramus guarauna

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th         

 

43) RED-LEGGED SERIEMA Cariama cristata

Boca do Mato on the 5th

 

44) WATTLED JACANA Jacana jacana spinosa

50+ present on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th, recorded in fewer numbers on

subsequent days.

 

45) SEMIPALMATED PLOVER Charadrius semipalmatus hiaticula

50+ roosting in the dunes on the leeward side of the beach just south of the birding lodge on

the 26th.

 

46) COLLARED PLOVER Charadrius collaris

10+ afforded excellent views on the beach just south of the birding lodge on the 28th.

 

47) SOUTHERN LAPWING Vanellus chilensis

Common and vocal around the coastal lagoons south of Marica and in the lowland fields to the

north. Present near damp pasture or where water is present.

 

48) GREATER YELLOWLEGS Tringa melanoleuca

Good numbers present around the coastal lagoons south of Marica, maximum 30+ on the 26th.

 

49) LESSER YELLOWLEGS Tringa flavipes

Present in small numbers around the coastal lagoons south of Marica, maximum 10+ on 26th,

27th and 28th.

 

50) SPOTTED SANDPIPER Tringa macularia hypoleucos

3+ present on the marsh and the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th with fewer observed

on the 27th,28th and 29th.

 

51) RUDDY TURNSTONE Arenaria interpres

6+ in the dunes on the leeward side of the beach just south of the birding lodge on the 26th.

 

52) SANDERLING Calidris alba

500+ on the beach just south of the birding lodge on the 26th, also observed in smaller numbers

on subsequent days.

 

53) WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER Calidris fusciollis

10+ in the dunes on the leeward side of the beach just south of the birding lodge on the 26th.

 

54) KELP GULL Larus dominicanus

Present in small numbers around the coastal lagoons south of Marica, maximum 6+ on the 29th.

 

55) GREY-HEADED GULL Larus cirrocephalus

16 on a coastal lagoon east of Marica  near Praia seca on the 29th.

 

56) ROYAL TERN Sterna maxima

2 present on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th. 10+ were present on a coastal lagoon

east of Marica near Praia seca on the 29th. There were 20+ observed if not more whilst driving into

Rio de Janeiro across the bridge. 

 

57) CAYENNE TERN/SANDWICH TERN Sterna sandvicensis

4 were present amongst Royal Tern on a coastal lagoon east of Marica near Praia seca on the 29th.

 

58) BLACK SKIMMER Rynchops niger

200+ present on the coastal lagoons south of Marica on the 26th.

 

59) PICAZURO PIGEON Columba picazuro

Only observed in very small numbers around the coastal lagoons. Commoner in the lowlands with

20+ on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th .

 

60) PLUMBEOUS PIGEON Columba plumbea

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th

 

61) EARED DOVE Zenaida auriculata

(Only seen in a short trip across the border to Paraguay)

 

62) PLAIN-BREASTED GROUND-DOVE Columbina minuta

Usually observed singular in the restinga south of Marica.

 

63) RUDDY GROUND DOVE Columbina talpacoti

Common but seldom more than 2 together. Observed in the restinga, coastal lagoons south of

Marica and in the lowlands to the north with 20+ on Espriado on the 28th and Serera de Tiririca on

the 29th.

 

64) WHITE-TIPPED DOVE Leptotila verreauxi

A single bird observed very well sat low in a bush in the restinga just south of the birding lodge on the 27th.

 

65) MAROON-BELLIED PARAKEET Pyrrhura frontalis

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th

 

66) BLUE-WINGED PARROTLET Forpus xanthopterygius (passerinus)

Iguacu Falls on the 1st

 

67) PLAIN PARAKEET Brotogeris tirica

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th

 

68) SCALY-HEADED PARROT Pionus maximiliani

Unfortunately all sightings were fly overs. There were 4 flying over the lowlands to the north of

Marica on the 27th and a singular sighting on the 29th.

 

69) ORANGE-WINGED PARROT Amazona amazonica

A roost site was visited in the lowlands to the north of Marica. The birds could not be observed in

the roost site only heard. Despite this at least 50 flew in on the 26th.

 

70) SQUIRREL CUCKOO Piaya cayana

A single bird in the lowland hills at Serera de Tiririca to the north of Marica on the 28th..

 

71) SMOOTH-BILLED ANI Rrotophaga ani

Numerous and common in the lowlands, usually sat out in the open.

  

72) GUIRA CUCKOO Guira guira

50+ on the 26th, usually in small groups of 6 or 7.

 

73) STRIPED CUCKOO Dromococcyx phasianellus

A single singing bird observed very well in the restinga on the 26th.

 

74) BURROWING OWL Athene cunicularia

Common in the lowlands usually sat on fence posts, singular or two together.

 

75) COMMON POTOO Nyctibius griseus

A single bird located at a traditional day roost site in someone’s garden on the 26th.

 

76) GREAT DUSKY SWIFT Cypseloides senex

Many birds seen at dusk near the waterfalls on the2nd

 

77) WHITE-COLLARED SWIFT Streptoprocne zonaris

100+ over the lowlands on the 29th.

 

78) BISCUTATE SWIFT Streptoprocne biscutata

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th

 

79) ASHY-TAILED SWIFT Chaetura andrei

Small numbers observed most days.

 

80) SCALE-THROATED HERMIT Phaethornis eurynome

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

81) PLANALTO HERMIT Phaethornis pretrei

Boca do Mato on the 5th

 

82) REDDISH HERMIT Phaethornis ruber

4+ along the mountain jungle trail of Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

83) SAW-BILLED HERMIT Ramphodon naevius

A single bird coming to a flowering tree along the mountain jungle trail of Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

84) SWALLOW-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD Eupetomena macroura

Small numbers observed every day. Two or three present in the birding lodge garden regularly

 coming to the feeders.

 

85) BLACK JACOBIN Melanotrochilus fuscusto

A single bird coming to a flowering tree along the mountain jungle trail of Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

86)PLOVERCREST (Stephanoxis lalandi)

A single bird seen briefly flitting over shrubs on Tres Picos Mountain

 

87) GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD Chlorostilbon aureoventris

A single bird near the coastal marsh just south of the birding lodge on the 27th.

 

88) FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH Thalurania furcata

A single bird on the mountain jungle trail of Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

89) VIOLET-CAPPED WOODNYMPH Thalurania glaucopis

6+ on the mountain jungle trail of Boqueirao on the 27th and 10+ along the lowland jungle on

Serera de Tiririca on the 29th. 

 

90) WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE Hylocharis cyanus

2+ along the jungle trail of Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

91) WHITE-TAILED GOLDENTHROAT Polytmus guainumbi

Single birds in the lowland jungle trails of Espriado and Serera de Tiririca on the 28th and 29th.

 

92) GLITTERING-THROATED EMERALD Amazilia fimbriata

Single birds along the lowland jungle trails of Espriado and Serera de Tiririca on the 28th and 29th.

 

93) SAPPHIRE-SPANGLED EMERALD Amazilia lactea

Boca do Mato on the 5th

 

94) SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD Aphantochroa cirrochloris

Frequent sightings at the jungle lodge at Serra dos Tucanos

 

95) BRAZILIAN RUBY Clytolaema rubricauda

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

96) BLACK-THROATED TROGON Trogon rufus

 Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

97) SURUCUA TROGON Trogon surrucura

Photographed sitting on wires at Iguacu Falls on the 2nd April

 

98) RINGED KINGFISHER Ceryle torquata

Regular sightings on the coastal lagoons.

 

99) AMAZON KINGFISHER Chloroceryle amazona

A single bird on the coastal lagoons on the 26th.

 

100) GREEN KINGFISHER Chloroceryle americana

Small numbers observed on the coastal lagoons 26th-28th.

 

101) RUFOUS-CAPPED MOTMOT Baryphthengus ruficapillus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

102) THREE-TOED JACAMAR Jacamaralcyon tridactyla

Sumidouro on 5th April

 

103) RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR Galbula ruficauda

2 birds were observed along the lowland jungle trail of Espriado on the 28th.

 

104) WHITE-EARED PUFFBIRD Nystalus chacura

2 birds were observed in the lowland country and a probable nest site located on the 28th.

 

105) CHESTNUT-EARED ARACARI Pteroglossus castanotis

Iguacu Falls on the 1st April

 

106) SPOT-BILLED TOUCANET Selenidera maculirostris

Iguacu Falls on the 4th April

 

 

107) CHANNEL-BILLED TOUCAN Ramphastos vitellinus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

108) RED-BREASTED TOUCAN Ramphastos dicolorus

Iguacu Falls on the 2nd April

 

109) TOCO TOUCAN Ramphastos toco

Iguacu Falls on the 1st April

 

110) WHITE-BARRED PICULET Picumnus cirratus

Usually observed in small numbers most days.

 

111) OCRE-COLLARED PICULET Picumnus temminkii (cirratus)

Iguacu Falls on the 1st April

 

112) YELLOW-EARED WOODPECKER Veniliornis maculifrons

Single birds along the jungle trails on the 27th, 28th and 29th.

 

113) YELLOW-BROWED WOODPECKER Piculus aurulentus

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

114) CAMPO FLICKER Colaptes campestris

Single birds observed most days in the lowland open country.

 

115) BLOND-CRESTED WOODPECKER Celeus flavescens

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

116) OLIVACEOUS WOODCREEPER Sittasomus griseicapillus

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

117) SCALED WOODCREEPER Lepidocolaptes squamatus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

118) LESSER WOODCREEPER Lepidocolaptes fuscus

2 observed along the mountain jungle trail of Boquirao on the 27th and a single bird along the jungle

 trail on the 29th.

 

119) BLACK-BILLED SCYTHEBILL Campylorhamphus falcularius (trochilirostris)

Serra dos Tucanos on the 7th April

 

120) WING-BANDED HORNERO Furnarius figulus

Small numbers observed in the coastal Restinga and beside the lagoons on the 26th, 28th and 29th.

 

121) RUFOUS HORNERO Furnarius rufus

3+ on the 26th and 1+ on the 28th observed in the coastal Restinga and beside the lagoons.

 

 

122) RUFOUS-CAPPED SPINETAIL Synallaxis ruficapilla

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

123) CHICLI SPINETAIL Synallaxis spixi

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

124) PALLID SPINETAIL Cranioleuca pallida

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

 

125) YELLOW-CHINNED SPINETAIL Certhiaxis cinnamomea

Common on the marsh just south of the birding lodge.

 

126) PLAIN THORNBIRD Phacellodomus rufifrons

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

127) FIREWOOD-GATHERER Anumbius annumbi

Sumidouro on the 5th April

 

128) SHARP-TAILED STREAMCREEPER Lochmias nematura

2 excellent observations, 1 on the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and another on

the jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.  

 

129) RUSSET-MANTLED FOLIAGE-GLEANER Philydor dimidiatus

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

130) WHITE-BROWED FOLIAGE-GLEANER Philydor amaurotis

Serra dos Tucanos on the 7th April

 

131) OCRE-BREASTED FOLIAGE-GLEANER Philydor lichtensteini

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

132) BUFF-FRONTED FOLIAGE-GLEANER Philydor rufus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th April

 

133) BLACK-CAPPED FOLIAGE-GLEANER Philydor atricaillus

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

134) WHITE-EYED FOLIAGE GLEANER Automolus leucophthalmus

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

135) TAWNY-THROATED LEAFTOSSER Sclerurus mexicnus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

136) SHARP-BILLED TREEHUNTER Heliobletus contaminatus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

137) STREAKED XENOPS Xenops rutilans

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

 

 

138) CHESTNUT-BACKED ANTSHRIKE Thamnophilus palliates

Single birds along the jungle trails on the 26th and 28th with 2 birds observed along the mountain

jungle trail of Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

139) WHITE-SHOULDERED ANTSHRIKE Thamnophilus aethiops

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

140) EASTERN SLATY ANTSHRIKE Thamnophilus punctatus

Regularly observed along the jungle trails and probably more often heard. Also heard in the garden

of the birding lodge.

 

141) VARIABLE ANTSHRIKE Thamnophilus caerulescens

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

142) SPOT-BREASTED ANTVIREO Dysithamnus stictothorax

2 birds observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

143) PLAIN ANTVIREO Dysithamnus mentalis

A single bird observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

144) RUFOUS-BACKED ANTVIREO Dysithamnus xanthopterus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

145) STAR-THROATED ANTWREN Myrmotherula gularis

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

146) WHITE-FLANKED ANTWREN Myrmotherula axillaris

Usually 2 or 3 observed along the jungle trails.

 

147) UNICOLOURED ANTWREN Myrmotherula unicolor

2 observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and a single bird on the jungle

trail on the 29th.

 

148) RUFOUS-WINGED ANTWREN Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus

1 or 2 observed along the jungle trails on the 27th, 28th and 29th.

 

149) RESTINGA ANTWREN Formicivora serrana melanogaster

A pair responded to a tape in the Restinga beside the salt pans at Praia seca on the 29th.

 

150) SCALED ANTBIRD Drymophila squamata

2 birds observed along jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

151) STREAK-CAPPED ANTWREN Terenura maculata

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

152) BLACK-CHEEKED GNATEATER Conopophaga melanops

Marica 29th March

 

153) SWALLOW-TAILED CONTINGA Phibalura flavirostris

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

 

154) BLACK-AND-GOLD CONTINGA Tijuca atra

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

155) HOODED BERRYEATER Carpornis cucullatus

 

156) SWALLOW-TAILED MANAKIN Chiroxiphia caudata

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

157) PIN-TAILED MANAKIN Ilicura militaris

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

158) WHITE-BEARDED MANAKIN Manacus manacus

3 along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and 2 on the jungle trail on Serera de

Tiririca on the 29th.

 

159) OCRE-BELLIED FLYCATCHER Mionectes oleagineus

Single birds were observed along the jungle trails on the 27th, 28th and 29th.

 

160) SEPIA-CAPPED FLYCATCHER Leptopogon amaurocephalus

2 birds observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and a single bird along the

jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

161) OCRE-FACED TODY FLYCATCHER Todirostrum plumbeiceps

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

162) YELLOW-LORED TODY-FLYCATCHER Todirostrum poliocephalum

2 birds observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and 2 observed along the

jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

163) COMMON TODY-FLYCATCHER Todirostrum cinereum

2 in the coastal Restinga on the 26th and a single bird the following day.

 

164) PLANALTO TYRANNULET Phyllomyias fasciatus

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

165) GREY-CAPPED TYRANNULET Phyllomyias griseocapilla

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

166) SOUTHERN BEARDLESS TYRANNULET Camptostoma obsoletum imberbe

2 in the coastal Restinga on the 26th.

 

167) YELLOW TYRANNULET Capsiempis flaveola

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

168) YELLOW-BELLIED ELAENIA Elaenia flavogaster

In the coastal Restinga 2 were present on the 26th with singles on the 28th and 29th.

 

169) WHITE-CRESTED ELANIA Elaenia albiceps

Iguacu Falls on the 4th April

 

170) OLIVACEOUS ELAENIA Elaenia mesoleuca

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

171) WHITE-CRESTED TYRANNULET Serpophaga subcristata

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

172) TAWNY-CROWNED PYGMY-TYRANT Euscarthmus meloryphus

A single bird present in the coastal Restinga on the 27th.

 

173) SAO PAULO TYRANNULET Phylloscartes paulistus

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

174) MOTTLED-CHEEKED TYRANNULET Phylloscartes ventralis

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

175) EARED PYGMY-TYRANT Myiornis auricularis

A single bird observed along the jungle trail on Espriado on the 28th.

 

176) YELLOW-OLIVE FLYCATCHER Tolmomyias sulphurescens

A single bird observed along the lowland jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

177) YELLOW-BREASTED FLYCATCHER Tolmomyias flaviventris

Observed in the coastal Restinga with 2 on the 26th and singles on the 27th and 28th.

 

178) WHITE-THROATED SPADEBILL Platyrinchus mystaceus

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

179) BRAN-COLOURED FLYCATCHER Myiophobus fasciatus

Singles observed in the coastal Restinga on the 26th and 28th.

 

180) BLACK-TAILED FLYCATCHER Myiobius atricaudus

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

181) CLIFF FLYCATCHER Hirundinea ferruginea

A single bird observed perched on a TV aerial in Rio de Janeiro from Christ the Redeemer on the 30th.

 

182) FUSCOUS FLYCATCHER Cnemotriccus fuscatus

A single bird observed in the coastal Restinga on the 26th.

 

183) WHITE-RUMPED MONJITA Xolmis velata

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

184) BLUE-BILLED BLACK-TYRANT Knipolegus cyanirostris

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

185) MASKED WATER-TYRANT Fluvicola nengeta

Common anywhere where water was present. Several birds present daily on the coastal marsh just

south of the birding lodge.

 

186) WHITE-HEADED MARSH-TYRANT Arundinicola leucocephala

At least one pair present daily on the coastal marsh just south of the birding lodge.

 

187) STREAMER-TAILED TYRANT Gubernetes yetapa

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

188) YELLOW-BROWED TYRANT Satrapa icterophrys

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

189) CATTLE TYRANT Machetornis rixosus

Observed daily in the coastal lowlands and Restinga.

 

190) SHEAR-TAILED GREY-TYRANT Muscipipra vetula

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

191) SHORT-CRESTED FLTCATCHER Myiarchus ferox

Observed in the coastal Restinga with 2 on the 26th and a single bird on the 27th.

 

192) WHITE-THROATED KINGBIRD Tyrannus albogularis

A group of at least 4 birds were observed in the lowland fields north of Marica on the 28th.

 

193) TROPICAL KINGBIRD Tyrannus melancholicus

Common and very vocal observed frequently daily.

 

194) VARIGATED FLYCATCHER Empidonomus varius

A single bird observed in the lowland fields north of Marica on the 28th.

 

195) BOAT-BILLED FLYCATCHER Megarychus pitangua

A single bird observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th, with 3 observed

along the lowland jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

196) STREAKED FLYCATCHER Myiodynastes maculatus

During a coffee break at a roadside café beside the BR101, 2 birds were observed upon nearby

treetops. A single bird was observed along the lowland jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

197) SOCIAL FLYCATCHER Myiozeyeyes similis

Single birds observed along the jungle trails on the 27th and 28th with 2 on the 29th.

 

198) PIRATIC FLYCATCHER Legatus leucophaius

2 birds observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

199) LESSER KISKADEE Philohydor lector

Marica on the 26th March

 

200) GREAT KISKADEE Pitangus sulphuratus

Single birds observed on the 27th and 28th.

 

201) WHITE-WINGED BECARD Pachyramphus polychopterus

A female bird observed along the lowland jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

202) BLACK-CAPPED BECARD Pachyramphus marginatus

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

203) CRESTED BECARD Pachyrampus validus

A single bird observed along the mountain trail on Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

 

204) GREY-BREASTED MARTIN Progne chalybea subis

Common, observed most days over the coastal lagoons.

 

205) BLUE-AND-WHITE SWALLOW Notiochelidon cyanoleuca

Common, observed in good numbers over the coastal lagoons and lowlands daily.

 

206) SOUTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Small numbers observed over the coastal lagoons on the 27th,28th and 29th.

 

207) YELLOWISH PIPIT Anthus lutescens

Observed on the leeward side of the beach beside the coastal lagoons with 2 present on the 26th and

1 on the 28th.

 

208) BLACK-CAPPED DONACOBIUS Donacobius atricapillus

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

209) MOUSTACHED WREN Thryothorus genibarbis

An excellent individual was observed well right on the top of Boqueirao on the 27th.

 

210) LONG-BILLED WREN Thryothorus longirostris

A single bird observed along the lowland jungle trail on Espriado on the 28th.

 

211) HOUSE WREN Troglodytes aedon

Common, observed regularly daily.

 

212) CHALK-BROWED MOCKINGBIRD Mimus saturninus

Observed in small numbers daily.

 

213) YELLOW-LEGGED THRUSH Platycichla flavipes

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th April

 

214) RUFOUS-BELLID THRUSH Turdus rufiventris

Observed in small numbers at the birding lodge and in the lowlands on the 26th,27th and 29th.

 

215) PALE-BREASTED THRUSH Turdus leucomelas

A single bird observed on the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and 2 birds the following

day on the lowland jungle trail Espriado.

 

216) CREAMY-BELLIED THRUSH Turdus amaurochalinus

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

217) PLUSH-CRESTED JAY Cyanocorax chrysops

Frequently seen around the front of the hotel grounds at Iguacu Falls.

 

218) HOUSE SPARROW Passer domesticus

Common where ever there was plentiful housing.

 

219) COMMON WAXBILL Estrilda astrild

Common in the lowlands and beside the coastal lagoons in the Restinga.

 

220) RUFOUS-BROWED PEPPERSHRIKE Cyclarhis gujanensis

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

221) RED-EYED VERIO Vireo olivaceus

Single birds along the jungle trails on the 27th and 28th with 2 on the following day.

 

222) LEMON-CHESTED GREENLET Hylophilus thoracicus

A single bird beside the coastal lagoons on the 26th.

 

223) TROPICAL PARULA Parula pitiayumi Americana

Usually 2 or 3 observed daily along the jungle trails.

 

224) BLACKPOLL WARBLER Dendroica striata

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

225) MASKED YELLOWTHROAT Geothlypis aequinoctialis

Several birds observed daily on the marsh just south of the birding lodge.

 

226) GOLDEN-CROWNED WARBLER Basileuterus culicivorus

There were 2 birds observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and 2 along the lowland jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

227) WHITE-RIMMED WARBLER Basileuterus leucoblepharus

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

228) NEOTROPICAL RIVER WARBLER Basileuterus rivularis

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

229) BANANAQUIT Coereba flaveola

Common observed daily in small numbers. Regular on the bird feeders at the birding lodge.

 

230) CHESTNUT-VENTED CONEBILL Conirostrum speciosum

A single bird observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and another single

bird along the lowland jungle trail on Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

231) CINNAMON TANAGER Schistochlamys ruficapillus

Boca do Mato on the 5th April

 

232) WHITE-RUMPED TANAGER Cypsnagra hirundinacea

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

233) MAGPIE TANAGER Cissopis leveriana

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

234) ORANGE-HEADED TANAGER Thlypopsis sordida

A single bird observed in the coastal Restinga on the 26th.

 

235) GUIRA TANAGER (Hemithraupis guira)

Iguacu Falls on the 2nd April

 

236)YELLOW-BACKED TANAGER (Hemithraupis flavicollis)

Marica on the 29th

 

 

237) HOODED TANAGER Nemosia pileata

2 were present in the Restinga at Praia seca on the 29th.

 

238) FLAME-CRESTED TANAGER Tachyphonus cristatus

At least 4 birds were observed along the low land jungle trail on Espriado on the 28th.

 

239) RUBY-CROWNED TANAGER Tachyphonus coronatus

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

240) BLACK-GOGGLED TANAGER Trichothraupis melanops

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

241) RED-CROWNED ANT-TANAGER Habia rubica

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

242) HEPTIC TANAGER Piranga flava

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

243) BRAZILIAN TANAGER Ramphocelus bresilius

Usually observed in the Restinga with 2 on the 26th, 3 on the 27th and a single bird at Praia seca on

the 29th.

 

244) SAYACA TANAGER Thraupis sayaca

Common, regular observations daily. Also coming to the feeder in the garden of the birding lodge.

 

245)GOLDEN-CHEVRONED TANAGER Thraupis ornate

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th April

 

246) PALM TANAGER Thraupis palmarum

Observed in the Restinga with 2 on the 26th and 27th.

 

247) DIADEMED TANAGER Stephanophorus diadematus

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

248) VIOLACEOUS EUPHONIA Euphonia violacea

There were 2 observed along the mountain jungle trail on Boqueirao on the 27th and a single bird

was observed along the lowland jungle trailon Serera de Tiririca on the 29th.

 

249) ORANGE-BELLIED EUPHONIA Euphonia xanthogaster

Observed along the mountain jungle on Boqueirao with 2 present on the 27th.

 

250) CHESTNUT-BELLIED EUPHONIA Euphonia pectoralis

Iguacu Falls on the 2nd April

 

251) BLUE-NAPED CHLOROPHONIA Chlorophonia cyanea

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

252) GREEN-HEADED TANAGER Tangara seledon

Iguacu Falls on the 1st April

 

253) RED-NECKED TANAGER Tangara cyanocephala

Serra dos Tucanos on the 4th April

 

254) BRASSY-BREASTED TANAGER Tangara desmaresti

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

255) GILT-EDGED TANAGER Tangara cyanoventris

Boca do Mato on 5th April

 

256) BURNISH-BUFF TANAGER Tangara cayana

Usually observed on the bird feeder at the birding lodge most days.

 

257) BLUE DACNIS Dacnis cayana

Reasonably common, observed regularly daily.

 

258) GREEN HONEYCREEPER Chlorophanes spiza

Serra dos Tucanos on the 9th April

 

259) SWALLOW TANAGER Tersina virdis

Observed in the lowlands with 2 on the 29th.

 

260) RUFOUS-COLLARED SPARROW Zonotrichia capensis

A single bird observed in the Restinga at Praia seca on the 29th and 6 were observed in Rio de Janeiro

on the 30th.

 

261) GRASSLAND SPARROW Ammodramus humeralis

Observed near the coastal lagoons with 2 on the 26th.

 

262) RED-PILEATED FINCH Coryphospingus cucullatus

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

263) BAY-CHESRED WARBLING-FINCH Poospiza thoracica

Serra dos Oigaos on the 7th

 

264) SAFFRON FINCH Sicalis flaveola

Common, over 100 observed on the 26th with good numbers on subsequent days.

 

265) WEDGE-TAILED GRASS-FINCH Emberiziodes herbicola

Observed near the coastal lagoons with 2 on the 26th.

 

266) BLACK-BLACK GRASSQUIT Volantinia jacarina

Observed near the coastal lagoons with 10 on the 26th and a single bird in the lowlands on the 29th.

 

267) DOUBLE-COLLARED SEEDEATER Sporophila caerulescens

Observed in the lowlands with 3 on the 29th.

 

268) CAPPED SEEDEATER Sporophila bouvreuil

Observed near the coastal lagoons with 10 on the 26th.

 

269) BLUE-THROATED GROSBEAK Pitylus fuliginosus (grossus)

Serra dos Tucanos on the 6th April

 

270) BUFF-THROATED SALTATOR Saltator maximus

Regular birds coming to the bird feeder daily at the birding lodge.

 

271) GREEN-WINGED SALTATOR Saltator similis

Tres Picos Mountains on the 8th April

 

272) CRESTED OROPENDOLA Psarocolius decumanus

Serra dos Tucanos on the 9th April

 

273) RED-RUMPED CACIQUE Cacicus haemorrhous

Iguacu Falls on the 4th April

 

274) UNICLOROURED BLACKBIRD Agelaius cyanopus

A single bird on the marsh just south of the birding lodge on the 28th.

 

275) CHESTNUT-CAPPED BLACKBIRD Agelaius ruficapillus

Iguacu Falls on the 3rd April

 

276) WHITE-BROWED BLACKBIRD Leistes superciliaris militaris

Observed in the lowlands with 3 on the 29th.

 

277) SHINY COWBIRD Molothrus bonariensis

Observed near the coastal lagoons with 3 on the 28th.

 

278) GIANT COWBIRD Scaphidura oryzivora

Sumidouro on th 5th April

 

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