Hello coin collector
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Thank you for visiting my website, I am a collector of space coins (coins not medals Legal tender) for more than 35 years now.
I made a special photo album for:
***** 40th anniversary of the first man on the moon 2009 *****
***** Coins with pieces of a Meteorite *****
***** International year of Astronomy 2009 *****
***** 50 years first man in Space 2011 *****
I have now more than 850 different coins from all over the world and made a catalogue (you can see the information on this website)
with coins from 1969 till now
Look at my catalogue of Space Coins on this site
"Space coins", are coins (legal tender)with the subject Apollo Space shuttle astronauts moon Mars astronomer rocket Soyuz etc
A lot of coins where made this year for the 60th anniversary of the firs satellite in the space
It was 8:07 p.m. on a Friday night in Riverhead, Long Island, when the operators at an RCA Communications outpost picked up a signal that had never been heard before on Earth. A sharp, insistent beep sang out over short-wave radios, filling up our ears with the knowledge that humans had succeeded in sending something outside our protective blanket of nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide.
Within hours of the announcement, diligent searchers of the skies—all volunteer amateur astronomers who had trained for this moment—assembled, and confirmed with their eyes what our ears already knew. In Terre Haute, Indiana; Whittaker, California; and Columbus, Ohio, these stargazers tracked a faintly shining object as it sped around Earth at 18,000 miles per hour, heading from west to east across the darkened sky.
The appearance of a second, 184 pound moon in the skies above America shocked the nation, not in the least because our new moonlet had been sent there by the rival Soviets.
Newspaper reports at the time asked the man who oversaw America’s yet-to-launch satellite program, Rear Admiral Rawson Bennett, for a reaction to Sputnik’s launch. He replied by saying that the push to put satellites in space had never been conceived of as ‘a race.'
To which the entire world responded; “Yep, uh-huh, sure, this isn’t some kind of space race or anything.”
Laying the rocket work
Though Sputnik’s launch is looked at today as the moment that sparked the space race between the US and USSR, the push to leave the limits of the planet started much earlier. Scientists during WWII had started to work with rockets—with devastating and deadly results. Starting with the German V2 that obliterated parts of London during the last part of the war, rockets were used to ferry weapons of increasing strength to ever-more distant targets.
But some researchers in both the Soviet Union and the United States had already begun to contemplate other uses for the missiles, building on theories established before the war. One of the of the first people to propose that a rocket could be used to reach space was Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, a Russian scientist who figured out rocket dynamics in 1903. Nearly 50 years after his work was published, a new generation of scientists were about to get the perfect platform to test those theories.
During the years after the war, nations were understandably focused on rebuilding (and making sure that another similarly-scaled war wouldn’t break out), not on an international exchange of ideas. But by 1950, scientists were eager to start learning more about the Earth instead of fighting over who got which bit of it.
In the spirit of two other massive international efforts—the International Polar Years of 1882 and 1932, which saw hundreds of scientists banding together to study the polar reaches of the planet—a small group of American researchers proposed that 1957-1958 would be an International Geophysical Year dedicated to learning more about the world, from mapping out the seafloor to sending rockets into space to get a better view of Earth.
The United States was quick to announce that it would launch artificial satellites during the IGY. The Soviets weren’t far behind, though the latter kept most details about their program secret. That's one reason that Sputnik I was such a shock to the world—very few people knew how far along the Soviets were in their program.
The race is on
In one of the few concessions to public interest in the launch of artificial moons, the USSR did release the information about what frequency their satellite would broadcast on in the weeks prior to their successful launch. As Sputnik circled overhead, newspapers posted details about when the best time to see the satellite would be. People peered through binoculars in backyards during the brief hours between dusk and dawn when it was most visible, or tuned in to ham radios to witness Sputnik passing overhead.
America, bereft in its second place status, panicked, and started pushing students towards Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math in the hopes of catching up. Serious op-eds were posted in major publications decrying America’s failure to educate successful engineers. Money was thrown at science departments at major universities. And in the aftermath of Sputnik, the United States founded NASA.
Needless to say, scientific competition got heated at the height of the cold war.
The United States launched a satellite, Explorer 1, four months after Sputnik, but the Soviets stayed one step ahead of the Americans for most of the space race. The USSR launched Laika, the first living animal to head into orbit. Yuri Gagarin beat John Glenn into space by 10 months, and Valentina Tereshkova beat Sally Ride to being the first woman in space by nearly 20 years. Russian cosmonauts made the first harrowing spacewalk. They also crash-landed a probe into the Moon, and took pictures of the far side of our natural satellite in 1959—10 years before Neil Armstrong ever walked on the lunar surface.
That’s not to say that the American space program was slacking. In a push to catch up to the Soviets, they developed the Gemini capsule, which allowed two astronauts to spend up to two weeks in space, and gave them the capability to rendezvous with other spacecraft and maneuver in orbit. Those capabilities prepared NASA to finally land on the moon in 1969, something that no other country has managed even today
Competition between the two superpowers continued on space stations and spaceflights for years after the moon landing, ostensibly until the Apollo-Soyuz mission, when a Soviet and American spacecraft docked in space and symbolically opened a new era of cooperation. A closer relationship in space followed the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
In a two-person race, there’s a winner and a loser. But with a finish line that kept moving, participants that continue to change, and new equipment and hurdles both constantly added to the course, declaring a definitive winner is tricky. Soviet fans might point to a long track record of hitting their mile markers first. For proponents of the American space program, there’s the whole Moon-landing thing.
But in the end, both nations got farther racing against each other than they ever would have managed if they were just trudging along at their own pace. The space race pushed both countries to innovate, challenge their technical limits, and stretch the boundaries of what was supposed to be possible.
The winner of the space race wasn’t the US or the USSR. It was all of us. Without it, we wouldn’t have weather satellites, telecommunications, GPS. We wouldn't be able to contemplate visiting not our moon, let alone other worlds.
It’s not just a two-person race anymore. China joined the United States and Russia as a space-faring country in 2003, becoming the third nation to launch a human into space. Currently, China and Russia are the only two countries with the capability to launch crewed missions (the United States' space shuttle retired in 2011). But plenty more are clamoring to get there. There are now 71 different national or international groups with space agencies, and Australia just announced that it would set up one of its own. Private space companies regularly launch cargo into space, and hope to deliver humans into orbit shortly.
A lot has changed in the past 60 years—but it all started with that beep.
info from https://www.popsci.com
Galileo is still in the news. An optical illusion he discovered in the 1600s caused Venus to appear much larger and blurrier—a "radiant crown," as Galileo called it—when seen through a telescope than when viewed with the naked eye.
The puzzle was finally understood just this week. Neuroscientists from the State University of New York College of Optometry report that the answer lies in the wiring of our visual brain cells. The brain responds to light and dark objects differently, so the brightness of a planet distorts its apparent size when it is seen against the dark background of space.
Heaven and Hell
"Infinite thanks to God," Galileo wrote in 1610, "for being so kind as to make me alone the first observer of marvels kept hidden."
He was celebrating his discovery of Jupiter's four large moons: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. Originally he wanted to name the moons after his noble patrons, four brothers of Florence's famed Medici family called Cosimo, Francesco, Carl, and Lorenzo. Other astronomers, perhaps thankfully, assigned more elevated names to the moons, ones taken from mythology for the consorts of Jupiter, king of the gods.
Those moons revealed that some objects revolved around something other than the Earth, which helped Galileo to discover heliocentrism, or the fact that the Earth circles the sun. This finding, in turn, would earn him the attention of the Inquisition, which investigated religious rebellion and heresy in the world of 16th-century Italy. The Vatican officially apologized in 2000 for Galileo's heresy trial, which resulted in the scientist being kept under house arrest for the last eight years of his life.
The new coins from 2013 are now on the site
2011 50 years first man in Space. San Marino and Russia wil make coins with this theme. When I have the coins I will put then on the site
1961 - 2011 50 years First man in space
Vostok 1 (Russian:, Orient 1 or East 1) was the first human spaceflight, part of Vostok programme. The Vostok 3KA spacecraft was launched on April 12, 1961, taking into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union. The Vostok 1 mission was the first entering by a human into outer space as well as the first orbital flight of a manned vehicle. The Vostok 1 was launched by the Soviet space program and designed by Soviet rocket scientists guided by Sergey Korolyov under military supervision of Kerim Kerimov and others.
Gagarin orbited the Earth once in 108 minutes. He returned unharmed, ejecting from the Vostok capsule 7 km (23,000 ft) above the ground and parachuting separately to the ground since the capsule's parachute landing was deemed too rough for cosmonauts to risk.
Ground controllers did not know if a stable orbit had been achieved until 25 minutes after launch.
The spacecraft attitude control was run by an automated system. Medical staff and spacecraft engineers were unsure how a human being might react to weightlessness, and therefore the pilot's flight controls were locked out to prevent Gagarin from taking manual control. (Codes to unlock the controls were placed in an on board envelope, for Gagarin use in case of emergency.) Vostok could not change its orbit, only spacecraft attitude (orientation), and for much of the flight the spacecraft's attitude was allowed to drift. The automatic system brought Vostok 1 into alignment for retrofire about 1 hour into the flight.
The first new coins from 2011 are now on the site
I am still searching and finding new coins. I have found 12 new coins from 2010.
You can see the pictures on this website. If you want to see all the space coins from 1969 till now you can find them in my catalogue.
2009 International Year of Astronomy
The year 2009 is the international year of astronomy and there will be a lot off new coins with this theme. Australia made the first coins about this theme. You can see them on the site.
For photos of these coins see the photo album "coins 2006-2009"
There will be new coins from Kazakhstan, cook Islands and the USA in 2009 and many more countries
2009 is the International Year of Astronomy
2009 is also "the 40th and 50th anniversaries of exploring the moon" (see pictures of all these coins in the photo album)
By launching the space probe Luna 3 on October 4, 1959 the Soviet Union initiated a new step for the footrace to the moon. With a small camera the space probe succeeded to take first photos of the earth's averted side of the moon which no human being has ever seen before -dark side of the moon. The pictures were of poor quality; however the highlands and lowlands were clearly recognisable. The big dark Mare Moscoviense is, among others, also visible.
However 10 years later the Americans succeeded to win the footrace. On July 21, 1969 at 3.56 O-clock CET, Neil Armstrong left the lunar module Apollo 11 and set foot on our next orb with the words - one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind!
2007 50th anniversary of the Sputnik
In 2007 it was 50 years ago when the Sputnik was launched. There where made many new coins about this anniversary you can see the pictures off these coins on the website. I have now 19 different coins!!
New space coins
Kazakhstan is making a new series of space coins, in 2006 they made the first one from this "space series" and till 2011 every year there will be a new coin.(see also the paragraph about coin news)
I will add information when I have news.
If you are also a collector of these coins please let me know so that we can share the information.
If you have any questions