Wat Arun Temple of Dawn, perhaps so named because the first light of morning is reflected off the surface of the temple with a pearly radiance. This temple is located in the Bangkok Yai district, on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River. The full name of the temple is Wat Arunratchawararam. The temple was built in the days of Thailand's ancient capital of Ayutthaya and originally known as Wat Makok (The Olive Temple). In the ensuing era when Thonburi was capital, King Taksin changed the name to Wat Chaeng.
The Wat had a brief period as host of the Emerald Buddha, which was moved to Wat Phra Kaew in 1784. The later King Rama II. changed the name to Wat Arunratchatharam. He restored the temple and enlarged the central prang. The work was finished by King Rama III. King Rama IV gave the temple the present name Wat Arunratchawararam.
During a recent visit, managed to pay respect to Phra Ku Balad Dhamakan whom is responsible for safekeeping of this amulet. I felt indebted to a monk from Cheras, K.L. whom introduced me to Phra Ku Balad Dhamakan or else I would not be able to see the materials for making the famous Phra Somdej Song Kaiser that originated from this temple in 1870 made by Phra Somdej Puttajarn Toh for King Rama V to bring along to Germany. Somdej Puttajarn Toh later passed away in A.D. 1872.
Phra Somdej Kaiser is made from a powerful combination of more than 200 different kinds of sacred materials gathered from monasteries, stupas, guru masters of past and present from all over Thailand and the 4 sacred sites of Buddhist pilgrimage in India. The amulets are blessed for a total of 9 times by 99 senior Buddhist monks who sat in meditation of concentration and mindfullness.
We are very fortunate to be able to take some photographs of the left over materials used in making the Phra Somdej Kaiser for all visitors to see. The holy substances are displayed in a large glass cabinet. Shown in the glass cabinet display is a brochure write-up in Thai language featuring Somdej Phim Song Kaiser.
I managed to publish an image displaying the actual Phra Somdej Phim Song Kaiser produced from Wat Arun in B.E.2529. In our humble opinion, this batch is worth collecting as it contained a lot of sacred materials that took 25 years to collect and further took 3 years to be consecrated and blessed by 99 senior Buddhist masters.
With good merits we all have performed in the past, thus we have this opportunity to share knowledge with each other on the old materials used for making Phra Somdej Kaiser.
A copy of the original temple certificate of authencity with 3 small photos on top of the cert bearing the 3 phim sizes (XL, L and S) of Somdej Kaiser B.E.2529.
Somdej Kaiser B.E.2529 middle size phim.
Displayed above is another piece of excellent Somdej Kaiser dated B.E.2548 which is also highly sought after by collectors. This is a middle size phim. Below is an older piece Somdej Kaiser with visible lacquer residue on the surface.
Further examples of B.E.2548 and B.E.2529 Somdej Kaiser are found in the pictures below.
History and Miracles of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser (Lord Buddha Image of Kaiser Model)
Top of Siamese Buddha Images Used as Amulet
Brief History of The Establishment and Miracles of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser – Top of Siamese Buddha Images used as amulet
Phra Somdej Song Kaiser is hard to acquire or even to have a look since Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi made only 300 of them to offer to King Chulalongkorn (King Rama V) before His Majesty traveled to
From the history and legend inherited to this day, Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi made the Buddha images on Tuesday, on the 9th day of the waxing moon at 09.00 hours, B.E. 2413 (A.D. 1870). The images were made from five special powder materials as follows;
Other materials used are – cooked rice, Kluay Nam (a kind of banana), Kluay Homcan (a kind of banana), 108 kinds of pollen such as snowy orchid, nickernut, crown flower, betel pepper leaf, candlewick or candle wax lit in homage of Lord Buddha, 7 salt licks, 7 forest soils, Sema lichen, scurf of Lord Buddha, pink cassia leaf, Tanowsri sachet powder, water leaked from a rock in a cave, Tan leaf powder, shell powder, cooked rice and delicious foods. They were all blended and dried, then mixed with boiled sugar cane juice. They are finally threshed with Tang-iew oil. The materials were pressed to mould. Each Buddha image is 3.7cm wide, 5.8cm tall and 5 mm thick, the size of a match box. Each Buddha image was well moulded with five lotuses at the base. Before the image was called Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser, Luang Po Somdej Toh called it “Phra Somdej Pim Piset” (specially printed Buddha image). Luang Po Somdej Toh made about 300 images and spent three months to consecrate them. He offered all the images to King Chulalongkorn before His Majesty traveled abroad in 1870.
Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser became well known when King Chulalongkorn visited
Kaiser William was interested in the amulet and started to have faith in the Buddha image. King Chulalongkorn then offered the Buddha image to Kaiser William as a souvenir of his trip to
From then onward, the Buddha image with pointed face, Garuda chest, round head and five lotuses at the base implying King Rama V. The middle lotus or petal is larger than those on the sides. Everone then called this Buddha image in line with what’s conferred by King Chulalongkorn “Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser” until this day.
At that time, subjects in the
If you want to see Phra Somdej Pim Song Kaiser, Luang Pu had collected 199 kinds of holy materials from
A note of advice – please collect only for your own personal collection to be part of the history in the making of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser. If possible refrain from earning a profit by trading in this holy amulet. The reason being that it took many years to collect all the holy materials to make these beautiful Somdej amulets therefore everyone should be able to own a piece or two for ourselves and our future generation to partake merits in the noble work of our Teachers.
You should know as well that Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi was cremated at the royal crematorium at the
Somdej Phra Buddajan Toh Promrangsi was born on the 12th day of the waxing moon, 5th lunar month, Year of Monkey, falling on Thursday, April 17, 1788 in the morning at 06.35 hours and passed away on the 2nd day of the waning moon, 8th lunar month, Year of Monkey, failling on Saturday, June 22, 1872 at midnight. His age was 84 years, 2 months, and 5 days. He was the 5th Somdej Phra Buddajan in the Rattanakosin Era.
Materials used as ingredient fro the construction of Phra Somdej Song Kaiser and Phra Somdej Ha Buddha Nupab Maha Mongkol
In addition to powder and materials traditionally used to make Phra Somdej, powder and materials from old Phra Somdej and ruins of Phra Somdej Toh, Rakang Temple, Chaiyo Woraviharn Temple, Mai Amataros Temple, Indra Vihara Temple, as well as materials from various holy underground cells (Chedis) and holy places since Chiangsaen, Sukhothai, Sri Satchanalai, Uthong, Lopburi, Ayutthaya, Rattanakosin periods, and 199 kinds of sacred soil from overseas religious places. The materials have been blended and consecrated for 9 candle lightning ceremonies chaired by the Supreme Patriarch, Somdej Phra Yangsangvara, and by 99 senior Buddhist monks. It took 25 years to collect all the materials and the consecration ceremonies took 3 years. The powder and materials are still left for later generation to have a look.
100. Gold pollen powder from Vihara Luang Po Mongkol Bopit
101. Gold pollen powder from Phra Kan Pavilion,
102. Gold pollen powder from
103. Gold pollen powder from
104. Gold pollen powder from
105. Gold pollen powder from
106. Gold pollen powder from
107. Gold pollen powder from
108. Gold pollen powder from Pa Rae Rai Temple,
109. Gold pollen powder from
110. Gold pollen powder from Phra That Cho Hae Temple,
111. Gold pollen powder from
112. Gold pollen powder from
113. Gold pollen powder from Pa Kluay Temple,
114. Gold pollen powder from Phra That Pha Ngao Temple,
115. Gold pollen powder from
116. Gold pollen powder from
117. Gold pollen powder from
118. Gold pollen powder from Phan Ta Temple,
119. Gold pollen powder from
120. Gold pollen powder from
121. Gold pollen powder from
122. Gold pollen powder from Phra That Hari Punchai Temple,
123. Gold pollen powder from
124. Gold pollen powder from
125. Gold pollen powder from
126. Gold pollen powder from
99 Senior Buddhist Monks sit in meditation
This list will be a great info for serious amulet collectors and readers. You may find some of the monks familiar to readers e.g. Luang Po Jaran, Luang Po Koon, Luang Po Pae and Luang Po Liew are among the 99 senior Buddhist monks whom took part in the blessing ceremony. Among the notable monks in our present time whom took part in the ceremony is Luang Po Jaran and his Dharma teaching that we have featured in SimplyBuy's article.
Here you may also find names of various monks and temples you may have come across in the past.
1. Phra Visuthi Wongsachan - Wat Thep Thidaram, Bangkok
2. Phra Visutha Thipbodi - Wat Suthat Thep Vararam, Bangkok
3. Phra Dharma Sirichai - Wat Arun Raj Vararam, Bangkok
4. Phra Raj Yan Dilok - Wat Raj Pradit, Bangkok
5. Luang Pu Thong - Wat Sam Pluen, Bangkok
6. Phra Raj Panya Sudi - Wat Poh (The Tien), Bangkok
7. Luang Po Klaew - Wat Bang Khun Thien Nok, Bangkok
8. Phra Dharma Panya Bodi (Luang) - Wat Paknam, Bangkok
9. Phra Raj Mongkok Yan (Sa-ngad) - Wat Paknam, Bangkok
10. Phra Pawana Visuthajan - Wat Trai Mitr, Bangkok
11. Phra Vichen Muni - Wat Kuha Sawan, Bangkok
12. Phra Thep Methi - Wat Sawetra Chat, Bangkok
13. Phra Thep Prasith Mon (Luang Po Phan) - Wat Rakang Kositaram, Bangkok
14. Phra Sophon Dharma Porn - Wat Arun Raj Vararam, Bangkok
15. Phra Raj Pipat Kosol (Luang Po Naen) - Wat Sri Sudaram, Bangkok
16. Phra Kru Sunthorn Dhrama Pimon (Anunuay) - Wat Suthat, Bangkok
17. Phra Raj Pariyati Vithan (Luang Po Bud) - Wat Dao Dungsaram, Bangkok
18. Phra Voravej Muni (Prasert) - Wat Phra Chetu Pon, Bangkok
19. Phra Kru Bikku Viveka Nantha - Wat Maha That, Bangkok
20. Phra Kru Dhrama Ratana Vimol (Thong Bai) - Wat Sikan (Buddha Siam), Bangkok
21. Luang Po Chuen - Wat Koke Thong, Ayutthaya
22. Luang Po Mien - Wat Poh Kobchao, Ayutthaya
23. Luang Po Mee - Wat Mara Vichai, Ayutthaya
24. Phra Thep Boran Khanajan (Vaj) - Wat Phanon Cheung, Ayutthaya
25. Phra Sunthorn Dharma Nuwat (Sawat) - Wat Sala Poon, Ayutthaya
26. Phra Suthorn Yutikit (La-aied) - Wat Phai Lom, Ayutthaya
27. Phra Kru Kasem Khana Bibal (Mee) - Wat Mara Vichai, Ayutthaya
28. Phra Kru Sunthorn Dharma Niwat (Ruay) - Wat Tako, Ayutthaya
29. Phra Kru Buddha Siriwat (Mien) - Wat Poh, Ayutthaya
30. Phra Kru Phatrakit Sophon (Hual) - Wat Buddhai Sawan, Ayutthaya
31. Phyra Yanna Rangsi (Piya) - Wat Chumpol Nikayaram, Ayutthaya
32. Phra Kru Vichan Patanopas - Wat Koh Kaew, Saraburi
33. Luang Pu Bua Thavaro - Wat Pukam Banpot, Saraburi
34. Phra Pisith Nimmakan (Chalam) - Wat Chaiyo Voravihara, Angthong
35. Phra Kru Visuthi Chaikun (Sa-art) - Wat Maha Nam, Angthong
36. Luang Po Kong Jittamalo - Wat Khao Sompot, Lop Buri
37. Phra Mongkol Dharma Pani (Luang Pu Mang) - Wat Thep Kunchorn Vararam, Lop Buri
38. Luang Pu Bukka Thavaro - Wat Klong Chusi Charoensuk, Sing Buri
39. Phra Raj Singha Kanajan (Luang Po Pae) - Wat Pikul Thong, Sing Buri
40. Phra Kru Prasan Navakit (Prasan) - Wat Phra Non Chakri, Sing Buri
41. Phra Kru Pitak Sasanawong (Tod) - Wat Nong Sum, Sing Buri
42. Phra Kru Viraya San (Sali) - Wat Sathu Karam, Sing Buri
43. Phra Raj Visuthiyan Mongkol (Luang Po Jaran) - Wat Amphawan, Sing Buri
44. Phra Mongkol Chaisith (Samran) - Wat Pak Klong Makamtao, Chai Nat
45. Phra Raj Sang Vorayan - Wat Pa Salawan, Nakhon Ratchasima
46. Phra Mongkol Vatanakun (Luang Po Perm) - Wat Tham Thairat, Nakhon Ratchasima
47. Phra Kru Nakhon Dharn Kosit (Luang Pu Nil) - Wat Korn Buri, Nakhon Ratchasima
48. Luang Po Koon Parithsutho - Wat Banrai, Nakhon Ratchasima
49. Phra Achan Sien Aranyavasi - Wat Khao Heb, Nakhon Ratchasima
50. Luang Po Yaew - Wat Sam Ngam, Nakhon Pathom
51. Phra Kru Sunthorn Vidhikun (Luang Po Put) - Wat Klang Bang Phra, Nakhon Pathom
52. Phra Kru Panakit Sunthorn (Pern) - Wat Bang Phra, Nakhon Pathom
53. Luang Po Liew - Wat Rai Tang Thong, Nakhon Pathom
54. Phra Dharm Maha Viranuwat - Wat Rai King, Nakhon Pathom
55. Phra Kru Kasem Dhrama Nan (Cham) - Wat Don Yai Hom, Nakhon Pathom
56. Luang Po Huad - Wat Don Poh Thong, Suphanburi
57. Phra Kru Santi Suwankit (Dee) - Wat Phra Roop, Suphanburi
58. Phra Raj Udom Mongkol - Wat Wang Vikaram, Kanchanaburi
59. Phra Kru Kanjano Pamakun (Luang Po Lamyai) - Wat Thung Latya, Kanchanaburi
60. Luang Po Lamyai - Wat Thung Latya, Kanchanaburi
61. Phra Kru Piya Ratanaporn (Boonrat) - Wat Khong Khao, Chiang Mai
62. Phra Archan Khao Kata Punyo - Wat Sao Cha-ngao, Chiang Mai
63. Luang Pu Inkaew Aninchano - Wat Walukaram, Chiang Mai
64. Kru Ba In Into - Wat Fa Lang, Chiang Mai
65. Phra Kru Kasem Vorakit (Vichai) - Wat Tham Najom, Chiang Mai
66. Kru Ba Duang Dee - Wat Tha Jampi, Chiang Mai
67. Luang Pu La Tathip - San Kamphaeng, Chiang Mai
68. Phra Khun Chao Dabot Sumano - Arsom Veruwan, Chiang Mai
69. Phra Kru Pitak Phram Vihara (Luang Po Di) - Wat Phrom Vihara, Chiang Mai
70. Phra Kru Siri Boonyakom (Boonma) - Wat Veruwan, Chiang Mai
71. Phra Kru Sathorn Voratham (Prasert) - Wat Doi Phra Bath, Chiang Mai
72. Phra Kru Udom Vorayan (Inda) - Wat Jomchan, Chiang Mai
73. Phra Kru Prosith Boonwat (Prasith) - Wat Suan Dok, Lampang
74. Phra Kru Tahvorn Vorayan (Inta) - Wat Mae Long, Lampang
75. Luang Pu Waen Tanapalo - Wat Tham Phra Sabai, Lampang
76. Luang Po Kasem Khemto - Wat Rat Cemetery, Lampang
77. Info unavailable
78. Phra Kru Maha Buddha Bibal - Wat Sri Komkam, Phayao
79. Phra Archan Hong Nantha Varo - Wat Sandai Trai, Chiang Tung
80. Phra Thep Suthiyan Rangsi (Chan) - Wat Pa Chai Rangsi, Samut Sakhon
81. Luang Po Arb - Wat Lama Noi, Samut Sakhon
82. Luang Po Kae - Wat Mae Nam, Samut Songkhram
83. Phra Kru Sunthorn Dharmakit (Luang Po Yod) - Wat Kaew Charoen, Samut Songkhram
84. Phra Kru Palad Sampipat Tirachan - Wat Thung Sethi, Samut Prakan
85. Phra Archan Somchai Titavirito - Wat Khao Sukim, Chanthaburi
86. Phra Vorapot Panyachan (Fam) - Wat Pa Arunyikawat, Chonburi
87. Phra Kru Piyuk Dharm Sunthorn (Luang Po Yid) - Wat Nong Chok, Prachuap Khiri Khan
88. Phra Visutha Jarakun (Ketu) - Wat Koh Lak, Prachuap Khiri Khan
89. Phra Kru Pawana Vacharopas (Phaew) - Wat To Naga Luang, Phetchaburi
90. Phra Kru Kasem Dharma Yan (Luang Po Nam) - Wat Matchaim Phumi Vararam, Nakhon Si Thammarat
91. Phra Kruba Sangla Dharma Siri - Wat That Saimuang, Myanmar
92. Phra Archan Jamnien Silasetho - Wat Tham Mia Vipassana, Krabi
93. Phra Thep Vara Lankara (Sri Chan) - Wat Sri Suthawas, Loei
94. Phra Sunthoron Dharma Korn (Kampan) - Wat That Maha Chai, Nakhon Phanom
95. Phra Raj Pirot Rangsi (Tes) - Wat Poh Chai, Nong Khai
96. Phra Kru Opas Sakol Dharma (Sawang) - Wat Saphan Dam, Sakon Nakhon
97. Phra Mongkol Kita Thada (Amorn) - Wat Pa Vivek, Ubon Ratchathani
98. Phra Yan Vises (Thieng) - Wat Luang Sumanglaram, Si Sa Ket
99. Phra Kru Panya Sami - Wat Phrachao Rakang, Tha Khi Lek
We thank the unknkown original author of this remarkable article relating to Phra Somdej Song Kaiser. This article was gathered for general info reading with minor corrections on word sentencing and spelling errors of the original publisher.
Interestingly we have found another similar votive tablet that resembles Somdej Kaiser in terms of its shape, design and colour. This tablet was made in B.E.2552 by Luang Po Nalong from an unfamiliar temple name something like Wat Kumpang. If anybody have more info about this temple or its history please write to us.
We thought it will be interesting to include this Somdej tablet into this section due to the similarity with Somdej Kaiser.
Moving onward along the same river bank is Wat Kanlaya which is almost as old as Wat Arun as I was told. This temple is situated just next to Wat Arun and a mere 5 minutes taxi ride will get you here. The other option is to take the river crossing from Wat Arun which is not so convenient for first time visitors. I was fortunate to know a Thai friend whom brought me to Wat Kanlaya and explained the history of this temple origin.
Although I have cruised along the Chao Phraya river many times before, I have never really noticed this temple that is located just before Wat Arun's stop (if you are cruising from the south i.e. Si Phraya). This old temple was built by early Chinese community whom settled down in Bangkok mostly doing trading businesses. The community established donation and funds for the Thai Sangha to establish this temple. You can see Chinese character inscriptions around the temple indicating Chinese influence on this contemporary Thai temple.
Wat Kanlaya front entrance.
A big Golden Buddha inside the main prayer hall.
Beatiful wood carving of the main door. You can clearly see that is protected by a large piece of plastic cover to preserve the ancient craftmanship.
According to history as told by my friend, the cement pagoda seen on the left side of this picture served as a deco. It was brought here from China. In the early days of Bangkok, the Chinese and Thai have strong economic bilateral relationship. Thailand export goods to China through the Chinese merchants and upon returning to Thai soil, sometimes the vessels can be empty. In order to balance the merchant ships against strong waves, the Chinese came up with an ingenius idea by putting these heavy heavy Pagodas and ceramic tiles as ship balast for balancing the vessels. Hence, Pagodas of Chinese origins were used for this temple art deco. This is one example of a Thai temple that has Chinese culture and influence incorporating Thai architectural designs.
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