Research Of Virginia's Unexplained Anomalies

Established in 2007

Here are the following subjects that are on this page

Collection of Data  Standardized Terms  Standardized Methods  Survey Methods Site Recording Methods Site Mapping Methods  Site Mapping Procedures Feature Recording/Mapping Procedures  Photo Record  The Report  FinalMaps   Tips for Photographing and Measuring Tracks  Best Material for Making Casts of Tracks   Tips for Casting Impressions and Tracks  Tips for Collecting Physical Evidence  Report Classification Process 

                           Collection of Data

 Help Make A Difference

Data (descriptions and measurements) are the foundation to all scientific inquiry. Investigators of the sasquatch phenomena are attempting to collect hard evidence that can be used to identify physical characteristics of this creature and further the biological understanding of its occurrence and distribution, food habits, gait, territory, habitat, migratory movements, behavior, and area population size. However, to this point, investigators have not had a standardized set of methods or terms for which to gather this data. Our mainstream counterparts have criticized this lack of standardization as being non-scientific. This paper seeks to present standardized methods and terms to aid in the professional collection of data based on widely accepted archaeological methods. These methods can be used to document the spatial distribution of tracks, trackways, beds, shelter sites, nests, scat, hair, rubs, and trails with accurate detailed descriptions.


A large primate occupying various environments in North America. Also known as Bigfoot.
The geographic place where there is physical evidence of sasquatch activity.
Any object or structure made, modified, or used by a sasquatch that is typically incorporated into the ground, and which cannot be removed from its location without affecting its integrity, such as footprints, nests, rock stacks, broken trees, etc.
Non-biological portable objects made, modified, or used by a sasquatch. This can include deer bone, sticks, rocks, etc.
Biological specimens
Biological remains of or from a sasquatch. This can include dung, hair, blood, bone, etc.
Unmodified biological (plant or animal) remains resulting from sasquatch activity (i.e., deer kills, etc.)
A systematic examination of land to document sasquatch activity.
Site Record
Written record detailing the site, feature and/or artifact, including location, directions, content, terrain, elevation, and other geographical information. Usually portrayed in part by a site map.
Site Map
Detailed sketched depiction of the geographical layout of a site and/or feature.
Photo Record
Detailed record of photos taken of the site and/or feature, including compass directions.
Permanent marker from which all measurements and compass directions are taken. Prominent and obvious so it can be relocated later in time.


Site Recording Tools

Any good data collection first starts with good tools. The following is a list of necessary tools to do the job.

  1. backpack
  2. USGS topographic map
  3. handheld ruler or drafting/engineering scale
  4. measuring tape (at least 25 feet in length)
  5. compass with degree demarcations
  6. plastic bags and/or vials for collection of material
  7. note pad
  8. graph paper
  9. pencils
  10. 35 mm or digital camera
  11. film
  12. rubber or surgical gloves for evidence collection.

Helpful items:

  1. video camera
  2. blank tapes
  3. cassette recorder
  4. blank cassettes
  5. GPS unit 

Survey Methods

The survey strategy should be designed to insure that the types of landscape comprising each survey area receive an intensity of coverage appropriate to the roughness of terrain, density of vegetation cover, degree of slope, constraints on observation, and expected sasquatch activity, based on witness accounts in adjoining areas.

Intensive survey - Allows the surveyor to encounter the smallest of sasquatch sites likely to occur in an area. The surveyor does not rely on inspection of specific localities on an intuitive basis. Traverses or transects between members of the crew vary between 1-24 meters apart. The transects function as survey corridors for individual team members who walk them in a meandering pattern, closely observing the ground surface and surrounding area. All areas which can be walked are surveyed in this mode. Excluded are areas too steep to safely walk and areas of impenetrable brush. An attempt should be made to cover the entire area using parallel transects. Transects can be marked on a USGS map and should be guided by compass bearings if possible.

Cursory survey - Entails taking random or widely spaced (25-75 meters) transects or traverses through an area. Usually this is caused by dense brush or extremely steep terrain. All possible measures are taken to identify areas which can be inspected in an intensive manner.

Unsurveyed - Areas with precipitously steep slopes and/or dense vegetation where even a cursory survey is not possible or feasible.

Site Recording Methods

Once a site is located, basic descriptive information needs to be recorded. This data needs to be written down at the time of discovery, rather than waiting to get back to the vehicle or home.

Directions to LocationHow did you get here? List what roads you traveled on, how far and in what direction. When you left the car, describe how far you walked and in what direction.

Example: From Tazewell Virginia,travel east of Highway 460 for 3 miles to the town of Bluefield. In the town of Bluefield, turn right on B.F.E. road, and continue for 1.3 miles. Park at the turn around spot. Walk due west for one mile to the site.

Environmental Data What does the site look like? Describe the vegetation (particularly any edible species), slope, aspect, distance and direction to the closest permanent water source, elevation, and basic landforms (e.g. Hill,Valley, Ridge, Saddle, Draw.). an easy way to remember these terrain features is to use and old Army ACRONYM  

"Hidden Valley Ranch Salad Dressing"

Physical Location (must have USGS Topographic Map) – Record the exact location of the site. Use Township, Range, Section (to 1/32nd if possible), and either UTMs or Longitude/Latitude. A Geographical Positioning System (GPS) unit would be a useful tool to document this information.

FeaturesDescribe the feature: material, length, width, thickness (all in metrics), color, shape, and quantity. If a built feature, described method of construction. If the feature are footprints, record the length, width, and depth of each print; entire length of trackway; distance between the heel of left foot to the heel of the next left foot (or right if two of those are present).

ArtifactsDescribe the artifact, material, length, width, thickness, color, shape, and quantity. Photograph all artifacts with a scale in the photo if possible.

WeatherDescribe basic weather and environmental conditions (e.g., raining, eight inches of fresh snow on the ground, dry sandy desert, etc.).

Notes – Any other pertinent facts and conditions should be recorded. Note anything you collected and from where (including hairs, footprints, blood, dung, etc.). If possible, mark the original location of the item on the site map prior to collecting.

Site Mapping Methods

This section is intended to aid in the preparation of site map, which will serve as approximate depiction of a site in the context of its environmental setting. The most important criteria are that the map be clear, legible, and show the relative locations of the cultural and natural features of the site. In general, all materials or environmental features need to be shown.

Any map, to be useful, requires a method of location and measuring (a data sheet and measurements), a method of orientation (a north arrow), a scale, a legend explaining symbols utilized and an identification of the subject matter.

Location and Measurement - Inherent in these concerns are both the location of a key feature (data form) on the site in relation to the larger environment as depicted on a USGS topographic quadrangle and the relationship of other relevant features of the site area to the chosen datum.

Initially, a data sheet/form must be established, ideally a prominent, permanent feature on or near the site which is high and open enough to allow observation of most of the site area. Typical data include a prominent rock, a unique tree, a stationary manmade object (e.g. a building, a permanent fence post, etc.). If no adequate landmark is available, a stake or small pile or rock may be used to mark the data sheet. Secondary data sheets can be used if necessary for mapping site details.

If a GPS is not available and the recorder is unsure of the exact location of the site on a USGS map, a method of site location called “back sighting” can be used. Compass bearings are taken from the datum to at least two (and preferably three) prominent geographical features (e.g. mountain peaks in the distance) which are depicted on the USGS map. These bearings and “target points” should be written near the data symbol on the site map. The nearer the target points are to the site, the easier future relocation of the data will be. These bearings allow plotting of an unknown site location on the USGS map. North arrow lines and lines of the same bearings are drawn through the respective target points and the site will be situated where the lines intersect when drawn back from these targets.

With the site data sheet/form is established, measurements and bearings are then taken from the data sheet/form to natural and cultural features of the site to be depicted on the map. The information is entered on the sketch map along radians from the data sheet/form, which end in arrows that indicate the direction of the compass sighting and the distance, in meters, to the feature being identified. These radians aid in the relocation of data even on a map not drawn to scale. Compass bearing are taken by measuring on the compass the number of degrees east of north that the object lies.

North Arrow - Indicate whether true or magnetic north, also indicate on which compass setting (TN or MN) all sightings on the map are made. Be consistent in this choice both on one map and within a series of maps. The top of a map should be oriented towards approximate north.

Scale - A grid scale block need not be included on the field map if distances along bearings are measured to relevant points on the site. The bar scale can be devised latter from this data. In the event that a metric tape is not available, the mapmaker may pace the distance to the item being location, however, the mapmaker’s pace length must be known. Grid paper should be used to make the map as accurate as possible.

Legend - It is best to clearly label all symbols shown on the map in the corner of the sketch

Identification - All maps need to have location name, name of mapmaker, and date created located in the upper right hand corner of the map.

Topographic Contours - Although downslope arrows are often used to depict terrain changes, approximate contours can improve the usefulness of the map. Contours can be used in conjunction with downslope arrows or approximate elevation numbers so that trends in the topography shown will be clear. Typically elevation lines are drawn for every meter of elevational change, however, this can be adjusted to suit the terrain of the subject area.


  1. Once the site is identified, walk over the entire visible site area, walk the boundaries to determine the extent, measure using metrics, and draw on sketch map.
  2. Choose paper size large enough and scale small enough to be able to sketch the entire site on a single piece without cramping details of the site area.
  3. Establish the site data sheet/form, ideally at a permanent geographical features, such as a rock outcropping, not necessarily on site but close to the site and so that the entire site is visible from the data sheet/form. A secondary data sheet/form may be necessary to accomplish this. Tie in this data sheet/form to the primary data sheet/form to compare bearing and distance.
  4. From the site data, shoot in the major features, artifacts, and the path you took to the site (i.e., road, trail, etc.) with a sighting. Measure the distance from the data sheet/form to the feature or artifact in  measurements (meters, centimeters, etc.). Measurements can be by tape or if you know, you’re pace. The data sheet/form can also be back sighted from each feature and the bearing converted later. Note: When pacing in two features of the same bearing at different distances, pace the distance from Data sheet/form to Feature 1 and record it, then pace the distance from Feature 1 to Feature 2 and record separately.
  5. Sketch in the approximate contour lines.
  6. All symbols should be clearly labeled on the map or in the legend. Lettering should be aligned to be read from the bottom of the top with the map held in one general direction.
  7. A general vicinity map, usually a USGS map, should also be attached.
  8. Enter the identifying site name, name of mapmaker, scale, and date of creation.


  1. Once a feature is located, it is important to record specific details on soil type, construction materials, construction methods, approximate age of feature, etc. Closely examine the feature for hairs, bone, teeth, etc.
  2. Divide the feature into four parts (using a North/South, East/West line), as well as a piece of grid paper.
  3. Carefully measure the height and width of the feature within each quad and sketch to scale on grid paper.
  4. Sketch in the individual elements of the feature (each rock, branch, etc.)
  5. Mark the location of the feature on the main site map.
  6. All symbols should be clearly labeled on the map or in the legend. Lettering should be aligned to be read from the bottom to the top with the map held in one general direction.
  7. Enter the identifying site name, feature name, name of mapmaker, scale, and date of creation.
  8. If possible, collect samples of soil and/or construction material for later reference. Please record this information in the notes section. Place materials in plastic bags labeled with site name, feature number, name of collector, and date of collection.




Photo Record

A complete and accurate photo record is a must for any well-documented site. In the field, you may feel that you can tell the difference between photos, but often that distinction is not as obvious once home. A log, detailing each frame, including subject and compass direction, can also help reconstruct the site later on.




The Report

The last step in recording a site, feature, and/or artifact is writing the data into a cohesive report for sharing. It does little good to collect data in a scientific manner and then not allow that data to be viewed by peers and/or the public (although the public does not need to know precise location information). The report need not be complex, but rather just a gathering of the facts, a topographic map showing location, and finished, inked sketch maps of the site and features. The author can also add their impressions of likely use of the site, behaviors, size of group, etc. based on the data gathered.

Final Maps

Sketch maps made in the field may contain accurate data (i.e. bearings and distances), however, they often portray the spatial relationships between items inaccurately due to the nuances of human observation. A method for correcting such inaccuracies is to replicate and redraft the field sketch map using the bearing and distance data you obtained in the field. In order to do so, plot the data on a piece of graph paper with the graph lines representing north-south and east-west. Typically the data sheet/form is placed on the graph paper in the same relative position it is located in the field (e.g. if the data is in the southwest part of the site, put it on the southwest part of the graph paper). Then, choose a scale to represent distance. For example, each meter may be represented by 1/4 inch or whatever the distance is between grids on the graph paper (1/4 inch is popular).

Using a 360 degree protractor with north being aligned with the vertical lines on the graph paper and the center of the protractor located directly over the data sheet/form, measure the bearing in degrees to the object from the data and mark the bearing on the graph paper. For example, if the item was noted in the field as being 38 degrees east of north from the data, measure 38 degrees on the protractor. Then, remove the protractor and place your ruler or scale so that zero is over the data and it is in line with the bearing mark just made. Then measure the number of meters out to the object from the data. For example, if the object was measured in the field as being 20 meters away from the data, then, using 1/4 inch for each meter, measure 5 inches out from the data on that bearing (i.e. 1/4 inch times 20 [for each meter] equals 5 inches). In this location, redraw a representation of the item being mapped. Plot all such items, including site boundaries. Typically the initial draft of this final map is done lightly with a pencil and then, for a final map, pertinent pencil lines are remarked with an ink pen.

Additional Information

The methods presented here can also be used to record the efforts to obtain data, such as bait stations or sound blasting. Keeping precise records of where and when these activities occurred will add to the overall picture of the data collection.

More information on how to cast prints or collect specimens such as hair, dung, blood, etc.



  Tips for Photographing and Measuring Tracks

The most common problem in studying photos of tracks is the in determining the actual dimensions of the tracks. When photographers do think to place something alongside a track to provide scale, they usually put their own booted foot next to it. While this may be better than nothing at all, it co


  Tips for Photographing and Measuring Tracks

The most common problem in studying photos of tracks is the in determining the actual dimensions of the tracks. When photographers do think to place something alongside a track to provide scale, they usually put their own booted foot next to it. While this may be better than nothing at all, it complicates independent analysis of the photos because, of course, not all shoes or hiking boots are the same size. The best way to facilitate analysis of photos of tracks is to place some common consumer item next to it, like a pop can, a pack of cigarettes, or anything you happen to have with you that is mass produced, in a consistent size and shape, and is widely available.

Individual tracks should be photographed in sequence, and from various angles. It's very important to also photograph the track pathway, showing several tracks in one frame with scale items placed near the tracks. This will make it easier to accurately measure the distance between tracks later. A track pathway should also be photographed from several angles, e.g. from directly above, looking down onto them; from the side, high enough so the tracks can be clearly seen; from the pathway itself, looking along the path from a standing height, kneel down along side of but careful not to disturb the evidence ; etc.

When making track measurements, each footprint side (both prints from the left foot and prints from the right) should be measured for length and width. When measuring the stride or step length, (i.e. the distance between steps) the steps should be measured from the same point on one footprint to the SAME POINT ON THE NEXT FOOTPRINT. Very often people only measure the open space between foot prints, without noting their method in the measurement data, which leads to a substantial underreporting of step length.

Sections of full-sized footprints frequently include partial or seemingly half-footed imprints on the same trackway. These are important items with respect to foot anatomy and gait. These different types of foot prints should be documented in combination with the step length (heel to heel measurement).

Good height estimates combined with foot prints measured on the ground are extremely valuable. Additionally, grouped footprint tracks, such as those apparently made by an adult and infant, should be studied with great care to determine to what degree the infant is (intermittently) carried. Such occasions are, of course, extremely rare, but having thought through what to do in such a situation is half the battle.

Best Material for Making Casts of Tracks

"Ultracal 30" is one of the best materials for making casts of tracks. It's manufactured by U.S. Gypsum. You can find it in building supply stores that sell plaster supplies to building contractors.  "Ultracal 30" sets in 30 minutes.This casting plaster has almost no expansion or contraction when it sets. The cost is about $20.00 for a 100 lb bag.

Dental Stone is also a good choice, as it is stronger, and shows greater detail than Ultracal 30.  It is also, however, more expensive at around $30.00 for 25 lb bag.

If it can be found, Quik Roc is an excellent casting material.  It is strong and durable, and relatively cheap at $25.00 for 50 lbs.  Its best feature is that it dries in under 10 minutes.  It can be found at some building supply stores.

Another good choice is Hydrocal Gypsum Cement.

If at all possible, don't use Plaster of Paris. It crumbles quite easily.



Tips for Casting Impressions and Tracks

These tips are designed to assist the field investigator in casting impressions in soft material like soil, mud, or even snow. This information is a set of guidelines and accepted practices derived from the law enforcement community. Most of the techniques presented are the "standard" used by not only local area law enforcement, but also by Federal agencies like the FBI and Customs.


  1. Preserve scene integrity. Secure the scene and make sure that you have little or no intrusion onto it. This includes other investigators and/or associates. Keep EVERYONE off the scene until you have finished. 
  2. Evaluate the scene. What kind of soil is it? How much moisture is present? How deep are the prints? Which prints are clear and well-formed? The answers to these questions will affect your casting. Take your time and evaluate it--the print(s) isn't going anywhere. The only thing that should press you for time when casting is inclimate weather. Rain can and will ruin an impression. If it is raining, cover the prints, and, if  possible, dig drainage trenches to keep water from flooding the print.
  3.  Measure your scene and do a sketch. Take measurements of each print and the distance between steps. Also, measure the stride. Stride length is the distance from a particular point on one print to the SAME point where the SAME foot strikes the ground again. (i.e., right foot to right foot) Put all of these measurements on the sketch. The sketch doesn't have to be to scale, but the measurements have to be acurate. With acurate measurements, you can recreate the scene at a later date and different location.
  4. Select the print(s) you intend to cast. It is best to cast a row of prints.  In mixing the casting material, pour the water directly into a Ziploc bag or bucket and mix or knead the mixture. Make sure the mixture is consistent. You can adjust consistency to accommodate the conditions. If the soil is dry, the print detail will likely be more fragile. Without moisture to hold the soil together, the weight of the casting material may crush or damage the detail. In that case, you would want to make the mix more watery. This will make it easier to pour and more likely to fill in small cracks and crevices. If in doubt, try mixing it thinner. the catch is It takes a few minutes longer to dry, but the wait is worth it. If the print is unusually large, or if you doubt the strength of the cast, use some sticks or bits of wire to reinforce it. Lay it like you would lay rebar in concrete.
  5. Allow the print to completely dry, then lift it. For dental stone, it can take upwards of forty five minutes to dry--less in some cases, more in others. In almost all cases, the castings will be finished and dry enough to lift within thirty minutes. Allow more time for larger casts. When the cast(s) have dried to a medium consistency, you should take a knife blade or something similar and write your basic information in the back of the print. Include the date, time, and location at minimum. Put the corresponding number from your sketch onto the correct cast. For example, in your sketch you might have print 1, print 2, etc. Label each print as such. It is important to know where the print came from, and in which order they occurred in the trackway. Don't rely on use of a permanent marker for capturing this information on the cast. NO marker is permanent. Writing in the casting material will ensure that the information will remain intact. After marking the cast, allow it to dry until it is hard to the touch, and a blade will not readily pierce or mar it. Carefully take a shovel or other digging tool and go in a circle around the whole print. If you use a shovel, sink the blade to its entire depth in a circle around the print at a distance of no closer then about six inches. When your circle is complete, lift the print with the blade, carefully prying up. As soon as you can lift the cast by hand, do so. Knock the loose dirt off of it, and allow the print to dry for a day or two. At that time, you can use some running water to clean the cast completely.



Tips for Collecting Physical Evidence

Hair is best collected immediately into a small Ziploc baggie and sealed. Tissue or blood should be deep frozen immediately, preferably kept on dry ice. This is essential and helps keep the bacterial count to a minimum. Otherwise, the bacterial decomposition and bacterial DNA will swamp any possibility of extracting native DNA. Human contact should be avoided since even one or a few scales from the skin can compromise the results. Keep careful track of the chain of custody of your sample--the chain of people who have handled it and when.Have a seperate document sheet and write both you and the receiving party names down of whom ever has came incontact of the evidence collected.That way if it gets lost the last person on the list should be the one that has the evidence.

There have been several occasions when people found half eaten apples or potatoes with conspicuous tooth marks in them and didn't bother to collect them. Many people don't realize the implications of seemingly trivial tidbits of evidence. The safest blanket recommendation for oddball organic evidence would be to deep freeze it and worry about its disposition later. It can always be shipped frozen on dry ice, if need be. The same would apply to skin and blood if present in any amount, though hair only needs a ziploc baggie.  

                   Sighting Classifications


                Report Classification Process

Reports posted into the online database are assigned a classification. The two classes of posted reports are Class A and Class B.

Class B reports are not considered less credible, or less important, than Class A reports. Class A and Class B reports are the ones deemed credible enough  to show to the public.

The difference between Class A and Class B reports relates to the potential for misinterpretation of what was observed or heard. A witness might be very credible, but could have honestly misinterpreted something that was seen, found, or heard. Thus, for the most part, the circumstances of the incident determine the potential for misinterpretation, and therefore the classification of the report.

Almost all reports included in the database are first-hand reports. Occassionally a second-hand report is considered reliable enough to add to the database, but those reports are never Class A, because of the higher potential for inaccuracy when the story does not come straight from the eyewitness.

Credible reports where nothing was seen, but distinct and characteristic sounds of Bigfoot/Sasquatches were heard, are considered Class B reports, and never Class A, even in the most compelling "sound-only" cases. They are never Class A because the lack of a visual element raises the potential for a misidentification of the sounds.

Class A reports: involve clear sightings, in circumstances where misinterpretation or misidentification of other animals can be ruled out with greater confidence. There are few footprint cases that are very well documented. Those are considered Class A reports as well, because misidentification of common animals can be confidently ruled out, thus the potential for misinterpretation is very low.

Class B reports: are just as important as Class A reports: Incidents wherein a possible sasquatch was observed at a great distance, or in poor lighting conditions, or in any other circumstance that did not afford a clear view of the subject, are considered Class B reports.

Class C reports: Are mostly second-hand reports, and all third-hand reports, or stories with an untraceable sources, because of the high potential for inaccuracy. Those reports are kept in VBRO's archives but are not listed publicly. 

 If you have a sighting and would like to share it with us click here

  • Report a Sighting





                           Are They Dangerous



    Often asked, Are they dangerous?

    There are literally thousands of credible eyewitness accounts of sasquatch sightings. Most are from the last hundred years, but some reports extend back several centuries. These reports describe either sightings from a distance or close range encounters. Many of the latter describe situations where backpackers and campers have been approached at night or followed (paralleled) along a trail.

    Sasquatches have likely had many opportunities to attack humans. However, only two reports describe violent attacks on humans and just one describes the killing of a human -- the story told by President Teddy Roosevelt in his book, "The Wilderness Hunter" (1890).

    A chapter in Roosevelt's book recounts the story of two trappers who were stalked by a sasquatch-like animal in a remote region believed to be in present day Wyoming or Montana. One of the trappers fired his rifle at the sasquatch during their first night in a new location, apparently missing, but the stalking continued. The trappers' camp was twice found ransacked, this occurring during the day while the trappers were out checking the beaver traps they had set.

    After the second night, the trappers decided to vacate the area. Prior to their departure, while collecting their traps, the men split up. One was delayed for hours as he prepared beaver
    caught in the last of the traps, the other headed straight back to camp. His body was found by his partner later that day near the campfire. The dead man had a broken neck. The neck showed teeth or claw marks, but the body was not eaten.

    There are no modern reports of humans being injured or killed by a sasquatch.

    Although retreating appears to be the typical response of a sasquatch to the presence of humans, many credible reports describe after dark harassment of campers and rural property owners by animals believed to be sasquatches. The harassment activity is usually limited to screams, crashing and snapping of tree limbs and brush, and occasionally the throwing of rocks. There is no way of knowing the purpose for this, but perhaps the common reaction of humans provides a good clue -- people usually get frightened and vacate the area.

    While the entire body of reports strongly suggests that sasquatches do not make a practice of harming humans, the same body of evidence suggests they do hunt other animals. Among the animals that appear to be prey are deer, elk, raccoons, beavers, ducks, and rodents.

    Sasquatches are also known to kill dogs that chase or threaten them. Dogs often flee or cower in their presence, but some dogs are more aggressive and sometimes receive very brutal treatment as a result. Aggressive dogs have been found torn apart, with sasquatch tracks around the remains.

    Witnesses often ask the us if sasquatches are a threat to themselves, their families, or their property. The following opinions are based on behavior patterns that have been consistent for decades, if not centuries:

    THREAT TO ADULTS: Sasquatches do not attack humans, but they may stalk or harass humans in a forested area, possibly the result of a territorial conflict. Many reports describe surprise confrontations between humans and sasquatches in various circumstances. Such confrontations may trigger intimidating displays, growling, etc., but not a physical attack. There aren't enough instances of humans attacking sasquatches to reliably indicate whether this provokes more aggressive behavior.

    THREAT TO CHILDREN: Several reports describe easy opportunities to attack or grab children who were not closely attended. In all such situations the sasquatches merely observed the children until they themselves were noticed by someone. Then they simply walked or ran away.

    THREAT TO PROPERTY: Sasquatches are known to raid chicken coops, rabbit hutches, hog pens, and fruit orchards from time to time. There are few reports of horses or cows being attacked or bothered, but these types of livestock do sometimes get very frightened when sasquatches are nearby, according to witnesses.

    THREAT TO DOGS: Sasquatches may kill aggressive dogs that chase or threaten them. Dogs that cower or flee are left alone.

    SELF-PROTECTION: A bright flashlight or spotlight seems to be the most effective way to make one or more sasquatches back off and leave an area. Even warning shots are apparently not as effective as bright spotlights, especially when carried by groups of people searching a wooded area after dark. This latter response by humans tends to quickly and permanently halt any recurring harassment behavior or theft of small livestock from rural properties.