The Levin Morning Star *

* The Levin Morning Star......122...... Saturday 4 April 2015

 

 MELBOURNE'S NEW SOUTHERN

 

  STAR  OBSERVATION  WHEEL 

 

    OF UN CHARTER PEACE    

Image:The Southern Star.png

 

Click

http://www.thesouthernstar.com.au/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Star_Observation_Wheel

http://www.onlymelbourne.com.au/melbourne_details.php?id=12219

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United Nations Charter Article  56  Hub with Four of the Seven Human Rights Spokes Attached.

 
 
 
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The Southern Star in the Sun

 
One of the passenger pods

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 Human Rights Spokes in the United Nations Charter Wheel of Peace

 

http://www.un.org/aboutun/charter/

 Proem B 

PREAMBLE

WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and

to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and

to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and

to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

AND FOR THESE ENDS

to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and

to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and

to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and

to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,

HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS

Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations. \

 Article 1 (3)

Article 1

The Purposes of the United Nations are:

 

  1. To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;

     

  2. To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;

     

  3. To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and

     

  4. To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

 Article 13 (1) b. 

Article 13

  1. The General Assembly shall initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of:

    a. promoting international co-operation in the political field and encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification;

    b. promoting international co-operation in the economic, social, cultural, educational, and health fields, and assisting in the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

  2. The further responsibilities, functions and powers of the General Assembly with respect to matters mentioned in paragraph 1 (b) above are set forth in Chapters IX and X.

 Article 55 (c) 

Article 55

With a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, the United Nations shall promote:

a. higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development;

b. solutions of international economic, social, health, and related problems; and international cultural and educational cooperation; and

c. universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

 Article 56 

Article 56

All Members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in co-operation with the Organization for the achievement of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

 Article 62 (2) 

Article 62

  1. The Economic and Social Council may make or initiate studies and reports with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related matters and may make recommendations with respect to any such matters to the General Assembly to the Members of the United Nations, and to the specialized agencies concerned.

     

  2. It may make recommendations for the purpose of promoting respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.

     

  3. It may prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly, with respect to matters falling within its competence.

     

  4. It may call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United Nations,international conferences on matters falling within its competence.

 Article 68 

Article 68

The Economic and Social Council shall set up commissions in economic and social fields and for the promotion of human rights, and such other commissions as may be required for the performance of its functions.

 Article 76 (c) 

Article 76

The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in accordance with the Purposes of the United Nations laid down in Article 1 of the present Charter, shall be:

a. to further international peace and security;

b. to promote the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of the trust territories, and their progressive development towards self-government or independence as may be appropriate to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may be provided by the terms of each trusteeship agreement;

c. to encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion, and to encourage recognition of the interdependence of the peoples of the world; and

d. to ensure equal treatment in social, economic, and commercial matters for all Members of the United Nations and their nationals, and also equal treatment for the latter in the administration of justice, without prejudice to the attainment of the foregoing objectives and subject to the provisions of Article 80.

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24 October 2010 

 

  United Nations Day

 

When the United  Nations

Charter came into force in 1945

Click

http://nation.ittefaq.com/issues/2008/10/24/news0992.htm

http://www.un.org/aboutun/charter/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Day

http://www.un.org/events/unday/2007/
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 Melbourne's 8 Hour Monument Is For

 New Zealand As Well as Australia.

Below.  Free Melbourne City Circle Tram Number 888

Click http://www.8hourday.org.au/images/monument.asp?URL=../news_archive.asp

Click  http://www.vthc.org.au/latest-news/archives/2006-archives/eight-hour-day-monument-gets-a-face-lift/index.cfm

Click  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eight-hour_day#Australia

On Google Earth:- See the Melbourne Trades Hall and find small triangular park nearby. When you close in on this park you will see a box that indicates 888 and another giving  Melbourne Eight hour Monument for Panramio photos and exact location.

Today, being the 24th of the month, relates to the 24th Article of theUnited Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights on reasonable limitation of working hours.

Article 24.

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

The Declaration's Article 24 is only an ideal and not part of a binding on nations Covenant.

The ICESCR International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights Article 7(d) deals with UDHR Article 24 ideals and objectives.

Article 7

The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work which ensure, in particular:

(a) Remuneration which provides all workers, as a minimum, with:

(i) Fair wages and equal remuneration for work of equal value without distinction of any kind, in particular women being guaranteed conditions of work not inferior to those enjoyed by men, with equal pay for equal work;

(ii) A decent living for themselves and their families in accordance with the provisions of the present Covenant;

(b) Safe and healthy working conditions;

(c) Equal opportunity for everyone to be promoted in his employment to an appropriate higher level, subject to no considerations other than those of seniority and competence;

(d ) Rest, leisure and reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay, as well as remuneration for public holidays.

This is a good example of why a human rights navigation aid is desirable, to help link a Declaration Article to a Covenant Article or Article clause.  What is this human rights advocate's guiding star? The author has compiled the Bonzer Bloom United Nations Human Rights Linker as follows.

Below. The centre start-point arrow gives the 1 / 60 start-finish point with yellow diamond between.  The centre is near three other dots for the three divisions of  (A) general provisions at the start and finish of the Universal Declaration, with United Nations Charter principles dominating.(B) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ICCPR (C) International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights.    

Below United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 24 REST linking to Article 7(d) of the International Covenant of Economic Social and Cultural Rights ICESCR.