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"Bringing Seamanship to the Creeks from the River and the Estuary "   


Lengthsman Dartford

The "Lengthsman" concept is best explained by clicking on the word, which will bring you directly to the Wikipedia explanation.

The Lengthsman concept is a central plank in the organisation of the "Friends of Dartford and Crayford Creeks" and is a pinned post on their facebook page.     




Skipper a SMACK.



  How may we enable this? 



"Why is KJ no longer a Smack? She was one when she was built.

They call 'Excelsior' a Smack.

Please explain.


Quote:  ...  "smack" - a sailing ship (usually rigged like a sloop or cutter) used in fishing and sailing along the coast.

KJ is cutter rigged.  i.e. two sails in front of the main mast. In our case a jib and a foresail (not a staysail!!)

I know she isn't now but she was a fishing vessel. I want to be the skipper of a smack!"

" Specifically "Kenya Jacaranda" is a KETCH-RIGGED SCHOONER.

A ketch and a schooner are two different types of vessel.

The foremast of a schooner is shorter than the aft mast.

The foremast carries a smaller sail than the aft mast.

The full title of KJ is a 'cutter rigged Gaff Ketch'.

There you are then!

For further on smacks see http://www.historyofhull.co.uk/docs/Trawling.pdf  Absoutely riveting article.

It is in PDF format for which you need to have Adobe Acrobat installed in your computer.

To nick the text, "select All" and only then "COPY" and don't say I sent you.

SMACK is defined in Concise OED as: " Sloop especially for fishing. "

In Collins 1979 a smack is defined as:

(1) a sailing vessel, USUALLY sloop-rigged, used in coasting and fishing along the British coast.

SLOOP is defined as: Small ONE-masted fore-&-aft rigged vessel with mainsail & jib, & usually gaff topsail & forestaysail.

In Virtue's Simplified Dictionary Encyclopedic (sic) Edition of 1948:

they have a very similar definition (one mast) but fine tune it by saying

that the gaff topsail and forestaysail are found on LARGER sloops.

They also insist the bowsprit is 'fixed'.

Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology (1983) SMACK

smaek light single-masted sailing-vessel (came into common usage in 1700s)

..... origin is unknown.  

 
"Kenya Jacaranda" may be described as a YACHT, SAILING SHIP, KETCH, SCHOONER.

See definitions below

yacht - any boat driven by sails or engines for RECREATIONAL use (often RACING) rather than work activity

sailing ship - a [WORKING] vessel powered by the wind, [usually] having MORE THAN ONE MAST

schooner - any fore'n'aft' rigged sailing vessel with TWO OR MORE MASTS

ketch -sailing vessel with two masts; mizzen forward of rudderpost

Specifically "Kenya Jacaranda" is a SCHOONER-RIGGED KETCH.


One of our readers suggests 'Cutter-rigged Gaff Ketch' but it won't do as a cutter by definition has only one mast


She is NOT a sail-boat, a brig. a brigantine, a yawl, a cutter OR a sloop

and:- SHE IS NOT A SMACK.

There is considerable evidence that fishing folk (including Brixham Trawlermen) used the word "Smack" to describe their own vessels.

While these admirable folk were master sailors and enviable fishermen they did not necessarily command the English Language.

We carry on their noble tradition into the 21st Century. If we wish to call our Kenya Jacaranda a "smack" nobody has a right to tell us not to.

(But as a protector of the Queen's English your scribe must argue that even though you CALL her a smack, she is NOT a smack. She is a ketch.) 


sail-boat, sailing boat - a small sailing vessel; usually with a single mast

brig -        two-masted sailing vessel square-rigged on both masts

brigantine - a two-master, square-rigged on the foremast and fore'n'aft rigged on the main

yawl - a sailing vessel with two masts; with a [small] mizzen aft of the rudderpost

cutter - sailing vessel with a single mast set midships or slightly aft

sloop - sailing vessel single mast set a third of a boat's length aft of the bow

smack - a sailing ship (usually rigged like a sloop or cutter) used in fishing and sailing along the coast

 

SOME OTHER DEFINITIONS YOU MAY FIND USEFUL AS YOU GO

boom - any of various more-or-less horizontal spars or poles used e.g. to extend the foot of a sail or for handling cargo or in mooring
gaff - spar rising aft from a mast to support the head of a quadrilateral fore'n'aft sail
mast - a vertical spar for supporting sails
gaff-sail - quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail suspended from a gaff



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