Who are Hizballah (The party of God)
Freedom, right, justice and peace are essential values for any society to rise and develop. Freedom is the basis for this rise, while justice cannot be applied without right and peace is inaccessible with the exclusion of justice. These values have been established by the divine religions, the clearest and most comprehensive of which has been Islam, whether in theoretical or practical conception.
Hizballah(Hezballah/Hezbollah) is an organized striving current that has been established on the basis of its commitment to the above-mentioned values, seeking, with its noble religious and national struggle to achieve these values in Lebanon and the region and to eliminate all the artificial barriers that would obstruct that purpose.
In order to liberate the occupied land, maintain the national dignity and materialize these values, Hizballah has sacrificed hundreds of martyrs, injured and disabled as an act of faith in the legitimacy of its resistance against the usurping invaders.
Hizballah has a strong belief in the necessity of achieving the security and peace that are based on right and justice in Lebanon, the region and the world. Consequently, it rejects all forms of aggression and terrorism.
Some European Countries(US, UK, etc) declared that Hizballah is a terrorists organization and they are also setting up a terrorist organization inside Israel, Judea, Samaria, Gaza Strip and in other Countires, smuggling weapons, kidnapping foreigners, etc., but if you research deeply about this organization then you will find that these are not the facts.
When Hizballah made:
Hizballah first emerged during the Lebanese Civil War as a militia of followers of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, trained, organized and funded by a contingent of Iranian Revolutionary Guards and led by Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah established Hizballah to promote Islam and resist Western influences in Lebanon.
Hizballah, which started only with a militia(about 100-500 males & females), has grown to an organization which has seats in the Lebanese government, a radio and a satellite television station (www.almanar.com.lb), and programs for social development.
Hizballah organizes an extensive social development program and runs hospitals, news services, and educational facilities. Its Reconstruction Campaign (Jihad Al Binna) is responsible for numerous economic and infrastructure development projects in Lebanon.
Sheikh Subhi al-Tufayli was the speaker of Hizballah between 1985 and 1989 then he became the first Secretary-General of Hizballah from 1989 until 1991.
Al-Tufayli spent nine years studying theology in the holy city of Al-Najaf, Iraq where he met and was influenced by other Islamist clerics and by the teachings of the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Returning to Lebanon, he along with Abbas al-Musawi help found the Hizballah movement and militia in the Beqaa Valley in 1982.
In 1992 he was replaced by Abbas al-Musawi when Hizballah decided to participate in national elections. Abbas al-Musawi was an influential Muslim cleric and leader of Hizballah. He was assassinated by Israeli forces in 1992. On February 16, 1992, Israeli helicopters attacked a motorcade in southern Lebanon, killing Musawi, his wife, son, and four others. Since 1992 the organization has been headed by Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah.
Nasrallah became the leader of Hizballah after Israel assassinated the movements leader Abbas al-Musawi in 1992. Under Nasrallah's leadership, Hizballah became a serious opponent of the Israel Defense Forces in Southern Lebanon, managing to improve the organization's military capabilities. Hizballah's military campaigns of the late 1990s were believed to be one of the main factors that led to the Israeli decision to withdraw from Southern Lebanon in 2000, thus ending 18 years of occupation, but again Israely forces attacked Lebanon in 2006.
Nasrallah lived in South Beirut with his wife Fatimah Yasin (who comes from the Lebanese village of Al-Abbasiyah) and five children: Muhammad Haadi, Muhammad Jawaad, Zainab, Muhammad Ali and Muhammad Mahdi. In September 1997, his eldest son Muhammad Haadi was martyred by Israeli forces in Jabal al-Rafei in southern Lebanon
Prisoners exchange and their battles(wars):
Nasrallah also played a major role in a complex prisoner exchange deal between Israel and Hizballah in 2004, resulting in hundreds of Palestinian and Lebanese prisoners being freed and the dead body of his son with many more returning to Lebanon. The agreement was described across the Arab world as a great victory for Hizballah with Nasrallah being personally praised for achieving these gains.
In the early days, Hizballah gained much notoriety through the kidnappings of several westerners by one of its fringe groups. But what caused most political consternation were the quite spectacular actions against various foreign occupants by its predecessors. The bombing of the barracks of the US Marines and French headquarters in 1983 killed 300 soldiers of the Multinational Force that by then had lost its semblance of neutrality of intervention in the punishing Israeli siege and occupation of West Beirut. That humiliation led the US to lose its nerve in trying to police the conflict which no longer was restricted to an Israeli - Palestinian matter, with force. The subsequent bombing of the "Israeli Defence Forces" headquarters in Tyre with 75 soldiers lost took its toll on Israeli resolve and led to it's retreat to the present occupation zone in the south. The present activities of the resistance in southern Lebanon continue to try both morale and staying-will of the Israeli occupation whose losses in 1997 alone were 35 men. What is not commonly understood abroad is that the aim of the resistance in southern Lebanon is not military activity against northern Israel as carried on by the Palestinian guerillas of the 70's and early 80's, but the liberation of occupied Lebanon.
During 1990s, Hizballah militias became at least as powerful as the national Lebanese army in Southern Lebanon. Hizballah continued its guerilla warfare campaign against Israeli targets in Southern Lebanon, which Israel occupied after the 1982 war, and internationally despite the requirement of the Taif Agreement that all non-national militias disarm. Hizballah's popularity and prestige grew substantially following Israel's withdrawal from Southern Lebanon verified by the United Nations in 2000, an event considered by Hizballah and its supporters to be a victory achieved by Hizballah. Hizballah continues to fight against Israel in part because it claims that Shebaa Farms, a 35 km area piece of the Golan Heights, is Lebanese land (the United Nations and Israel both claim it to be Syrian land, however Syria and Lebanon have recognized it as Lebanese land). In the 2000s, Hizballah relied less on tactical suicide attacks and more on repeated attempts at capturing Israeli soldiers with the expectation of a prisoner exchange with Israel. Three of these attempts were successful and one of them led to the 2006 Lebanon War which ended in high civilian casualty rates on both sides of the Lebanon-Israel border.
On August 3, 2006,Hassan Nasrallah vowed to strike Tel Aviv in retaliation for Israel's bombardment of Lebanon's capital, Beirut. "If you hit Beirut, the Islamic resistance will hit Tel Aviv and is able to do that with God's help," Nasrallah said in a televised address. He said in his television address Hizballah forces were inflicting maximum casualties on Israeli ground troops.
Nasrallah's son Haadi:
After the death of six members of the Lebanese Army, and the loss of contact with four fighters of the Islamic Resistance in a fight with Israel on Saturday night, one of the lost members of the Islamic Resistance came back safe, while another who was killed (martyred) turned out to be Hizballah Secretary General Hassan Nasrallah's son, Hadi Nasrallah.
Hadi, 18, was able to establish a heroic career during his short lifetime. He was a member of the special forces of the Lebanese resistance. He joined several military training courses and died in the confrontation with the Israeli occupation in al Rafi mountain area on September 13 evening.
Yesterday, Hassan Nasrallah received messages of condolence and sympathy from numerous leaders from all over the world. In a speech, Nasrallah said that the death of his son was not a victory for Israel, but a victory for Hizballah. "He was not promenading in Harat Horek streets when he was killed by Israel, for he went by himself to the enemy, to the most dangerous area of the front line."
Nasrallah added that he wanted to let the enemy as well as the Lebanese people know that though Hadi Nasrallah was the son of Hizballah's Secretary General, he went to the front on his own, without being the object of any pressure from his father. He also said that the case was the same for all the "pure heroes" who could be fighting at this very moment. "The only merit that we and their parents have is that we did not hinder their decision to the virtuous way they chose," Nasrallah said refereing to the killed fighters.
Concerning the exchanges of bodies, Nasrallah announced that Hadi Nasrallah's body will be considered by Hizballah like that of any other killed fighter, and that they will not allow Israel to take advantage of the fact that Hadi Nasrallah is the son of Hizballah's Secretary General in order to bargain in the exchanges and get more than they would if he was any other fighter.
Hizballah political position and policies:
Hizballah is one of the major political parties that represent the Muslims in Lebanon, Lebanon's largest religious group. It holds 14 of the 128 seats in Lebanon's Parliament, and is a member of the Resistance and Development Block.
On February 16, 1985 Sheikh Ibrahim al-Amin issued Hizballah's manifesto. According to this "Hizballah Program, Open Letter," the three objectives of the organization were:
1) To expel Americans, the French and their allies definitely from Lebanon, putting an end to any colonialist entity on our land.
2) To submit the phalanges to a just power and bring them all to justice for the crimes they have perpetrated against Muslims and Christians.
3) To permit all the sons of our people to determine their future and to choose in all the liberty the form of government they desire. We call upon all of them to pick the option of Islamic government which alone is capable of guaranteeing justice and liberty for all. Only an Islamic regime can stop any future tentative attempts of imperialistic infiltration onto our country.
Hizballah's original 1985 manifesto reads:
We are the sons of the ummah (Muslim community) - the party of God (Hizb Allah) the vanguard of which was made victorious by God in Iran. There the vanguard succeeded to lay down the bases of a Muslim state which plays a central role in the world. We obey the orders of one leader, wise and just, that of our tutor and fiqah (jurist) who fulfills all the necessary conditions: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini....We are an umma linked to the Muslims of the whole world by the solid doctrinal and religious connection of Islam, whose message God wanted to be fulfilled by the Seal of the Prophets, i.e., Muhammad(P.B.U.H). Our behavior is dictated to us by legal principles laid down by the light of an overall political conception defined by the leading jurist.... As for our culture, it is based on the Holy Koran, the Sunna and the legal rulings of the fiqah who is our source of imitation
Hizballah social services and their developements:
Hizballah also organizes extensive social development programs, running hospitals, news services, and educational facilities. Social services have a central role in the party's programs. Most experts believe that Hizballah's social and health programmes are worth hundreds of millions of dollars annually.
It has established some institutions which are Emdad committee for Islamic Charity, Hizballah Central Press Office, Al Jarha Association, and Jehad Al Benaa Developmental Association. Its Reconstruction Campaign (Jihad al-Binna) is responsible for numerous economic and infrastructure development projects in Lebanon. Hizballah has set up a Martyr's Institute(Al-Shahid Social Association), which guarantees to provide for the living and education expenses for the families of fighters who die in battle. Hizballah currently operates at least four hospitals, 12 clinics, 12 schools and two agricultural centres that provide farmers with technical assistance and training. It also has an environmental department and an extensive social assistance programme. Medical care is also cheaper than in most of the country's private hospitals and free for Hizballah members". Also Hizballah's social service agencies provide health care and schooling for poor peoples including several orphanages and Islamic centers.
According to CNN: "Hizballah did everything that a government should do, from collecting the garbage to running hospitals and repairing schools." In July 2006, during the war with Israel, when there was no running water in Beirut, Hizballah was arranging supplies around the city. Also after the war it competes with the Lebanon government to reconstruct destroyed area. According to analysts like American University Professor Judith Swain Harik, Jihad al-Binaa has won the initial battle of hearts and minds in large part because they are the most experienced in the reconstruction field in Lebanon.
Hizballah media operations:
Hizballah operates a satellite television station, Al-Manar TV (the Lighthouse), a radio station al-Nour (the Light), and a monthly magazine Kabdat Alla (The Fist of God). Al-Manar broadcasts from Beirut, Lebanon. The station was launched by Hizballah in 1991 with the help of Iranian. Al-Manar, self-proclaimed "Station of the Resistance" (qanat al-muqawama), is a key player in what Hizballah calls its "psychological warfare against the Zionist enemy" and an integral part of Hizballah's plan to spread its message to the entire world.
Al-Manar's transmission in France is prohibited due to promotion of Holocaust denial, a criminal offense in France. The United States and many other Countries has also blocked Al-Manar television network.
Materials aimed at instilling principles of nationalism and Islam in children are an aspect of Hizballah's media operations. The Hizballah Central Internet Bureau released a video game in 2003 entitled Special Force in which players conduct war on Israeli invaders, wherein the winner becomes a national hero on Earth and a martyr in Heaven.
Hizballah sources assert that the organization has about 5,000-15,000 fighters or may be more on request. Hizballah’s militia consists of a core of about 500-1000 fighters, which can be expanded to up to 3,000 within some hours if a battle with Israel develops. These reserves presumably are called in from Hizballah strongholds in Lebanon, including the Bekaa Valley and Beirut’s southern suburbs. The number of members involved in combat activity in southern Lebanon is under 1,000. But it has many activists and moral supporters. After the Israeli withdrawal Hizballah reduced the number of full time fighters to about 500, though estimates range from 300 to 1,800. There are also several thousand reserves. Hizballah forces are shown on television conducting military parades in Beirut.
Hizballah financial support:
Hizballah maintains the main source of its income comes from donations by Muslims. Lebanese Muslims and other groups often make Khums, Zakat, etc, contributions directly after prayers, and an additional donation in a Hizballah donation box. The US estimates that Iran was giving Hizballah about $60-$100 million per year in financial assistance but that assistance declined as other funding was secured, primarily from South America.
After the victory of Hizballah, Sayyed Nasrallah mentioned terrorism, in his several speech's to the World that Israel itself is the terrorist "from its nose to its toes."
And one of the greatest speech "Even Israel contains nuclear power and latest weapons in the region but fails to capture us and swear by Almighty Lord, indeed Israel is weaker then the spider web".