Charlie's Song Birds



                 Basic Mule Breeding



Before  I  get  started  into the basics of mule (in reality are hybrids) breeding  I  have  to  say  that  this  type  of  pairings  (wild  finch X domestic canary) was to produce songsters that have metalic varied wild Carduelan finch  notes  and the freedom and length of song of a canary.  I  suggest  to  always  to pair high quality birds together to produce  superior  birds.  At  one  time  this  venture in bird breeding was  called  an  art  in  Europe  for  many  centuries and I have been breeding mules because of my curiosity ,  excitement and also for my own enjoyment just listening  to  the  final  product,  thats  why  we keep/breed  birds.    The  majority  of  mules / hybrids  are  generally infertile  and  usually  female  mules  are used for fostering out other types  of  rare  Carduelan finches  or  difficult types of canaries.  The most common  and easiest way to breed mules is to use a Carduelan finch  male  and  a domestic canary female. Wild finches when caged act different  than  in the wild and when caged together with closely related  species  they  tend  to  bond ,  if  there is no presence of their species  in  sight.


 To  successfully  make  mules,   you   have  to  get  the  pair  in  high condition for breeding. Getting the female canary into this condition is not a problem but the key to get the finch in top condition takes a little work.  They  will  need  a  constant  supply of soaked/sprouted seeds,  high  protein  egg  food  with  added  whole  boiled  eggs, and plenty  of  greens(romaine lettuce,broccoli,dandelion,etc).  They will also  require 14-16 hours of lighting while female canaries come into condition  at  about  12  or  so.  This  is  a  problem  and  the  results usually  are  clear  eggs  first  round.  To  avoid  this  pair the female canary  to  a male canary first round to make more canaries for next year. Only put the male canary to breed with the female canary, but remove  him  so  they  do  not bond. As cages are concerned a double breeder cage with a divider in the middle is a must. Keep the finch in view  of  his  mate  at  all  times  with  a  wire divider and when the young canaries hatch and reach about 7 days old introduce the finch. Some finch males  will actually feed the young canaries and then his own young.   When the female canary  is ready for round 2 so should the male finch. NOTE: Never trust a finch with an incubating female canary  as  they  are  prone  to  peck  at  or  eat  the eggs due to their curious  busy/nature. 

Some problems faced with mule breeding  is  that the female will not accept or reciprocate her affections and will not allow the male finch to copulate with her.  To  overcome  this  problem  you  will  need  a strong  singing  male  canary.  When the female has her nest  ½ built place  the  male  canary  in  view,  when  he sings  to  her  she should initiate  mating  and  the  male  finch  should  take  advantage of the situation.   Mule  babies  grow  rapidly and are usually strong in the nest ,  so a good feeding hen canary is a must!   Young mules usually leave the nest at 16-19 days of age and are self supporting at 30 days of age.   Once on their own they should be put with the desired finch tutors  or  tapes  to learn as much wild song notes as possible as the whole  objective  is  them  singing wild notes not like a canary.  The final  product  should  be  beautiful  unique  birds  that are powerful singers  singing  both  wild  finch notes and strong trills that will be very  healthy  due to the crossing of different bloodlines AKA hybrid vigor. ........They  will  give  you  many,  many  years  of  enjoyment!

Charles "Doc Frankenstien" Loukeris




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