The Barnards of Sussex


Laughton Church Wardens

John Barnard continued as Church Warden and Overseer of the poor for Laughton almost until his death in 1714



Others in the Barnard line like WIlliam married into the Shoosmith Dynasty who were also church wardens in Laughton his daughter Elizabeth married into the Goldsmith dynasty also Church Wardens

I have the full list of the wardens if anyone is interested which contains many other Shoosmiths from 1694 - 1925

 

Laughton Church Inscription

GILBERT DE AQUILA

Lord of the LANDS of the Eagle,

Conveyed the Advowson of the Church to the

Friary of Michelham

MCCXXIX (1229)

"For over seven hundred yearn, Laughton Church has looked down upon its parish, nursing it during its primitive infancy; guiding its people; baptising its babes and marrying its sons and daughters; and to the successive generations of seven centuries, it has imparted moral precepts and Christian principles  

The influence of Laughton Parish Church can never be measured and, as long as Laughter remains a habitation on earth, the story which began in the dim distant past centuries will continue to add chapter after chapter to the flight of years."

W.A.P.

Laughton Church Wardens

1694-   Edward Shoosmith Thomas Nerve

1695-   Edward Shoosmith John Burgess

1696-7 James Vine Nicholas Towner

1698-   James Vine John Tedham

1699-0 John Denman John Muddle

 

1701-2 William Marchant James Chamberlin

1703-4 John Barnard - William Shoosmith

1705-   Henry Butler Mark Taylor

17O6-  Richard Weibourn Janes Lacy

1707-   Peter Marchant Thomas Rice

1708-   Thomas Lidloe John Peckham

1709-0 John Parker John Clarke

1711-13           Samuel Butler John Barnard

1714-15           Ed. Shoosmith, junr. Edward Muddle

1716-17           Richard Pratt Richard Goldsmith

1718-   John Earle Thomas Butler, Junr.

1719-20           Richard Groom Robert Turner

1721-22           William Shoosmith John Gower also Wm Shoosmith (in ye steed of Wm. Shoosmith deceased)

1723-25           Edward Shoosmith William Shoosmith

1724-27           Robert Saxby Henry Butler

1728-29           Robert Saxby Thomas Jones

1730-40           Ed. Shoosmith, sen. Ed. Shoosmith, junr.

1731-34           Ed. Shoosmith, sen. John Earl, junr.

1735-   Robert Saxby, sen. William Butler

1736-40           Robert Saxby Samuel. Butler, junr.

1741-45           Robert Turner Wm. Shoosmith

1746-50           Richard Dumbrell Robert Saxby

1751-   Robert Turner James Shoosmith

1752-53           James Shoosmith to Robert Burfield

1754-55           Robert Burfield Thomas Brazier

1756-60           William Shoosmith William Goad

1761-62           Robert Saxby Edmund Roffey

1763-64           William Shoosmith Robert Turner

1765-66         Ed. Shoosmith Thomas Brazior

William Barnard and William Junior

 

William BARNARD, from my file on Old House Farm, Ringmer

 

William BARNARD (occupier of the house c.1748 and the farm <1748-1772): William BARNARD was tenant of Old House Farm before also taking the least of Gote Farm [no.833] c.1750 and retaining both to his retirement in 1772. He was a Glyndebourne Estate tenant from as early as 1731, and is presumably the man referred to as ‘BARNET’ in Horsfield’s anecdote from the 1740s. William BARNARD and Elizabeth SHOOSMITH, both of Laughton, married at Laughton by licence on 1 Jul 1726 [see J. Comber, Sussex Genealogies, Lewes Centre, p.267, for Elizabeth’s ancestry]. This couple had a son William (not baptised in Ringmer) and a daughter Elizabeth who was baptised at Ringmer 23 Oct 1734 and who on 14 Nov 1758 married widower William GOULDSMITH of Waldron (eventually heir to both William BARNARD senior and William BARNARD junior). On 11 Oct 1725 William BARNETT of Laughton, yeoman, had taken a 21 year lease of 24 acres of land, mostly brookland and apparently without a house, in Ashton from a Cliffe surgeon and his wife at a rent of £15 10s 0d p.a. [WSRO/Wiston/2206]. On 13 Sep 1731 William BARNARD of Glynde yeoman took an 11 year lease at £105 p.a. of a 200 acre Glyndebourne Estate farm that was already in his own occupation, and had been formerly occupied by Stephen POLLINGTON [PRO/C109/Boxes 16-19 prov.list. 104]. This appears to have been land around Glyndebourne itself, and I am not clear whether this might have included Old House Farmhouse. In 1738 he was the occupier of a 53 acre farm (freehold house and 9 acres of land plus 44 acres of copyhold land in Glynde and Ringmer) purchased by William HAY of Glyndebourne from Stephen WOOD of Henfield Glyndebourne Estate property no.7.  Horsfield’s anecdote from the 1740s places him as resident at William HAY’s Old House Farm, and tells us that almost immediately afterwards William HAY also gave him the tenancy of the Gote Farm (which the land tax notes him as taking from 1750). In 1748 when Willliam HAY and another landowner exchanged strips in an attempt to rationalise the former Ashton open fields William BARNARD was already in occupation of both holdings [PRO/C109/Boxes 16-19 prov.list. nos.108-110]. By 1757 he occupied virtually all the Glyndebourne Estate farms in Ringmer [ESRO/GBN/18/2] and continued to do so until his retirement in 1772. The 11 Jun 1770 Sussex Weekly Advertiser noted that a maidservant belonging to Mr BARNARD, farmer at Ringmer, had been bitten by a mad dog, ‘which had been attended by such melancholy circumstances that tws said last night she was to be smothered’. Happily the next week’s newspaper reported that ‘she had providentially had a favourable turn to her disorder and there are some hopes of her recovery’. In 1765 he purchased a house and 2 acres of land called the Hamme [no.410]. In 1772 he purchased the Chestnut Cottages near Ringmer Green [nos.710-713] and in 1773 bought a house at Rushey Green with half an acre of land [no.737]. William BARNARD was made headborough of Ashton borgh in 1730, a post often served very soon after arrival. He is noted as churchwarden of Ringmer 1754-1756, 1758-1759 & 1761-1763 [preceeding and intervening years not known], overseer of the poor in 1760 & 1764, collector of the land tax in 1761, 1762 & 1764, highway surveyor for Middleham borgh in 1757, 1760 & 1764 and for Ashton borgh in 1762 & 1767. His properties qualified him to vote in the 1774 election. Elizabeth BARNARD from Ringmer was buried at Laughton 25 Oct 1774, followed by William BARNARD on 10 May 1777. The 2 Oct 1776 will of William BARNARD senior of Ringmer, yeoman, was proved in 1777 [ESRO/SM/D9-221] and divided his properties between his son and his son-in-law.

 

1740-1750 Anecdote [Re T.W. Horsfield, History of Lewes, Vol.II (1827), footnote to pp.121 &123]: Horsfield writes, in connection with his account of William HAY of Glyndebourne (1695-1755) ‘I cannot resist the opportunity of relating the two following anecdotes of Mr HAY; they are illustrative of his disposition and character. I shall give them nearly in the words of my informant, whose mother was engaged in the family between 1740 and 1750. Mr & Mrs HAY were one day walking round the Mount when Mr HAY had occasion to call on one of his tenants, of the name of BARNET, who then used the Old House Farm. Words soon rose so high between landlord and tenant, that Mrs HAY slipped out of the house and concealed herself behind the well wheel. At length BARNET’s passion got so much the better of his prudence, that, without any ceremony, he shouldered his visitor out of doors. Mr HAY quietly rejoined his wife, who was extremely indignant at the treatment her lord had received, and, on their way home, exerted all the eloquence which her indignation could inspire, to induce Mr HAY to turn BARNET out of the farm. ‘Turn BARNET out, my dear?’ said the old gentleman, ‘No! BARNET is an Englishman: I had no business in his house; whilst he pays me the rent, the house is his, notwithstanding his foolish conduct.’ The next thing his household heard was, that Mr HAY had let BARNET the Goat Farm’ [account continues with the second anecdote].

Westham Gravestones

There are a great set of Barnard Graves at Westham Church next to Pevensey Castle Sussex. They document the family during the 1700's. It was a truly inspiring experience standing by the graves and reading off the family history from the web site on my mobile. It made me feel so close to my ancestors of 200-300 years before.

Edward & Jane at Glynde Laughton & Westham

Edward 1684 was a yeoman of Glynde on 23 Oct 1716 when he married Jane Bryant or Bryan of Hamset at Glynde Westham gravestone 1752

Edward & Jane's Children

Edward & Jane had 8 or so children


Edward 1718 Westham gravestone  1780
Thomas 1717 - Thomas married Rebecca vincett and moved to Jevington where Thomas was a yeoman farmer
Mary 1720


In memory of Mary daughter of Edward Barnard who departed this life on 3rd of February 17XX

William 1722
John 1726
Henry
Ann
James 1730 Westham gravestone 1757

William & Elizabeth Laughton & Ringmer

William  - Edwards brother Married Elizabeth Shoosmith at Laughton 1st July 1726 and they moved to Ringmer where he was husbanman in 1748 and became church warden 1754 and Overseer of the poor 1760

Ringmer Church


He died in 1777 in Laughton

 

William BARNARD, from my file on Old House Farm, Ringmer

 

William BARNARD (occupier of the house c.1748 and the farm <1748-1772): William BARNARD was tenant of Old House Farm before also taking the least of Gote Farm [no.833] c.1750 and retaining both to his retirement in 1772. He was a Glyndebourne Estate tenant from as early as 1731, and is presumably the man referred to as ‘BARNET’ in Horsfield’s anecdote from the 1740s. William BARNARD and Elizabeth SHOOSMITH, both of Laughton, married at Laughton by licence on 1 Jul 1726 [see J. Comber, Sussex Genealogies, Lewes Centre, p.267, for Elizabeth’s ancestry]. This couple had a son William (not baptised in Ringmer) and a daughter Elizabeth who was baptised at Ringmer 23 Oct 1734 and who on 14 Nov 1758 married widower William GOULDSMITH of Waldron (eventually heir to both William BARNARD senior and William BARNARD junior). On 11 Oct 1725 William BARNETT of Laughton, yeoman, had taken a 21 year lease of 24 acres of land, mostly brookland and apparently without a house, in Ashton from a Cliffe surgeon and his wife at a rent of £15 10s 0d p.a. [WSRO/Wiston/2206]. On 13 Sep 1731 William BARNARD of Glynde yeoman took an 11 year lease at £105 p.a. of a 200 acre Glyndebourne Estate farm that was already in his own occupation, and had been formerly occupied by Stephen POLLINGTON [PRO/C109/Boxes 16-19 prov.list. 104]. This appears to have been land around Glyndebourne itself, and I am not clear whether this might have included Old House Farmhouse. In 1738 he was the occupier of a 53 acre farm (freehold house and 9 acres of land plus 44 acres of copyhold land in Glynde and Ringmer) purchased by William HAY of Glyndebourne from Stephen WOOD of Henfield Glyndebourne Estate property no.7.  Horsfield’s anecdote from the 1740s places him as resident at William HAY’s Old House Farm, and tells us that almost immediately afterwards William HAY also gave him the tenancy of the Gote Farm (which the land tax notes him as taking from 1750). In 1748 when Willliam HAY and another landowner exchanged strips in an attempt to rationalise the former Ashton open fields William BARNARD was already in occupation of both holdings [PRO/C109/Boxes 16-19 prov.list. nos.108-110]. By 1757 he occupied virtually all the Glyndebourne Estate farms in Ringmer [ESRO/GBN/18/2] and continued to do so until his retirement in 1772. The 11 Jun 1770 Sussex Weekly Advertiser noted that a maidservant belonging to Mr BARNARD, farmer at Ringmer, had been bitten by a mad dog, ‘which had been attended by such melancholy circumstances that tws said last night she was to be smothered’. Happily the next week’s newspaper reported that ‘she had providentially had a favourable turn to her disorder and there are some hopes of her recovery’. In 1765 he purchased a house and 2 acres of land called the Hamme [no.410]. In 1772 he purchased the Chestnut Cottages near Ringmer Green [nos.710-713] and in 1773 bought a house at Rushey Green with half an acre of land [no.737]. William BARNARD was made headborough of Ashton borgh in 1730, a post often served very soon after arrival. He is noted as churchwarden of Ringmer 1754-1756, 1758-1759 & 1761-1763 [preceeding and intervening years not known], overseer of the poor in 1760 & 1764, collector of the land tax in 1761, 1762 & 1764, highway surveyor for Middleham borgh in 1757, 1760 & 1764 and for Ashton borgh in 1762 & 1767. His properties qualified him to vote in the 1774 election. Elizabeth BARNARD from Ringmer was buried at Laughton 25 Oct 1774, followed by William BARNARD on 10 May 1777. The 2 Oct 1776 will of William BARNARD senior of Ringmer, yeoman, was proved in 1777 [ESRO/SM/D9-221] and divided his properties between his son and his son-in-law.

 

1740-1750 Anecdote [Re T.W. Horsfield, History of Lewes, Vol.II (1827), footnote to pp.121 &123]: Horsfield writes, in connection with his account of William HAY of Glyndebourne (1695-1755) ‘I cannot resist the opportunity of relating the two following anecdotes of Mr HAY; they are illustrative of his disposition and character. I shall give them nearly in the words of my informant, whose mother was engaged in the family between 1740 and 1750. Mr & Mrs HAY were one day walking round the Mount when Mr HAY had occasion to call on one of his tenants, of the name of BARNET, who then used the Old House Farm. Words soon rose so high between landlord and tenant, that Mrs HAY slipped out of the house and concealed herself behind the well wheel. At length BARNET’s passion got so much the better of his prudence, that, without any ceremony, he shouldered his visitor out of doors. Mr HAY quietly rejoined his wife, who was extremely indignant at the treatment her lord had received, and, on their way home, exerted all the eloquence which her indignation could inspire, to induce Mr HAY to turn BARNET out of the farm. ‘Turn BARNET out, my dear?’ said the old gentleman, ‘No! BARNET is an Englishman: I had no business in his house; whilst he pays me the rent, the house is his, notwithstanding his foolish conduct.’ The next thing his household heard was, that Mr HAY had let BARNET the Goat Farm’ [account continues with the second anecdote].

1778 map showing Dittons Farm nr Stone Cross

Edward & Jane at Westham

Edward became husbandman at Dittons farm Westham

His son Edward followed him at Dittons farm and by the date of his marriage to Sarah Vincett of Jevvington in 1764 he was Yeoman farmer of Dittons farm Westham

Sarah was from a farming and butchery family from the Cranbrook area who can be traced back to the 1530's

Edwards Will 1st July 1775

I Edward Barnard of Dittons in the parish of Westham in the county of Sussex, yeoman being of sound mind, allomony and understanding - Praise be almighty God. This is my last will and testament hereby revoking and making void all former wills by me. First and principally I promise my soul into almighty God hoping and believing and through the mortal death and passion of my blessed savious Jesus Chriist to have free pardon and forgiveness for all my sins and everlasting life.
And as for my worldly estate it has pleased almighty god to
First I give and bequeth to my dear and loving wife Sarah the sum of four pounds to buy I do hereby direct that this sum be paid unto her by my exectutors herein aformentioned within onew month now after my death. Also i give and bequeth to my said wife one anuity or yearly sum of thirty pounds of good and lawful money of Great Britain which my will is and I do hereby direct shall be paid for by my executors and trustees being aforenamed as the fout most usual days of payment in the year - that is  to say / The birth of our Lord Christ, the annunciation of the blessed virgin mary, the feast of St John the Baptist, and St Michael the angel in four equal portions or payments. The first payment thereof to begin and be made on each of these feastdays as shall first and next happen after my death. But my expressed will and mind  is that in case my sasd wife should happen to marry again after my death the void annuity shall . And then - and not otherwise - I give her liou thereos the sum of one hundred pounds of the lawful money to be paid  to her by my said executor within one month next after such a marriage.
And my expressed will and mind also is to hereby bequest before hereby made to my said wife are to be made in full satisfaction of all Dower which she shall or may have  as claim as a right to have or claim of in  to or out of my real estate of which I may do voided.  And if she claim any such out of my estate she shall have no bequest of any or all of the bequest before hereby made to her.
Also I give to my son Ned Barnard all that my of foremost garden craft land and promises situate lying and being at Warnock in the parish of Jevvington  in the said county now in the or occupation of John Parrit has aforegiven. And also all that my being now in two dwellings / I and Promise.


Eigth day of May in the year of the Lord Ohe thousand seven Hundred and seventy five


Dittons Farm

Dittons farm is still an imposing building. The farmland is now dissected by modern road bypasses  and roads (e.g. Dittons Road)






Edward the younger & Sarahs children

Edward & Sarah of Jevvington had 5 children at Dittons 1766 - 1772

Counterpart lease for 40 yrs. to Edward Barnard of Westham, farmer, at an annual rent of 2s - ref. date: 21 Aug. 1772

20r. waste ground in Westham on which Barnard is building a house, abutting N. on the King's highway from Stonecross to the Dittons, S. on lands of George Medley, esq., and W. on lands of Lady Eliz. Compton in occ. of Barnard; with authority to enclose the same, to complete the house and to erect any other buildings

Leased land adjacent to his Westham farm and built some cottages which are still there - Brenchley Cottages.  There is a parish of Brenchley about 7 miles N.E. of Cranbrook so maybe this was a reference to Sarah Vincett family who went back to the 1530's in the Cranbrook area.

Edward 1772 a bricklayer who married Mary Baker from Seddlescombe at Battle on 4th June 1795

Jane 1770 who married Nicholas Willard at East Dean
Ann 1769 who married John bishop at Westham
Sarah 1768 who married John Gorringe at Westham - Both Westham gravestones 1809ish

Mary 1766 who married Miller Bristow from Westham

Edward & Mary

Edward 1772 a bricklayer who married Mary Baker from Seddlescombe at Battle on 4th June 1795
They had 4 children

John 1797 Westham
Edward 1795 Westham
William 1798 Westham
Thomas 1808 Herstmonceux

Edward & Jane & Westham Church

Edward & Jane and many of their children and grandchildren have prominent grave stones at Westham Church

Surnames 1700 and before

Baker - Barnard Barnett -  Bryan Bryant - Browne - Cheat Chate -Gorrninge - Jeffery  - Shoosmith - Vincent Vincett - Willard

Timeline & People

1707 England & Scotland Union America still a colony
1714 Geroge I and the Hanoverians
1730 George Washington 1st US president
1760 Beginnings of industrial revolution
1769 Napoleon Born
1775/6 Turner & Constable born
1776 American Independence
1792 Napoleonic wars

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