AikiWorld

Language


Glossary:

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  M  N  O  R  S  T  U  W  Y  Z   
A
Agatsu "Self victory." According to the founder, true victory (masakatsu) is the victory one achieves over oneself (agatsu). Thus one of the founder's "slogans" was masakatsu agatsu "The true victory of selfmastery."
Ai Harmony
Ai Hanmi Mutual stance
Ai Hanmi Katate Tori Onehanded wrist grab, crosshanded (also called Kosa Tori)
Aiki Ki harmony
Aiki Nage Kind of breath throw
Aiki Otoshi entering more deeply and picking up uke's offside leg
Aiki Taiso Aikido exercises
Aikido Ai = Harmony; Ki = Spirit; Do = The Way or Path
Aikidoka A practitioner of aikido.
Aiki-Jo Weapons practice (staff)
Aikikai Aikido Organization/Foundation
Aiki-Ken Swordsmanship; according to the principles of Aikido
Ainuke "Mutual escape." An outcome of a duel where each participant escapes harm.
Aiuchi "Mutual kill." An outcome of a duel where each participant kills the other.
Anza Sitting cross-legged
Arigato gozaimasu. Thank you.
Ashi Foot movement
Ashi Sabaki Footwork.
Ashi Leg, foot
Ashi Waza Foot and leg techniques
Aswatti Sit
Atemi A Strike to distract opponent.
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B
Bo A long wooden practice staff
Bokken Wooden practice sword, Shorter than a Bo.
Bokuto Wooden sword
Budo Martial way
Budoka Martial arts practitioner
Bujitsu Martial Combat
Bushi Warrior
Bushido Warrior's code, The way of chivalry.
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C
Chudan Middle position
Chudan-tzuki A punch to the abdominal region
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D
Dan Black Belt Grade
Deai The moment of truth. The moment of the meeting of two forces.
Deshi Uchi A live-in student
Deshi Student.
Do Way/path
Do Itashimashite Don't mention it. You're welcome.
Do Way, also refers to torso
Dogi Training uniform
Dojo Training hall
Dojo Cho The head of the dojo. Currently, Moriteru Ueshiba (grandson of the founder) is dojo cho at World Aikido Headquarters (hombu dojo) in Tokyo, Japan.
Dojo Rei A command for all in the dojo to bow. (See also shomenni rei, Otagai ni rei and O Sensei rei.)
Domo Thanks. (informal)
Domo arigato Thank you (more formal).
Domo arigatou gozaimashita Thank you very much.
Domo go-shinsetsu ni Thank you for your kindness.
Dori Grab.
Dosa An exercise.
Doshi Comrade, friend (used among fellow Aikidoists).
Doshu Leader of the Way, currently is Moriteru Ueshiba.
Dozo Please (used when giving permission)
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E
Empi Elbow.
Eri Lapel.
Eri dori An attack in which the collar is grabbed from behind
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F
Fudoshin Immovable mind.
Fudo No Shisei "Immovable" (firm and steay) posture.
Fuku Shidoin Assistant Instructor.
Funekogi Undo  Rowing exercise.
Furitama Clasped hands/tanden shaking following torifune
Futaridori Being held by two opponents
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G
Gaeshi To reverse, turn
Gamae Posture, sometimes Kamae
Gassho Palms together, as if praying
Gedan Lower position.
Gedan-tsuki Downward punch
Gi (Kieko gi ) Training uniform. In full, a keikogi.
Giri Cutting
Go Five
Gochiso sama deshita Thank you, it was delicious.
Godan Fifth degree black belt
Gokyo Fifth pinning technique
Gomen nasai I'm sorry/Pardon me.
Gyaku Hanmi Opposite stance
Gyakutetori Crosshand grab
Gyaku-uchi Any reverse strike
Gyaku-tsuki Punching with the rear hand
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H
Hachi Eight
Hachi maka Sweatband
Hai Yes.
Hajime Begin/Start.
Hajimemashite How do you do? (When introduced to someone for the first time.)
Hakama Divided pant like skirt usually worn by black belt ranks.
Hanmi Triangular stance
Hanmi Handachi Techniques practiced with nage sitting and uke standing.
Hantai Opposite or reverse
Hanza 'halfsitting'; a waiting position, where you are sat on the heel of one leg (as in kiza) but the knee of the other leg is upright, hands resting on knees
Happo Eight directions
Hara The lower abdomen. The center of life energy, physical and spiritual. All movement must originate from this point.
Harai Movement intended to sweep an opponent's bokken or jo away or down.
Also: to sweep an opponent's legs from under him.
Hasso no kamae "Figure-eight" stance. The figure eight does not correspond to the arabic numeral "8," but rather to the Chinese/Japanese character which looks more like the roof of a house. In hasso no kamae, the sword is held up beside one's head, so that the elbows spread down and out from the sword in a pattern resembling this figure eight character.
Henkawaza Switching from technique to another
Hidari Left
Hiji Elbow
Hijiate Applying pressure against the elbow
Hiji Tori Elbow grab (ryo hiji Tori would be both elbows grabbed)
Hombu Headquarters
Hombu dojo A term used to refer to the central dojo of an organization. Thus this usually designates Aikido World Headquarters. (see aikikai)
Hontouni sumi masen I'm very sorry.
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I
IAF International Aikido Federation
Iai goshi Hips lowered, stable position.
Iai hiza, Tate hiza Kneeling on one calf.
Iaido Japanese Art of Drawing a Sword
Iaito Practice sword for Iaido
Ichi One
Iie No
Ikki! Ikki! Drink up!
Ikkyo First pinning technique
Irimi Entering movement.
Iriminage Entering throw
Irimitenkon Enter and turn
Itai "It hurts"
Iwama A town, located about two hours outside of Tokyo. In 1942, Morihei Ueshiba (O Sensei), not wishing to have anything to do with the increasing brutality and senselessness of World War II, resigned all his official positions, and moved to his farm in Iwama with his wife. There, he cut all ties to the outside world and devoted himself to the spiritual discipline he now called Aikido. After the war, the practice of all martial arts (except for karate) were banned by the U.S. occupation authorities. Being tucked away in the countryside, however, O Sensei managed to have a small group of students live and quietly train with him in Iwama. Today, the dojo and the Aiki Shrine still exist. An annual service in memory of the founder is conducted there every April 29, the day of his death.
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J
Jinja Shrine
Jiyu waza Freestyle practice
Jo Wooden staff
Jodan Upper level (throat or face)
Jo jutsu Jo (staff) arts
Jo Tai Ken Training with the jo paired against the sword.
Jo tori Jo disarming technique
Ju Ten, Gentleness, giving way
Judan Tenth degree black belt
Judo The way of gentleness. Modern martial art system established by Jigoro Kano (1860-1938).
Judogi Judo suit
Judoka Judo contestant
Juji Cross, like the Roman numeral X
Juji nage Crossarm throw
Junbi Taiso Warm up exercises
Jusan no jo The 13-count jo kata
Jyunte "Normal hand". Holding the jo with the palm facing upwards.
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K
Kaishiwaza Reversal technique.
Kaiten Turning movement of the hips
Kaitennage Rotary throw
Kamae Posture, stance.
Komban wa. Good evening.
Kami Place where the spirit of the dojo sits
Kamiza A small shrine. In an aikido, often housing a picture of the founder, or some calligraphy. One generally bows in the direction of the KAMIZA when entering or leaving the dojo, or the mat.
Kamiza ni rei Bow to Kamiza (gods)
Kampai! Cheers!
Kanji Brush calligraphy
Kansetsu waza Joint manipulation techniques.
Kashi Legs
Kata Shoulder; also means a form or prescribed pattern of movement, especially with the JO in aikido.
Katagatame A variation of Kaiten nage where you lock your opponents shoulder and bring him directly to the ground in a lock
Katamewaza Grappling techniques; consisting of osae waza, kensetsu waza, and shime waza
Katana Long sword
Katate One handed
Katatetori One-handed wrist grab.
Katatori One-handed shoulder grab.
Katatori menuchi Shoulder grab follow by a front strike to the head
Keage Snapping
Keiko Study or practice.
Kekomi Thrusting
Ken Sword
Kensho Enlightenment
Ki Spirit/energy, mind, heart, energy
Ki Musubi Ki blending
Ki No Nagare Flowing technique
Kiai Shout with harmonizing Ki
Kihon Basic form of a technique
Kihon Waza Basic technique
Kiza Sitting up on your toes
Kobu Jutsu Art of Weapons
Kohai Junior Students
Kokoro Spirit, will, heart, intuition, mood
Kokorogamae Mental attitude
Kokyu Breath power
Kokyu dosa Breath power movement (from seiza)
Kokyuho Breathing method
Kokyunage Breath throw
Kokyu Ryoku Breath power
Konnichi wa. Hello! Good day. (after 10 am)
Koryu Old style
Kosa dori Cross hand grab.
Koshi Hips, waist (also called Goshi)
Koshinage Hip/waist throw
Koshita Lower back plate
Koshiwaza Hip techniques
Kotai A movement to the rear
Kote Wrist
Kotegaeshi Wrist turning technique
Kotodama Study of sound
Ku Nine
Kubishime A choke hold.
Kumi Jo Paired jo practice.
Kumi Tachi Paired sword practice.
Kyu White belt grade.
Kyudan Ninth degree black belt
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M
Ma Ai Distance from partner
Ma Sutemiwaza Supine sacrifice techniques
Mae Forward Front
Mae Kaiten Ukemi Forwards rolling breakfall
Mae Ukemi forward fall/roll
Maenosen Taking the initiative; Attacking the instant your opponent thinks about it
Maki Otoshi Nage ends up down on one knee, having thrown uke over nage's shoulder
Maki Wrapped around
Makiwara Punching board
Matte Wait
Men Face, head.
Menuchi Strike to the head
Migi Right
Misogi Purification.
Mitori-Geiko Learning by observing others
Mitsuke Eye focusing and direction
Mo ichido. Again/Once more.
Morotetori Two hands holding one arm.
Mudansha Members with Kyu grades
Mune Chest
Mune dori One or two hand lapel hold.
Munetsuki A straight punch to the chest or solar plexus.
Mushin Empty mind.
Musubi Blending
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N
Nafudakake Member Rank Board
Nage Person who throws, defender
Nagewaza Throwing techniques
Nanadan Eighth degree black belt
Newaza Ground work/techniques
Ni Two
Nidan Second degree black belt
Nikkyo Second pinning technique
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O
O Sensei Great Teacher, Moriheo Ueshiba, the founder of aikido
O Sensei rei Bow towards the picture of O Sensei.
Obi Belt
Ogen'ki desu ka. How are you? Are you in good spirits?
Ohayo / Ohayo gozaimasu. Good morning. (used before 10 am)
Okagesama de. Fine, thank you.
Omote In front
Omote Sankaku Forward triangular stance
Osae Press; push; to immobilize
Onegai shimasu. I make a request. Spoken to one's partner when initiating practice.
Ookyuu teate o shite kudasai. I need first aid.
Osae waza Pinning techniques.
Osaekomi Holddown
Osaekomiwaza Holddown techniques
Otagai ni rei 'Bow to each other', a command used at the end of a class; also shomenni rei, O Sensei rei and dojo rei.
Otoshi Dropping
Oyasumi nasi. Good night (before bedtime).
Oyowaza Variations on basic technique
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R
Randori Free technique against multiple attack. Originally a Judo term.
Rei To bow.
Reigi Etiquette
Roku Six
Rokudan Sixth degree black belt
Rokyo Sixth teaching, Sixth technique
Ryokatatori Grabbing both shoulders.
Ryote Both hands
Ryotetori Grabbing both wrists.
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S
Sabaki Body motion
Samarai Military retainer (feudal period)
San Three
Sandan Third degree black belt
Sankaku Triangle
Sankyo Third pinning technique
Sate Sit down
Satori Enlightenment
Sayonara. Good-bye.
Seiza Seated kneeling position.
Sempai Senior Student
Sensei Teacher or Instructor
Sensei, domo arigato gozaimashita. Sensei (teacher), thank you very much for what you have done.
Sensei Ni Rei Bow to Sensei
Senshin A purified heart and spirit; enlightened attitude.
Setsuzoku connection
Shi Four
Shiai Contest
Shidoin Certified instructor rank (usually 4th or 5th Dan)
Shihan Master Instructor
Shiho Four directions
Shihonage Four direction throw
Shikko Knee walking.
Shime Strangulation
Shimewaza Strangulation techniques
Shinai Split bamboo practice sword.
Shinto The way of the gods. The indigenous religion of Japan.
Shinzen Kamiza
Shodan First degree black belt
Shomen Front or top of head. Also the designated front of a DOJO.
Shomen Uchi An overhead strike at the top of someone's head
ShomenNi Rei Bow to the Shomen (Kamiza).
Shomentsuki Thrust between the eyes.
Shomenuchi Strike or cut to the top of the head.
Shugyo Rigorous daily training for overall purification
Sichi Seven
Sojutsu Spear arts
Sode Sleeve
Sodedori Sleeve held
Sotaidosa Partnered exercises, usually from gyaku hanmi
Soto Outside
Soto mawari Turning outside
Suburi Basic solitary strikes
Suki Opening, opportunity
Sumi Gaeshi Corner throw
Sumi Otoshi Corner drop
Sumimasen. Excuse me.
Sutemi waza Sacrifice techniques
Suwari waza Techniques which begin with both opponents in seiza and are executed from the knees.
Suwaru. Assume a seated position (seiza).
Suwatte A command meaning kneel, in seiza
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T
Tachi Japanese sword / Standing
Tachi Rei Standing Bow
Tachi Tori Weapons (sword) disarming
Tachi Waza Standing techniques
Tai No Henko The basic blending practice. Tenkan exercise
Tai Sabaki Body movements
Tai jusu Body arts. The techniques done without weapons
Takemusu Aiki A slogan of the founder's meaning infinitely generative martial art of aiki. Thus, a synonym for aikido.
Tanden Point just below the navel. "One point." "Hara."
Tanto Wooden knife
Tanto tori Techniques of taking an opponent's dagger.
Tatami Japanese floor mats.
Tatte Command rise!
Te Hand
Te Kubi Wrist
Te no uchi Hand gripping movement
Tegatana Hand blade. Sword edge of the hand
Tekubitori Wrist grab
Ten Heaven
Tenchi nage Heaven and earth throw
Tenkai swivel round on balls of the feet and ending in a different Hanmi
Tenkan 180 degrees pivot Turning to dissipate force.
Tenugui Small hand cloth to wipe face. Also worn under the helmet in Kendo.
Tewaza Hand techniques
Tobi Jump
Tokonoma Alcove for reflection
Toire/o-te-arai wa docho desu ka? Which way is the bathroom?
Tori See nage
Torifune Boat-rowing exercise.
Tsugi-ashi "Glide-walking". "Forward foot irimi"
Tsuki A punch or thrust
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U
Uchi Inside
Uchi Deshi A live-in student. A student who lives in a dojo and devotes him/herself both to training and to the maintenance of the dojo.
Uchi mawari Turning inside
Uchimata The inside of the throw
Ude Arm
Udegarami Arm entwinement technique
Udekimenage A throw applying pressure against the elbow
Ueshiba Kisshomaru The son of the founder of aikido and second aikido DOSHU
Ueshiba Morihei The founder of aikido
Ueshiba Moriteru The grandson of the founder and current DOSHU
Uke Person who receives technique, attacker. The person being thrown.
Ukemi Techniques of falling. The art of protecting oneself from injury. The first and most important step to developing strong Aikido technique is developing good ukemi.
United States Aikido Federation (USAF) A non-profit institution created for the purpose of spreading and maintaining the integrity of Aikido, as exemplified and developed by its Founder, Master Morihei Ueshiba, and as disseminated by the Aikikai Foundation, Aikido Hombu Dojo, the Aikido World Headquarters in Tokyo, Japan.
Ura Moving behind
Ura Sankanku Reverse triangular stance
Ushiro From behind.
Ushiro Eridori Collar grab from behind
Ushiro Hijidori Elbows grabbed from the rear
Ushiro Kaiten Ukemi rearwards rolling breakfall
Ushiro Kubi shime Choking with one hand around the neck from the rear, usually while holding one wrist with the free hand
Ushiro Ryo kata dori Both shoulders grabbed from behind
Ushiro Ryote dori Both wrists grabbed from behind
Ushiro Ukemi Back roll and breakfall.
Ushiro Waza Techniques where nage is attacked from the rear.
Ushirotori Bear hug from behind
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W
Wakarimasu I understand.
Waza Move technique
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Y
Yame Stop
Yoi Be ready
Yoko
Side
Yoko Sutemiwaza Side sacrifice techniques
Yoko Ukemi Side Breakfall
Yokomen Side of the head
Yokomenuchi Strike to the side of the head
Yondan Fourth degree black belt
Yonkyo Fourth pinning technique
Yudansha Black belt grade holder(s) (any rank).
Yukyusha White belt holder
Yumi A bow (archery)
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Z
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Za Sitting
Zanshin Unbroken awareness and concentration
Zazen Sitting meditation
Zen A school or division of Buddhism characterized by techniques designed to produce enlightenment
Zengo Backward and Forward
Zori Japanese dojo sandals


Aikido Training Terms:

Go to: kicks  techniques  stances  footwork 
Attacks
Atemi
Strike to a vital point
Chudan tsuki
Straight thrust (punch) to the stomach
Gedan- tsuki
Downward punch
Gyaku-uchi
Any reverse strike
Gyaku-tsuki
Punching with the rear hand
Gyakute-dori
To grasp with one's hand reversed; to grasp and opponents right wrist with your left hand
Hanmi Handachi Nage in sitting position and uke standing
Hiji tori
Elbow grab.
Jodan-tsuki
Upper strike
Kaeshi-tsuki
Counter thrust
Katate tori
One hand holding one hand.
Katate uchi
One-handed strike
Kata tori
Shoulder hold
Kosa dori
One hand holding one hand, cross-body.
Kubi-shime Choke hold
Men tsuki
(jodan tsuki) Straight thrust (punch) to the face
Men-uchi
Strike to head
Morote tori
Two hands holding one hand.
Mune tori
One or two hand lapel hold.
Mune tsuki
Straight thrust (punch) to the chest
Oi-zuki
A step-punch
Randori Multiple man attack
Ryo hiji tori
Grabbing both elbows
Ryokata tori
Grabbing both shoulders.
Ryote tori
Two hands holding two hands.
Shomen uchi
Overhead strike to the head.
Sode dori
Sleeve grab
Tsuki
Straight thrust (punch), esp. to the midsection.
Ushiro kubi shime
Rear choke.
Ushiro ryo kata tori
( also - ushiro ryo katatori) -Ushiro Kata Dori Grabbing both shoulders, from behind
Ushiro tekubi tori
( also - ushiro ryote tori / ushiro ryokatate tori) - Wrist grab from the back.
Ushiro kubi shime
Rear choke.
Yokomen uchi
Diagonal strike to the side of the head.
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Kicks
Mae geri
Front kick
Yoko geri
Side kick
Mawashi geri
Roundhouse kick
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Techniques
Aiki Otoshi Blending drop throw - entering more deeply and picking up uke's off-side leg
Gokyo Fifth pinning technique
Hanmi handachi Position with nage sitting and uke standing. Training in hanmi handachi is a good way of practicing techniques as though with a significantly larger/taller opponent. This type of training also emphasizes movement from one's center of mass (hara).
Henka Waza Varied technique. Especially beginning one technique and changing to another in mid-execution. e.g. beginning with ikkyo but changing to irimi nage.
Ikkyo/Ikkajo First pinning technique
Irimi Nage Entering throw. Irimi nage (also kokyu nage) = Entering throw ("20 year" technique).
Jiyu-waza Freeform techniques
Jo-tori Jo disarming technique
Juji Nage Arm entwining throw. Cross arm throw. Cross, like the Roman numeral X
Jyuji Garame Figure "+" throw.
Kaeshi Waza Reversal technique. This is usually a very advanced form of practice. Kaeshi waza practice helps to instill a sensitivity to shifts in resistance or direction in the movements of one's partner.
Kaiten Nage Rotary throw.
Kanseki otoshi Arm bar with elbow braced over shoulder
Kansetsu Waza Literally "Against the joint". Joint manipulation techniques.
Katame Waza "Hold-down" (pinning) techniques.
Kokyu dosa Breath-power movement (from seiza)
Kokyu Nage Breath throws.
Koshi Nage Hip throw.
Kote Gaeshi Wrist turn-out throw. Accomplished by twisting partner's wrist.
Kumi-jo Paired jo kata practice
Kumi-tachi Paired bokken practice
Maki otoshi Nage ends up down on one knee, having thrown uke over nage's shoulder
Nikkyo/Nikajo Second pinning technique
Randori "Chaotic" multiperson techniques
Sankyo/Sankajo Third pinning technique
Shiho Nage "Four direction" throw.
Sumi Gaeshi corner throw
Sumi Otoshi "Corner drop". Omote and ura (irimi and tenkan).
Suwari waza Techniques which begin with both opponents in seiza and are executed from the knees.
Tachi tori Techniques of taking an opponent's sword.
Tachi Waza Standing techniques.
Tai-atari uchi otoshi from yokomen-uchi, entering and blocking.,uke gets thrown backwards
Tai jutsu Empty hand practice
Tai no Henkou The basic blending practice. Tenkan exercise
Tanto-tori Techniques of taking an opponent's dagger.
Tenchi Nage "Heaven and earth" throw. Omote and ura (irimi and tenkan). One hand points to heaven, the other to earth.
Ushiro udoroshi pull down from behind
Ushiro waza Techniques where nage is attacked from the rear.
Yonkyo/Yonkajo Fourth pinning technique
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Stances
Ai Hanmi
Mutual stance where uke and nage each have the same foot forward (right-right, left-left).
Chudan No Kamae
A stance with one's hands/sword in a central position with respect to one's body.
Gedan No Kamae
A stance with one's hands or a weapon held in a lower position.
Gyaku Hanmi
Opposing stance (if uke has the right foot forward, nage has the left foot forward, if uke has the left foot forward, nage has the right foot forward).
Hanmi
Triangular stance. Most often, aikido techniques are practiced with uke and nage in pre-determined stances. This is to facilitate learning the techniques and certain principles of positioning with respect to an attack. At higher levels, specific hanmi cease to be of much importance.
Hanmi Handachi
Position with nage sitting and uke standing. Training in hanmi handachi is a good way of practicing techniques as though with a significantly larger/taller opponent. This type of training also emphasizes movement from one's center of mass (hara).
Hasso Kamae
Figure 8 stance, sword by side of head. Usually hasso hidari, sword on right, left foot forward.
Hidari Hanmi
Triangular stance with the left foot forward.
Hidari Tsuki No Kamae
A stance with the left hand/weapon extended.
Hitoemi
Equal stance, feet parallel forward
Iai goshi
Hips lowered, stable position.
Iai hiza, Tate hiza
Kneeling on one calf.
Jodan No Kamae
A stance with the hands or a weapon held in a high position.
Kamae
A posture or stance either with or without a weapon. Kamae may also connote proper distance (maai) with respect to one's partner. Although kamae generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important parallel in aikido between one's physical and one's psychological bearing. Adopting a strong physical stance helps to promote the correlative adoption of a strong psychological attitude. It is important to try so far as possible to maintain a positive and strong mental bearing in aikido.
Ken No Kamae
Sword stance.
Kiza
Kneeling, but up on the toes.
Seiza
Kneeling on both calves.
Tachi
Standing.
Waki Kamae
Sword pointed down and back, for a sutemi (sacrifice) waza. Usually sword on right side (migi waki gamae), left foot forward. Other purpose - hiding length of sword, especially in case of a broken one.
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Footwork
Chokusen no Irimi Direct entering completely behind an attack.
Irimi
Entering movement. The Irimi movement expresses the very essence of aikido. The idea behind irimi is to place oneself in relation to an attacker in such a way that the attacker is unable to continue to attack effectively, and in such a way that one is able to control effectively the attacker's balance. On the physical level, this means to enter to the side in order to avoid the attack. On the spiritual level, it means to penetrate and defuse an aggressive force. See Shikaku.
Irimi Issoku
Entering with a single step.
Irimi Tenkan
Enter and turn, a combination of irimi and tenkan applied according to circumstances.
Tai No Henkou
"Change the body to blend". Basic blending practice.
Tai No Tenkan
Basic tenkan blending practice involving turning 180 degrees.
Tenkan
Turning movement, especially turning the body 180 degrees. See Tai No Tenkan.
Tenshin
A movement where nage retreats 45 degrees away from the attack, especially to uke's open side.


Japanese Phrases:

Go to: counting      directions      parts of the body
Arigato gozaimasu. Thank you.
Ato Move back
Do itashimashite. You're welcome. Don't mention it.
Domo. Thanks. (informal)
Domo arigato. Thank you (more formal).
Domo arigato gozaimasu Thank you very much (very formal) (for something that is happening)
Domo arigatou gozaimashita. Thank you very much (very formal) (for something that has just ended)
Domo go-shinsetsu ni. Thank you for your kindness.
Dozo Please (used when giving permission)
Gochiso sama deshita. Thank you, it was delicious.
Gomen nasai. I'm sorry/Pardon me.
Hai. Yes.
Hajime. Begin/Start.
Hajimemashite. How do you do? (When introduced to someone for the first time.)
Hayaku Quickly
Hontouni sumi masen. I'm very sorry
Iie No
Ikki! Ikki! Drink up!
Itai It hurts
Kampai! Cheers!
Komban wa. Good evening.
Konnichi wa. Hello! Good day. (after 10 am)
Matte. Wait.
Mawatte Turn around
Mo ichido. Again/Once more.
Mokuso Close the eyes, meditation
Ogen'ki desu ka. How are you? Are you in good spirits?
Ohayo / Ohayo gozaimasu. Good morning. (used before 10 am)
Okagesama de. Fine, thank you.
Onegai shimasu. I make a request. Spoken to one's partner when initiating practice.
Ookyuu teate o shite kudasai. I need first aid.
O-tearai wa dochira desu ka? Which way is the bathroom?
Oyasumi nasi. Good night (before bedtime).
Rei: -Shinzen ni rei Bow to shrine
-Sensei ni rei Bow to sensei
-Joseki ni rei Bow to the high section of the dojo
-Kamiza ni rei Bow to kamiza (gods)
-Otagai ni rei Bow to each other
Sate Sit down
Sayonara. Good-bye.
Seiza. Kneel (or the kneeling position).
Sensei, domo arigato gozaimashita. Sensei (teacher), thank you very much for what you have done.
Sumimasen. Excuse me.
Suwaru. Assume a seated position (seiza).
Suwatte
Sit down
Tatte Raise
Wakarimasu I understand.
Yame. Stop.
Yoi Be ready
Yukuri
Slow
Yuru yaka ni Smooth
Counting in Japanese
1 - ichi
2 - ni
3 - san
4 - shi (yon)
(shi translates to "death")
5 - go
6 - roku
7 - shichi
8 - hachi
9 - ku
10 - ju
11 - ju-ichi
12 - ju-ni
13 - ju-san
14 - ju-shi
15 - ju-go
...etc.

20 - ni-ju
21 - ni-ju-ichi

30 - san-ju
31 - san-ju-ichi

40 - yon ju
44 - yonjushi

50 - go-ju
51 - go-ju-ichi

60 - roku-ju
61 - roku-ju-ichi

70 - nana ju
77 - nana ju nana

100 - hyaku

 
Directions
Asoko Over there
Chokkaku Right angles
Chokusen A straight line
Chudan Middle
Gedan Low
Gyaku Reverse, opposite, inverted
Hantai-ni In the opposite direction
Happo The eight sides; in all directions
Heiko Parallel
Hidari Left
Ichimonji A straight line
Jodan High
Kiku Lower
Komi Coming close or drawing near.
Omote Front
Mae Forward
Massugu Straight ahead
Migi Right
Naka Center
Naka ni To the center
Naname Diagonal
Shomen Straight ahead
Soko There, that position
Soto Outside
Uchi Inside
Ue Up
Ura Back
Ushiro Rearward, behind
Waki Side; armpit
Yoko Horizontal, to the side
Zenpo Front
Parts of the Body
Abara The ribs
Ago Jaw
Ashi Leg
Ashikubi Ankle
Atama Head
Chototsu Atemi point between the eyes
Daitai The thigh
Denko Atemi point at the floating ribs
Dokko Pressure point behind the ear
Empi The elbow
Eri Lapel; collar
Fukuto Atemi point just above inside of knee
Ganmen The face
Gekon Pressure point below lower lip
Gokoku Pressure point in fleshy area between thumb and forefinger
Haishu Back of the hand
Haito Ridgehand
Haiwan Back of forearm
Hara The abdomen, stomach
Hiji Elbow
Hiji-zume Atemi point on inside of elbow
Hitai Forehead
Jinchu Pressure point on upper lip below nose
Jintai The body
Jinkai-kyusho Vital points on the human body
Juizo The kidney area
Junchu Atemi point on the upper lip
Kakato The heel of the foot
Kakuto Back of the wrist (for a strike)
Kashi Legs
Katate One hand
Keichu Atemi point on back of neck
Kenkokotsu Shoulder blades
Kikan Trachea
Koko Area between thumb and forefinger
Kote
Wrist
Kubi
Neck
Kubi-naka
Atemi point at base of skull
Kyusho Vital point on body
Mata The thigh; the groin
Men Head
Mikazuki Atemi at corner of jaw
Mimi Ears
Morote Both hands
Mukozune Atemi point in middle of shin
Mune Chest
Murasame Pressure points on each side of neck behind collar bone
Naike Pressure point on inside of ankle
Nukite Ends of stiffened fingers
Seika-tanden
Lower abdomen
Seiken Front of fist
Seikichu The spine
Senaka The back of the body
Shintai The body
Shita hara Lower abdomen
Shomen Top of head
Shuhai Back of the hand
Shuto Edge of hand
Sode Sleeve
Sokei Groin
Sokuso Tips of toes (for kicking)
Sokutei Bottom of heel
Sokuto Edge of foot
Tanden Abdomen
Tegatana The arm as sword
Teisho
Heel of the hand
Tekubi Wrist
Te-no-hira Palm of hand
Tento Atemi point on top of head
Tettsui Hammer fist
Te-ura Inside of wrist
Ude The arm
Uraken Back of fist
Waki Side; armpit
Wakikage Atemi point in armpit
Yokomen Side of the head
Yubi Finger
Zengaku Forehead
Zenshin The entire body
Zenwan Forearm